How stress operates
We are made up of systems and sub-systems. The more effectively our systems are coordinated, the more effectively we function. Main sub-systems coordinated by the master system are:
— Cognitive (thoughts)
— Affective (feelings)
— Behavioural (actions)
— Physiological (muscle, skeleton)
Sub-systems respond according to the demands of a particular time and circumstances.
1. The cognitive (thinking) sub-system :
is composite of our expectations, interests and concerns. It gives us a complete picture. determines our perception of threat or danger. appraises the situation, checks the coping resources, selects an appropriate response plan and determines if there is a danger and activates the affective, behavioural and physiological sub-systems.
2. The affective (feelings) sub-system:
activates the anxiety and stress components by enhancing our sense of urgency.
3. The behavioural (actions) sub-system:
activates both action and inhibition patterns.
4. The physiological (muscle) sub-system:
mobilises the body’s response