WHEN a majority of us are fast asleep in our cosy beds, in the early hours of morning, we find groups of students rushing to their tuition classes.
Whether summer on winter, from early morning to afternoon or even late nights, one finds them in streets hurrying for their ‘PT’.
What is this PT? It is nothing but a slang for private tuition. There is only one word which governs their life and that is "study".
The attendance in classrooms of educational institutions is shrinking whereas it is escalating in ‘PT’. Students’ craze for ‘PT’ cannot be dispensed with for all and any purpose i.e. even just for passing up to scoring a rank in an examination academic or competitive.
Formal institutionalised classes are losing importance among the student community. Not only students, the guardians, the public and even teachers are seized with the doctrine of ‘PT’.
The problem is not confined to primary and secondary stages of education alone. It is gradually moving to higher stages of education.
Why has ‘PT’ become an important system of education? The factors as perceived by students, parents, tutors and others in this regard differ.
Factors perceived by students are parental persuasion, securing good marks, better cooperation from teachers less benefit from classroom teaching, peer persuasion, additional knowledge, high academic competition, unfinished school syllabus, clarification doubts and also fear of "humiliation".
Parents rationalise the
importance of ‘PT’ differently. i.e. high academic competition, a
substitute to home guidance and for securing good marks/ranks in
According to teachers, the motivating factors for students and parents for ‘PT’ are - better marks and ranks in examination, additional knowledge, unfinished/poorly finished syllabus, lack of parental help at home and the rising competition.
The teachers, too, believe that ‘PT’ is growing not as a reaction to poor quality of teaching at schools, but as parallel source of learning.
Whatever the reason for this very craze, the truth is, ‘PT’ is successful and gaining importance day by day, not only in urban areas but in rural and backward areas too.
‘PT’ is definitely becoming a source of stress and strains for the students.
Instead of making student life easier, by way of providing requisite knowledge and educational skills, it has become more stressful as students are left with no time to relax.
They are becoming more irritable and anxious.
Students need to strike a balance between study and leisure.
Apr 30 G.B.Pant University of Agriculture & Technology, Pantnagar 263145 (Utt) www.gbpuat.ac.in
A. Bachelor’s Programmes*(BVSc & AH, BSc Agri, BFSc, BSc Forest, BSc Home Sc)
B. Master Programs*: Agri (Agri Biotech/ Agri Business Mgt/ Sericulture) / Vet Sc/ Home Sc
C. PhD Programs*: Agri/Vet Sc/Home Sc Selectn: Entrance Exam (For A: 6 June; For B & C: 5 June)
Appln F: Send Rs 150/- by DD fvg "PEECRF A/C G.B.PANT UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURE & TECHNOLOGY, PANTNAGAR", payable at SBI, Pantnagar (Code: 1133) or UCO Bank, Pantnagar (Code: 678) with self-add stamped (Rs 19 for ord post/ Rs 36 by regd parcel) env (30 cm x 25 cm) to above add.
* These progs are for Uttaranchal residents only
National Dairy Research Institute (ICAR), Karnal 132001 (Har). (Deemed Univ)
1) PhD Dairying
Dairy Microbiol, Dairy Chem, Dairy Tech, Dairy Engg, Animal BioChem, Animal Biotech, Animal Gen & Breeding, Live stock Prodn & Mgt, Animal Nutri, Animal Physiol, Dairy Eco, Dairy Extn Educn
2) Master in Dairying
In all the above disciplines
Elig: For 1: Master’s deg (60% agg/equiv GPA).
For 2: Bachelor’s deg (60% agg/equiv GPA) & 3 yrs relev wk ex. Selectn: For 1: Entrance Exam (18 Jun) & Interview (19 Jun).
For 2: Interview (19 Jun).
Appln F: Send Rs 450/- by DD favouring "ICAR Unit, NDRI, Karnal" payable at Karnal with stamped (Rs 36/-), self-add env (25 x 30 cm) to the Jt Director at the above add by 13 May. Send appln request with name, add, course applied for & details of DD.
Apr 3 Film & Television Institute of India, Law College Road, Pune 411004
1) 3-yr Diploma Courses (Direction, Cinematography, Editing & Audiography)
2) 2-yr Diploma Course in Acting
3) 1-yr Certificate Courses (Feature Film Script Writing, Direction, Videography/ Electronic Cinematography, Video Editing, Audiography & TV Engg)
Elig: Bachelor’s Deg. (Physics in 10+2 for Audiography, Audiography & TV Engg).
Selectn: Admission Test (2 May at 12 centres incl Del).
AppIn F: Send Rs 500/- by DD fvg "Accounts Officer, Film & Television Institute of India" drawn on SBI/ Indian Bank, payable at Pune along with stamped (Rs 50/-), self-add env (23 x 30 cm) to above add/ d’load from web.`A0
Apr 15 National School of Drama, Bahawalpur House, Bhagwandas Rd, New Delhi 110001
Dip in Dramatic Arts (3 yr, FT & Resid)
Elig: Bachelor’s deg, participation in 6 productions & wkg knowledge of Hin & Eng. Age: 18-30 yrs (on 1 Jul).
Selectn: Prelim Test (at Mum, B’lore, Kol, Del) & 5-day workshop.
Appln F: Send Rs 225/- by DD fvg "Director, National School of Drama, New Delhi" to the Asstt Registrar (Acad) at above add by 30 Mar.
Mar 26 Public Service Commission, Uttar Pradesh
Combined State/Upper Subordinate Services Exam – 2004
Details: Employment News (Feb 28-Mar 5)
IIT - Bombay, Powai, Mumbai 400076.
Mar 26 1) MTech: Aerospace Engg, Chem Engg, Civil Engg, Comp Sc & Engg, Eart Sc (Geoexploration), Elect Engg, Mech Engg, Metallurg Engg, & Materials Sc; Corrosion Sc & Engg, Energy Sys Engg, Indl Engg & OR, Reliability Engg, Sys & Control Engg, IT.
May 3 3) PhD: Chem, Phy, Maths, Humanities & Soc Sc, School of Biosciences & Bioengg & Shailesh J Mehta School of Mgt & in all the above engg disciplines (under MTech).
4) MDes (Visual Commun, Indl/ Product Des)
4) MPhil (Planning & Development)
Elig: For 1: BE/ BTech/ BSc (Engg)/ MSc/ MCA/ MBBS/ MPharm with valid GATE (or MCI/ AIIMS/ GIPMER/ PGI, Ch’garh/ AFMC, Pune- PG Entrance Test for Biomed Engg) score.
For MTech (IT): cands without GATE score should have score in D level exam & 2 yr wk ex in IT.
For 2: Same as for MTech (IT) For 3: ME/ MSc (Engg)/ MTech/ MPhil/ MMS OR BE/ BTech/ MSc/ MCA with 1st div MA/Mcom with 55% & valid GATE score/CSIR/UGC/NBHM fellowship.
For 3: BE/ BTech/ BArch/ BFA/ NID dip, valid CEED score.
For 4: Master’s deg (Arts/Comm, 55%) OR MSc/ BTech (60%)
Appln F: Send Rs 300/- by DD fvg "Registrar, IIT, Bombay" with stamped (Rs.30/-), self-add, cloth-lined env (27 x 12 cm) superscribing "Appln for________________Prog" on env to Deputy Registrar (Academic) at the above add by 22 Mar for MTech/ PGDIIT & 23 April for MDes, MPhil & PhD/ d’load from website. Details: Employment News (Feb 28-Mar 5)/ Website.
Apr 20 IIT Kharagpur, Kharagpur 721302 (WB)
1) MTech in Deptts of: Aerospace Engg/ Agri & Food Egg/ Biotech/ Civil Engg/ Chem Engg/ Comp Sc & Engg/ Elect Engg/ Electronics & Elect Comm Engg/ Geol & Geophys/ Humanities & Social Sc/ Indl Engg & Mgt/ Maths/ Mech Engg/ Metallurgical & Materials Engg/ Mining Engg/ Ocean Engg & Naval Arch/ Phy & Meteorol/ Cryogenic Engg/ Materials Sc/ Reliability Engg/ Rubber Tech & IT.
2) MCP in Dept of: Arch & Regional Planning.
Elig: For (1): BE/BTech/BArch/BPharm or MSc/MA & AMIE with GATE score.
For (2): NET qual with MA in relev subj.
Appln F: Send Rs 300/-(For SC/ST: Rs 150/-) by DD favouring "IIT Kharagpur" payable at Kharagpur to The Chairman, GATE at above add by 8 Apr. At Canara Bank br (incld SCO, Sec 17C, Ch ’grh): Rs 300/- (cash).
May 7 Forest Research Institute (Deemed Univ), PO IPE, Kaulgarh Rd, Dehra Dun 248195 (Utt)
1) MSc Forestry (Eco & Mgt)
2) MSc (Wood Sc & Tech)
3) MSc (Environ Mgt)
4) PG Dip in Plantation Tech (1-yr)
5) PG Dip in Biodiversity Conservation (1-yr)
Elig: For 1: BSc (Bot/ Chem/ Geol/ Maths/ Phy/ Zool) or Bachelor’s degree (Agri/ Forestry).
For 2: BSc (PCM)/ BSc (Forestry).
For 3: Bachelor’s degree (Basic/ Appl Sc/ Forestry/ Agri)/ BE (Environ Sc).
For 4: MSc (Bot/ Chem/ Zool) with Bot in BSc/ MSc (Agri).
For 5: MSc Selectn: Entrance Test (20 June)
Appln F: Send Rs. 400/- by DD fvg "Registrar, FRI (Deemed Univ), Dehradun", write your name (in caps to the Registrar at the above add by 15 Apr.
Pervin Malhotra, Director, CARING