EDUCATION TRIBUNE Tuesday, December 31, 2002, Chandigarh, India

Learning tools for toddlers
Poonam Saini
earning tools for toddlers can be easy and inexpensive to make while proving to be invaluable in helping your child to learn. The following list includes activities that are geared for ages 18 months to 3 years and are not gender specific.



Learning tools for toddlers
Poonam Saini

Learning tools for toddlers can be easy and inexpensive to make while proving to be invaluable in helping your child to learn. The following list includes activities that are geared for ages 18 months to 3 years and are not gender specific. These tools are most effective when used under adult supervision. Tell the child he or she is doing well when they accomplish the task. Be sure to praise correct responses without criticising incorrect ones. Also, laminating all paper cutouts and cards will help make them more durable.

Placing stars or stickers on a child’s left hand and/or left shoe will help him/her to identify left from right with a subtle reminder. Children will eventually figure the left and right sides out on their own and not need these memory boosters. Periodically, you can ask the child "Where is your left shoe" or "Can you hold up your left hand".

If the child hesitates to answer, remind him or her to look for the star or sticker that you put on the left hand and left shoe and ask the question again. This time the child is most likely to answer correctly.

Family photo-albums are a great way for your child to learn the names of everyone in his/her family. Take an ordinary flip album with plastic sleeves for holding photos and insert your photos. Most albums come in 3x5 or 4x6 sizes, which are easy for small hands to hold and look through. Be sure to include recent photos of parents, siblings, grandparents, aunts, uncles, cousins, caregivers, neighbours and anyone else the child sees regularly.

You can update or change photos as needed. It is best to use photos of individuals as opposed to group photos, so it is easier for the child to identify one face with a name. Page through the book with your child and name each person several times. Then go back through the book and ask the child "who is that?"

Be sure to reinforce correct answers and repeat corrected answers. With practice, the child will soon be able to recognise and name friends and family members.

Sandpapers letters and numbers are a great way to teach your child to write. Cut out numbers and letters from sandpapers and attach to a poster board or other sturdy backing. You can even spell your child’s name and attach it to a toy box, wagon or highchair tray. Help you child trace the letters or numbers with his or her finger.

Repeat the name of the letter or numbers as you do this and ask the child to repeat it as well. You can also lay the letters out to spell short words like cat, dog, boat, etc. and ask the child to tell you how to spell the word and what it is.

Putting letters, numbers, animals, daily objects, people, food, colours, shapes or other things onto small cards and having these laminated is an easy way to make your own flash cards. Be sure to write the name of the picture on the back of the card as well. Show the card to the child and ask him or her to identify it after you have already named all of them first.

Memory games can be made using sets of homemade flash cards. Choose about six pairs of objects for each game and lay them out in a block. Ask the child to turn over one card at a time and then search for the matching card. No more than two cards should be face up at a time and be sure to cover the name on the back of the cards before playing.

When the child finds a matching pair, take those out and put them off to the side until all matched pairs have been located. When non-matching cards are turned up, try to name them and help your child to remember where they are so they can have a match when they find the second card.

Number cups can be made using frosting cans with specific numbers written on or attached to the cans. Fill the cans with that specific number of objects inside.

Toys, blocks, crayons, pictures, balls, truck, cotton balls, dishcloth or washcloth, socks, spoon, felt cutouts of different shapes (square, triangle, circle, star) may be good things to fill the cans with.

Colour cups can be made using frosting cans with coloured labels on them. Objects of just that colour should be placed inside. Fill the cans with that specific number of objects inside. Toys, blocks, crayons, pictures, balls, truck, cotton balls, dishcloth or washcloth, socks, spoon, felt cutouts of different shapes (square, triangle, circle, star) may be good things to fill the cans with. Start with primary colours like red, blue, green, and yellow. Then you may want to add black, white, brown, purple, orange, and pink.

Homemade puzzles can be made from enlarging family photos or other familiar pictures. Print them on heavy paper or attach them to cardboard. Cut in no more than 12 pieces (fewer pieces for younger children). Show the child a picture of what the completed puzzle will look like and then ask him or her to help you arrange the pieces to form the picture.

Match games can be made by creating a board on one page or sheet of poster board and cutting out objects to lay on top of it with another page. Some possible ideas for game boards are food, toys, people, shapes, etc. Have the child name each object placed on the board.

You can make a clock face on a paper plate and attach paper hands with a clasp. You can start out with times like 1 O’clock and 2 O’clock before moving to half and quarter hours. By being able to position the hands you can teach your child a variety of times. You may also want to try lunchtime, naptime, bedtime, etc.

Draw basic body/face outline then cut out eyes, ears, mouth, arms, legs etc. for child to place in appropriate spots. Ask the child to name each part and place it in the proper location. You can expand on this later by adding pieces of clothing like a hat, coat, shirt, pants, mittens, etc.

Cut out or print computer pictures of a knife, fork, spoon, plate, napkin, cup, plate, and bowl. Attach the pictures to a sturdy paper or other backing material. Give the child a placemat and ask him/her to help you set the table using the cutouts. Later you can expand and add food bowls, butter dish, pitcher and other objects so the child can pretend to make meal and lay it out on a bath towel or small table.




Armed Forces

Feb 10: Indian Army

NCC Special Entry Scheme - NT (SSC, 5 yrs) OTA, Chennai

Elig: Bachelor’s Deg (50%) + "B" grade in NCC "C" Cert Exam. Age: 19 - 25 yrs.

Appln F & Details: See Employment News (28 Dec ‘02).

Art & Design

Jan 10: Apparel Training & Design Centre (ATDC), (Sponsd by Apparel Export Promotion Council M/o Textile, GoI)

(1) Dip in Apparel Manufacturing Tech (1-yr)

(2) Dip in Fashion Sampling/Co-ordination (1-yr)

(3) Production Supervision & Quality Control Course (6 months)

(4) Pattern/Cutting Master Course (6-months)

(5) Machine Mechanic Course (4 months)

(6) Finishing/Packaging Supervisor Course (3 months)

(7) Sewing Machine Operator Course (3 months)

(8) Measurement & Quality Control Course (3 months)

(9) Apparel Merchandising (3 months)

Elig: For 1, 2, 3, 6: Class 12.

For 4, 5, 8: Class 10.

For 7: Class 8.

For 9: Bachelor’s degree/Dip in AMT.

Selectn: Oral aptitude test/interview.

Appln F: Send Rs 130/- by DD favouring "Apparel Training & Design Centre" payable at any of the following ATDC centres:

NEW DELHI: A-223, Okhla Indl. Area, Phase-I, New Delhi 110020. (Ph: 26814251)

JAIPUR: SP-191, Malviya Indl. Area, Jaipur 302017. (Ph: 750706)

KOLKATA: Plot No. 3B, Block-LA, Sector-III, Salt Lake, Kolkata 700098. (Ph: 3359994)

Details: Employment News (21-27 Dec)

Coaching Classes for Civil Services & NET

Guru Nanak Dev University, All India Services Pre-Examination Training Centre, Amritsar

Ph: 258802-09 Extn. 3174

Coaching Programme for:

Civil Services Prelim exam & UGC-NET Exam.

Elig: SC/OBC & Minority Communities (Muslims, Sikhs, Christians, Buddhists & Zoroastrians).

Selectn: Interviews. For Civil Services: Jan 8 & NET (UGC): Jan 10.

Appln F: Contact Dy. Director at above add.


Feb 20: Central Tool Room & Training Centre, (GoI Soc, Indo-Danish Project), B-36, Chandaka Industrial Area, Bhubaneswar 751024.

Ph: (0674) 2320349/2320447

Post Dip in CAD/CAM (1-yr)

Elig: BE/ Dip in Mech/ Prodn/ Tool Engg//Mould Making/ Automobile or equiv.

Appln F: Contact Sr. Manager (Training), Admin Office at above add.

Details: Employment News (21-27 Dec ’02).

Info Tech

Jan 16: Semiconductor Complex Ltd, Phase VIII, S.A.S Nagar, Punjab-160059. (GoI, M/o Comm & IT). Ph: 0172-615465

Adv PG Dip in VLSI Des (6 mths)

PG Dip in VLSI Des (4-mths)

Elig: For 1: BE (Electron/ Electl/ Telecom)/ MSc (Electron & Phys) (60%).

Selectn: Entrance Test (Jan 18).

Appln F: Send Rs 200/- by DD favouring "Semiconductor Complex Ltd", payable at Ch ‘grh, to the above add or website.

Other Centres: NOIDA: Jaypee Institute of Information Tech, A-10, Sector-62, Hapur Rd, Ph: 2400973-78; L’ now: 3rd Fl, 9, Mandir Marg, Opp. Saroj Nursing Home, Maha Nagar Extn. Ph: 0522-2327417-18.

VLSI Design & Research Centre, (D/o Electronic Sc), University of Pune, Pune 411007

Cert in VLSI Des/Embedded Sys Des

Elig: BE/ME in (Electron/ Electl/

E&TC/ Comp/ Instru/ IT/MCA/MCS)/MSc (Electron/ Instru/ Phys/ Comp or equiv).

Selectn: Entrance Test / Interview (19 & 20 Jan at Pune; 4 & 5 Jan at Delhi).

Appln F: Send Rs 250/- by DD favouring "ICIT Pvt Ltd., Pune" payable at Pune to above add or online regn.

Details: Employment News (21-27 Dec) or website.

IT (Distance)

Maharshi Dayanand University, Directorate of Distance Education, Rohtak

(1) MSc (Comp Sc) (2-yr) (Regular & Lateral Entry)

(2) APGDCA (1-yr)

(3) APGDIT (1-yr)

(4) BCA (3-yr)

Elig: For 1 & 2 & 3: Bachelor’s degree (For 1: Lateral Entry: PGDCA/ APGDCA/APGDIT or equiv)

For 4: Cl 12 (With/without Maths).

Appln F: Send Rs 150/- by DD favouring "Finance Officer, MD University, Rohtak" to the Dy. Registrar, Publication Cell at above add.


Jan 15:University of Delhi, F/o Medical Sciences, VP Chest Institute Bldg, 6th Floor, Delhi 110007

(1) Post Doctoral Courses (DM; MCh)

(2) PG Courses (MD; MS)

(3) PG Dip Courses (Clinical)

(4) Non Clinical Dip: (Health Admin (DHA) & Health Educn (DHE)

Elig: See brochure.

Selectn: Entrance Test (8th & 9th Feb)

Appln F: Send Rs 550/- by MICR DD/Banker’s Chq (for each course) favouring the "Registrar, University of Delhi" payable at Delhi to above add by Dec 31.

Jan 15: Punjab Technical University, GT Road, Jalandhar-144011

BSc (Med Lab Tech) (3-yr)

Elig: Cl 12 (Med/Non-med/Dip in Med Lab Tech).

Selectn: Merit & Counselling (Jan 20).

Appln F: Send Rs 250/- by DD favouring "Registrar, Punjab Technical University" payable at Jalandhar (after Jan 1)

Jan 17 DG of Medical Services (Army), (DGMS-4B) AGs Branch, Army HQ, Room No 45, L Block Hutments, New Delhi-110001.

BSc (Nursing, 4-yr)

Dip in General Nursing & Midwifery (3-yr)

Elig: Indian Spinsters/ divorced/ legally sep/widows without children with Cl 12 (PCB) (1 attempt, 50%). Age: born Bet: Jan 1 ’78 - Jan 1 ’86.

Selectn: Test, Interview & Medical exam.

Appln F: Send in prescribed format along with attested copies of relevant certs.

Feb 14: Rajkumari Amrit Kaur College of Nursing, Lajpat Nagar, New Delhi 110024

Master of Nursing (2 yrs).

Elig: BSc (H) (Nursing) (12+4 yrs; 55%) + 2-yr wk ex (3-yr for 11+4 Nursing Deg holders) in Nursing in Hosp/ Speciality Instt./Educational Instt./Public Health Agency.

Selctn: Test on 25 March.

Appln Form: Send Rs. 150/- by DD/Postal Order favouring "Principal, Rajkumari Amrit Kaur College of Nursing, Lajpat Nagar, New Delhi" to above add.

Feb 24 Banaras Hindu University, Institute of Medical Sciences, Varanasi 221005.

(1) MBBS, (2) BAMS

Elig: For 1 & 2: Cl 12 (PCB & Eng, 50%).

Age: For 1: 17-25-yrs (on 31 Dec ’03).

Selectn: For 1: PMT (18 May). For 2: Written test (25 May).

Appln F: For 1: Send Rs 700/- by crossed DD favouring "Director, Institute of Medical Sciences, BHU" drawn on SBI (code: 0211), Varanasi with 2 self-add slips (10 cm x 6 cm) to the Director by 8 Feb, at the above add. Superscribe "Request for appln for PMT-2003, BHU" by Feb 8.

For 2: Send Rs. 650/- as mentioned above, superscribe "Request for Appln for BAMS Entrance Test" by Feb 22.

Jan 27: Panjab University, Sector-32, Chandigarh

1. MD: (Anaesth; Chest & TB; Comm. Med; Forensic Med; Ophthal; Paedi; Pathol)

2. MS: (Anatomy & Orthopaedics).

Selectn: Entrance Test: Feb 16 ’03.

Appln F: Send Rs 1550/- by DD favouring "The Registrar, Panjab University, Chandigarh" payable at Ch’ garh" to the Manager, Publication Bureau, at above add by Jan 13.

Wockhardt Hospital & Heart Institute, 14, Cunningham Rd, B’lore 560052. Ph: 080-2281146, 2261037.

Post Basic Dip in Cardiothoracic Nursing (1-yr)

(Free accommodation + Stipend)

Elig: BSc (Nursing) + 1-yr Clinical Nursing Ex; GNM + 2-yr wk ex; BSc (Nursing).

Selectn: Test & Interview.

Appln F: Contact Administrator at above add.

Merchant Navy

Apr 30: Directorate General of Shipping, Jahaz-Bhavan, W.H. Marg, Ballard Estate, Mumbai 400004.

Admission to T.S. Chanakya, Navi Mumbai/ Marine Engg & Research Institute (MERI), Kolkata, for 3-yr BSc (Nautical Sc) & 4-yr Marine Engg degree.

Elig: Cl 12(PCM). Born after 1 Oct 83. (SC/ST after 1 Oct ’78).

Selectn: Scores in IIT-JEE (2002).

Appln F: Send Rs. 300/- by DD favouring "DG Shipping, Mumbai" payable at Mumbai with stamped (Rs 50/-) self-add env (11"x5").

Details: Employment News (21-27 Dec).


Jan 18: Damodar Valley Corporation, DVC Towers, VIP Road, Kolkata 700054.

Graduate Engineer Trainees

Elig: BE (Mech/Electl/Civil/

Commn) (60%) (Res for SC/ ST/ OC). Age: 29-yrs on Jul 1 ’02.

Selectn: Written Test, Interview & Med Test.

Appln: Send on prescribed appln format with DD for Rs 100/- favouring "Chief Accounts Officer, DVC" payable at Kolkata to above add.

Details: Employment News (21-27 Dec) or website.


Jan 31: National Film Archive of India, Law College Road, Pune-411004. (M/o Information & Broadcasting, GoI).

Research Fellowship 2002-03: (Areas: Monographs & Oral History Proj on Indian cinema).

Elig: Research scholars, journalists, critics etc. Kn of res methodol prefd.

Appln F: Send self-add, stamped env to the "Regional Officer" at above address OR NAI offices at, 1) C/o Satyajit Ray Film & TV Instt, EM Bypass Rd, PO Panchasayar, Kolkata 700094; 2) 4th Flr, ‘E’ Wing, Kendriya Sadan, Koramangala, B’lore 560034; 3) Chalachitra Kala Bhavan, II Flr, Vazhuthacauda, Thiruvananthapuram 695014.

Details: Employment News (21-27 Dec ’02).


Feb 25: Vellore Institute of Technology (Deemed Univ), Vellore-632014 (TN).

(1) MBA (2-yrs)

(2) MCA (3-yrs)

(3) MTech (2-yrs) (Biomed/ Biotech/ CAD/ CAM/ Chem/ Commn/ Comp Sc & Engg/Energy Sys Engg/Environ Engg/IT-Networking/Mechatronics/Med Phys/Pharma Chem/Power Electron/Sensor Sys Tech & VLSI Des)

Selectn: Entrance Exam: March 9 ’03

Appln F: Send Rs 600/- (Rs 150 additional per course) by DD favouring "Vellore Institute of Technology" payable at Vellore to above add.


Jan 3: Deptt of Training & Technical Educn, Muni Mayaram Marg, Near TV Tower, Pitampura, Delhi 110088 (Admission Centre: GB Pant Polytechnic, Okhla, New Delhi).

Post Dip in Air-conditioning & Refrigeration Engg (Evng).

Elig: Dip in Refrig Engg/Mech/

Elect/ Automobile/Prod Engg (50%) + wk ex.

Appln F: Send Rs 50/- by IPO favouring "Principal, GB Pant Polytechnic, Okhla, New Delhi" along with a stamped (Rs 25/- for ordinary post, Rs 50/- for regd post) self-add, envelope (25cm x 30cm) mentioning the course, to the Admission Centre by Dec 12.

Admission Test

Feb 1: Central Board of Secondary Education, CBSE Office, 17-B, IP Estate, New Delhi 110002

All India Engg/Pharma/Archi Entrance Exam (AIEEE)-2003

Elig: Cl 12 (For BE/BTech: Phy & Maths with one opt subj (Chem/Biotech/Comp Sc/Biol); for BPharma: Phy & Chem with one opt subj (Maths/ Biotech/ Comp Sc/ Biol) & BArch/ BPlanning with one optional subj (Chem/ Comp Sc/Biol & Engg Drawing).

Appln F: Send Rs 350/- by MICR DD favouring "Secretary, CBSE, New Delhi" with self-add, un-stamped, env (12"x10") to the Asst Secretary, at above add by Jan 24.



Red Alert !!

Armed Forces

Jan 10: Coast Guard HQ, Director (HRD), Coast Guard Recruitment Cell, A-1, Sector-24, PB No. 127, NOIDA 201301 (UP)

Recruitment of Asst Comdts (Feb ’03) for:

(1) General Duty

(2) General Duty Pilot

(3) CPL Holders

(4) Tech Branch

Art & Design

Jan 6: National Institute of Fashion Technology (M/o Textiles, GoI) New Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Hyderabad, Chennai, Gandhinagar & Bangalore

(1) UG Prog in Des: (Fashion & Apparel; Fashion & Text; Fashion & Life Style Acc)

(2) UG/PG Prog in Tech

(3) PG Prog in Mgt

Civil Services

Jan 6: Union Public Service Commission, Dholpur House, Shahjahan Rd, New Delhi 110069

Ph: (011) 23389366

Civil Services Examination, 2003


Jan 10: IIT-Bombay, Delhi, Guwahati, Kanpur, Kharagpur, Madras, Roorkee, BHU Varanasi & ISM Dhanbad & other iit websites



Jan 3: National Centre for Software Technology(M/o IT, GoI), Gulmohar Cross Rd No 9, Juhu, Mumbai 400049

Competence in Software Technology Examination (CST) Level ‘E’, ‘I’, ‘D’ & ‘G’

(For Educnl, R&D & Employment).


Jan 2: National Institute of Personnel Management, 45, 1st Fl, Jhowtala Rd, Kolkata 700019

Ph: (033) 22475650, 22801759


PG Dip in Personnel Mgt (3-yr, Dist)

Jan 5: Symbiosis Institute of International Business, Plot No. 15, Pune Infotech Park, MIDC, Hinjawadi, Pune 411027. (Mah)

Ph: (020) 2934317-19

(1) Masters Prog in Intnl Business (2-yr)

(2) PG Dip in Logistics Mgt (2-yr)

Mass Comm

Jan 6: Symbiosis Institute of Mass Communication, Senapati Bapat Road, Pune 411004 (Mah)

Ph: (020) 5652303, 5660972

Masters Prog in:

(1) Mass Comm (2-yr); 2) Commn Mgt (2 - yr)


Jan 4: Nizam’s Institute of Medical Sciences, Punjagutta, Hyderabad.

(1) PhD (Biochem/Microbiol/

Neuro Sc/ Nephrol/ Pharmacol/ Pathol)

(2) Fellowship Progs (Cardiac & Neuro-Anaesth/ Newer Imaging Modalities/ Vasc Surg/Surg Gastro/Surg Oncol)

(3) Post Doctoral Dip (2-yr) (Cardiol).


Joint Entrance Screening Test (JEST) 2002,

PhD Programmes: (in 14 Research Institutes)

Jan 8: (1) Physics, (2) Theoretical Computer Sc,

Jan 31: (3) Mathematics

Pervin Malhotra, Director, CARING (, New Delhi