Demand for higher learning on rise in Punjab
Kuldip Kaur
HE State of Punjab has a long connection with higher education — whether formal or non-formal, indicating a progressive and forward-looking educational system. The reorganised State of Punjab (1966) has experienced a number of changes in its size, social fabric and economy.

Environment studies is a must
Harpal Kaur
HE word ‘environment’ originates from the French word ‘environ’ and ‘environner’ means ‘around’, ‘round about’, ‘to surround’. The word ‘environ’ and ‘environner’ in turn is derived from the French word ‘viren’ which means ‘to circle’ and ‘around’.


Demand for higher learning on rise in Punjab
Kuldip Kaur

THE State of Punjab has a long connection with higher education — whether formal or non-formal, indicating a progressive and forward-looking educational system. The reorganised State of Punjab (1966) has experienced a number of changes in its size, social fabric and economy.

These changes are directly linked with the development of higher education. The structure and system of higher education in the state has followed the national pattern.

Mainly seven universities serve Punjab. Panjab University, Chandigarh, Punjabi University, Patiala, and Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, impart general as well as professional education. The range, diversity and sophistication of subjects offered by these universities are as similar as anywhere in the country.

Punjab Agriculture University at Ludhiana is well-known for its contributions to education, research and extension services in the field of agriculture. Punjab Technical University at Jalandhar, Punjab Medical University at Faridkot and Punjab Veterinary University at Talwandi Sabo are being established exclusively for technical education, medical and veterinary sciences.

In addition, there are other institutions offering higher learning in medicine, namely the Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER) and Government Medical College, Chandigarh.

In quantitative terms, there is an equal number of increase in universities imparting arts/sciences/ commerce, technical and professional education. The facilities of higher education made available by these institutions appear to be inadequate to meet the present requirement especially for the population of rural areas, as these are all located in urban areas.

In qualitative terms, the standards attainments in most of these universities are comparable to those attained elsewhere. Besides, there is a need and scope for further improvement in respect to their goals.

There are 287 colleges in the state and most of them are affiliated to universities and technical/medical boards. Undergraduate teaching is mostly done in affiliated colleges (may be government, private aided or private unaided). Though, these colleges mostly confine themselves to undergraduate teachings, yet out of these, some colleges also offer postgraduate courses.

There is a comparable gap between the existing numbers of rural and urban colleges in Punjab. The ratio between urban (192) and rural (95) colleges stand nearly 1:2, as calculated from the data given in Statistical Abstract (2001, pp. 510-511) of Punjab.

Along with the growth, in numbers of universities, there has been a corresponding growth in the numbers of affiliated colleges. The number of colleges of general education (Arts, sciences, commerce and home science) increased from 162 in 1980 to 204 in 2000.

Similarly, during the same period, colleges of engineering and technology, medical colleges and the colleges of teachers’ training have increased from 26 to 83.

This increased numbers reveal unplanned and unbalanced institutional growth. Even faculty-wise growth imbalances have been observed with a greater number of arts, sciences and commerce colleges as compared to other professional degree colleges.

This imbalance institutional growth needs to be given serious attention. Moreover, due to social and political pressures, a large number of colleges are located in urban areas. Rural pupils have limited opportunities for higher education. A rational approach is needed for the opening of new colleges and also care is needed for proper infrastructure, numbers of candidates and the feasibility of courses.

However, the fast growth of enrolment of students between 1980 to 2000 indicates high demand for more institutions of higher education with improved infrastructural facilities and specialised human resource development in the state.

The number of enrolments at the postgraduate and graduate level has increased from 6901 to 13848 and 84353 to 179817 during 1980 to 2000.

The available data from the Economic Survey of Punjab (2002) highlights a high percentage of enrolment in arts and science colleges (89.25%), teacher training colleges (1.49%), medical colleges (2.92%), agriculture colleges (0.46%), engineering college (5.29%), veterinary college (0.25%), physical education colleges (0.27%) and oriental college (0.07%). This shows high rate of incidence of unemployment among non-technical graduates and post-graduates.

In practice, near about 80 per cent of the total students are compelled to take admission at the degree level in arts, science and commerce subjects. This takes place, because the degree level courses are not organised on the basis of manpower needs and demands at various developmental sectors.

Hence, there is a need to restructure the admission system in different courses that will improve the status of employability of graduates and postgraduates.

The enrolment in professional streams is in gradual increase with a corresponding decrease in general education, both in rural and urban areas as well as amongst male and female students.

No comprehensive studies are available in connection with wastage and stagnation at the higher level of education in the state but small sample studies have been conducted by scholars conclude that wastage and stagnation are the particular characteristics of the modern system of general education.

This has not only resulted in wastage but created frustration amongst the students, parents and teachers. The situation worsens when unsuccessful dropouts are pushed to employment market, which does not have ready jobs even for successful first graders.

So higher numbers of failures on the one hand and low standards of academic performance have marred the efficiency of higher education.

Environment studies is a must
Harpal Kaur

THE word ‘environment’ originates from the French word ‘environ’ and ‘environner’ means ‘around’, ‘round about’, ‘to surround’. The word ‘environ’ and ‘environner’ in turn is derived from the French word ‘viren’ which means ‘to circle’ and ‘around’.

From this etymology, we conclude that environment means things or events that surround something.

Scientifically speaking environment has three levels—physical level, social level and biological.

Environment from the education point of view is a general term designating all objects, forces and conditions that affect the individual through such stimuli as he is able to receive. There can be different types of environment like classroom environment, external environment, internal environment, political environment, emotional environment, social environment, etc.

Classroom environment: The sum total all physical, social, emotional and mental factors that contribute to the total teaching-learning situation e.g. heat, light, seating arrangement, individual differences among-members of the group, teacher’s personality, teacher pupil relationship, etc.

External environment: Everything outside the organism which stimulates and to which the organism responds consciously and unconsciously.

Internal environment: All emotional, mental processes that influence the organism and modify responds to external stimuli.

In a nutshell environment refers to the sum total of all life conditions and influences that affect life and development of an organism. Environment covers all extraneous factors that act upon the individual.

The qualitative and quantitative development depends upon the quality of environment. Therefore, it is the prime duty of all to preserve and improve the quality of environment.

However, the contemporary environment scenario presents a picture of gloom.

The students ought to be made aware of environmental problems. This can be done in the following ways.

1) It should be included as regular subject of study in the school curriculum.

2) The co-curricular activities undertaken by schools during the academic year should include declamations and competitions related to environment.

3) The Environment Day should be celebrated at different levels in the schools on June 5.

4) The children should be sensitised to environment from early childhood at nursery and UKG level through rhymes.

5) Other agencies, NGOs, religious institutions, and social workers should be involved.

6) Awareness among students can be created through teaching of poems and essays related to the problem.

7) We can make students aware about the ugly faces of environment pollution through sciences.

8) The print and electronic media can also play a role in this regard.

— The writer is Lecturer, Ramgarhia College of Education, Phagwara. 





Apr 15 Indian Agricultural Research Institute, Post Graduate School, New Delhi 110012


PhD (Agri Sc) 2004-’05

Elig: Master’s deg (60% or equiv OGPA).

Selectn: Entrance Exam (13 June).

Appln F: Send Rs 350/- by DD fvg " Registrar (Academic), Post Graduate School, IARI" payable at Delhi to Registrar (Academic) at the above add.

Details: Info bulletin/ E-mail.

Art & Design

May 15 Indian Institute of Crafts & Design, J-8, Jhalana Institutional Area, Jaipur 302017 (Raj)

PG Dip in Crafts & Design (3-yr)

Elig: Bachelor’s deg.

Selectn: Creative Ability Test (20 June), Interview

Appln F: Send Rs 350/- by DD fvg "Director, Indian Institute of Crafts & Design" payable at Jpr/ d’load from website.


Apr 5 Tool Room & Training Centre, (M/o SSI, GoI), SISI Campus, Bamunimaidan, Guwahati-781021


Intgrtd Course in Mfg Tech (12- wk)

Elig: BE/ Dip/ ITI (Mech/ Prodn/ Auto Engg).

Details: Employment News (13-19 Mar)/ E-mail.

Apr 16 IIT - Madras, Chennai 600036

MTech (4 sem) 2004-’05

in D/o: Aerospace Engg, Appl Mech, Chem Engg, Civil Engg, Comp Sc & Engg, Elect Engg, Maths (Indl Maths & Sc Computing), Mech Engg, Metallurg & Materials Engg, Ocean Engg, Phy (Solid State Tech)

Elig: Bachelor’s deg in Engg/Tech/Arch or Master’s deg in Maths/Phy or related subj with valid GATE score.

Appln F: Send Rs. 300/- by DD fvg "The Registrar, IIT, Madras" payable at Chennai with two self-add slips (5 x 10 cm) with your add in caps to the Chairman, MTech Admission Committee, GATE Office at above add by 12 Apr.

Details: Website.

Apr 16 IIT - Guwahati, Guwahati 781039 (Assam);

MSc in Phy, Maths (Maths & Computing)

MTech in Comp Sc & Engg, Elect & Comm Engg (Signal Processing), Mech Engg (Fluids & Thermal Engg, Machine Des), Civil Engg (Struct Engg, Water resources, Utilisation & Env mgt), Chem Engg (Petrol Refinery Engg)

PhD in all of above deptts, Des, Biotech, Chem, Phys, Humanities, Soc Sc.

Appln F: Send request, superscribed "Request for MSc / MTech/ PhD Application form" with self-add, unstamped env (24 x 15 cm) to Dy Registrar (Academic) at above add /d’load from website.


May 5 TERI School of Advanced Studies (Deemed Univ) , Darbari Seth Block, Habitat Place, Lodhi Road, New Delhi 110003

MSc (Natural Resources, Environ Studies) (2-yr)

Elig: Bachelor’s deg (Biol in Cl 12).

Selectn: Interview (22, 23 May), Written Test (29 May, in 5 cities incld Del)

Appln F: Send Rs 300/- by DD fvg "Registrar, TERI School of Advanced Studies", payable at New Delhi to above add/d’load from website.


Apr 16 Indian Institute of Plantation Management (IIPM), Jnana Bharathi Campus, PO Malathalli, Bangalore 560056

PG Dip in Agri Bus & Plantation Mgt (PGD-ABPM, 15-mnth)

Elig: Bachelor’s deg (50%).

Appln F: Send Rs. 700/- by DD fvg "Indian Institute of Plantation Management", payable at Bangalore/ d’load from website.

Apeejay School of Marketing & Information Technology, Sec-8, Dwarka Institutional Area, New Delhi 110075


PG Dip in CRM, Insurance Mgt

Elig: Bachelor’s deg

Appln F: Send Rs 550/- by DD fvg "Apeejay School of Marketing", payable at New Delhi to above add.


Apr 30 Council of School Certificate Examinations, Pragati House, III Fl, 47-48, Nehru Place, New Delhi 110019

CPMT-2004-05 (Uttaranchal)

For Admission** to:


2) BDS

3) BHS


Elig: For 1 & 2: 10+2 (PCB & Eng), For 3 & 4: 10+2 (PCB);

DoB: Before 31 Dec ‘87

Test: May 23 (at 10 centers incldg Del, Ch’garh)

Appln F: Send Rs 1,150/- by DD fvg "Uttaranchal Council Of Entrance Examination", payable at D’dun to above add or to either of*:

1) The Principal, Seema Dental College and Hospital, Rishikesh, Virbhadra Road, Rishkesh 249203.

2) The Principal, Himalayan Institute of Medical Sciences, Swami Nagar PO, Doiwala, Dehradun 248140.

3) The Director (Admin), Uttaranchal Ayurvedic College, 17- Old Mussoorie Road, Rajpur, Dehradun.

4) The Principal, Chandola Homeopathic Medical College and Hospital, Anamika, Upper Mall Road, Nanital

*(All requests must be made by Apr 29).

**(Admission to colleges in UP)

Apr 16 Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education & Research, Sec 12, Chandigarh 160012

1) First yr Jr Residents (MD/MS)

(Anaesth, Biochem, Commun Med, Dermatol, Venereol & Leprol, ENT, Med, Obst. & Gynaecol, Pediat, Psychiatry, Ophthalmol, Orthopaed Surg, Radiodiag, Radiotherapy, Gen Surg, Transfusion Med, Med Microbiol, Pathol, Pharmacol)

2) MDS: Pedodontia & Prev Dentistry, Orthodontics

3) First yr Jr Residents (House Job for Oral Health Sc)

4) DM/ M.Ch

(Cardiol, Clinical Pharmacol, Endocrinol, Gastroenterol, Nephrol, Neurol, , Pul & Critical Care Med, Cardiovasc & Thorac Surg, Neurosurg, Paediat Surg, Plastic Surg, Urol)

5) PhD

(Anaesth, Biophys, Cytol, Cardiol, Exp. Med & Biotech, Gastroenterol, Haematol, Histopathol, Immunopathol, Internal Med, Neurol, Obst & Gynaecol, Pediat, Parasitol, Pharmacol, Biochem, Psychiatry/ Cl. Psychol, Gen Surg Virol)

6) MSc Med Tech (Pathol)

7) MSc Med Tech (Microbiol)

8) MSc Med Tech (Pharmacol & Physiol)

9) MSc Med Tech (Radiol)

10) MSc Med Tech (Biochem)

11) MSc (Speech & Hearing)

12) MSc (Biochem)

13) MSc Med Biotech

14) MSc (Pharmacol)

15) Post MD Cert (Cytopathol)

Details: Website.


Railway Recruitment Board - Malda, Kalibari Railway Colony, PO Jhaljhalia, Distt. Malda 732102 (WB)

Recruitment for posts in Eastern Railways and its Divisions/ Workshops (200 + posts).

Details: Employment News (Mar 6 - 12)/ Website.


Apr 30 Indian Council of Medical Research (D/o Manpower Devep), Ramalingaswami Bhawan, Ansari Nagar, Post Box 4911, New Delhi 110029

Jr Research Fellowship

1) Life Sc; 2) Social Sc

Elig: MSc /MA or equiv (55%). Age: Below 28 yrs (on 30 Sep).

Test: 11 July (at 5 centres incldg Ch ’grh).

Appln F: Send Rs 500/- by DD fvg "Director, PGI, Chandigarh" payable at SBI (Medical Institute Br, Code: 1524) with stamped (Rs 25/-), self-add env (8" x 10") to the Registrar, PGIMER, Ch’garh 160012. Superscribe env "Application for ICMR-JRF Test—2004" by 23 May.

Details: Employment News (13-19 Mar).

Biological sciences

Apr 10 National Institute of Immunology (NII), Aruna Asaf Ali Marg, New Delhi 110067

PhD in Biological & Allied Sc

(Immunity & Infection, Reprodn & Devpt, Molec Des, Gene Regulation)

Elig: MSc/ MTech/MBBS/MVSc/MPharm (recog by JNU, Del), 60% agg in all exams from Cl 12.

Details: Website.


Apr 20 UGC, NET Bureau, Benito Juarez Marg, New Delhi 110021

National Educational Testing (NET)

(UGC test for JRF & Elig for Lectureship)

Elig: Master’s deg (Hum & Soc Sc/Comp Sc & Appln/Elect Sc, etc (55%). Age: (For JRF): 28 yrs.

Test: June 20.

Details: Employment News (Mar 13-19)/ website.

Apr 12 Chatrapati Shahu Ji Maharaj University, Kanpur 208024 (UP)

BEd (1 yr)

Elig: Bachelor’s deg (45%)

Test: 6 June

Appln F: Available for Rs.260/- at all BoB brs (in 10 cities inclg Kanpur, L’now, All’bad)

— Pervin Malhotra, Director, CARING

Please send in your query, preferably on a postcard, along with your full name, complete address and academic qualifications to: Editor, Query Hotline, The Tribune, Sector 29, Chandigarh-160020, or at