Wednesday, May 28, 2003, Chandigarh, India


C H A N D I G A R H   S T O R I E S


Scheme to educate disabled kids launched
Tribune News Service

Chandigarh, May 27
With the Integrated Education for Disabled Children Scheme (IEDC) being inaugurated in the city today, physically challenged students can now aspire to walk alongside their contemporaries through the hallowed halls of educational institutions.

Schoolteachers will be given intensive training to identify such students in their classrooms and provide them educational opportunities in schools along with the normal students.

Five resource rooms equipped with requisite aids and appliances are in the process of being set up. Every disabled child, in addition to free education upto the age of 18 years, will get Rs 400 for books and stationery, Rs 200 as uniform allowance and Rs 50 per month for transport from funds provided by the Central Government.

The scheme was inaugurated by Mr G.K.Marwah, Chairman, Housing Board and Commissioner for Persons with Disabilities. A special programme for sensitising school principals on the Integrated Education of Disabled Children was also held in Government Model High School, Sector 38, where eminent speakers spoke about disability, types, causes and precautions.

Dr Raj Bahadur, head of the Orthopaedics Department, Government Medical College and Hospital, Sector 32, discussed the magnitude and process of disability, while Dr B.S. Chavan, head of the Psychiatric Department, GMCH, sensitised the audience about the need for interaction with the parents of disabled children as their emotional stability was very important. He also spoke about the role of principals in the implementation of the PWD and National Trust Act.

Mr Gurdeep Singh, Director Social Welfare, Chandigarh, discussed the role of the Social Welfare Department in the field of disability. He emphasised on retention of the disabled in the school system. Mr Rajneesh, consultant, DPEP, Haryana, spoke about the role of special education in the field of disability, while Mr Gian Chand, a research officer with the Social Welfare Department, highlighted the facilities and concessions given by the Central Government and the UT Administration for the disabled under various programmes.

An interactive session with the audience comprising principals and heads of institutes was held by Mr Marwah, who answered their queries. Earlier, the speakers were welcomed by Ms Sudesh Kalra, Deputy Director Adult Education. Vote of thanks was proposed by Ms Rajesh Chaudhary, District Education Officer, Chandigarh.


Proud moment for 3 city students

Chandigarh, May 27
It was a proud moment for three city students — Vinay, Priyanka Khandelwal and Harshabad. Excitement broke loose in their homes as they came to know about their tremendous performance in pre-medical entrance tests held by the Central Board of Secondary Education. As per the available information, Vinay secured 12th rank, while Priyanka secured 35th rank. Harshabad’s rank was 97th.

Priyanka, a student of Sacred Heart Convent, always wanted her name to figure in the first 50s. As her parents are doctors, she also wants to join the profession.

Priyanka, revealing the secret of her success, said, “It was after putting in four to five hours of regular study that I got fruitful results. During exam time, I used to study for 13 to 14 hours a day. The credit for my good result goes to my parents and teachers who had full trust in me”.

Harshabad started preparing for the test two years ago. He used to put in six hours of continuous study regularly. “It is a moment of pride for me that my son has succeeded in achieving his aim,” said Dr Gurpreet, Additional Professor in Surgery at the PGI. TNS


Inertia & Friction

Inertia: All objects on earth resist change in motion or state of rest and this resistance is called inertia. When an object is stationary, a force is required to overcome its inertia and move it. The larger the mass of a body, greater is the force required. If an object has a lot of inertia, it is as difficult to stop it as it is to start.

For example, when a bus starts suddenly, standing passengers tend to fall backwards. This is due to he fact that because of their inertia, passengers tend to remain in their state of rest even when the bus has started moving. <

Friction: Friction is the resistance that a moving object meets when it comes in contact with another object. It is a force that converts a moving object's kinetic energy into heat energy.

This slows down the motion of the object. Friction can be reduced in several ways, for example, by lubricating the surfaces of the objects in contact. Friction can be a nuisance as well as useful. For instance, friction is the force that makes the brakes of a car work.

Newton’s First Law of Motion is sometimes also called Galileo’s Law of Inertia. It states: “A body at rest will remain at rest, and a body in motion will continue in motion in a straight line with a uniform speed, unless it is compelled by an external force to change its state of rest or of uniform motion.”

How & Why: D Y N A M I C S

DYNAMICS relates to physical force or energy. It is a branch of mechanics that deals with forces and their relation primarily to motion, but sometimes also to the equilibrium of bodies of matter.

Dynamics is concerned with the forces that cause objects to move. There are many different kinds of such forces, for example, gravity and friction, which produce many different kinds of motion.

The type of motion produced will depend upon the size, direction and duration of the forces which cause it to happen.



Notice on bail plea of Bhardwaj

Just over a fortnight after the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) raided the Sector 22 residence of Chandigarh’s suspended Judicial Magistrate S.S. Bhardwaj, Mr Justice Varinder Singh of the Punjab and Haryana High Court today issued notice of motion on his petition seeking grant of anticipatory bail in a bribery case.

Claiming to have been implicated, Bhardwaj, in his petition, asserted that he was out of station when the alleged raids were conducted at his house. He alleged that not even a single document, prepared by the Central Bureau of Investigation, had been signed by him even though the raid had continued for over six hours from 6.30 pm.

The petitioner added that he had no connection with Jalandhar’s suspended District and Sessions Judge R.M. Gupta. Giving details, Bhardwaj submitted that he had never worked as his subordinate.

Arguing before the court, his counsel asserted that the petitioner’s absence from his house during the raid was established from the fact that the CBI had not proceeded against the officials allegedly responsible for Bhardwaj’s escape. Action for negligence, he added, would have been initiated against the officials had Bhardwaj escaped from their custody.


Order reserved on Gupta’s bail plea
Our Correspondent

Chandigarh, May 27
A local court today reserved its order on the bail application moved by suspended District and Sessions Judge R.M.Gupta for tomorrow. The application moved by Mr Gupta came up for hearing before the UT CBI Special Judge, Mr Balbir Singh, who heard the arguments from both sides for more than an hour.

Opposing the application, the CBI counsel, Mr V.K.Sharma, termed the alleged involvement of Mr Gupta in a corruption case as shocking and added that it had affected the confidence of the general public in the judicial system.

Giving details, the CBI counsel argued that it had all relevant documents to prove Mr Gupta’s involvement in the corruption case. Mr Gupta had committed a serious offence and there was every apprehension that he would try to intimate the witnesses or win them over. Hence at this stage he was not entitled for bail,he said.

Claiming that the granting of bail to Mr Gupta will hamper the investigation, the CBI counsel argued that suspended Judicial Magistrate S.S Bhardwaj, co-accused in the case, was still on the run and the investigation had reached a crucial stage. The CBI counsel further said there was a deep-rooted conspiracy between the two suspects.

The CBI had claimed in the FIR that Mr Bhardwaj had accepted the bribe in the presence of independent witnesses Dev Raj and Madan Lal and Mr L.R.Roojam, Sessions Judge, Vigilance, Punjab.

Claiming that Mr Gupta was falsely implicated in the case his counsel argued that the corruption case registered against Mr Gupta and Mr Bhardwaj by the CBI was false, fabricated and baseless. Giving details, the defence counsel said the CBI had no proof and had illegally detained Mr Gupta. He added that the latter was arrested on May 10 but it was stated that he had been arrested on May 11.

Talking about the disproportionate assets of Mr Gupta, his counsel argued that the latter’s property-related documents were available on the official records and there was nothing to hide. The defence counsel also raised objection that the CBI had claimed that Mr Bhardwaj had accepted money for himself, Mr Gupta and for another senior police officer. But the CBI had not arrested the said police officer, he said.

Pleading that Mr Gupta deserved bail, his counsel further stated that nothing substantial was mentioned in the FIR registered against him and from its contents it was very much evident that neither he nor Mr Bhardwaj had demanded or accepted gratification from the complainant, Mr Gurvinder Singh Samra. Also nothing was mentioned about the alleged conspiracy in the FIR.

Mr Gupta had also said in the bail application that the CBI had already searched his property in Chandigarh and Jalandhar and had seized articles. Moreover, lockers belongs to his family had also been searched by the CBI. Therefore his custodial interrogation was not required, he added.


Catching the coffee fever

Coffee culture is fast spreading in the City Beautiful, thanks to a large number of coffee parlours which have opened in the recent past in its different sectors.

The credit for promoting the coffee aggressively goes primarily to Baritsa coffee, the premium espresso coffee bar which has set up at least three outlets in the city. Cafe Coffee Day is also not far behind. Gone are the days when Indian Coffee House in Sector 17 was the main and the only joint for hanging out for the coffee junkies. The trendy youth of today prefer to be seen in these tastefully done parlours.

And coffee is just one of the many things that these parlours serve their patrons, who may be a cool pack of families, lovers or just plain groups of guys and girls out there to spend some time.

So if you have time to spend and a thick purse, drinking coffee, or just plain hanging out, seldom was so much fun.

In India, Barista has been a trendsetter, providing customers a combination of comfortable and friendly service, rich and delicious coffee, variety in recipes and cuisines and a warm ambience. These together go a long way in promoting a friendly neighbourhood atmosphere, where one can experience the joy of coffee. By themselves or in groups, residents frequent their favourite coffeehouses to relax, work, visit with friends or express special interests - and to enjoy the simple pleasure of coffee.

Known to help relax and unwind, coffee is also associated with libraries, research institutions, cyber cafes, computer establishments and bookstores.

World over, coffee is a popular drink. As a result the market for coffee bars is growing at a phenomenal pace. “Coffee retailers propel category growth and the same is happening in India now. After testing the concept and understanding the need of the consumer, we realised that people in India were looking for a comfortable place to relax and unwind while sipping delicious coffee”, says Ravi Deol, president and CEO, Barista.

“Barista wanted to provide an alternative to people uncomfortable with roadside chaiwallas or the formal setting of five-star coffee shops and restaurants. Barista brings to Indians the concept of the neighbourhood espresso bars that has originated from Italy and, unlike the coffee bars in other countries, promotes an interactive, social and bright environment in their bars.

“We are looking at promoting a lively and friendly neighbourhood atmosphere, where people can get together and experience the ‘joy of coffee’, away from today’s fast-paced life. Our target consumers are people looking for a comfortable place away from home and work, to relax, unwind and drink a really good cup of coffee. It constitutes of teenagers, young professionals, families, working couples etc.

Originally, coffee was a food, not a drink. Early East African tribes mixed the coffee berries (the unhulled bean, also called a coffee cherry) with animal fat, forming energy balls -- something like primitive Power Bars. Coffee also grew on the Arabian Peninsula, and it was there that it was first developed into a hot drink, sometime around A.D. 1000. By the 13th century, Muslims were drinking coffee fervently. The "whirling dervishes" of early Islam may have been fuelled coffee.

As Islam spread, so did coffee. But the Arabs closely guarded the coffee plants, and no fertile seeds were found outside Arabia (with the exception of the other place where coffee grew naturally, Africa) until the 1600s. Another coffee legend states that an Indian smuggler named Baba Budan left Mecca with fertile seeds strapped to his chest. Soon, coffee plants were growing in India.

As European traders returned from exotic locales such as Turkey, they brought news of and a new-found taste for the black beverage. It was the Dutch who founded the first European coffee estate on the island of Java, then a Dutch colony (now part of Indonesia), in 1616.

Coffee crossed the Atlantic around 1727. Yet another coffee legend: Brazil's emperor asks a spy, Lt. Col. Palheta, to smuggle seeds into the country. Palheta goes to French Guiana, exudes his considerable charm on the governor's wife and leaves with a farewell bouquet -- spiked with coffee seedlings. Brazil is now the world's top coffee producer.


The earliest caffeine junkie was the legendary Yemenite goat herder who tried coffee beans when he noticed sheep energized after nibbling hilltop berries. Medieval Muslim monks imbibed coffee to stay awake for prayers. When trade increased in the 17th century, Europeans adopted coffee, planting trees in their colonies and meeting in coffeehouses for literary and free-spirited discussions.

Once upon a time it was a small poisonous weed, now it is the excuse for major hangout joints. We are talking of the second most popular beverage in the world, second only to beer. Its dark countenance warms the heart of many a tired soul and can come to you in myriad versions, some that you can't even pronounce. That is what coffee is all about.

That kick

What gives coffee its kick? Caffeine, of course. Caffeine is trimethylxanthine (C8H10N4O2). It's an addictive stimulant drug that operates in the brain the same way amphetamines, cocaine and heroin do (although caffeine is much milder than those drugs). Caffeine occurs naturally in a number of plants, including coffee beans. Your average 6-ounce cup of drip-brewed coffee contains 100 mg of caffeine. A 12-ounce cola soft drink contains about 50 mg of caffeine.



Elevating the ‘‘barber profession’’ to art form

Mr Vismay Sharma, Director, L’Oreal Professional Products Division, India, inaugurated Tress Lounge, Chandigarh’s First salon in collaboration with L’Oreal Professionnal and the Second in North India last week.

The launch of this spacious 2000 sq ft salon with a trendy and modern ambience which is complimented with by a well trained staff brings to the city an experience which is similar to any top salons one would visit anywhere in the world. The salon has a very modern hair section, which is unisex but respects the Indian traditional sentiments by having an exclusive beauty section for ladies. Tress lounge offers you to not only look good, and feel good but promises to rejuvenate your soul.

“In our endeavour to develop the India salon industry and bring it at par with the international standards, the concept of collaboration salon was born,” says Mr Sharma.

L’Oreal Professionnel acts as a one stop shop to help the existing salons and new investors to set up international standard salons. “The concept is to being in the activity of working of a salon, especially the hair section into open. These salons are unisex and located in high traffic commercial areas with a transparent facade. The equipment in these salons is at par with the best in the world. The staff is thoroughly trained by L’Oreal Professionnel Technicians and always keeps itself abreast of the latest international fashion trends by way of L’Oreal colour collections (a trend look we bring out twice in year to announce the colour and cuts in vogue for next six months) and frequent trainings with foreign hairdressers brought into India by us”.

Not just this but L’Oreal Professionnel also helps in running these salons as a successful business entities as well.

L’Oreal Professionel, the salon division of the L’Oreal group, is the number one partner to the hairdressing industry worldwide. Its origins began with the profession, and for 90 years it has been introducing innovations to enable hairdressers to better meet the ever-changing needs of the modern woman. It not only provides high quality, innovative products, but also takes a leading role in training and inspiring the hairdressers to develop themselves as the complete hair consultants, be it hair-fashion or hair-care.

The division brings with itself the philosophy that all women are not only different, but each is also unique. The L’Oreal Professionel catalogue of products and services is constantly innovated to equip the hairdresser to personalise every client’s requirement to make her feel different, unique.

In India, L’Oreal Professionel Paris has literally created the hairdressing industry, elevating the status of the ‘‘barber profession’’ to an art form. Its internationally recognised diploma courses in colour training have helped many hairdressers discover the revolutionary way of methodically choosing the right colour application methods.


Home | Punjab | Haryana | Jammu & Kashmir | Himachal Pradesh | Regional Briefs | Nation | Editorial |
Business | Sport | World | Mailbag | Chandigarh Tribune | Ludhiana Tribune
50 years of Independence | Tercentenary Celebrations |
123 Years of Trust | Calendar | Weather | Archive | Subscribe | Suggestion | E-mail |