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USA blacklists 240 Indian units
Sanctions to focus on N-needs

WASHINGTON, Nov 14 (ANI, PTI, UNI) — The USA has brought out a list of 240 Indian and over 140 Pakistani government agencies and companies which have been barred from importing American products.

A senior State Department official told a special briefing for South Asian journalists that the lists include government agencies and their affiliated lease companies.

The publication of the list would not have any adverse impact on the on-going talks between the US, Pakistani and Indian officials, the official added.

The Nuclear Power Corporation of India, Bharat Earth Movers Limited, Indian Space Research Organisation, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre and the Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research are among 40 Indian entities along with their 200 subsidiaries barred by the USA from having any business link with US companies.

Besides the Indian companies, 46 Pakistani government and private firms along with some 100 subsidiaries have also been blacklisted by the US Commerce Department, which formally published the list yesterday in pursuance of US economic sanctions imposed on the two countries following their May nuclear tests.

"Publishing this list will ease the burden on US exporters by clarifying their responsibilities and helping them to comply with the sanctions," Commerce Assistant Secretary for Export Administration Roger Majak said.

"We compiled this list after a thorough assessment of the best available information about these entities and the Indian and Pakistani weapons programme," he said.

The Pakistani government and private companies, blacklisted, include Kahuta’s Khan Research Laboratories, Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission, Centre for Nuclear Studies, Islamabad, Chasma Nuclear Power Plant and Khushab Reactor.

The action was in pursuance of the Glenn Amendment, an American law, under which the administration had slapped economic sanctions on India and Pakistan in protest against their nuclear tests in May.

The US Commerce Department, which issued the list, said the announcement, specified Indian and Pakistani entities believed to have been involved in Indian or Pakistani nuclear, missile and military programmes. It would facilitate implementation of the sanctions by helping US exporters to conduct trade in a transparent environment.

Under the sanctions, the identified agencies and companies would be barred from buying goods that might have nuclear or military applications, it adds.

Last week the USA had ordered a relaxation in the sanctions against the two countries, acknowledging progress in the non-proliferation dialogue that US Deputy Secretary of State Strobe Talbott has been having with representatives of India and Pakistan since the first week of June.

The next round is scheduled for November 19 in Rome where Planning Commission Deputy Chairman Jaswant Singh will participate as special envoy of Prime Minister A B Vajpayee. Mr Talbott will represent the USA.

US officials maintained that naming of the agencies and companies did not mean fresh sanctions. The action mandated by the Glenn Amendment would clarify the situation for American businesses so that non-lethal trade activities could continue unhindered following the lifting of economic sanctions.

"The list will make it clear to our companies what kind of trade is prohibited so that they won’t apply for licences which will be denied," a senior administration official said.

He was, however, unable to clarify the position of the US offices of these companies and people working for them. Some of the entities like the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) maintain offices in New York.

"We know this list will stir fresh controversy, but we have no choice but to implement the law. It is not a hit list or a black list. This should not derail or present an obstacle in the progress of the non-proliferation dialogue that the USA has been having with the two countries," he added.

Meanwhile, officials clarified that under the sanctions lifted last week, the US private banks would be permitted to lend to both government and non-government agencies and companies.

The entity list has about 20 nuclear-related agencies. Prominent among them are the Atomic Energy Commission and Atomic Energy Regulatory Board (both in Mumbai), Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Fast Breeder Test Reactor. Fast Reactor Fuel Reprocessing Plant, Kalpakkam Reprocessing Plant, Kamini Research Reactor and Prototype Fast Breeder Reactor (all in Kalpakkam in Tamil Nadu), Nuclear Fuel Research Complex, (Hyderabad) and Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics Calcutta."

The Department of Space and Indian Space Research Organisation (Bangalore) have also been singled out for the denial of US goods.

Almost all Defence-related installations figure in the list. These include the Defence Research and Development Organisation (New Delhi), Defence Laboratory (Jodhpur), Defence Research and Development Establishment (Gwalior) and Missile Development Complex and Defence Research and Development Laboratory (Hyderabad).

India’s paragovernmental and private entities involved in nuclear or missile activities have also been included in the US list. Prominent among them are: Baroda Ammonia Plant, Gujarat Fertilisers, Bharat Dynamics, Bharat Earth Movers, Bharat Electronics Limited, Fertiliser Corporation of India, who would no more be able to buy goods of their choice from the United States.

Kirloskar Brothers, Larsen and Toubro, Mishra Dhatu Nigam, Godrej and Boyce Manufacturing Limited Ramakrishna Engineering Works are also placed on the entities list.

Also affected are Indian government entities involved in conventional military activities. These include ordinance factories and equipment factories.

PTI: Democratic Congressman Frank Pallone, founder of the Congressional caucus on India, has criticised Clinton administration’s discrimination against India while waiving economic sanctions.

By allowing World Bank loans to Pakistan and staying the same to India, the USA has discriminated against New Delhi while rewarding Islamabad, which continues to support terrorist insurgency in Kashmir, Pallone said in a statement.

He said provisions of the Clinton administration’s sanctions relief package for India and Pakistan fall short of the even-handed approach to the region that the USA should pursue.

Pallone said the terms of the administration’s package concerning international financial institutions are more favourable to Pakistan than India.

The decision to support lending by these bodies for non-basic human needs for Pakistan alone "essentially rewards Pakistan for its financial mismanagement."

In addition, Pallone said "New Delhi has actually gone further than Pakistan in terms of non-proliferation, making a no-first-strike pledge that Islamabad has thus far refused to make."

"Given that the goal of the sanctions in the first place was to reduce international tensions and promote greater stability, we should be rewarding steps towards peace," he said.

India has signalled its willingness to sign the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) and has renounced first use of nuclear weapons.

"I understand the serious depths of Pakistan’s economic crisis. But it seems misguided to be granting more favourable terms to Pakistan, a country that contributes to instability, while mismanaging its domestic economy," he said.

Pallone said in general he supports the Clinton administration’s decision to waive the sanctions imposed on India and Pakistan earlier this year.

UNITED NATIONS: India has got a shot in the arm with a UN committee endorsing its resolution asking the five traditional nuclear weapons states to undertake "immediate and urgent" steps to reduce risks of unintentional and accidental use of nuclear arsenals.

The nuclear states, contentions that they had already taken such steps were rejected by a vast majority of member states of the Disarmament and International Security Committee (DISC).

The resolution, which came a day after the committee deplored India and Pakistan for their nuclear tests, found wide support among developing nations and was adopted by 68 votes to 44, with 12 abstentions.

The Indian resolution calls for review of nuclear doctrines and stresses that the "hair-trigger" alert of nuclear weapons carries unacceptable risks of unintentional or accidental use of nuclear weapons which will have catastrophic consequences for mankind.

Introducing the resolution at the DISC, Indian Ambassador to disarmament conference in Geneva, Savitri Kunadi, said the operational consideration still accorded to nuclear weapons after the cold war is dangerous and constitutes a risk to humanity.back


India calls it "unfortunate"
Tribune News Service

NEW DELHI, Nov 14 — India today termed the US "entities list" covering Indian companies and organisations having export restrictions and embargoes from the USA as "unfortunate" saying that "this decision reflects the continuation of a coercive approach that is entirely misplaced and counter-productive".

A spokesman of the Ministry of External Affairs said that such steps were unhelpful for meaningful discussions towards an improvement in bilateral relations which is desired by both countries.

Reacting to the publication of a US "entities list" of government departments, research institutions, public sector and private companies in India which will be subjected to export restrictions and embargoes from the USA. A spokesman of the Ministry of External Affairs said :"We regard this is as a highly unfortunate development. These restrictions interfere with the free flow of trade, technology and finance and have an adverse impact on mutually beneficial business interaction."back

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