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HEALTH
 

‘Get into shape by breastfeeding’
Naveen S. Garewal
Tribune News Service

Ludhiana, August 8
The World Breastfeeding Week may have just ended, but those who advocate breastfeeding say that its advantages should be highlighted throughout year as the need to create awareness about the health of the mother and the child is a continuous need.

Besides being healthy for both the mother and the child, breastfeeding can actually help mothers of new born infants to get back into shape faster than other traditional ways of weight loss that include miracle and fad diets. If the child is gaining weight of over an ounce per day that weight is provided directly from the mother, says Ms Priya Khullar, a member of the American Dietetic Association.

Ms Khullar, who is currently on a visit to India told Ludhiana Tribune that there is growing awareness among new mothers in the USA that breastfeeding is beneficial for both the child and the mother. She said anyone dispelling the myths about breastfeeding and highlighting its advantages is helping in achieving better health for infants and should be encouraged. She disclosed that breastfeed consumes about 600 calories per day, making an average lactating woman who is eating normally lose between 600 to 800 grams of weight per month in the first four to six months.

A former dietician of the Dayanand Medical College and Hospital and currently a certified lactation educator in the USA, Ms Khullar quoting medical studies, she said breastfeeding mothers tend to lose more weight when their babies are between three to six months old as compared to mothers who feed their infants on formula feed simply because they lose fewer calories.

Breastfeeding, she adds, protects kids from obesity. According to the latest figures revealed by medical research in the USA, about 13 per cent of all children and teenagers in the USA are overweight for their age and height. This puts them in the high risk category for blood pressure, diabetes, heart disease, and other potentially deadly health problems as they age.

Research is suggesting that those children who were breastfed for six months or longer had the lowest risk for being overweight by the time they were between nine and 14 months old. Giving an explanation for this, Ms Khullar said, "one possible reason for this is that babies who are breastfed regulate their own food intake. They can stop when they feel full while a bottle-fed baby may continue to eat more than he or she wants because the person feeding him keeps feeding until the bottle is empty. This could cause the kids to develop large appetite from a young age".

Researchers at the Cincinnati children's Hospital Medical Centre in the USA have propounded another explanation according to which the presence of a protein - adiponectin in human milk may explain the association between breastfeeding and reduced risk of obesity in later life. Adiponectin is secreted by fat cells and affects how the body processes sugars and lipid-fatty substances in the blood. This protein could have an influence over the metabolic 'programming of infants' and affect fatness later in life.

She says that breastfeeding can really have an amazing result on mothers and children. During this World Breastfeeding Week that concluded this weekend, the message to mothers was "choose to breastfeed and be in shape and shape up your kids too".

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500 take part in martial arts contest
Our Sports Reporter

Ludhiana, August 8
The 5th edition of the Open Full Contact Championship organised under the age is of Kung-Fu Federation (India) received an overwhelming response with more than 500 participating from different schools of Punjab and other states . The two-day meet concluded at Rotary Bhawan, Sarabha Nagar, here today.

Mr Surinder Dawar, a local MLA and Parliamentary Secretary, Power and Housing Urban Development, Punjab, gave away prizes to winners. He lauded the organisers for holding the martial arts meet which he termed essential for students for self-defence and discipline.

In the below 16 kg category, Naveen Kumar prevailed over Hanudha while Jeevesh Jain finished third. Ramandeep (16 to 19 kg) proved his mettle as he put to floor Rashasr Baghchi and bagged the gold medal. Lakshya Bahrti secured the third spot.

In the 19- 22 kg category, Vidhu Anand got the better of Sahil Verma to secure the top honour while Metaab Ahmed had to content with the third position.

Angad Kumar defeated his immediate rival Raghav Sharma to clinch the title in the 22-24 kg category while Sarat Trehan got the third spot.

Other results: 26 to 28 kg- Manpreet Singh 1, Har Komal 2, Kunal Trehan 3; below 13 kg- Tanu 1; 30 to 35 kg- anmol Kaur 1, Sofali 2; 35 to 39 kg- Raghav Kochhar 1, Summer 2; below 35 kg- Gurpreet Singh 1, Shagun Gupta 2, Nirbhay 
Singh 3.

35 to 39 kg- Deepak 1, Rohan 2, Ashish Verma 3; 39 to 43 kg- Uma Shankar 1, Raja Ram 2, Karam Vir Singh 3; 43 to 47 kg- Sanjeev 1, Kapil 2, Rahul Bhalla 3; 47 to 51 kg- Vishu Bahadur 1, Dharma Thapa 2, Karan Bahadur 3.

51 to 55 kg- Oman Sen 1, Amanpreet Singh 2, Kamal Madaan 3; 59 to 63 kg- Nirmat Singh 1, Maninder Kumar 2, Jai Kishan 3; 63 to 67 kg- Gurtej Singh 1, Yadvinder Singh 2; below 67 kg- Rhit 1, Satin Handa 2, Raunak Singh 3; below 45 kg- Chaman Kumar 1, Salahuddin 2, Kuldeep Kumar 3; 45 to 49 kg- Sunny Kumar 1, Sachin Dixit 2.

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National champion's tips for budding cyclists
Our Sports Reporter

Ludhiana, August 8
Tejinder Singh, a cyclist who represented Punjab in national cycling championships and had earned name by winning a gold and a bronze medal, has now taken up the task to attract the youngsters towards the game. He has been working over 'Cycling as a sport' for the benefit of boys and girls who aspire to become cyclists of national and international repute.

Tejinder whose favourite events were 3 km team pursuit, 4 km team pursuit and 105 km road race, opined that the movements while cycling is determined by the construction of the bicycle. However, competitive cyclists must observe few criteria to be able to put their energy to maximum use.

The former cyclist is of the opinion that the uppermost prerequisites for a good technique include the correct sitting position such as correct saddle position, both in height and distance from the handlebars, correct position of feet on the pedals, correct length of pedal crank and the correct handlebar adjustment.

One should pay particular attention to the points of contact between one's body and the bicycle, handlebars and pedals, Tejinder added. Tejinder calls 'pedalling' as the rhythmical and neat footwork.

The pedal on which foot rests, completes a 360-degree rotation around the axis of the pedal unit.

The rotation is transmitted to the rear wheel through the chain which produces forward movement and the relationship between energy expended and performance depends upon carrying out pedalling process properly.

He further said that the sector in which the thigh move downwards, achieving the greatest transmission of power amounts to two-fifth of the total rotation.

The foot must assume the important role and make a 'round' sequence of movements out of it.

The pedalling movement is divided into different sectors namely critical upper sector (press forward with the pedal in the horizontal position), greatest power transmission sector ( the thigh moves downward while the lower part of the leg and the feet stretch out and there is strong down ward pressure), critical lower sector ( transition between the pushing and pulling phase comes about when the toes tilt downward and beginners must pay particular attention to it) and weakest power transmission sector (sequence of movements in this phase separates beginners from experts, when foot does not move passively upwards, but rather pulls that helps the pedalling downwards movement on the other side with the other leg). And only when the thrust-push-pull combination is right, one can achieve the most economical way of travelling.

If a group of muscles is over-strained due to angular pedalling, the entire performance is adversely affected, Tejinder Singh concluded. 

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Shaina, Vishal win school chess meet
Our Sports Reporter

Ludhiana, August 8
More than 350 students battled it out for top honours in four age groups- u-11, 14, 17 and 19 - in the Bharatiya Vidya Mandir Senior Secondary School, Udham Singh Nagar, Chess Meet which concluded today. Shaina and Vishal emerged champions in the (u- 11 years) girls' and boys' sections, respectively.

Mr Mitter Sen, president, BVM Trust, inaugurated the meet with the lighting of a lamp. Mr K. C Maini, general secretary of the trust, along with Ms Sunil Arora and Mr Baljeet Singh, in charge, sports, were also present .

Results: Girls (u-11 years) semi-final- Priya b Twinkle and Sahina b Aina; final- Shaina b Priya, for 3rd place- Aina b Twinkle; (u-14 years)- semi final- Priyanka b Taranjit and Khushbu b Anshul; final- Priyanka b Khushbu, for 3rd place- Anshul b Taranjit.

U-17 years- semi final- Karuna b Isha and Kanika b Jyoti; final and match for 3rd place postponed till tomorrow; U-19 years- semi-final- Manisha b Ratika and Ekta b Shifali; final- Manisha b Ekta, for 3rd place- Shifali b Ratika.

Boys (u-11 years)- semi final- Uday b Gaurav and Vishal b Manik; final- Vishal b Uday, for 3rd place- Gaurav b Manik; (u-14 years)- semi final- Anshul b Prateek and Rohit b Parth; final- Rohit b Anshul and for 3rd place- Parth b Prateek.

U-17 years- semi-final- Gaurav b Sahil and Mandeep b Rohit; final- Mandeep b Gaurav and for 3rd place- Rohit b Sahil; U-19 years- semi final- Manik b Sagar and Sahil b Tarun and for 3rd place Manik b Sahil.

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