EDUCATION TRIBUNE Tuesday, August 14, 2001, Chandigarh, India

Scheme fails to allure wards of nomads
V.P. Prabhakar
THE Tau of Haryana, when he was the Chief Minister in 1987-89 had started a scheme for education of students of nomadic tribes. The governments after him failed to appreciate the objective of the visionary. As a result, the scheme has yet to be implemented properly.



Scheme fails to allure wards of nomads
V.P. Prabhakar

THE Tau of Haryana, when he was the Chief Minister in 1987-89 had started a scheme for education of students of nomadic tribes. The governments after him failed to appreciate the objective of the visionary. As a result, the scheme has yet to be implemented properly.

Mr Devi Lal had started this scheme in order to induce children of nomadic tribes to attend school regularly. It was considered to be a novel scheme as the nomads do not remain at one place for a long time and it becomes difficult for their children to continue their studies on a regular basis.

If implemented properly, the scheme would have not only provided education to the students of nomadic tribes, but also had effected changes in their lifestyle. This scheme would have forced the nomads to stay at one place for the sake of education of their wards.

Successive Haryana Governments could not provide adequate funds for the scheme and that too well in time. Hence, the scheme has failed to lure students.

Not only this, a majority of students belonging to Scheduled Castes and Weaker Sections could not get free textbooks, free stationery and free uniforms and attendance allowance on a daily basis. Several schemes for concessions to Scheduled Caste and Weaker Section students were implemented half-hearted as adequate funds were not provided for these.

Children from nomadic tribes were eligible for cash incentive at Re 1 per school day on a daily basis for attending school. Out of the Rs 74 lakh sanctioned, Rs 20.97 lakh was allocated to the five districts of Ambala, Gurgaon, Hisar, Karnal and Rohtak.

In Karnal district, 687 eligible students (Indri block 681 and Nilokheri block six) were not paid the nomadic tribes allowance during 1998-99. Of the total 4420 nomadic students in four (Ambala, Gurgaon, Hisar and Karnal) of the five selected districts, the attendance of 220 students was below 100 days, of another 1,058 students the attendance ranged between 101 and 150 days and of the another 1617 students, it was between 151 to 200 days.

The incentive failed to ensure attendance as nomadic allowance was not paid on a daily basis but given at the end of the year as lumpsum payment when the sanction from the government was received.

The programme which provides distribution of free books to Scheduled Caste and Weaker Section students (both boys and girls) in the beginning of the academic year session was grossly under-provided for. Out of Rs 65 lakh sanctioned for the purchase of books during 1997-2000, Rs 22.16 lakh was for primary schools in five districts test-checked.

The District Primary Education Officers concerned, however, drew only Rs 17.13 lakh (out of Rs 22.16 lakh sanctioned) and the balance ó sanctioned amount of Rs 5.03 lakh ó was not drawn/utilised. With this amount, only 20 per cent of 4.58 lakh Scheduled Caste students and 1 per cent of 3.34 lakh Weaker Section students on roll in these districts during 1997-2000 could be provided with free books. Apparently, there was no connection between the provision of funds and requirement of funds to fulfil the goals.

The textbooks were not issued at the beginning of the academic session and their distribution was staggered up to the end of the academic session during 1997-98 to 1999-2000 in the districts of Ambala, Gurgaon, Hisar, Karnal and Rohtak.

Cash incentive of Rs 10 per annum per student for purchase of stationery and writing material was to be provided to students belonging to SC and Weaker Sections of society.

Out of Rs 1.08 crore sanctioned during 1997-2000, Rs 33 lakh was allotted and drawn by the district primary education officers concerned in five districts test-checked. However, only 62 per cent of 4.58 lakh SC and 10 per cent of 3.34 lakh Weaker Section students were given cash incentives during 1997-2000. A shortfall in coverage of SC and Weaker Section students due to non-availability of funds affected the objective of the scheme.

Another scheme envisaged free supply of cloth for uniform to girlstudents belonging to SC and Weaker Section. From 1994-95, cash incentive instead of uniform to the rate of Rs 100 per girlstudent for Classes I and II Rs 75 per girlstudent for Classes III and to V for SC and Class I to V for Weaker Section was to be given.

The State Government sanctioned Rs 4.60 crore during 1997-98/1999-2000 of which Rs 1.40 crore was allotted to district primary education officers in five districts test-checked. It was noticed that in these districts only 41 per cent of the total 3.75 lakh SC and Weaker Section girlstudents were given cash incentive during 1997-2000. Thus, 59 per cent of SC and Weaker Section girl students could not be provided cash incentive for uniform due to insufficient funds.



Q What is the difference between doing MCA through correspondence or as regular student?

Vikas Gupta

A As far as the course content is concerned, there is no difference between a regular and correspondence MCA. However, a full-time course would definitely give you far more practical hands-on experience. Hence, given a choice, employers too tend to prefer those who have passed out of a full-time course from a good university.

A Distance MCA is meant for working people who wish to enhance their qualifications on the side or for those who are already pursuing some other regular course of study.

Also, most of the better F/T MCA departments offer campus placement on completion of the course - a facility that is not available to those studying distance programmes. Which means you may have to scout around your first job, but subsequently you would be on par with your F/T counterparts. What really matters in software jobs is your live hands-on project experience over and above your formal qualifications.

Even if you can get to intern at a very low or no salary, grab the opportunity. While there are nearly 350 institutions and university departments offering regular MCA courses, the competition is very stiff because the number of seats in each programme is limited to 30-35. This compels a large number of students to opt for the distance alternative.

Q I am a third-year BCom (H) student. I am confused whether I should pursue CA or CFA after graduation or opt for MBA instead?

Ranvir Sharma.

A Both CA and MBA are complete stand-alone professional courses while CFA is a good complimentary course, particularly for those in the financial services sector like equity analysts etc.

MBA, on the other hand, has a more general outlook and grooms you for a large number of managerial jobs in the corporate sector in finance as well as other areas like marketing HR, systems etc.

CA is essentially a finance-related course that empowers you to certify all accounts including the balance sheet of the organisation. It also gives you a better grasp of financial statements along with an extensive knowledge of tax laws, management accounting and corporate laws. However, the CA curriculum presently lacks inputs on other aspects of management and business.

As regards CFA, the curriculum includes comprehensive understanding of project appraisal, planning, financial services and international finance. As discussed above, it is a good add-on qualification. However, the course also suffers from the inherent drawback of distance learning.

While the CA and CFA courses are offered by a single institution (ICAI and ICFAI respectively) the MBA program is offered by hundreds of B Schools (good, bad and indifferent). However, the plum, top-of-the-line jobs typically go to students of the top B Schools.

Q I passed Class XII this year and wish to take admission in B.Pharma. Could you please tell me about the job prospects and also if Iíll be eligible to take the IAS exam after a B.Pharma degree?

Prashant Kumar

A Pharmaceutical Science deals with the development and preparation of drugs. A pharmacist works in research laboratories to develop new drugs from natural and synthetic sources, reduce the side effects of the drugs sold in the market and ensure the quality of existing formulations.

A degree in Pharmacy (BPharm) is a 4-year course, which is open to students who have passed Class XII, or equivalent examination with physics, chemistry and biology or maths. Eligibility for the MPharm programme is a BPharm degree. However, diploma courses in Pharmacy that are usually of 2-year duration may be taken up after completing Class X.

While a diploma-holder can work as a pharmacist in hospitals or as a pharmacy technician, BPharm or MPharm degree-holders can apply for jobs in the pharmaceutical industry. Although there are not too many research openings in India, those with doctoral and post-doctoral qualifications in pharmacy find challenging avenues in R & D labs abroad. Apart from the drug manufacturing industry, pharmacists are also employed in the chemical industry and food and drug control organisations as well. Teaching could be another option after a Masterís degree. Pharmacy graduates are also appointed as drug inspectors and government analysts. A large number of those who do pharmacy go on to become medical sales representatives. Of course if you are enterprising, you can open your own chemist shop or even go into manufacture of drugs.

Yes, after doing BPharm, you can sit for the IAS exam, as the minimum eligibility for this exam is graduation in any discipline.

Q I have completed BSc with 62% marks this year. Now I wish to appear for the GATE examination. Could you please let me know the eligibility criteria?

Amit Verma

A The GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering) is held in February each year and is required for admission to postgraduate courses with scholarship/assistantship for Engineering, Technology, Architecture and Pharmacy at engineering colleges and institutes in the country. It is an all-India examination conducted by the five Indian Institutes of Technology and the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, on behalf of the National Coordinating Board for GATE, Department of Education, Ministry of Human Resources Development, Government of India. The purpose of GATE is to select meritorious and motivated students for postgraduate studies in engineering, technology, architecture and pharmacy.

The examination consists of a single paper of 3-hour duration, with questions relating to engineering skills and the area of specialisation.

Eligibility is a Bachelorís degree in Engineering/Technology/Archi-tecture or a Masterís degree in Science/Computer Applications or an Integrated Masterís degree in Engineering/Technology, or a professional qualification such as AMIE.

Q I am a commerce graduate and am working in a manufacturing/export unit. Please tell me where I can do a diploma course in Export Management through correspondence?

Anurag Chawla

A I am listing 3 institutes offering Diploma courses in Export Management through correspondence for you. These are:

Indian Institute of Export Management, PB 7531, 1953, 9th Cross, 4th Main, New Thippasandra, Bangalore 560075. Duration of the course is 4 months and the eligibility criterion requires you to have completed your Class XII.

Institute of Management Technology (IMT), Raj Nagar, Ghaziabad 201001. Duration of the course is 1 year. While the eligibility criteria requires you to be a graduate or to have passed Class XII at least along with work experience of 5 years at a supervisory level.

National Institute of Export Management, AG, Anandraj Villa, 4 & 5 Second Canal Cross Road, Gandhinagar, Adyar, Chennai 600020. The course is of a 5-month duration and the minimum eligibility criterion requires you to have completed Class XII.

Q After postgraduation in Public Administration, I wish to do MPhil in the subject. Please tell me about the universities that offer the course through correspondence.

N. Bella

A The following universities offer MPhil in Public Administration through correspondence:

Dr. B.R.Ambedkar Open University, Road No.46, Prof.G Ram Reddy Marg, Jubilee Hills, Hyderabad 500033. The eligibility criterion requires you to have completed your masters in the subject with a second division at least. Selection is on the basis of an entrance test and preference would be given to college teachers and persons working in research organisations. Duration of the course is 72 weeks.

Kakatiya University, School of Distance Learning and Continuing Education, Warangal 506009. Persons with a PG degree in the relevant subject are eligible to seek admission on clearing an entrance test. The course is of an 18-month duration.

Madurai Kamaraj University, Directorate of Distance Education, University Buildings, Palkalainagar, Madurai 625021. The eligibility criterion requires you to have a masterís degree in the relevant subject and the course is of a 2-year duration.

Please send in your query preferably on a postcard along with your name, complete address and academic qualifications to:

Editor, Career Hotline, The Tribune, Sector 29, Chandigarh.


Admission deadline


Aug 16 Indira Gandhi Agricul-tural University, Krishak Nagar, Raipur - 492012 Chhattisgarh.

(1) MFSc (Fisheries)

(2) PhD (Agri Eco, Horti, Forestry) Elig: (1): BFSc/BVSc & AH/BSc (Agri or Hort) with Bio at +2/BSc (Bio) with Botany, Zoology, Chem (OGPA of 6.00 on a 10 pt scale/equiv) (2): MSc (Agri) in relevant discipline (OGPA of 6.50 on a 10 pt scale/equiv) Appln F: Send Rs. 100/- by DD favouring "Indira Gandhi Agricultural University, Raipur (CG)", payable at Raipur along with self-addressed envelope (10 x 22 cm) to the Registrar at the above add. Details: Employment News 4 - 10 Aug.

Armed Forces

Aug 29 Indian Air Force, Post Bag No. 001, DHQ P O, New Delhi - 110011. Website: Women candidates for Short Service Commission (10 yrs) as a Pilot

Elig: Unmarried Indian female citizens/widow of service personnel, BSc(Physic and/or Math/BE. Should not be: Colour or night blind/wearing spectacles/failed PABT. Age: 18-22 yrs, Selectn: Pilot Aptitude Battery Test; Personality Tests & Medical Fitness Test. Details: Employment News 4-10 Aug/Website.

Sep 03 The Indian Navy, Recruitment Cell, DMPR, Naval Headquarters, Sena Bhavan, DHQ (PO), New Delhi - 110011. Website:

(1) Artificers (3 -yr Dip holders)

(2) Matric Entry Recruits

Elig: (1): Unmarried males below 22 yrs with 3-yr Diploma in Engg (Mech/Electric/Electron/Telecomm/Aeronaut/ShipBuilding/Instrum/Metallurg, 50% agg); (2): Unmaried males below 20 yrs with Matric/equiv with Sc & Maths (55% agg)/10+2/equiv with Maths & Phy (50% agg).

Appln F: Available at all Naval establishments, Zila Sainik Boards/ZRO/BRO & Airmen Selectn Centres.

Details: Employment News 11-18 Aug/Website.

Distance Education

Oct 31 Institute of Distance Education, Dr Harisingh Gour Vishwavidyalaya, Sagar - 470003 (MP). Website: Ph: (07582)- 41055

(1) M Lib I Sc (1-yr)

(2) Blib ISc (1-yr)

(3) Master of Communication & Journalism (1-yr)

(4) Bachelorís of Communications & Journalism (1-yr)

(5) PG Dip: Environmental Mgt, Marketing Mgt, Personnel Mgt (1-yr)

Elig: (1): B Lib I Sc; (3): BCJ or equiv; (2), (4) & (5): Bachelorís degree.

Appln F: Send Rs. 125/- by DD favouring "Registrar, Dr Hari Singh Gour Vishwavidyalaya, Sagar", payable at SBI University Branch, Sagar (Code 1143) along with stamped (Rs 30/-), self-addressed envelope (9" x 5") to the Director at the above address.


Sep 07 Directorate General of Shipping, Jahaz Bhawan, Walchand Hirachand Marg, Ballard Estate, Mumbai - 400001.

Website: BSc Nautical Sc (3 -yr, Mumbai Univ) at TS Chanakya Navi Mumbai BE Marine Engg (4 -yr) at (Jadhavpur Univ)MERI Kolkata Elig: 10+2 (PCM). Age: below 19 yrs. Selectn:

(1). IITJFE Screening Test (09 Dec), Appln deadline by Sep 07 (2). Send appln to D G Shipping by 30 Apr 02. Call letters will be sent on basis of IIT-JEE (Main) Scores Details: Employment News (Dec)/website.


Aug 25 CH Charan Singh University, Meerut - 250005 (UP). BSc Information Sc

Elig: 10+2 with Maths. Selectn: Test: 9 Sep at Meerut, Muzaffarnagar, and Ghaziabad. Appln F: Send Rs. 350/- by DD favouring the "Finance Controller, CH Charan Singh University" payable at Meerut to the above address. Superscribe "Application for B Sc Information Science" on envelope.

Sep 07 University of Roorkee, Roorkee - 247667 (UP). Ph: (01332) 76469, 85224 Website: MTech (IT) at UOR-ER & DCI Campus, Noida

Elig: BE/BTech (60% agg)/equiv CGPA. Selectn: Test: REE PGIT-2001 on 23 Sep in 6 cities. Appln F: Send Rs. 200/- by DD favouring "REE Account", payable at Roorkee to the Convenor, REE PGIT-2001 at the above address. Details: Employment News (Aug 11-18)/website.


Aug 24 University Deptt of Commerce & Business Administration, TM Bhagalpur University, Bhagalpur - 812007(Bih). MBA (2-yr) Elig: Bachelorís degree (50 % agg). Selectn: Test: 26 Aug; Interview: 30 campus Appln F: Send Rs. 700/- by DD favouring , MBA Programme", payable at Bhagalpur to the above address. At counter: Rs 650/- (cash).

Aug 31 Deptt of Statistics, University of Lucknow, Lucknow -226007 (UP). Ph: 335068(O), 266810(R) Email:

(1) PG Diploma in Quality Mgt

(2) Master of Total Quality Mgt Elig: (1): Masterís degree (Sc/Mgt)/BE/BTech;(2): BSc/BE/BTech (50% agg). Selectn: Test: 8-9 Sep.

Appln F: Send Rs. 375/- by DD favouring the "Finance Officer, Univ of Lucknow", to Dr Anil K. Srivastava, Add Director, Quality Mgt Program, (1st Fl) to the above address. At counter: Rs 350/-(cash). Oct 08 Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad, Bangalore, Indore, Kolkatta, Kozhikode, Lucknow Website:

(1) Post Graduate Programme in Management 2002 at all IIMs

(2) Post Graduate Programme in Agri Business Management at IIM Ahemdabad

(3) Post Graduate Programme in ComputerManagement, Business Management at IIM Kolkatta

Elig: (1) Bachelorís Degree; (2) Bachelorís Degree in Agri or allied subjects/bachelorís with atleast 1-yr Managerial/Tech work ex in related field/Masters in Agri/Eco Selectn: Test: CAT 9 Dec

Appln F: On payment of Rs. 1000/- at designated SBI counters. Details: See Website.

Nov 30 Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad - 380015(Guj). Website: Fellow Programme in Management (FPM) 2002: (in Agriculture, Business Policy, Eco, Finance & Accounting, Info Sys, Marketing, Organisational Beh, Personnel & Indl Relations, Prodn & Quant Methods, Public Systems)

Elig: PG degree in any discipline/CA/ICWA/CS (55% agg), BE/BTech (60% agg). Selectn: CAT(9 Dec)/GATE/GMAT scores. Appln F: Send Rs. 200/- by DD favouring "Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad", payable at Ahmedabad along with self-addressed sticker/slip to the Programmes Officer, FPM office at the above address or down load from website and send along with DD. Details: See website

Dec 07 Indian Institute of Forest Management(M/o Environment & Forests, GoI) Post Box No 335, Nehru Nagar, Bhopal - 462003 (MP). Ph: (0755) 775716,773799 Website: PG Programme in Forestry Mgmt (2 -yr, FT)

Elig: Bachelorís degree/equiv Selectn:

1: Take CAT (09 Dec). Appln Deadline: Oct 08

2: Apply to IIFM. Call letters to be sent on basis of CAT score Appln F: Send Rs. 600/- by DD favouring "The Director IIFM", payable at Bhopal to the above address Details: See website.

Dec 15 Faculty of Management Studies, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi - 221005 (UP). Website: MBA Mktg/HRD/Fin (2-yr) MIBA Intnl Bus (2-yr)

Elig: Bachelorís degree/Degree in Agri, Tech, Med, Educn, Law/PG degree (50% agg). Selectn:

1: Take CAT (09 Dec). Appln Deadline: Oct 08 2: Apply to BHU. Call letters to be sent on basis of CAT score

Appln F: Send Rs. 550/- by DD favouring the "Registrar, Banaras Hindu University", payable at SBI BHU main branch (Code 0211) along with self-addressed envelope (32 x 26 cm). At counter: Rs. 500/- (DD/cash). Details: See website


Aug 31 Jawaharlal Institute of Post-Graduate Medical Education & Research (D G of Health Services), Pondicherry - 605006. PhD (Anatomy, Physiol, Biochem, Pathol, Pharmacol, Microbiol) Selectn: Test: 18 Sep at JIPMER campus

Appln F: Send Rs. 200/- by DD favouring the "Accounts Officer, JIPMER, Pondicherry-605006", payable at Bank of Baroda, Pondicherry along with stamped (Rs 29/-), self-addressed envelope (30 x 22 cm) to the Assistant Registrar at the above address. At counter: Rs 200/- (cash).

Sciences (Biological)

Aug 25 PG Deptt of Zoology, School of Life Sciences, Utkal University, Vani Vihar, Bhubaneshwar - 751004. PG Diploma Clinical Biochem; Medical Biotech (1-yr)

Elig: BSc (55% agg in Hons or 60% in pass) , with Bio at 10+2 Selectn: Test & Academic record. Appln F: Send Rs. 380/- by DD favouring the "Coordinator, ICABPS, C/o PG Department of Zoology, Utkal University", drawn on SBI Univ Campus Branch at the above address. At counter: Rs 350/- (cash). Details: See Prospectus.

CARING (Career Information & Guidance), New Delhi.