Friday, October 5, 2001, Chandigarh, India

 

L U D H I A N A   S T O R I E S


 
HEALTH

BP patients should avoid hurry & worry

Today’s fast-paced life has its due share of stress, worries and tensions. The disease of high or low blood pressure is the outcome of this environment. Why the blood pressure is important? Because high blood pressure, also called hypertension, affects million in India.

The blood pressure performs an important function in respiration; it delivers oxygen to the tissues of the organs and carries carbon dioxide away. Oxygen enters the blood through the lungs. The blood has also a protective function; it contains cells which possess properties of phagocytosis and special products called antibodies which play a protective role. The blood performs an important function in metabolism; it delivers nutrients to the tissues of all organs and carries the waste products away. The waste products are eliminated from the blood through the excretory organs. The blood helps in distributing heat within the organism and in maintaining a constant body temperature. Because of the movement of blood through the blood vessels, heat is transported from warmer parts of the body to colder parts. The blood gives off the excess of heat into the external environments, and the organism therefore does not become overheated.

Blood pressure: The blood circulating through the blood vessels exerts a certain pressure on the walls of the blood vessels. Blood pressure depends on two basic factors; The force with which the blood is elected from the heart by the contraction of its muscles, and the resistance of the walls of the blood vessels, which the blood has to overcome as its circulates in the body. In healthy persons normal systolic pressure in adults is average between 100 to 130 mm Hg and diastolic pressure 80 mm Hg. High blood pressure means over 160 mm Hg and 90 mm Hg diastolic in adults. In children and adolescents, over 140 mm Hg systolic pressure, No risk of hemorrhage under 170mm systolic. Over 130 mm Hg diastolic is serious. High BP develops in any condition causing increased resistance to passage of blood through arteriole. Low BP means systolic pressure under 110mm Hg. During physical work the blood pressure rises, and during sleep it drops.

Symptoms and causes: The blood pressure patients feel — headache; giddiness; personality changes; shortness of breath; abnormal heart sounds; colour in eyes, cardiac enlargement, blurring vision; bleeding; cerebral hemorrhage and ills(in certain circumstances) may be possible. The patient may feels morning time occipital headache and stiffness in the neck.

Mainly mental tension is the common cause of blood pressure. Some other causes are due to hypothalamic lesion; rental cause, ileredity, result of overstress, emotion and excessive protein diet, hypertension produced by cerebral ischemia; hypertension in brain tumor patients; pressure conus; cerebra spinal fluid; sudden deterioration of blood pressure in brain tumour patients.

Investigations: Firstly the BP patient must check up blood pressure three times in a day. The patient should get done urine examination, including protein, glucosuria, alkalinity of urine; blood examination-estimation of urea and electrocytes. Roentgenogram of the chest and ECG test is must in hypertension with the advice of your doctor.

Diet and precautions: Patients should be careful about their diet. The BP patients should not take excess salt, sugar, fats, eggs and fish. Vegetables (green and leafy) fruits, vegetable and fruits juice or soups should form the main part of diet of such patients. The patient should avoid excess alcohol and smoking, exercise regularly as exercise is useful in both preventing and treating hypertension.

Precautions: Patients should avoid coffee and tea. Do not use any medicine for reduction of weight. General treatment: Firstly, the basic cause of blood pressure should be removed, then treatment should be started. The high BP patient must take rest after lunch for one to two hour and after dinner for eight hours at night. Patient having mild and moderate hypertension often use tranquilisers and other allopathic drugs. Adrenergic neuron blockers are given to the BP patients. Sometimes side effects by these medicines may be possible like weakness, drowsiness, headache, cramps and vomiting. The BP patients can use ayurvedic medicines like Sarpgandha vati Tablet, Sarpgandha Churnna.

Patient should reduce weight and take light food material. The BP patients should not use any medicine by themselves and must consult a doctor.

Dr Anil Dheer
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Cricket meet
Our Sports Reporter

Ludhiana, October 4
Sargodha National Public School will take on Government Senior Secondary School , PAU, in the opening match of the Parle-G Inter-School Cricket Tournament at the Sacred Heart Convent Senior Secondary School, BRS Nagar, tomorrow being organised by the Ludhiana District Cricket Association under the aegis of the Punjab Cricket Association.

Four teams, SAN Jain Model Senior Secondary School, Circular road, Sargodha National Public School, Sacred Heart Senior Secondary School, BRS Nagar and Government Senior Secondary School, Punjab Agricultural University, will compete in this six-day league tournament. The top team will qualify for the round-robin league stage where will be joined by the winners from Chandigarh, Patiala, Amritsar, Jalandhar and Bhatinda districts.

The tournament will be inaugurated on October 5 at 9 am by the Principal of the host school, Sister Sobal.
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