EDUCATION TRIBUNE Tuesday, October 30, 2001, Chandigarh, India
Varsity services covered under CPA
Nitin Saxena
ducation is the foundation on which the destiny of a nation is laid. In our country during late nineties, we saw a mushroom growth in colleges offering technical courses. The technical education has been commercialised. Simultaneously primary education has also opened up for private industrialist and many five star schools cropped up around the countryside offering primary education to the rich and mighty. Quality education has gone beyond the reach of the common man.

Pervin Malhotra, Tribune’s career expert answers all your career queries.

Admission deadline

Fortnightly Quiz-143

Lesson in English
By W. L. Gordon



Varsity services covered under CPA
Nitin Saxena

Education is the foundation on which the destiny of a nation is laid. In our country during late nineties, we saw a mushroom growth in colleges offering technical courses. The technical education has been commercialised. Simultaneously primary education has also opened up for private industrialist and many five star schools cropped up around the countryside offering primary education to the rich and mighty. Quality education has gone beyond the reach of the common man.

Many colleges of foreign universities opened the shop in India offering foreign degrees. The public is also after professional courses and foreign degrees, taking the advantages of the public weakness many unscrupulous persons opened colleges offering professional courses, claiming false affiliation to known universities. In a good number of cases consumer forum have come to the rescue of the victims and awarded monetary compensation. Besides money, it is the valuable time of a student which is more important and monetary relief will not be compensated.

A college in the State of Bihar admitted 11 students to BDS course claiming affiliation to a national universities. The college collected huge capitation fees from students. It was found after a few years, that the college was not affiliated to any university. Nor did it have recognition from any technical board. The students approached the consumer forum at the national level and got monetary compensation.

Coming to the basic question — whether the universities imparting education are covered under the deficiency of service in the Consumer Protection Act or not. The National Commission in Bhupesh Khurana vs. Budha Parishad held that importing of education for consideration is service, this view of the Apex Forum is taken a little bit further in Sridharan Nair vs. Registrar University of Kerala, (FA No. 643 of 1994) wherein the National Commission has asked the university of Kerala to pay Rs 50,000 to Mr Nair, for the loss and suffering caused to him as a result of university failure to give him a law degree even after completion of three years course.

Mr Nair sought admission in a 3-year LLB course, he attended the evening classes regularly and cleared successfully LLB examinations conducted by the university at the end of each academic year. After completing the three-year course he submitted for provisional LLB degree certificate along with the requisite fees to the university.

The university informed him that he was not entitled to get LLB degree certificate as qualifying examination passed by him from Mysore University that his BGL degree course is not recognised by Kerala University. The University contended that Mr Nair a retired government servant can’t get LLB professional certificate, Mr Nair in his reply submitted that, at the time of admission, the Kerala university never raised any doubt about his eligibility.

The university allowed him to appear for the LLB examination for three years and declared him passed. All of a sudden it denied the professional certificate to Mr Nair. Mr Nair claimed Rs 5 lakh as monetary compensation because of non granting of degree by University he failed to practice as a Professional lawyer. The National Commission said it was a clear case of deficiency of service. Kerala university would have raised the objection at the appropriate stage instead of waiting till the end. In the case, Mr Nair had waisted three years and also paid examination fees. Hence, he was entitled to get compensation.

The panel directed Kerala University to pay Nair Rs 50,000 for the suffering caused to him. This is the first time when the university has been asked to pay compensation to a student for negligence. Now the student community as whole should take the university authorities to task if there is any deficiency in services.

A postgraduate student in law was declared failed by Bangalore university as the difference between two valuations is more than 15 %. But actually the student got 120 marks out of 200 in first valuation and in the second valuation he got 100 marks. The difference in marks were only 20 marks. The authorities referred it for the third valuation, and unfortunately the student failed to get even pass marks i.e., 100 marks out of 200. Hence the university declared him failed.

The student after analysing the rules, protested and brought to the knowledge of the authorities concerned that the difference should be 15% i.e. 30 marks out of 200, whereas in his case, the difference was only 20 marks. Hence there was no necessity to refer it for the third valuation. The authorities realised their mistake and declared the student pass.


Pervin Malhotra, Tribune’s career expert answers all your career queries.

Q How does one become a tea taster? Could you please tell me about the courses I should take up and the essential qualities needed to succeed?

Sanjeev Agarwalr

A: Most of the tea tasters in the tea industry are trained on the job and do not require specific qualifications though most tea companies employ graduates. A Tea Tasters Academy has been set up in Conoor in the Nilgiris for training new entrants into this field.

As a tea taster, your senses must be highly sensitised to discern the flavour and aroma of different teas in order to grade and evaluate them. It is based on his judgement that different blends of tea are classified and released in the market.

As a Tea taster it would also help to acquire marketing and managerial skills.

You can apply for the job of a tea taster in any of the leading tea companies or tea gardens.

What is SAT?

Q What is Sat? Being an Indian student, will I be able to score as well as an average American student? I would be very grateful if you could recommend some relevant books to help me along.

Raman Kapoor

A SAT is the entry point for undergraduate studies in the US. Over 2.5 million students all over the world take this yearly test.

Originally called the Scholastic Aptitude Test, its name was later changed to Scholastic Assessment Test. Now its purveyors prefer simply to use the initials, to avoid discussion of what exactly the test is meant to measure.

In fact, the University of California has recommended dropping the SAT I as an admission requirement at its 8 campuses saying that it is an unfair measurement of the student’s abilities.

Many others who feel that overemphasis on the SAT is distorting the educational priorities and practices are concerned about its effect on the self-esteem and aspirations of young students. They also feel that it is culturally biased and unfair to disadvantaged students.

Other educationists feel that high school grades are a better indicator of the student s ability. People are finally beginning to realise the incredibly narrow scope of what the test measures which is completely disproportionate with the importance given to it.

Accepted. But with students coming from a vast assortment of schools from all over the world, there is need for some sort of standardised yardstick. And till a better one is devised, this one will continue to rule. So continue with your preparation in dead earnest if you want a good score.

For further details, check out the official SAT website:

Two good books I could recommend are: Barron s SAT Guide and The College Board s 10 Real SATs. The books come with free sample software to give you a real feel of the Test.



Q I am in Class X and interested in pursuing a career in computers. Will it be possible if I settle for arts or commerce stream?

Shreya Channa

A Yes, technically speaking, you can pursue a career in computers even if you opt for the Arts or Commerce stream at the +2-level as the eligibility for most undergraduate courses is a pass in Class XII in any stream. However, if you drop maths, you may face a problem in cracking the math section of the entrance exam.

Likewise, the qualification for MCA courses is a Bachelor s degree in any discipline as long as you have maths in class 12 (some institutions however, stipulate Mathematics/Statistics as a subject at the undergraduate level as well. And premier ones like DU and JNU require 2 papers in maths).

More than actual knowledge of maths, it s your mathematical aptitude that matters.

All said and done, a good background in mathematics at the +2-level will definitely help you in the long run. So don t drop it unless you find it absolutely impossible to cope with.

Of course if you are analytical and creative and can generate new ideas, you may look at multimedia, web designing with sufficient grounding in C#, Java, e-commerce or DTP - none of which require hardcore mathematics as a prerequisite.



Q What scope does psychology offer as a career, particularly clinical psychology?

Sarika Gupta

A Depending on their area of specialisation, psychologists work in hospitals, health clinics, prisons, correctional homes, educational institutions, NGOs, as social workers or as private consultants. Others opt for teaching or research.

As a Clinical psychologist in particular, you will apply the findings of psychology to assess and treat patients and clients in hospitals and clinics. You will also conduct research in mental and physical illnesses in children and adults.

As a subject, it can be studied right from the undergraduate level followed by a PG degree and diplomas and research upto the PhD level in the various areas of specialisation, e.g. clinical, educational, occupational y, forensic (legal & criminal psychology), health, counselling and sports psychology, psychotherapy, etc.



Q Does landscape designing have any scope? Where can I study this course?

Ravinder Singh

A Landscape architects design areas to make them functional, beautiful and compatible with the surrounding environment. A landscape architect decides the location of buildings, roads, walkways, gardens, even the arrangement of trees flower-beds, fountains etc. keeping in mind the conservation of natural resources and history of the area. The controlling of urban problems like excess traffic and pollution also comes within the ambit of landscape designing. Hence it may even involve regulating traffic movement and redesigning trafficways. While it is developing its own niche in India, Landscape Architects are also in considerable demand in the Middle and the Far East.

However, a number of excellent landscape designers I know are self-taught. Armed with excellent gardening skills and some knowledge of horticulture, they proceeded to experiment with small home gardens before venturing out on more ambitious projects. But in such cases, a great deal of trial and error is involved. Specialised courses can cut down on the learning period. In the US and UK, short-term courses are available for graduates. But in India you need Physics and Math in Class 12 to enroll for a BArch degree.

While the subject is covered at the BArch level, specialised courses in Landscape Architecture in India, are offered at:

School of Planning & Architecture (SPA), New Delhi. Course: Master of Landscape Architecture. Admission through Entrance Test & Interview.

Centre for Environmental Planning Technology (CEPT), School of Architecture, Kasturbhai Lalbhai Campus, Ahmedabad. Course: Master s in Landscape Architecture

The number of seats, however, is limited (roughly 15 in each).



Q I am doing BSc (H) Statistics. Could you please tell me what biostatistics actually entails? Also please suggest some recognised courses.

Mahen Mehra

A Biostatistics is a multi-faceted field that involves date collection, data management and data analysis. One aspect involves studying the risk factors that lead to the development of a disease. The real skill of a statistician lies in identifying and assessing the sample and accurately analysing a mass of data.

Biostatisticians also analyse clinical trials of new medicines before they are released into the market.

There are three phases of a trial: the first step is to check the toxicity of new drugs on volunteers; the next step is to study the economic viability of the drug and the last step is deciding upon the exact dosage. All these assessments are performed by biostatisticians. However in India, biostatistics - even applied statistics - is only just beginning to take shape.

Training in Biostatistics is available at the PG level following institutions:

* Indian Statistical Institute (ISI), 203, Barrackpore Trunk Road, Kolkata 700035.

* Indian Statistical Institute (ISI), 7 S.J.S. Sansanwal Marg, New Delhi 110016.

* University of Pune, Ganeshkhind, Pune 411007 offers Biostatistics as a component of the BSc and MSc courses.

* Indian Institute of Technology-Bombay, PO IIT Powai, Mumbai 400076 offers a course in Applied Statistics & Informatics.

* Tamil Nadu Dr MGR Medical University, Chennai. Course: MSc Non-clinilal Biostatistics.

Biostatistics is also offered as a subsidiary subject at the Bachelor s degree level in BSc Zoology courses in some universities.

Q Could you please suggest some scholarship or financial aid programmes for pursuing postgraduate studies in engineering?

Sunpreet Singh

A Under AICTE s Early Faculty Induction Programme, scholarships are granted to final year students of BE/BTech/BPharma/Barch courses who would like to opt for a career in teaching on completion of their postgraduate studies. You will of course have to qualify in the GATE exam.

Detailed information, prescribed forms and the list of participating Host and Receiver institutions is available on the AICTE website:

The application deadline for the Scheme for 2002 is end-November.


Admission deadline


Nov 30 Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE), All India Pre-Medical/Pre-Dental Entrance Examination Unit, 17-B, I.P. Estate, New Delhi 110002.

All India Entrance Examination for Admission to MBBS/BDS-2002

Elig: 10+2 (PCB, 50% agg & Eng). Age: 17 yrs.

Test: 28 April ‘02’.

Appln F: Send Rs 250/- by MICR Draft favouring "Secretary CBSE" payable at New Delhi along with self-add, unstamped envelope (12" x 10") to the Deputy Sec at the above address. At Canara Bank Br: Rs 200/- (cash). Ch’grh: SCO-311-312, Sec 35-B; SCO-117-118-119, Sec 17 C.

Oct 30 Shri Bhagwan Homeopathic Medical College & Post Graduate Institute, CIDCO, N-6, Aurangabad 431003 (Mah)

Ph: (0240) 482144


MD Homeopathy (3-yr)

Homeo: 1) Materia Medica, 2) Philosophy, 3) Repertory

Elig: BHMS/ Graded Degree Exam after 2-yr course in homeo.

Selectn: 10 Oct at campus.

Appln F: Send Rs 300/- by DD favouring Principal, Bhagwan Homeopathic Medical College, Aurangabad along with appln specifying choice of subj and certified copies of final degree marksheet (+ caste cert for resctegory).



Oct 31 Recruitment & Assesment Centre, DRDO, Lucknow Rd, Timarpur, Delhi 110054.


Recruitment of Scientists - ‘B’/‘C’/‘D’

Elig: BE (1st Div)/ MSc (1st Div). Wk ex: 8 yrs for Sc ‘D’ and 4 yrs for Sc ‘C’ (Hr qual and kn of foreign lang prefd). Age: Sc ‘B’: below 28 yrs; Sc ‘C’: below 35 yrs; Sc ‘D’: below 45 yrs.

Appln F: Send Rs 50/- by Postal Order favouring "Director RAC’ payable at Delhi to Director at the above add with appln in prescribed format. Superscribe on envelope: Application for the post of Scientist "______" Advt No 059 Item No "_____".

Details: See Employment News 13-19 Oct.

Nov 12 IIT, Hauz Khas, New Delhi 110 016.


PhD (2nd Sem, FT/PT)

App Mech/Biochem Engg & Biotech/ Chem /Civil/ Comp Sc & Engg/ Elect /Mech Engg / Hum & Soc Sc/ Maths/ Phy/ Text Tech & Inter-disciplinary subjs

MS (Res, 2nd Sem, FT/PT)

App Mech/ Bio Chem Engg & Biotech Comp Sc & Engg/Chem, Civil, Mech Engg/Chem/ Comp Sc / Elect/ Mech/ Civil Engg

Appln F: Send Rs. 300/- by DD favouring "Registrar, IIT, Delhi" payable at SBI, IIT Delhi with a stamped (Rs. 15/-), self-add envelope (25 cm x 20 cm) to the Asstt Registrar (PGS), at the above add. Superscribe on envelope "Appln for Admission to.......... Prog".

Details: See Employment News 13-19 Oct or website.


Joint Entrance Screening Test



Dec 15 1) Physics (with Res Fellowship), 2) Theoretical Computer Sc,

Jan 31 3) Mathematics

Elig: 1): MSc (Phy)/MSc/ME/MTech in related disciplines; 2):MSc/ME/MTech Comp Sc; 3): MSc (Math)/MSc/ME/MTech in related disciplines.

Selectn: 1 & 2): JEST (17 Feb). 3): At Home Exam, Interview.

Appln F: For 1): Write to "The Coordinator, JEST-2002, Indian Institute of Astrophysics, Koramangala, B’lore 560034", along with a self-add, stamped (Rs 45/-) envelope (10" x 12"). For 2): Write to "The Chief Administrative Officer", The Institute of Mathematical Sciences, CIT Campus, Tharamani, Chennai 600113, along with a self-add, stamped (Rs 15/-) envelope (10" x 12").

For 3): Write to "The Registrar", Harish-Chandra Research Institute, Chhatnag Rd, Jhunsi, Allahabad 211019, along with a self-add stamped (Rs 45/-) envelope (10" x 12"). Request for appln should reach before Nov 20.

Details: See website or brochure.

Nov 29 D/o Biotechnology (GoI, M/o Sc & Tech), Block-2, 6th Fl, CGO Complex, Lodi Rd, New Delhi 110003.

Biotechnology Overseas Associateship 2001-02

Long-Term Assoc (1-yr) & Short-Term Assoc (3 mth)

Elig: PhD/MD in relevant area regular/permanent position in research and academic institutions and R & D wk in Biotech. Age: Long-Term Assoc: below 40 yrs; Short-Term Assoc: below 50 yrs.

Appln F: Send in prescribed format to Dr (Mrs) Meenakshi Munshi (SSO-I), HRD Div at the above add.

Details: See National dailies.


Travel & Transportation

Nov 09 Indira Gandhi Rashtriya Uran Akademi, Fursatganj Airfield, Raebareli 229302 (UP).

Ph: (0535) 202096/97

CPL C (18 mth) & BSc (Aviation,CSJM Univ, Kanpur)

Elig: 10+2 (PCM), Current Indian PPL & 60 hrs flying ex (30 hrs solo) in last 3 yrs.

Selectn: Written (PPL std) & Reasoning Test (20 Nov). Aptitude Test & Interview (21-22 Nov). No call letter will be sent. Those fulfilling elig conditions must report to IGRUA at 9 am on Nov 20.

Details: See Employment News 13-19 Oct.

Unless otherwise specified, the dates mentioned above are deadlines for receipt of completed application forms.

CARING (Career Information & Guidance), New Delhi

Fortnightly Quiz-143

1. Who has won the Dada Saheb Phalke Award for the year 2000?

2. Expand POTO.

3. Name the air-borne spore-forming bacterium that causes anthrax.

4. Name the captain of India’s junior hockey team that recently won the World Cup trophy in Hobart, Australia.

5. Who is known as the father of Pakistan’s nuclear programme?

6. Who has been appointed the crown prince of Nepal?

7. Who has won this year’s Booker Prize?

8. In which state is Sabarimala, the hill shrine of Lord Ayyappa, situated?

9. Name the state bird of Uttar Pradesh.

10. What is the full form of APEC?

11. Expand ALH.

12. When is the Infantry Day celebrated by the Indian Army?

13. With which sport was Minoo Golakhari associated?

14. Where were the World Rhythmic Gymnastics Championships held recently?

15. Name the players who hold the world record for the highest number of runs scored for the first wicket in one-day international cricket.


School address.....................


Winners of quiz 142. The first prize by draw of lots goes to Winnie Garg, X-C, Dasmesh Public School, Faridkot.

Second: Deepshikha Bhardwaj, XII(Sc), St Bede’s, Navbahar, Shimla-171006. Third: Lalit Aditya, 10+2, Padam Govt Sr Sec School, Rampur Bushahar, district Shimla-172029.

Answers to quiz 142: VS Naipaul, Kofi Annan and UN, Six, SP Bharucha, Lt-Gen Pankaj Joshi, Narendra Modi, 1932, Hunter, October 10, Begum Khaleda Zia, Uttaranchal, National Dairy Development Board, Dublin, 60.97, China.

Cash awards of Rs 400, 300 and 200 are given to the first, second and third prize winners, respectively. These are sent at the school address.

— Tarun Sharma


Lesson in English
By W. L. Gordon

Words often misused:

Do not say, "he dealed out the cards."

Say, "He Dealt the cards," and omit "out."

Often mispronounced:

Nicety. Pronounce in three syllables as nigh-se-ti with accent on the first syllable.

Often misspelled:

Prescribe — to lay down as a guide.

Proscribe — to outlaw; to forbid.


Passive (adj) — inactive, inert, patient, quiet, submissive, quiescent, unresisting, enduring.

Word study:

"Use a word three times and it is yours. "Let us increase our vocabulary by mastering one word each week.

Today’s word: Habitue (noun) — one who frequents a place; one whose visits have become a habit. Pronounce as ha-bit-yu-ai with principal accent on the last syllable. E.g. "He is an habitue of the racetracks."

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