Wednesday, July 23, 2003, Chandigarh, India


C H A N D I G A R H   S T O R I E S


Education Dept officials a harried lot
Geetanjali Gayatri
Tribune News Service

Chandigarh, July 22
Admission blues might be over for the students and parents with the beginning of the new academic session in schools. For the officials of the UT Education Department, hectic times have just begun as they sift through the piling heaps of letters on their tables.

Flooded with applications for migration from one government school to another, the officials of entire department are busy processing the numerous “requests” they have received from students “trying their luck” at securing a seat in the coveted schools.

Whether it is the office of the DPI (Schools) or that of the DEO, the picture outside their doors is similar—a large number of parents, accompanied by their wards or even alone, patiently await their turn in queues to hand over their “request” to the authorities.

While the officials are greeted by a crowd of anxious parents everyday, there is little that can be done to help them and most parents have to return satisfied with a mere acknowledgment from the authorities.

A official explains, “Most of these parents think they can manage a backdoor entry to the top schools despite their percentages being much lower than the cut-offs in the school. What they don’t realise is that the seat is given only on merit and that everybody is on the lookout for a vacant seat.”

Parents, too, don’t give up despite an emphatic “no” from the authorities. They return in couple of days with a fresh application and a new request. The fight, after the initial battle for a seat in a course of their choice, is for a place in the top school. If that is rejected, the students apply afresh for seats in a school near their residence.

“At the time of admission, the aim is to get a seat in the stream desired since migration to a ‘good’ school is easier than changing a stream. Numerous rounds to the DPI office, sometimes, prove fruitful. If the percentage hovers somewhere around the cut-off, sooner or later an opportunity to migrate does come by. So, I keep coming back,” acknowledges a parent.

The show goes on for nearly a month after admissions close and the department has it hands full not only on account of the migrations but the annual transfers of school teachers as well.


PUSU issue hots up again
Tribune News Service

Chandigarh, July 22
The controversy over the real Panjab University Students Union (PUSU) refuses to die down on the university campus here.

There are two groups in the fray, each claiming to be the original representative of the organisation. One group is led by Malwinder Singh Kang, the outgoing president of the Panjab University Campus Students Council, and the other by Gurparvez Singh Sandhu, both claiming to be the actual leaders.

The Kang group today called a press conference saying that it had got itself registered as PUSU.

The controversy had arisen earlier because the Kang group had got itself registered as the Panjab University Students Union Association.

However, later Kang approached the registration authorities and showed an order saying PUSUA should be substituted as PUSU. This was announced in a press conference here today. A legal notice was circulated to Sandhu saying a case could be pursued against him for “impersonation”.

Sandhu said he was not threatened by any legal notice or any information till there was a court order on the issue.

He said PUSUA, during its registration, had claimed itself to be an association without any political motive, which meant it would not contest even the elections. Kang replied to the same by saying that student activism was not a political activity.


PU declares vacant seats
Tribune News Service

Chandigarh, July 22
Panjab University has announced vacant seats in the certificate and diploma courses in the Departments of German, Chinese, Russian, Persian, Tibetan and Urdu.

An official press note said that in French there was a vacancy in the diploma and advanced diploma courses. Interested students are required to submit the applications by July 29. A separate university press note said that applications were invited for the five additional seats created in the department of M Com(E Com). The seats have been created in the NRI, and industry sponsored category and only students who applied for the entrance test earlier are eligible.


31 teachers shifted

Chandigarh, July 22
The UT Education Department transferred 31 trained graduate teacher (TGT) and nursery teachers under the revised policy of transfers of government school teachers here today. The orders of transfer of these teachers were dispatched this evening by the department.

Meanwhile, the Departmental Promotion Committee (DPC) met to consider promotions of officiating heads, masters and mistresses earlier in the day. — TNS



How & Why
Potential Difference

The Potential Difference between two points in an electric field is defined as the amount of work done in moving a unit positive charge from one point to another point.

P = W / Q


P is potential difference,

W is work done, and,

Q is the quantity of charge transferred.

The SI unit of potential difference is Volt (V)

The potential difference between two points is said to be 1 volt if 1 joule of work is done in moving 1 coulomb of electric charge from one point to another.

ELECTRICITY is the flow of negatively charged electrons.

Electricity is an important source of energy in modern times. It is also a very versatile source of energy as it can be converted into several other forms of energy.

Electricity is used in homes, offices, industry and transport. For example, electricity is used in homes for lighting, running fans, ovens, and operating heating or cooling appliances.

In industry, electricity is the primary source for running machines and equipment, while in the transport sector it is used for running trains, and in some cases electric powered carts for ferrying goods.

In fact, today life without electricity is unimaginable. It is involved in every aspect of human existence.


When two charged bodies at different electric potential are connected by a metal wire, an electric current from the body at higher potential to the one at a lower potential till they acquire the same potential.

The current will stop flowing when the both the points reach the same potential, that is when the potential difference becomes zero.

Thus, the electric current is a flow of electric charges in a conductor. The magnitude of electric current in a conductor is the amount of electric charge passing through a given point of the conductor in one second.

The SI unit of electric current is Ampere, which is denoted by the letter ‘A’. Electric current is a scalar quantity.


The instrument to measure electric current flowing through a circuit or conductor is called an ammeter.

It is connected in series with the circuit in which the flow of current is to be measured.

Since the entire current passes through the ammeter, it should, therefore have very low resistance so that the value of current does not get altered.


When electricity was invented a long time back, it was known that there are two types of charges -- Positive and Negative, but electron had not yet been discovered.

So electric current was considered to be a flow of positive charges and the direction of flow of positive charges was taken to be the direction of electric current. Thus, the conventional direction of current is from positive terminal of a battery to the negative terminal through the outer circuit.

The actual flow of electrons, which constitute the current, is, however, from negative terminal to the positive terminal, which is opposite to the direction of conventional current.


We know that current is flow of electrons in a metal wire of conductor when a battery is connected across its ends. A metal wire has plenty of free electrons in it.

When the metal wire has not been connected to a source of electricity the electrons present in it move at random in all directions between the atoms of the metal wire.

When a source of electricity like a battery or a cell is connected between the ends of the metal wire, then an electric force acts on the electrons present in the wire. Since the electrons are negatively charged, they start moving from the negative end to the positive end of the wire.


RC case hearing on July 30
Tribune News Service

Chandigarh, July 22
A Division Bench of the Punjab and Haryana High Court today fixed July 30 as the next date of hearing for enabling the Union of India to file a written statement in a case pertaining to the change of address in the registration certificates of vehicles.

In his petition, former head of Panjab University’s English Department, Prof D.C. Saxena, had earlier sought directions to the Chandigarh Administration against implementing the reported notification regarding the change of address in the registration certificates of vehicles.

In his petition, Dr Saxena had also sought directions to the Administration for formulating a practicable and humane scheme for implementing the provisions of the Motor Vehicles Act without causing harassment to the citizens. He had pleaded that interim stay should be granted in the matter so that the residents could get the addresses changed without facing inconvenience.

Terming the notification “illegal”, the petitioner had added that a fee of Rs 220, already charged from motor vehicle owners should be refunded. The residents should also be saved from harassment at the hands of touts, he had added.


Judicial remand for Bhavna Karir
Our Correspondent

Chandigarh, July 22
Bhavna Karir, owner of Delhi-based Media Ad Link, who allegedly cheated several persons on the pretext of getting them a modelling career was today sent to judicial custody by a local court. She was produced before the UT Judicial Magistrate by CIA staff of the UT police in the afternoon. Meanwhile, acting on Bhavna’s bail plea, a local court today issued a notice to the UT state to file a reply by July 24.

The UT police had registered a case against Bhavna on July 6 following a complaint registered against her by the complainant, Sandeep Singh, a resident of Sector 36. The police had registered a case under Sections 420 and 120-B of the IPC against Bhavna Karir and Monica, in charge of the local branch of the company. 


Rs 1 lakh compensation for woman
Tribune News Service

Panchkula, July 22
The District Consumers Forum has directed a Kalka-based doctor and an insurance company to pay Rs 1 lakh as compensation for negligence during an operation conducted on a woman in May, 2001.

The complainant, Mrs Lakhbir Kaur, had accused Dr Vikas Gupta of negligence during an operation for the removal of stones in her gall bladder.

She had alleged that due to the doctor’s carelessness, there was excessive bleeding in her stomach after the operation.

She alleged that she was then rushed to the PGI, Chandigarh, and was saved. The District Consumers Forum directed the doctor and New India Insurance Company to compensate the woman.


Anita to perform in Birmingham
Parbina Rashid

Chandigarh, July 22
Crusading against social evils has always been a passion for Anita Shabdesh which she has been effectively doing through the medium of stage acting. And now this theatre artiste and TV actress has got an opportunity to bring the problems of gender inequality in front of an international audience for her play “Chiri Di Amber Bal Udan” has been selected for taking part in a theatre festival organised by Shaheed Udham Singh Trust as a part of its silver jubilee celebrations in Birmingham.

Based on a few selected poems by Dr Gurminder Sidhu and adapted by her writer-actor husband Shabdesh, the play addresses issues like female foeticide, gender inequality through a lone character. Anita, who will be directing the play, will also play the character of a girl caught up in the whirlpool of unjust social norms.

“This is like a dream come true for me,” says Anita, who will be leaving for Birmingham to take part in the festival that starts from August 2. “The play not only brings forward the heinous crime like female foeticide which is so common in Punjab or a girl’s fight for her own identity but also provides ample of opportunity to an actress to prove her talent,” she adds.

Anita, who started her stage career with famous play director Dr Atamjit’s play “Rishtiya Da Ki Rakhiye Naam” and “Gubaare” way back in 1988, now runs her own theatre “Suchetak Rangmanch” which operates from SAS Nagar.

Though theatre is her first love, Anita ventured into TV for financial reasons. “Theatre does not pay much here, so to keep my Suchetak Rangmanch and myself going, I worked for serials like Sarhad, Man jitye Jagjit, Gaon di Dharti, Karmawali, Paro di Muskan and others for various channels,” she says. She also acted in films like “Mirza Sahiba” and a few other Punjabi films and most memorable for her is her small but meaningful role in “The Legend of Bhagat Singh” by Raj Kumar Santoshi.

“My brush with Bollywood was short but was memorable because working for someone like Raj Kumar Santoshi was an experience in itself and everything happened so unexpectedly that it really took me by surprise,” she recalls. Anita had sent her bio-data and portfolio to Mr Santoshi without even expecting to hear from him but within a few days she was called and selected for the role of Ajit’s wife.

Besides preparing for taking part in the Brimingham theatre festival, Anita at present is also waiting for the shooting of “Lakeeran” — the latest big-budget Punjabi film to commence. “I am playing a character role in the film that gives scope to an actress to utilise her talent,” she says.


Album to mark 4th centenary of Guru Granth Sahib
Tribune News Service

Chandigarh, July 22
An audio-video album to commemorate the fourth centenary of the Parkash Utsav of Guru Granth Sahib, the celebrations of which will begin from September 1, 2003, and culminate in September next year, will be released on July 24.

The album, Satgur Pyare Arjan Ne Ik Nava Jahaz Banaya Hai, has been compiled by Brig Partap Singh Jaspal.

The album will be telecast on Punjabi channel Balley Balley on July 24 from 8 am to 9 am.

The album is an illustrated rendition of Amrit Kirtan, Kavita and exposition. 


City coach invited to Czech Republic
Our Sports Reporter

Chandigarh, July 22
The Czech Republic badminton authorities have invited Surinder Mahajan, a Sports Authority of India badminton coach, for third consecutive year to impart training to their badminton players. Mr Mahajan who is posted at Panjab University coaching centre, Sector 14, will be the first Indian badminton coach ever invited by the country. He will remain in the country from July 25 to August 17.

Mr Kewal Singh, Assistant Director Sports, PU, said it was a matter of proud for the university that its coach had been asked to impart training to badminton players from Slovenia, Austria besides the Czech Republic. Earlier in December last year, five players from Cesky Krumlov in the Czech Republic had visited Chandigarh and stayed here for a month to receive training from Mr Mahajan. They had also played with top ranked players from neighbouring cities.

Mr Mahajan said next year, badminton players from the city would be sent for advanced training to Czech Republic, Austria and Sweden under the sports exchange programme.

Meanwhile, the PU has appointed Gurdev Singh, a senior badminton player, and Dr S.N. Sharma, a retired Professor of Physical Education Department, to look after the coaching centre in the absence of Mr Mahajan.

Selection trials

Trials to select the Chandigarh tae kwon do team in junior boys and girls section in the age group 14-17 years will be held on July 27 at the Skating Rink, Sector 10, Chandigarh. According to Mr Anil Kumar Vashishtha, general secretary of the association, the players thus selected will take part in the 23rd National Junior Boys and Girls Tae kwon do Championship-2003 to be held at Bhopal from August 18 to 20. 

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