EDUCATION TRIBUNE Tuesday, October 9, 2001, Chandigarh, India

Meet the Grammar family
ou must have heard about the Grammar Schools of England. Likewise there is a family in England. It’s surname is "Grammar". The head of the family is "Mr Noun". The mistress of the Grammar family is ‘Verb’. She is an expert in house-hold chores.

Lesson in English

Pervin Malhotra, Tribune’s career expert answers all your career queries.

Admission deadline




Meet the Grammar family

You must have heard about the Grammar Schools of England. Likewise there is a family in England. It’s surname is "Grammar". The head of the family is "Mr Noun". The mistress of the Grammar family is ‘Verb’. She is an expert in house-hold chores.

The couple has three children, one son and two daughters. The son is "Master Pronoun". He has to do all work of his father in his absence. He always acts and plays in place of his parents. The two little daughters are ‘Miss Adjective’ and ‘Miss Adverb’. They love each other very much, but there is a great difference between them.

"Miss Adjective" loves her father and her elder brother very much. But the younger sister, "Miss Adverb" loves her mummy very much. She always modifies her where there is a need. She loves other family members, too, except her father and her elder brother.

If anyone asks her why she does not like her father and her elder brother, she says: "They don’t love me. So I don’t like them either."

There are two servants in the family the chief servant is, ‘Preposition’. He is the official servant of the master. Moreover he is his bodyguard. Wherever his master goes, Preposition accompanies him.

The other servant is named ‘Conjunction’. He is family servant. He looks after every member of the family. When Mrs Grammar tells him to carry a message or tiffin to her husband or children, he has to carry these. He has to work very hard.

There is a relative of Grammar family who joins the family in times of joy or sorrow. His name is "Mr Interjection". So, friends, I think, you are introduced to the Grammar family now. I hope you will recognise them easily.

Remember people call the members of this family, "Parts of Speech". The house in which they live is named "Speech".

Noopur Kaul
Class V



Lesson in English
By W.L. Gordon

Words often misused:
Do not say, "He was accompanied with three men, neither of whom had been there previous". There are three errors here. Say, "He was accompanied BY three men, NONE OF whom had been there PREVIOUSLY".

Often mispronounced:
Tirade. Preferred pronunciation is tie-raid with accent on the first syllable.

Often misspelled:
Caudal — of a tail.
Caudle — a warm drink.
Coddle — to pamper.

Concerning (prep) — about, of, relating, regarding, touching, in relation to, respecting, relative to, anent.

Word study:
"Use a word three times and it is yours." Let us increase our vocabulary by mastering one word each week.

Today’s word: EXTRAPOLATE (verb) — to estimate; to project an unknown course or situation by assuming a parallel between it and one that is known. Pronounce as eks-trap-oh-lait with accent on the second syllable.

E.g. "He began to extrapolate next year’s expenses."



Pervin Malhotra, Tribune’s career expert answers all your career queries.

Is training for a helicopter pilot an expensive proposition?

Q I belong to a poor family. I wish to join as a constable in the Haryana Police. Could you please tell me about the eligibility criteria and selection procedure?

Amarjeet Kairon

A The recruitment of male constables in Haryana Police is done at the district-level by the district police headquarters.

The minimum educational qualification is matriculation or class 10 (pass in Class VII for SC/ST) from a Board/University recognised by Haryana Education Board, Bhiwani.

Certain physical standards also need to be met. The minimum height for recruitment is 5’ 7", normal chest measurement of 33" with expansion of 1.5" (relaxable by 1" each in height and chest for SC/ST, BC). The age requirement is 18-27 years (relaxable by 5 yrs for SC/ST, BC). Selection is on the basis of a physical efficiency test and interview.

The competition however is acute. For instance a staggering 92,000 youngsters applied for the 2000 seats in the constabulary the last time around.

A Haryana Police Constable gets a salary of about Rs 5000 besides free travelling facility, Rs 60 per day as TA/DA for outstation assignments and can avail of loans for constructing a house or buying a two-wheeler a few years down the line.

Q I am doing BSc (Microbiology). I want to pursue my PG in Human Physiology (with Microbiology and Immunology as specialisation). Could you please tell me about the job prospects in this field?

Renu Sharma

A Microbiology, one of the frontier fields in Life Sciences, has varied applications in research & industry. Research-based jobs abound for those with a post graduation in this subject. Of course, those with a doctorate in this field are in great demand.

Job opportunities for microbiologists exist in hospitals where they are required to undertake microbiological testing of samples from patients as an aid to diagnosing and treating diseases.

The pharmaceutical, food & drink and water industries also employ microbiologists in large numbers. In the pharmaceutical sector, microbiological work includes studying microbes that cause diseases (human, animal as well as plant diseases), evaluating antibiotics and developing vaccines, manufacturing drugs by fermentation, etc.

Opportunities also arise with manufacturers of products such as medical disposable goods, cosmetics and antiseptics. Those working in water departments undertake routine testing of water supplied to industrial and domestic users. Other destinations include university departments and government-funded research institutes.

Q What is the best place for training to be a helicopter pilot? Is it a very expensive proposition?

Pankaj Kathuria

A Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd’s (HAL) Rotary Wing Academy at Bangalore would be a good bet. However in compliance with the flight-safety requirements that are being followed worldwide, the DGCA has recently upped the mandatory flying time from the present 100 hours to 150 hours before the CHPL can be issued. So correspondingly, the earlier fee of Rs 10 lakh has been raised by another 5 lakh, which makes it rather steep. Also I’ve heard some rumblings about the non-availability of training aircraft.

But on the flip side, the placements for helicopter pilots would be far better than for their CPL counterparts.

For further information about the course, you can e-mail them at .

Q I have completed ME (Structures) from PEC, Chandigarh, and am working on my thesis. Now I want to do my PhD from the USA. Which universities offer PhD (Civil Engineering)?

Raman Chaddha

A An important aspect you need to take care of while applying for a research degree is that you must try to match your interests with those of the relevant department of the university. This will increase chances of acceptance of your candidature and receiving departmental funding. Also rather than specifying your field broadly for example "Civil Engineering", define your research interests as clearly as possible for example "Structures". Talk to local professionals in your chosen field, especially those who have studied in the US to get a list of centres of excellence, although they may not necessarily correspond with the ranking of the universities as a whole.

Scan journals published in your field for research papers to get an idea of who is active in your field and to which university they belong. Typically doctoral programmes re offered at universities and graduate- only institutions. Doctoral degree usually requires a minimum of 3 years of study beyond the 4-yr Bachelor’s Degree

"CARING’s How to Study in America" lists top 50 universities in field of Civil Engineering. Some of them are University of California (Berkley), Massachusetts Institute of Technology, University of IIlinois (Urbana Champaign) etc.

You can log on to www.collegeboar[RTF bookmark start: _Hlt526250050]d[RTF bookmark end: _Hlt526250050].org for detailed information.

Q I am working in a private firm and wish to do MA. I have heard that some universities offer admission directly to MA with or without previous qualifications. If this is possible, please advice.

Kiran Sharmai

A Yes it is true that some universities do offer courses in MA without any previous formal qualification through distance learning.

One Open University and three others offer these courses under their Distance Education programme.

Here are the details:

Annamalai University, Directorate of Distance Education, Annamalainagar 608002.
Notification: April/May.

Bangalore University, Directorate of Distance Education, Jnana Bharathi, Bangalore 560056.
Notification: July.

Madurai Kamraj University, Directorate of Distance Education. Madurai 625021.
Notification: May/June.

Karnataka State Open University, Pavate Nagar, Dharwad 580003.
Notification: May/June.

The duration of these courses is 2 years and the minimum age should be 25 yrs. Also, Annamalai and Madurai University conduct an entrance test for admission to these courses.

Q Who are risk managers and where do they work?

Gaurav Jaisingh

A Opening a factory in Bangladesh may help a garment manufacturer's bottom line – but is it worth the risks? Progressive firms are relying on risk managers, previously the worriers who recommended safety plans and disaster insurance, to plan the future. While looking at the plant in totality, the risk manager might assess earthquakes, currency fluctuations, and damage to reputation if an unscrupulous manager begins using child labour. Then the manager proposes solutions: Spend more to make the building earthquake-proof, pay foreign expenses in local currency, closely monitor employees. If the project is deemed worthwhile, risk managers will transfer the risk to another party, perhaps an insurer. It goes without saying that companies who know how to manage risk will have a competitive advantage.

A background in finance, calculus, economics, accounting, and insurance plus knowledge of investment banking is important, as many firms will use risk managers from investment houses.

Q We are two sisters and belong to a poor family. We would be completing +2 in the coming year. I have learnt that computer the field holds promising career. Coming from a rural setting, is there any possibility for us to study computers at a free or low-cost institutions?

Sukhpreet Kaur

A You are in luck. CAL-C Centre for Advance Learning in Computers (a division of Punjab State Electronics Dev. & Prod. Corpn. Ltd.) offers free training for female students for DOEACC ‘O’ level course. The eligibility is 10+2, women from rural and urban slums, weaker sections such as SC/ST particularly in slums and rural areas, war widows & widows of Punjab Govt., Corporation employees. Qualification is 10+2 or ITI diploma with knowledge of English. Selection is made on the basis of test and interview. During the training students are also paid a stipend of Rs. 250/- p.m. For further information, contact: CAL-C, SCO 169-170, II Floor, Sector-8-C, Chandigarh. Ph: 773196.Top


Admission deadline

Armed Forces

Oct 29 Union Public Service Commission, Dholpur House, Shahjahan Rd, New Delhi 110001.
Ph: (011) 3385271/1125

Combined Defence Services Examination- (I), 2002
For admission to: 1) Indian Military Academy

2) Naval Academy
3) Air Force Academy

4) Officer’s Training Academy

Elig: Single Indian males with 1): Bachelor’s Degree. Age: below 22 yrs; 2): BSc (Phy & Maths)/BE. Age: below 20 yrs; 3): BSc (Phys and/or Maths)/BE. Age: below 21 yrs. 4): Indian males. Age: below 24 yrs.

Test: 24 Feb.

Appln F: Available at designated Head Post Offices/Post Offices for Rs 20/-.

Details: See Employment News 29 Sep-5 Oct or website.


Oct 30 Indian Army, ADG Recruiting, 10+2 TES, West Block-III, RK Puram, New Delhi 110066.

Recruitment for the Technical Branches (Perm Commission)

Elig: Single Indian males with 10+2 (PCM).

Selctn: SSB Interview followed by Psychological, Medical fitness tests.

Appln F: Send in prescribed format superscribing "Application for 10+2 (TES) Army Jul 2002" on envelope.

Details: See Employment News 29 Sep-5 Oct.


Oct 31 Indian Navy, Directorate of Manpower Planning & Recruitment Naval Headquarters R & R Section, Room No. 204 ‘C’ Wing, Sena Bhawan, New Delhi 110011.

Recruitment of Engineers for Technical Branch (SSC, 7 yrs)

Elig: Single Indian males with BE/BTech (Telecomm, Aeronaut, Avionics, Instrum & Control, Elect, Electron, Mech, Prodn & Naval Arch). Age: below 27 yrs.

Selectn: SSB Interview followed by medical exam.

Appln F: Send in prescribed format superscribing "Application for SSC-Jul 2002" on envelope.

Details: See Employment News 29 Sep-5 Oct.

Distance Education

Nov 10 Indian Institute of Human Rights, Green Gate, A 14-15-16, Paryavaran Complex, South of Saket, Maidangarhi Marg, New Delhi-110030.
Ph: (011) 6532930, 850

PG Programme in Human Rights (2-yr)

Elig: Bachelor’s Degree.

Appln F: Send Rs 45/- by DD favouring to "Indian Institute of Human Rights" payable at New Delhi to the above add. At counter: Rs 45/- (cash).


Oct 10 Maharashtra Academy of Naval Education & Training (MANET), S.No-124, Kothrud, Paud Rd, Pune-411038.
Ph: 91-20-5431795/5432767

Marine Engineering (4-yr, Resid)

Elig: 10+2 (PCM, 50% agg) and Eng (50% min).

Selectn: Interview at Campus: Oct 15.

Appln F: Send Rs 500/- by DD favouring "MANET, Pune" payable at Pune to the Principal at the above add or download from website.

Oct 31 Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012. Ph: (080) 3092210, 3092977, 3601413

1) PhD Programmes in 4 disciplines

2) PhD & MSc (Engg) Programmes in 15 disciplines

Elig: 1): PhD: MSc/BE/BTech; 2): MSc: MSc/BE/BTech; PhD: ME/MTech.

Selectn: IISc Entrance Test (Apr 29, ‘01)

Appln F: Send Rs 450/- by DD favouring "The Registrar (Academic), Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore" payable at Bangalore to the above add.

Details: See Employment News Sep 29-Oct 5 or website.

Oct 31 Marine Engineering & Research Institute (MERI), Hay Bunder Road, Mumbai-400033 (Mah).

Pre-Sea Training (1-yr) Elig: BE/BTech(Mech/Naval Arch).

Appln F: Send Rs 1000/- by DD favouring "Deputy Director, Marine Engineering & Research Institute, Mumbai" payable at Mumbai with 2 attested copies of degree, with marksheet of all semesters in prescribed format to the Deputy Director at the above add. Superscribe the envelope "Application for One year Training at Marine Engineering & Research Institute"

Details: See Employment News 29 Sep – 5 Oct.


Oct 29 Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education & Research, Sector-12, Chandigarh 160012.

1) 1st yr Jr. Residents MD/MS

2) 1st Yr Jr Residents (House Job) — Oral Health Sc

3) DM/MHCh

4) PhD

5) MSc (Pharmacol)

6) MSc (Med Tech) (Microbiol with Bacteriol & Mycol; Parasitol; Virol as spl subjs)

7) MSc (Med Tech) (Pharmacol & Physiol)

8) MSc (Med Tech) (Radiol with Radiodiag & Radiotherapy as spl subjs)

9) MSc (Med Tech) (Pathol with Immunopath; Cytol; Histopathol as spl subj)

10) Post MD Cert in Cytopathol

11) Post MD Cert in Med Biotech

Elig: (1-11): MBBS/BDS/MD/MS, (1st attempt). For DM/MHCh; (6-11): Sponsored candidates only.

Appln F: Send Rs. 500/- by DD favouring "Director, PGI, Chandigarh" payable at SBI Medical Institute Branch (Code No 1524) C’garh along with self-add, stamped (Rs. 20/-) envelope (24 x 15 cms). At counter (Room No 361, Kairon Block):Rs 500/- (cash). Separate forms for each course.

Details: See website.Top