Chess originated in India?
originated from the Indian game Chaturanga, about 1400 years ago. From
India it migrated to Persia, and spread throughout the Islamic world
after the Muslim conquest of Persia. It was introduced into Spain by the
Moors in the 10th century. Chess reached England in the 11th century.
The fact is supported by the Cox-Forbes theory by Captain Hiram Cox and
Professor Duncan Forbes based on evidence in the Indian text Purana
and the Shahnama theory occurring in the epic Shahnama
"Grandmaster" was created by Russian Tsar Nicholas II who
first awarded it in 1914 to five players after a tournament he had
funded in Saint Petersburg.
The World Chess
Federation was founded in 1924.
Once considered a
curiosity, computer chess programs have risen in ability to the
point where they can seriously challenge human grandmasters.
Kasparov, ranked number one in the world, played a six-game match
against IBM's chess computer Deep Blue in 1996. Deep Blue shocked
the world by winning the first game in Deep Blue - Kasparov, 1996,
Game 1, but Kasparov convincingly won the match by winning 3 games
and drawing 2. The six-game rematch in 1997 was won by the machine
which was subsequently retired by IBM. In October, 2002, Vladimir
Kramnik drew in an eight-game match with the computer program Deep
— Compiled by Gaurav