EDUCATION TRIBUNE Tuesday, June 4, 2002, Chandigarh, India


Lesson in English



Pervin Malhotra

Q What is linguistics? Where can I pursue related courses?

Richa Arya

A Linguistics is the study of the way in which language works. Linguists study such topics as how children learn language, how languages change, why people speak differently in different places, social groups, and situations; and how language is involved in race, class and sex prejudice.

Applied linguistics, in particular, is the study of how languages are taught and how linguistic principles are applied to dictionaries and other teaching material.

You could opt for any of the following specialisations:

  • Phonetics: study of speech sounds

  • Phonology: study of sound systems

  • Morphology: study of internal structure of words

  • Syntax: study of how words are combined into sentences

  • Semantics: study of meaning

  • Pragmatics: study of meaning in relation to the way a language is used.

  • Others: socio-linguistics, historical linguistics, acquisition, text analysis, applied linguistics, anthropological linguistics, neurolinguistics, ethno linguistics and psycholinguistics.

Some of the universities that offer courses in linguistics: Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi; Central Institute of English & Foreign Languages (CIEFL), Hyderabad; Centre for Applied Linguistics & Translation Studies, University of Hyderabad; M S University of Baroda; University of Calcutta; University of Mumbai; University of Delhi; University of Mysore; University of Pune; Karnataka University; Nagpur University; Agra University.

Eligibility: 10+2 for a 3-year Bachelors degree in linguistics.


Q: After completing postgraduation, I have been working since the past two years. Iím now keen on pursuing higher studies in the USA. Are correspondence courses recognised for admission to American universities?

Gagandeep Saxena

A Prospective Asian students are often in doubt about their eligibility for further studies based on MA or MCom degrees they may have obtained from a university by distance education or through correspondence. Though itís surprising how little value is accorded to these degrees in their own home countries, these degrees, so long as they are awarded by a reputed university, are perfectly acceptable to the American universities and are treated on a par with the degrees obtained by regular college attendance. However, beware: not all correspondence degrees are held in equal esteem.

Also, diplomas offered by computer training outfits are not recognised by any US college. However, if you have taken a course at an institute, which has a valid tie-up with an American university, it may help get you some advanced credits in some courses. But these courses do count towards computer literacy and will definitely improve your chances of getting financial aid in the form of an on-campus job assistantship.

Q: Iíve been working in the corporate sector for 10 years. I am now in a stable and challenging position and Ďam fast moving up the organisation ladder. Recently, however, Iíve been approached with an offer to join a startup with tremendous potential. I would greatly appreciate your thoughts on the pros and cons of staying in a stable multinational environment or moving to a very risky but highly exciting and potentially largely successful venture.

Saurabh Dhingra

A Itís a major adventure youíre contemplating ó and you have summed up the equation perfectly: employment in a stable, predictable multinational environment versus a potentially high-reward (money, excitement, etc.) but also high-risk start-up situation.

Having sized up the risk-reward equation, I think what you need to do is:

Assess the downside of making the move; namely, assess the potential damage, if any, to your career growth in case the start-up does not succeed, and the options then for getting back to a stable environment.

Then with all this objective assessment clear in your head, listen also to the "subjective" call of your gut.

What weightage one assigns to oneís head and gut, respectively, is of course entirely a personal choice. And since different people assign different emphases ó thatís what makes the world so interesting ó and equally hard to predict.

Q: I am a student of economics. Could you please tell me the career opportunities (other than academic) available in this field if I do a Masterís degree in the subject?

Geeta Bhatia

A Specialisation in economics leads to a very wide range of career options.

You could consider taking the Civil Services Examination conducted by the UPSC or other competitive examinations conducted by the state service commissions, life and general insurance corporations, nationalised banks, etc., for recruitment of officers (economics is one of the papers in these exams). While the Staff Officer-Grade A Examination is conducted by the Unit Trust of India, the Staff Officer Grade A & Staff Officer Grade B exams are conducted by the Reserve Bank of India Services Board. The probationary officers examinations are conducted by various banking service recruitment boards in the country.

You could appear for the Indian Economic Service/Indian Statistical Service Examination conducted by the UPSC. If you manage to clear the test and interview, you could be absorbed in the various economic and statistical departments of the Central Government such as the Planning Commission, the National Sample Survey, the Central Statistical Organisation, the Indian Statistical Institute, etc. Working in the Planning Commission can be particularly rewarding as economists in this service are involved in planning and development of policies for the country and in preparation of the budget. Economists are also employed in the state bureaus of statistics & economics, the Ministry of Labour, the National Employment Service, the Ministry of Agriculture and other government departments.

Private organisations employ economists to help plan strategy and operations, assess and analyse market factors, costs and sales, labour and productivity, raw materials, equipment and customer demand. As an economist, you may also specialise in international trade, or econometrics (an applied subject that deals the application of mathematics an statistics to economic problems. Extensively used in research and analysis, econometrics has wide applicability: from market research and demand forecast to models for forecast of foreign exchange and financial markets. With the growth of the derivatives market, there will be several openings in the financial sector.

There are jobs for economists in banking and financial institutions as well. In fact a number of recruitment advertisements for management trainees specify MBA/degree in economics as the desired qualification.

Besides teaching and academics, your background in economics would also gear you for the more remunerative field of business and economic journalism. Newspapers, economic journals and business magazines and business channels need commercial editors, business reporters, feature writers, economic analysts and commentators.

Of course, a large number of economics graduates head for an MBA and lately, an MBE (Masterís in Business Economics) or MIB (Masterís in International Business.

Q Could you please give me details of the Indian Institute of Journalism & New Media in Bangalore?

Ajay Jain

A The Indian Institute of Journalism & New Media in Bangalore has been set up by the B S & G Foundation in association with the prestigious Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism, New York.

This institute offers a 2-year Postgraduate Diploma in Journalism divided into two semesters: January to June and July to December.

During the academic year, students work in high-pressure deadline atmosphere of the profession through their assignments in reporting, writing, editing and using different presentation tools. The curriculum includes required courses in reporting and writing, ethics and legal issues, mass communication theory and research, and tools of publishing. Students may specialise in areas such as political reporting, international coverage, business, arts, sports and several other electives. Workshops include working on an in-house newspaper, magazine or a web newspaper.

The visiting faculty ó both national and international, spend 1-6 months interacting with students in specific areas. These include professors in academic institutions such as Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism, and the Oxford University, England.

For further information, you can contact: Indian Institute of Journalism & New Media, No 1155, 6th Main Road, 4th Block, 1st Stage, HBR Layout, Bangalore. Website:

Please send in your query preferably on a postcard along with your name, complete address and academic qualifications to:

Editor, Career Hotline,
The Tribune, Sector 29, Chandigarh.





Centre for Environmental Planning & Technology, Kasturbhai Lalbhai Campus, University Rd, Navrangpura, Ahmedabad 380009 Ph: (9179) 6302470/2740

PG Programme in

Jun 29 1) Planning (Urban/Regional)

2) Housing

3) Planning (Environ)

Jun 25 4) Urban Design

5) Landscape Arch

6) Construction & Project Mgt

Jul 8 7) Structural Design

Elig: For 1, 2: Bachelorís degree (Arch/Civil Engg/Planning) or Masterís degree/(Geog/Eco/Scociol).

For 3,6: Bachelorís degree (Arch/Civil Engg).

For 4, 5: BArch. For 7: Bachelorís degree (Civil Engg).


Jun 26 Indian Army, Additional DG of Recruiting, Rtg TGC Entry, AGís Br, Army Hqrs, West Block-III, R K Puram, New Delhi 110066 Website:

(I) Technical Graduates Course (TGC)

(a) Engg Grads for Corps of: i) Engineers, ii) Signals,

iii) Electron & Mech Engineers; iv) Armoured Corps; v) Artillery; vi) AD Arty; vii) Infantry; viii) Intelligence Corps

(b) PG (Non-Engg) for Army Education Corps (AEC)

(II) SSC (Tech) Course

For Corps of: a) Engineers, b) Signals, c) Electron & Mech Engineers

Elig: Indian males below 27 yrs.

For TGC: (aa) Technical Arms & Services (Engineers): BE (Civil/Mech/Elect/Comp Sc /Electron/Electron & Telecomm/Indsl/Mfg/Prodn); For AEC: MCA/MA/MSc (Hist /Psycol/Eng/Geog/Maths/Phys/Eco Pol Sc/Chem; 1st Div).

For SSC (Tech): Engg degree/equiv (Civil/Elect/Mech/ Telecomm/Electron/ Comp/Engg/Tech /Arch/Indsl/Mfg/Prodn).

Selectn: Group Tests, Psychol Tests, Interview & Medical Exam.

Appln F: Employment News (25-31 May).

Jun 24 INS Kunjali, Colaba, Mumbai 400005


Recruitment of Non-Matrics as Musician Sailors

Elig: Unmarried Indian males pass in Class 8 with proficiency in Music. Age: Born between 01 Oct Ď82 - 30 Sept Ď85.

Selectn: Screening and Physical Fitness Test at 5 centres.

Appln F: Employment News (25-31 May).

Jun 25 Army Medical Corps, Director General Armed Forces Medical Services/DG-1A, M/o Defence, ĎLí Block, New Delhi 110001

Medical Officers Army Medical Corps (SSC)

Elig: Indian, citizens pass/appearing MBBS exams. Age: Below 45 yrs (on 31 Dec Ď02).

Appln F: Employment News (26 May - 1 June).


Jun 28 Indo Swiss Training Centre, Central Scientific Instruments Centre (CSIR, New Delhi) Sector-30-C, Chandigarh 160030

1) Dip in Instru Tech (3-yr)

2) Adv Dip in Die & Mould Making (4-yr)

3) Adv Dip in Mechatronics & Industrial Automation (4-yr)

Elig: Class 10 with Maths & Sc (55%). Age: Born between 1 Sept Ď82 - 1 Mar Ď87.

Selectn: Entrance Test (11 Aug) at Chígrh.

Appln F: Send Rs 700/- by DD favouring "Central Scientific Instruments Organisation" payable at SBI (Code: 1443) with stamped (Rs 40/-), self-add slip (12 cm x 6 cm) to the Principal at the above add by 14 Jun.


Jun 24 Sri Guru Gobind Singh College of Commerce (University of Delhi), Pitampura, Delhi 110088

BA (Hons) Business Economics

Elig: Class 12 with Eng (55%).

Selectn: Entrance Test (Jun 30).

Appln F: At college office: Rs 50/- (cash).


Jun 30 Kurukshetra Univ, Kurukshetra 136119

CPEd (At K.U.K. and Ch Devi Lal PGRC, Sirsa)

DPEd (At K.U.K)

Elig: For CPEd: 10+2. For DPEd: Bachelorís degree (45%) BPEd/BSc (Phy Edu) Health Edu & Sports (50%).

Selectn: Merit in qualifying exam.

Appln F: Send Rs 350/- by crossed DD favouring the "Registrar, Kurukshetra Univ" payable at Kurukshetra/Thanesar along with 2 self-add slips to Manager (P & P) at the above add. Superscribe envelope with prospectus Code No (i.e. CPEd-02).

Jul 1 Regional Institute of Education (NCERT), Ajmer 305004

1) BSc BEd (4-yr)

2) BEd (2-yr)

Elig: For 1: Class 12 (45%). For 2: Bachelorís degree (50%).

Selectn: Merit based according to statewise quota.

Appln F: Send Rs 50/- by IPO favouring "Administrative Officer, Regional Institute of Education, Ajmer-305004" payable at Ajmer along with stamped (Rs 16/-), self-add envelope (26 cm x 20 cm) to the above add by 24 Jun.

CARING (Career Information & Guidance), New Delhi



Lesson in English
W.L. Gordon

Words often misused:

Do not say, "He is one of those people who is always getting involved in arguments." Say, "He is one of those people who ARE always getting involved in arguments." The antecedent of "who" is the plural "people."

Often mispronounced:

Debenture (certificate acknowledging a debt). Pronounce as di-ben-cher with accent on the second syllable.

Often misspelled:

Eminent ó of a high place or degree. Only one "m".

Imminent ó close at hand. Two "mís".


Pamper (verb) ó caress, coddle, glut, indulge, pet, spoil, humour, gratify, favour.

Word study:

"Use a word three times and it is yours." Let us increase our vocabulary by mastering one word each day.

Todayís word: RECTITUDE (noun) ó undeviating adherence to moral standards. Pronounce as rek-ti-tood with accent on the first syllable.

E.g. "He has never strayed from the path of rectitude."