Friday, April 25, 2003, Chandigarh, India


C H A N D I G A R H   S T O R I E S


Prepare students for cyber age: Jacob
Tribune News Service

Chandigarh, April 24
The Punjab Governor and Administrator, Union Territory, Chandigarh, Lt-Gen JFR Jacob (retd), today advised teachers to make technology an effective tool of teaching to prepare students to meet the challenges of cyber age.

Speaking after inaugurating a principal’s conference organised by an educator forum KOSHISH to train one lakh teachers, General Jacob said technology-aided learning by educationists and students was required keeping in view the changing requirements of the economy.

General Jacob said it was a matter of pride that the city had excellent infrastructure for the education sector. All schools in Chandigarh have computer education. Chandigarh was the only State/Union Territory in the country where all rural schools had proper infrastructure for the students including computer education. From the new academic year, no student in rural areas would be sitting on floor, as all schools are being provided benches, he announced.

Explaining the measures taken to promote IT in the city, the Governor said that for promoting the technology industry in Chandigarh, we have taken a number of steps. The Chandigarh Technology Park provided the ideal vehicle for large, medium and small technology companies. Software development, business process outsourcing, call centres and hardware assembly companies were all slated to be part of the park. The Governor said that the Chandigarh Administration was also setting up an entrepreneur development centre at the park, in collaboration with the STPI.

The Centre would provide state-of-the-art facilities to companies who wished to start their operations at a smaller level and would later occupy space or land in the main portion of the park. The STPI had been helping us in promoting exports from the city and would also provide the connectivity and expertise for the technology park.

Referring to the recent survey by the National Personal Finance Magazine, Out look money, which has adjudged Chandigarh the most livable City of India, General Jacob said education infrastructure was one of the key indicators of this survey. Another recent survey had placed Chandigarh as number 1 in respect of human development index and per-capita income. The Administrator said that power and telecom infrastructure was far superior to most Indian cities. It was now a fully wired city with an optical fibre network. The availability of bandwidth was as per the requirements of the IT Industry. Human resources in Chandigarh were amongst the best. The workforce available in the city was highly qualified and skilled. Punjab Engineering College was being upgraded to the level of a deemed university. Another engineering college was being set up with courses in computer science and electronic engineering.

The Administrator said the Chandigarh Administration had also announced a policy for IT-enabled services so that the BPO and call centre companies could operate from Chandigarh with maximum efficiency. A recent survey by Gartner had ranked Chandigarh very highly amongst cities in India for the BPO companies. “We are also promoting biotechnology and nano-technology in our Union Territory, with the help of the institutes of excellence like IMTECH, CSIO, PGI, NIPER and GMCH” the Governor added.

Earlier, the Governor inaugurated the conference by lighting traditional lamp.



Compartment result declared
Tribune News Service

Chandigarh, April 24
Panjab University has declared the results of BA II (compartment in English), an official press note said here today. The examination was conducted on April 1. Copies of the gazette will be available at the enquiry counter on all working days, the note added.



History: The battle of Panipat

  • Ibrahim Lodi, the sultan who died at Panipat is the only Sultan of Delhi who died on the field of battle.
  • The Sultanate of Delhi, which was born on the battlefield of Tarain, present day Taraori near Kurukshetra, ended on the battlefield of Panipat. Both battlefields are close to each other.
  • Babur built Kabuli Bagh Mosque after the First Battle of Panipat to commemorate victory over Sultan Ibrahim Lodi. Built in 1526 AD, the mosque, situated inside an enclosure having octagonal towers at its corners, has its entrance on the north. The gateway built of bricks with red sandstone facing consists of a lintel bracket-type opening encased in a huge arch, the spandrels of which are decorated with arched recesses encased in rectangular panels.

Stories from history are as convoluted as those from a Bombay masala movie. Its just that the stories from history are thought to be slightly more truthful since they are corroborated by different kinds of evidence. Take the story of the first battle of Panipat. It was fought between a Turk who ruled Afghanistan and an Afghan who ruled Hindustan. Well, not all of Hindustan but certainly a substantial portion, including Punjab. He, Ibrahim Khan, was of the Lodhi dynasty that had been set up by his grandfather. Historians generally say that Ibrahim Lodhi belonged to the Delhi Sultanate, implying that he was the Sultan of Delhi. Actually his capital was at Agra, when the battle of Panipat was fought.

 Babar, the Turk who had his base high in the mountains of Kabul maintained his control through the means of Mughal soldiers who had initially been provided him by his maternal uncle, a Chinese Khan. Babar had been driven out of his kingdom in Samarqand in the area of what is today known as Uzbekistan by the brothers of his father and their sons. Had he been in Samarqand he would have been known as a Khan, the big man, the tribal chief, a noble lord. In far off, and [from Babar's point of view] God forsaken Kabul, he opted for the rather grand title of 'Padshah', meaning one who sat on the throne and not a measly chair. In November 1525 began his journey to India. On the 15th December he crossed the river Indus and marched unmolested, going past Ropar and Ambala to reach the open, dry, brush-laden fields of Panipat on 1st April 1526. In the meanwhile Sultan Ibrahim was consulting his astrologers for an appropriate moment to undertake the march that would stop Babar and drive him back from India.

Babar had, "good and bad", he recorded, 12,000 soldiers. The Indian army was awe-inspiring in comparison: with some 100,000 soldiers and 1,000 war elephants and Babar feared that the Sultan was rich enough to hire another 100,000 irregular soldiers. 'Some in the army were very anxious and full of fear', Babar tells us. Moreover his soldiers had been travelling for over 3 months now, in a land whose language they did not understand. "A wandering band, with mind awander / In the grip of a tribe, a tribe unfamiliar", he would say. Being suitably cautious he built a temporary barricade by tying together 700 carts in small bunches, leaving small gaps in between for a charge of horses and making protective screens every now and then from behind which small field guns could be fired. Then he waited for the Sultan to attack. Unbeknownst to Babar the Sultan was waiting for his astrologer to suggest an auspicious moment for attack. Thus 8 days passed.

In the meanwhile the summer heat was increasing. The Mughal soldiers were getting restless and hankering for the cool of Kabul. To keep their minds away from rebellion Babar had them launch small guerrilla attacks on the Sultan's encamped army. In one such foray an arrow pierced the leg of one of Babar's army commander, Muhammad Ali Jung, making Jung useless for any further military activity. Yet the Sultan waited.

Finally, on the 21st of April, as soon as it became light enough, the Indian army rapidly advanced towards Babar's camp. Babar's forces got ready for battle. Two portions fanned out to the right and left in order to attack from behind. Another gave stiff fight from the centre. As the sun climbed up in the sky men were falling dead on the battlefield. By noon one-tenth of the Sultan's army had been killed. In comparison one-quarter of Babar's soldiers were dead. The Sultan's army still had superiority in numbers. It had about 84,000 fighting men while Babar had only 6000 left. Yet they fled. Babar immediately despatched a troop under the charge of his son Humayun Mirza, to catch the fleeing Sultan. Later in the day one of Babar's commanders, Thir Tibri, located the Sultan's dead body among the soldiers, cut off its head and presented it to Babar.

Some military analysts say that had the Indians fought for just an hour more Babar's soldiers would have run away. As it happened the same day Babar began his rapid progress towards Delhi. Himayun was sent forward to secure the official treasures in Agra and ended with getting control of the famous diamond which came to be known as the Koh-i-Noor.

M.Rajivlochan, Department of History, Panjab University, Chandigarh



Spare the rod to spare the child

Strategies for effective discipline

  • Maintain positive emotional tone in home through play and warmth.
  • Provide regular, positive attention to the child.
  • Provide children opportunities to make choices, and help them learn to evaluate consequences of choices.
  • Ignore trivial misdeeds.
  • Role model appropriate behaviour, respectful communication, and collaborative conflict resolution.
  • Be flexible, negotiate and compromise with older children and adolescents.
  • Provide consistency, in form of regular times and patterns of daily activities.
  • In case you have any questions regarding your school going children, please email Dr Prabhjot Malhi at: 

Many parents consult me regarding how best to discipline their children. In my clinical practice I have often observed that a large majority of parents use corporal punishment to control and modify the behaviour of even very young children. Very few parents, however, realize the potential harmful effects of corporal punishment.

Corporal punishment is defined as the use of physical force with the intention of causing a child to experience pain, but not injury, for the purpose of correction or control of the child's behaviour. The primary goal, most parents have, in administering corporal punishment is to stop the child from misbehaving with immediate effect. Several studies have confirmed that corporal punishment is indeed effective in securing short-term compliance. Evidence, however, indicates that power-assertive methods of disciplining prevent moral internalisation by eroding the attachment bond between the parent and the child. Children who do not feel attached to their parents will not only fail to identify with them but will also not internalise their morals and values.

The association between corporal punishment and increased aggression in childhood as well as adulthood is one of the most well documented findings in the child-rearing literature. Because children see aggression being modeled by their parents in the form of physical punishment, and rewarded, in the form of their own compliance, they learn that aggression is an effective way to get others to behave as they want and will be inclined to imitate it. In this process, corporal punishment reinforces the very behaviour that parents are trying to eliminate in their children. Unfortunately, aggressive habits learnt early in life predict later aggression and violent behaviour, including violence against one's spouse and children in adulthood. This cycle of intergenerational transmission of aggression may be particularly difficult to break.

Corporal punishment also has the potential to disrupt the parent child relationship. The painful nature of physical punishment can evoke feelings of fear, anxiety and anger in children. In the process, children learn to avoid parents, which in turn reduces their capacity to teach and model appropriate behaviour. Coercive methods of disciplining have also been associated with decrease in children's feelings of confidence and assertiveness and increase in feelings of humiliation and helplessness.

An occasional spank, practiced in a very limited way, in the context of a warm parent-child relationship may not by itself be related to long term negative consequences. Evidence, however, indicates that more often than not parents who use corporal punishment also use other punitive, aversive, and harsh methods of disciplining. Such parents are also more likely to dispense punishment when they are angry, irritated, depressed or fatigued thereby suggesting that corporal punishment is often not a function of what a child does as much as the parents state of mind.

In sum, learning appropriate child-rearing practices is difficult for parents because it requires that they acknowledge their own feelings and behaviour. Most child behaviour problems reflect to greater or lesser extent, problems or stress within the larger family. Recognition of these stresses is a reminder that shifts in family's disciplining tactics may come quite gradually and only when other family problems are resolved.

Dr. P. Malhi, Dr Prabhjot Malhi, Associate Professor, Child Psychology, APC, PGIMER



Petition dismissed
Tribune News Service

Chandigarh, April 24
The high court today dismissed a petition filed by accused in the Indian Airlines hijacking case. They were seeking quashing of an order vide which it was decided to hold the trial at the Patiala Central Jail.

The accused — Abdul Latif, Bhopai Damai and Dalip Kumar — had earlier been charged by the Central Bureau of Investigation for murder and other offences under Sections 365, 341, 342, 506, 307, 302, 147, 148, 149 of the IPC, besides under the Arms Act, the Explosives Act and the Anti-hijacking Act.

Arguing on their behalf, defence counsel had contended, in a related petition, that even if the allegations against the accused were taken to be true, they could not be charged with murder since they had allegedly supplied arms and provided similar help to the hijackers. Moreover, they were not aware of the conspiracy for which they had been charged.

Counsel for the CBI, Mr Rajan Gupta, on the other hand, had contended that the accused were essential part of the whole conspiracy. It was due to their help that the hijackers were able to take the plane from Nepal to Kandhar.



Beant Singh trial: witness turns hostile
Our Correspondent

Chandigarh, April 24
The CBI today suffered a major set-back as one of the main witnesses in the Beant Singh assassination case turned hostile while deposing before the UT Additional District and Sessions Judge, Mr Balbir Singh, in a special court room in Model Burail Jail, here today.

The witness, Mr Himat Singh, a car mechanic from Delhi, stated before the Judge that he did not know Paramjit Singh, one of the accused in the case. The witness also denied that he had made any statement to the CBI regarding Paramjit's involvement in the case.

According to the CBI, the witness had repaired an Ambassador car (DBA 9598), allegedly used by the accused to reach the Punjab Civil Secretariat to assassinate a former Chief Minister of Punjab, Beant Singh, on August 31, 1995.

The CBI claimed that Paramjit had informed Mr Himat Singh that the car was required by two other accused in the case, Jagtar Singh Tara and Jagtar Singh Hawara, for some “ urgent work in Chandigarh and Punjab”.

Paramjit had also asked the mechanic to affix black film on the windows. After repairing, the car was handed over to Paramjit and another Sikh boy, the CBI had claimed.

The witness denied the CBI's claim that the accused had met him in Delhi and stated that he did not know Paramjit Singh.

Maloya resident convicted A resident of Maloya, Sagar, was convicted and released on one year's probation by the UT Chief Judicial Magistrate, Mr C.L Mohal, in a theft case.

The police had booked him for stealing two sets of walkman from a shop in the Sector-36 market.

Juvenile acquitted Taking a lenient view, the UT Chief Judicial Magistrate, Mr C.L. Mohal, today acquitted a juvenile, arrested by the UT police under the Gambling Act.

The juvenile was arrested by the police from the Maloya colony on March 7. 



2,000 lawyers to cast votes today
Tribune News Service

Chandigarh, April 24
The welfare of young advocates, better Bench and Bar relationship, early completion of chambers for lawyers and timely distribution of case list are some of the promises being made by candidates contesting for the post of president and vice-president of the Punjab and Haryana High Court Bar Association. The elections are scheduled to be held tomorrow. About 2,000 advocates are expected to cast their votes. As none of the senior advocates are contesting the poll for the president's post, efforts are on to woo the "younger lot". Little wonder, the promises revolve around their welfare. The candidates include Anmol Rattan Sidhu, Rupinder Khosla and Sarwan Gupta.

Dr Sidhu says he will fight for the welfare of the young lawyers. Seminars will be held "to provide legal education to the new entrants". This is not all. "The Bar Council will also be persuaded to provide financial help for promoting schemes for young and disabled lawyers. Meanwhile, 11 candidates have been elected unopposed to the posts of executive members.


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