EDUCATION TRIBUNE Tuesday, July 11, 2000, Chandigarh, India

Need to halt braindrain
By P.K. Vasudeva
IT has been observed that Indian scientists have done extremely well in developed countries than in India, because bureaucratisation did not allow them here to carry out research. The gain has, therefore, been to the developed countries and not to India.




Need to halt braindrain
By P.K. Vasudeva

IT has been observed that Indian scientists have done extremely well in developed countries than in India, because bureaucratisation did not allow them here to carry out research. The gain has, therefore, been to the developed countries and not to India.

There are no intrinsic differences in the capabilities of individuals if we rate Indian science in qualitative terms as compared to developed countries, and we for various reasons are not pushing ourselves to the limit of our capabilities, says Prof N Kumar, Director, Raman Research Institute, Bangalore, Prof Girjesh Govil of Tata Institute of Fundamental Research dealing with application of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy for human health is also of the same view. He says many leading NMR scientists in the world have been amazed at the contributions made by our research.

“Compare this to the contributions of the individual scientists in the USA some of whom have many spectrometers at their command, and you will get the answer”, Dr Govil says.

Scientists do not carry out research for the sake of money alone, because they have many avenues elsewhere to get monetary benefits. They do research for job satisfaction, for being useful to society and to bring the name of the country on the world map.

Absence of accountability, lack of infrastructural facilities and bureaucratisation are the major factors why most scientists in the university system are not able to do well. According to Prof S P Singh, Professor Emeritus and convener of the University Grants Commission (UGC) panel in chemistry,: “There is no pressure or incentive for hard work in our country. Compare the situation with an American university where additional salary is given for summer vacations out of the research proposals awarded to a university teacher.”

Indian American-owned companies & mdash; 12 technologies Inc. and aspect development Inc— have announced that major barriers to completing the proposed acquisition of the latter by 12 have been removed. Sanjiv Sandhu is founder and CEO of 12 and Romesh Wadhawani heads Aspect development. Both Indians plan massive IT merger. The mergers will create a B2b marketplace powerhouse with unmatched solution breadth and depth of functionality, unparalleled content and laser-focus on value creation.

India is poised to emerge as a major player in the 17 billion dollar call centre market with a slew of Indian and multinational companies coming up with ambitious plans to tap this nascent market soon.

The Foreign Investment Promotion Board (FIPB) has been flooded with proposals from foreign and Indian firms to set up call centres, prominent among them being that of Hong Kong-based Hutchinson Teleservices.

Other major proposals include that of air Infotech, Parsec Technologiesm Cinocom Systems and Usha Martin. Usha’ s 300-call centre will serve US-based companies and is reported to have appointed pricewater housecoopers for conducting feasibility studies. Among the firms, which have set up domestic call, centres are Godrej National Stock Exchange, Microwave Communications, Railways American Express and Satyam.

Out of 3.22 million Indians in America 38 per cent of doctors, 12 per cent of scientists, 36 per cent of NASA employees, 34 per cent of MICROSOFT employees, 28 per cent of IBM employees 17 per cent of INTEL employees and 13 per cent of XEROX employees are Indians.

India invented the Number System. Aryabhatta invented Zero. The world’s first university was established in Takshila in 700 BC. A report published in July 1987 in Forbes magazine indicated that Sanskrit is the most suitable language for computer software. Ayurveda is the earliest school of medicine known to humans. Charaka, the father of medicine consolidated Ayurveda 2500 years ago. Bhaskaracharya calculated the time taken by the earth to orbit the sun hundreds of years before astronomer Smart. The value of “pi” was first calculated by Budhayana, who explained the concept of what is known Pythagorean Theorem.

He discovered this in the sixth century long before the European mathematicians. Algebra, trigonometry and calculus came from India. Quadric equations were first discovered by Sridharacharya in the eleventh century. Sushruta is the father of surgery. He and his team of health scientists conducted complicated surgeries like cesareans, on cataract, artificial limbs, fractures and brain.

In order to put a stop to the braindrain from the country, India needs to invest heavily in technology, infrastructure, human resource development and remove bureaucratic hurdles so that Indian scientists get easy access to the facilities available in India to carry out research, which is determining international competitiveness. The &Isquo; World Science Report & rsquo; of UNESCO points out that the gap between rich and poor nations is really a “knowledge gap” and it is a mistaken notion that under developed countries can do with under developed knowledge on science and technology.

The report also draws attention to the fact the per capita spending on R&D by Japan is almost $ 700, $ 600 by USA, $ 400 by Scandinavian countries and $ 300 by most European countries. In stark contrast, the per capita R&D expenditure in developing countries is less than $ 10. The current level of expenditure on R&D in our country may be hardly $ 3 per capita, as our outlay on R&D is barely 0.8 per cent of our GDP. These countries have deliberately used science and technology to turn around their economies with spectacular results.

It should be a matter of concern to us that the technological distance between the industrialised world and us is widening. We must aim at investing at least 2 per cent of our GDP in R&D at the earliest and deploy it in selective and well-targeted areas of research. The quality, availability and cost of our infrastructural facilities is placing a great strain on the efficiency and competitiveness of our economy.



I have done +2 science and 2 year Dip in Agri from PAU, Ludhiana and presently working as, Agriculture Inspector with Himachal Govt. I want to do BSc (Agri). Kindly give me the necessary information.

Harjot Rana, Gurdaspur

The Himachal Pradesh Krishi Vishwavidyalaya offers a 4 year condensed programme for in-service nominees of the State Govt., the University or ICAR, who have passed VLW/ASI Diploma.

You can also contact PAU’s training centre in Gurdaspur for further details.

I wish to do a course in fashion designing. Could you please tell me about the courses offered by NIIFT, Mohali.

Arun Bhatti, Chandigarh

The Northern India Institute of Fashion Technology (NIIFT), Mohali, was established by the D/o Industries, Govt. of Punjab, keeping in mind its proximity to the various garment industries in Ludhiana, Derabassi and Chandigarh.

The main objective of NIIFT is to assist India’s textile, fashion and apparel industry to meet the challenges of global industrial competition. The institute caters to the needs of Indian textile industry and commerce by providing up-to-date information through research and training. It also promises 100 percent placement in the garment industry and export houses. The institute offers the following courses:

Diploma in Fashion Design. Eligibility: 10+2 with 50% agg (45% for SC/ST).

Diploma in Garment Manufacturing Technology. Eligibility: Graduation with 50% agg (45% for SC/ST).

I am interested in doing LLB through correspondence. Could you please suggest some recognised courses.

Kiran Verma, Yamunanagar

No university offers a full-fledged 3-year LLB through correspondence. However, the following shorter-duration correspondence courses in Law are offered:

University of Jammu, New Campus, Jammu 180004. Duration: 2 years. Eligibility: Graduation.

University of Kashmir, University Campus, Hazratbal, Srinagar 190006. Course: LLB (Academic). Eligibility: Graduation.

The following universities offer BGL (General Law)/BAL (Academic Law) courses through correspondence:

Annamalai University, Annamalainagar 608002. Course: BGL. Duration: 2 years. Eligibility: Graduation; Course: BAL. Eligibility: Graduation.

Kakatiya University, Vidyaranyapuri, Warangal 506009. Course: BGL. Duration: 2 years. Eligibility: Graduation.

Madurai-Kamaraj University, University Buildings, Palkalai Nagar, Madurai 625021. Course: BGL. Duration: 2 years. Eligibility: Graduation (except BLitt.)

As per the ruling of the Bar Council of India, LLB through correspondence or through any of the courses mentioned above will not entitle you to undertake professional work in a court of law. Nonetheless, you may join a solicitor’s firm or even give legal advice. Besides, your degree will be useful in jobs that require knowledge of law such as in company secretaryship, personnel management, industrial relations, taxation, consultancy services, etc.

By the way, the Bar Council Of India has also recently ordered the closure of all evening law colleges in the country from the forthcoming academic session 2000-2001.

My son is in Class VI and shows keen interest in sports. What can I do to encourage him in this field?

Ramesh Kapoor, Amritsar

As a supportive parent, what you could do at this stage is to encourage your son to participate in any and every sports-related activity in school and outside. Over a period of time, he will automatically develop an interest and aptitude for a specific game or sport. Till then let him happily experiment and enjoy participating in a variety of events. Specialisation in a particular sport should be thought of only at a later point.

If his school does not offer adequate facilities by way of training and equipment, you can enrol him into any of the various sports stadia in the city. Choose one that’s not too far off so that he doesn’t waste time commuting.

However, may I proffer a word of advise? Don’t let your well intended zeal and aspiration to see your child excell push him too hard. At this stage what really matters is that he enjoys the game and imbibes team spirit. Winning and loosing are incidental.

Oh! and please do make sure he gets sufficient sleep and a balanced nutritious diet. Wishing you and your son all the best.

I am a blind student with no formal educational qualifications. I wish to enrol for BA course from IGNOU. Could you please provide me the details.

Prem Kumar, Jammu

Since you don’t possess formal educational qualifications (i.e. 10+2 or equivalent), in order to do a BA from the Indira Gandhi National Open University, you must first enrol for the 6-month Bachelor’s Preparatory Programme (BPP). The minimum age requirement is 20 yrs. The programme is designed to prepare students for admission to BA course by providing them with some basic grounding in mathematics and familiarising them with basic concepts and terminology of social sciences and with distance teaching methodology. The programme is offered in both English and Hindi.

Student’s performance in BPP is evaluated by assignments and term-end examination. Students passing in the exam and assignments are sent offer letters to join the 3-year BA programme along with the students of formal stream.

IGNOU has prepared about 150 blind-friendly audio programmes for BPP in English and Hindi. These audio’s have been designed to be user-friendly. The blind students would no more require to depend upon volunteers to read out the printed text to them.

You could contact IGNOU’s regional centre at SPMR College Of Commerce, Canal Road, Jammu.

I am a final year student doing MA (History). Could you please tell me about the eligibility criteria for appearing in the State Level Eligibility Test (SLET) of Punjab.

Daizy, Kapurthala

Many states whose educational service commissions recruit lecturers for government colleges and universities in the state hold a state-level eligibility test called the State Level Eligibility Test (SLET). The SLET, which is duly accredited by the UGC, is on the pattern of UGC/CSIR-NET. However, those who have cleared the NET are exempted from appearing in the state-level tests.

The basic qualification required for this test is a postgraduate degree (55% agg). Postgraduate students who are appearing in the final year/semester exam are also eligible to sit for the SLET. However, their candidature will be provisional subject to their securing the prescribed minimum marks. The test is aimed at assessing the candidate’s mental ability, general awareness as well as in-depth knowledge of the subject.

Although the minimum requirement for lectureship is an MA with NET/SLET, in reality those with higher qualifications such as MPhil and PhD stand a better chance.

For further details, contact your state’s Department of Education.



Armed Forces

Aug 05 The Indian Navy, Manpower Planning & Recruitment, Naval HQ, Room No. 205, "C" Wing, Sena Bhawan, New Delhi 110011.

* Recruitment of Short Service Commissioned Officers (Engineers) in the Submarine Cadre Jan 2001 Course

Elig: BE/BTech (55%) in Mech, Elect or Electron, Telecom (Comp Sc), Control Engg or Equiv AMIE Qual.

Age: Born bet: Jan 2 ‘76-Jul 1 ‘81.

Appln Format: Employment News 1-7 Jul.

Arts - Performing

Jul 31 Indira Kala Sangit Vishwavidyalaya (Univ of Music, Dance & Visual Arts), Khairagarh 491881 (MP).


* Bachelor’s/PG Courses

Various branches of Performing & Visual Arts

Appln F: Send Rs. 80/- by DD favouring "The Registrar, IKS University" payable at Khairagarh.


Jul 26 Punjabi University, Patiala 147002.

* BTech (Comp Sc & Engg) (4 yr)

Elig: Merit in CET-2000 held by PTU, Jalandhar on May 28, 2K.

Appln F: Send Rs. 150/- by DD favouring "Registrar, Punjabi University, Patiala" with a self-addressed, stamped (Rs. 50/-) envelope (9" x 11") to the Technical Advisor, Publication Bureau. Also at counter for Rs. 150/-, cash.


Jul 24 University Institute of Information Technology (UIIT), Himachal Pradesh University, Shimla 171005.

* BIT (Bachelor of IT) (4 yr)

Elig: 10+2 (Phy, Maths & any one of the elec. subj) (50%) (45% for SC/ST). Age: Below 22 yrs on Jul 1.

Appln F: Send Rs. 800/- by DD favouring "University Institute of Information Technology (UIIT), Himachal Pradesh University, Shimla 171005" or from counter: Rs. 750/-.

Distance Education

Aug 10 Alagappa University, Directorate of Distance Education,

Karaikudi 630003.

* Undergraduate Programmes (under Open Univ Sch (OUS) & Distance Educn) (3 yr)

* PG Programmes (2 yr)

* Adv Dip Programmes (1 yr)

* PG Dip Programmes (1 yr)

* MPhil Courses (1 yr)

Appln Form: Send DD Rs. 80/- for Distance Educn & Rs. 60/- for OUS favouring "The Registrar, Alagappa University" payable at Karaikudi with self-add env (28 x 20cm) before Jul 17.

Spot Admission Center:

1) JV Sanatan Dharam Sr. Sec Schl, D-2, Jhandewala Extn., Link Rd, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 110005. Ph: 3525821.


Jul 26 Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University, Kashmere Gate, Delhi 110006.


* Lateral Entry for Dip Holders to 2nd yr/3rd Sem of BTech/Engg Progms

Elig: 3-yr Dip holders (60%).

Entrance Test: Jul 30

Appln F: Send Rs. 500/- by DD favouring "Registrar, Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University" payable at Delhi with self-add, stamped (Rs. 50/-) envelope (24x30cm) to the above add. Or from Punjab & Sind Bk, Kash Gate, Delhi 110006: for Rs. 500/-, cash. Can be downloaded from website and submitted along with DD for Rs. 500/-.

Jul 17 Sir J.J. College of Architecture (affiliated to Univ of Mumbai), 78/3, Dr. D.N. Road, Mumbai 400001.


* BArch

Elig: Candidates from Pondi/Daman & Diu/Dadra, Nagar Haveli; HP; J & K; Tripura; Assam; Meghalaya; Manipur; Nagaland; Mizoram; Andaman & Nicobar Isl; Arunachal P; Sikkim; Lakshadweep.

10+2 (50%) & (50% in PCM).

Aptitude Test: Aug 2, at 3 centres including Del.

Appln F: Send Rs. 250/- by DD favouring "The Principal, Sir J.J. College of Architecture" payable at Mumbai along with two passport size pics (with name on the reverse), full name; Add & Ph no; marks in PCM in HSC; Attested copies of SSC & HSC certs; Domicilecert/proof of res. Forms can also be downloaded from website.

Engineering - Aviation

Jul 17 Punjab Aircraft Maintenance Engg College, Civil Aerodrome, Patiala 147001.

* Dip in Aircraft Maintenance Engg (Licence Course) (3 yr)

Elig: 10+2 (Non-med) (50% agg in P & M)

Appln F: Send Rs. 200/- by crossed DD favouring "Principal, P.A.M.E.C., Civil Aerodrome, Patiala" with self-add, stamped (Rs.20/-) env (11" x 5"). Also ata counter in cash.

Fashion Technology

Jul 30 National Instt of Fashion Technology (M/o Textiles, GoI), NIFT Campus, Hauz Khas, New Delhi 110016.

Ph: 6964771, 6965080

1. Knitwear Mfg Tech (1 yr)

2. Knitwear Export Merchandising (1 yr)

3. Surface Ornamentation in Knits (3 mths)

Elig: (1) & (2): 10+2

(3): 10+2, 2 yrs indst ex preferred

Appln F: Send Rs. 100/- by DD favouring "NIFT, New Delhi". Also in cash at counter.


Jul 24 Mohanlal Sukhadia University, D/o Business Admin, Udaipur 313001

Website: http:\ \ E-mail:

Master of Human Resource Mgt (MHRM) (2 yr)

Elig: Bachelor’s degree (10+2+3) (48%).

Test: Aug 6 at 8 centres incl Delhi.

Appln F: Send Rs. 220/- by DD favouring "Director, MHRM Programme, Department of Business Administration" to the Head, Dept of Business Admn, CCMS at above add. At counter Rs. 200/- by DD.


Jul 31 Homoeopathic Medical College & Hospital, M-671, Sec-26, Chandigarh

Bachelor of Homeopathy Medicine & Surgery (BHMS) (2 yr)

Elig: Internal students: DHMS (4 yr). Ext students: 3 yrs of reg teaching or 3 yrs of clinical ex or 8 yrs of proff ex.

Appln F: Send Rs. 125/- by DD to the above address. At counter: Rs. 100/-, cash.

Jul 22 Instt. of Homoeopathic Medical Education & Research, SCO 48, Ph-II, Mohali (Pb)

Ph: 0172-678194

BHMS (2 yr)

Elig: 4 yrs Dip in HMS.

Appln F: Send Rs.300/- by DD/MO favouring "Principal, Instt. of Homoeopathic Medical Education & Research, Mohali (Pb) At counter: Rs. 250/-, cash.

Muniyal Instt of Ayurveda Medical Sciences, Manipal 576119 (Kar)

Ph: 098440-87582

BAMS (41/2 yrs + 1 yr internship)

Elig: 10+2 with PCB in PUC (50%)

Appln F: Send Rs. 300/- by DD favouring "President, Dr. U. Krishna Muniyal Memorial Trust (r)" payable at Udupi/Manipal.

Jul 20 Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar

* PGET-2000

PG Entrance Test on behalf of Baba Farid Univ of Health Sc, Faridkot for admission to Medical PG Courses (3 yr)

Test: Aug 8

Appln F: Send Rs. 200/- by DD favouring "Registrar, Guru Nanak Dev University" payable at Amritsar with a self-add, stamped (Rs. 30/-) envelope (10x10cm) to the above add. Also for Rs. 200/- in cash from:

1) Cashier, GNDU & Govt. Med College, Amritsar,

2) C/o the Director, Research & Med Educn, SCO 87, Sector 40C, Ch’garh

3) Cashier, Baba Farid Univ of Health Sc, Faridkot

4) Dayanand Medical Coll, Ludhiana

5) Govt. Medical Coll, Patiala.


National Museum Instt of History of Art, Conservation & Museology, New Delhi 110011.


Hist of Art/Conservation & Restoration of Works of Art/Museology

Appln F: Send Rs. 250/- by crossed DD favouring "NMIHACM" payable at New Delhi. Or from the Supdtt. of the Instt for Rs. 200/-, cash


Jul 20 Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar

* JET 2000

For Admission to BSc (Nursing).

Test: Jul 30

Appln F: Send Rs. 200/- by DD favouring "Registrar, Guru Nanak Dev University" payable at Amritsar with a self-add, stamped (Rs. 30/-) envelope (10x10cm) to the above add. Rs. 200/- in cash from:

1) Cashier, GNDU & Govt. Med Coll, Amritsar,

2) C/o the Director, Research & Med Educn, SCO 87, Sector 40C, Ch’garh

3) Cashier, Baba Farid Univ of Health Sc, Faridkot

4) Dayanand Medical College, Ludhiana

5) Govt. Medical College, Patiala.


Jul 24 Union Public Service Commission, Dholpur House, New Delhi 110011.

Website: (Ph: 3389366 UPS Form Supply Monitoring Cell)

Special Class Railway Apprentices’ Exam 2000

Elig, Inter with maths & Phy, Chem as a subj. Age: 17-22 yrs on Aug 1 2000

Details & Appln F: Employment News: Jun 24


Jul 18 Kumaun University, Nainital 163002 (UP)

MSc (Biotech)

Elig: BSc with Bio or Maths/TDC with Chem (54%) (49% for SC/ST)

Test: Aug 6 at Naini, D’dun & Lucknow

Appln F: Send Rs. 500/- (Rs. 350/- for SC/ST) (including test fees) by DD favouring "Finance Officer, Kumaun University, Nainital 263001 (UP)" to the above add.


Jul 31 National Council for Cement & Building Materials (Centre for Human Resource & Continuing Educn), P-21, South Extn Part II, New Delhi 110048.

PG Dip in Cement Technology (1 yr)

At: New Delhi & Hy’bad

Elig: BE/BTech/MSc with PCM.

Fees: Rs. 1,50,000/- for sponsored and Rs. 30,000/- for others.

Appln F: Send Bio-data, copies of marksheets/certs, add of two references and passport size photos at the above add. Sponsored candidates must submit through their employers.

CARING (Career Information & Guidance), New Delhi.