Online schools here to stay
Dr Sarita Bahl
HE field of education is now witnessing a revolution, with the use of computer as educational tool, becoming more and more popular. Now computers assist educators in imparting education to students. Our educational system was developed more than a century ago to teach students basic facts and survival skills they would need for jobs in industry and agriculture _ jobs they would probably hold for their entire life.

Sex education need of the hour
Divya Mangla
EX and sexuality are subjects about which our Indian society has always felt inhibited. Although it is an important and integral part of our life which determines our behaviour, feelings, relationship, communication and intimacy, yet rarely one sees it in this perspective.


Online schools here to stay
Dr Sarita Bahl

THE field of education is now witnessing a revolution, with the use of computer as educational tool, becoming more and more popular. Now computers assist educators in imparting education to students. Our educational system was developed more than a century ago to teach students basic facts and survival skills they would need for jobs in industry and agriculture _ jobs they would probably hold for their entire life.

With all its faults, this system helped students succeed in their professions till the last decade. Now, the world has changed. Schools have changed too, but not fast enough to keep pace with the information revolution.

Many suffer from technophobia (fear of technology) because they grew up in a world without computers. In today’s world computers will be as common as telephones and dictionaries. To prepare for this world, students need to learn how to work comfortably with all kinds of knowledge tools, including pencils, books, calculators computers and other information utilities.

The use of information technology in the field of education has developed various applications like video-conferencing, virtual classrooms, examinations, knowledge base etc. Using Information Technology, one can impart training to students miles apart. One need not attend the actual class, but acquire knowledge through a virtual classroom. One can even take tests sitting at home and evaluation, ranking etc is immediate.

Educational information system (EIS) is a system that provides information relating to all activities of an institution. It includes large number of subsystems in the form of input subsystems as well as output subsystem.

It meets the educational as well as other needs of the institution. The main aim of this system is to achieve quality education.

Input subsystems

Accounting & finance information subsystem provides all accounting data such as academic record of student, the persons working in the institution, requirement of finances etc. This data can be collected from internal sources i.e. within the organisation or institution.

In educational research, subsystem data is collected through various research techniques which can be helpful managing the system.

In the intelligence subsystem, data is collected through environmental sources — government, other institutions, society potential students.


Through various input resources, may be internal or external, data is stored so that meaningful information can be derived from the system.

Output subsystems

As far as quality education management subsystem is concerned, it is related to various plans — how quality education can be imparted to students. In career planning and opportunity, analysis subsystem information about different career plans and opportunities available time to time is provided.

Knowledge about educational benefits can also be derived. The system enlists facilities that can be provided to students as well, may be, in the library or for research work. Control subsystem is related to feedback which helps in matching the actual operations with planned ones so that timely action may be taken if any deviation is found.

Since 1990, online degree programmes have appeared at dozens of universities and colleges. Students use PCs and modems to do everything — from ordering books to taking the exams. Many online students see their professors in person for the first time at the graduation ceremonies. Online schools are particularly attractive to older students whose work prevents them from attending traditional colleges.

Online schools are an important step towards the educational system that encourages lifelong learning.

The writer is senior lecturer, Arya College, Ludhiana.

Model of the Educational Information System


Sex education need of the hour
Divya Mangla

SEX and sexuality are subjects about which our Indian society has always felt inhibited. Although it is an important and integral part of our life which determines our behaviour, feelings, relationship, communication and intimacy, yet rarely one sees it in this perspective.

Sexuality has a deep and significant value throughout human life, no matter what the age, gender, economic status, nationality or religion. Nowadays, society is showing rapid changes in its make-up. New wave of speedy communication from all parts of the world in the form of the internet, TV, print and other media is deeply influencing our social system.

Younger generation is flooded with a lot of information on sex and sexuality. To bring this change to our benefit there is a need for information and knowledge which is genuine and can be used in an appropriate way.

Time has come to talk about this issue with children and adolescents in an open and scientific manner. One can’t guess how much anxiety teenagers have to face while growing-up because of not knowing the right facts about human sexuality.

Parents play a major role in this regard but they themselves are not sure of having complete knowledge of this subject. Sex education is a process of acquiring information and forming attitudes and belief about sex, sexual identity, relationship and intimacy. It helps younger develop skills which make them confident, competent in expressing themselves and their feelings. Worldwide, it has been accepted that young people have a right to sex education, as it helps them protect themselves against sexual abuse, exploitation, unintended pregnancies, promiscuity, sexually transmitted diseases and HIV/AIDS.

Young people are interested in the moral and cultural framework associated with this subject and try to seek every opportunity to know something in this regard. To satisfy their curiosity, a system in the form of sex education is urgently needed to be evolved, which would be a scientific and practical method. It must be incorporated in our education system.

Aims of sex education are: a) to reduce the negative outcome of sexual behaviour like sexually transmitted disease, unintended teenage pregnancies etc. b) to make an individual capable of maintaining responsible sexual behaviour c) to enhance the quality of human relationship d) prevention of psychosexual problems during active sexual life.

Effective sex education also helps in developing social skill like decision making, assertion and listening. It gives them an opportunity to explore areas like the reason why people have sex, how sexuality involves emotions, respect for oneself and others feelings also. It teaches them to differentiate between right and wrong, proper and improper, healthy and unhealthy sex. With this education, various AIDS awareness programmes will also get momentum. The topics which generally are taken for educations are

1. Sexual development

2. Reproduction

3. Contraception

4. Relationship

As per a voluntary organisation’s (family planning association of India) research findings in urban setting, the age around 9-10 years is appropriate to start formal sex education. Getting late by it can be undesirable as most children around this age limit already acquire the information from various other sources. The subject can be taught and discussed keeping the academic status into mind.

School-based sex education is an effective way of enhancing young people’s knowledge and rectifying their faulty attitudes and behaviour. Worldover it has been agreed to include sex education in formal education. Some sex educationists even feel that sex education should start as early as one year, when the child is learning about various body parts.

Sex education can be taught like block building from simple naming to more complex physiology and relationship. The role of parents also changes when young people are in the process of getting sex education in a formal fashion. Parents need to be involved and acquire reasonable knowledge so that they can address some specific and sensitive issues individually which might not be covered in formal educational programme. To initiate sex education programme at the school level, guidance of psychologist, psychiatrist, gynaecologist in a form of team-work
can be sought.

Help from various non-governmental and governmental organisations concerned like FPAI, NACO and SECRT and institutes under the department of Social and Family Welfare can also be taken. To conclude, in the process of making our younger people knowledgeable and responsible, besides their regular academics and other programmes, education in sex and sexuality must also be given equal emphasis.

The writer is Senior Resident, Dept of Psychiatry, G.M.C.H., Chandigarh.



Armed Forces

November 20
Sainik School, Kunjpura, Karnal 132023 (Har) Admission to:

(1) Cl VI

(2) Cl IX

(For boys only)

Eligibility: (1):DoB: 2 Jul ’94 – 1 Jul ’95; (2): DoB: 2 Jul ’91 – 1 Jul ’92

Selection: Entrance Exam: 9 Jan ‘05 (at Delhi, Rohtak, Kunjpura)

Application Form: Send Rs 400/- by DD fvg the "Principal, Sainik School Kunjpura" payable at SBI, Kunjpura

October 11

Union Public Service Commission, Dholpur House, Shahjahan Road, New Delhi 110069 Combined Defence Services Examination (I), 2005

For admission to:

1) Indian Military Academy, D’Dun

2) Naval Academy, Goa

3) Air Force Academy, H'badd

4) Officer’s Training Academy, Chennai

Eligibility: For 1-3: Unmarried Indian males

For 1: Bachelor’s deg, Dob: Jan 2 ’82-Jan 1 ’87

For 2: BSc (Phy & Maths) / BE. Dob: Jan 2 ’84-Jan 1 ’87

For 3: Bachelor’s deg (with Phys & Maths in 10+2)/ BE. Dob : Jan 2 ’83- Jan 1 ’87

For 4: Indian Male; Bachelor’s deg. Dob: Jan 2 ’81- Jan 1 ’87

Details: Employment News (11-17 Sept)/Website

October 29

Indian Army, ADG of Recruiting 10+2 (TES) Entry , West Block-III, R K Puram, New Delhi 110066 10+2 Technical Entry Scheme - July 2005

Eligibility: Unmarried males ; 10+2 (PCM) Dob: Jan 01 '86- Jan 01 '89 Selection: Psychological Test, Group Test & Interview (at Bhopal, B’lore & Alld)

Details: Employment News ( 11-17 Sept )


October 5

Indo-Danish Tool Room, M-4 (Part), Phase-VI, Tata Kandra Road, Gamharia, Jamshedpur-832108 Post Diploma (Comp-Aided Tool Des, 6-mth)

Eligibility: BE/Dip (Mech/Prodn/Auto).

Application Form: Send Rs. 50/- by DD fvg "Indo Danish Tool Room" payable at Jamshedpur

Details: Website.

November 2

Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) –2005 (For admission to PG courses in colleges & instts with MHRD Scholarship/ Assistanship for Engg/ Tech/ Arch/ Pharm)

Eligibility: BE/ BTech/ BArch/ BPharm or Master's Deg in Sc/ Maths/ Stats/ Comp Applnor post BSc Tech courses (2 nd yr).

Exam: 13 Feb ‘05

Details: Website.

November 2

Common Entrance Exam for Design (CEED-2005)

Master of Design Prog (2-yr)

(at IIT-B ‘bay/ Del/ Kanpur & IISc-B’lore).

Eligibility: Bachelor’s deg in Engg/ Arch/ Des/ CEPT's Dip in Interior Des (5-yr); BFA (Appld Art; Fine Art); GD Art (5-yr); Prof Dip of NID.

Selection: Written exam : 23 Jan ‘05.

Details: Website.


Centre for Development of Advanced Computing, Post Box No 10, A-34, Industrial Area, Phase VIII, Mohali 160071 (Ch’garh) (CDAC) (GoI, M/o Comm & Info Tech), Email: Adv Dip in Bio-Medical Tech & Maint (26-wks)

Eligibility: Dip in Electr/Instru/Elect

Application Form: Send on pl paper (mention name, mailing add, educn qual, attested copies of cert) with DD for Rs.12,500/- (first installment) fvg Director C-DAC to the Director at above add


Amity University, Yasho Bhawan, Okhla Road, New Delhi-110025

LLD/PhD/ LLM (2-yr)

Eligibility: For LLD: PhD in Law/ PhD in any subj & LLB.

For PhD: LLM/ Master's deg in any subj & LLB/ LLB with 10-yr wk ex/ legal prac. For LLM: LLB/ PG Dip in Law

Details: Website.


Management Development Institute (MDI), Mehrauli- Gurgaon Rd, Gurgaon 122001 (Har) PG Prog in HRM (MDI-National HRD Network pioneering prog)

Details: Website

December 12

National Insurance Academy, Balewadi, Baner Road, NIA P.O Pune 411045

MBA (2-yr, FT).

Eligibility: Bachelor’s Deg

Details: Website

December 10

Xavier Institute of Management, Bhubaneswar (Ori)

1) PG Dip (Bus Mgt/Rural Mgt; 2-yr FT

2) Fellow Prog in Mgt

3) PGDBM (3-yr, PT)

Selection: XAT (Jan 09 ’05), IRMA Test

Details: Website.

November 26

SNAP Test Secretariat, Symbiosis Infotech Campus, Plot No. 15, Rajiv Gandhi Infotech Park, Hinjawadi, MIDC, Pune 411057

Symbiosis National Aptitude Test (SNAP, a single entrance test for Symbiosis Autonomous PG Prog)

Details: Website.


October 8

Staff Selection Commission

Tax Assistant (Income Tax & Central Excise) Exam-2004

Eligibility: Bachelor’s Deg, Data entry speed of 8000 key depressions per hour on comp Dob: 20-27 yr (as on October 08 ’04)

Exam: Dec 05 ‘04

Details: Employment News (11-17 Sept)


February 15

United World Colleges Committee (India) , Mahindra Towers, Ground Fl, Worli, Mumbai International Baccalaureate Diploma (2-yr)

Eligibility: Students of Cl.10/ 11 Dob : Sept 01 ’87- Feb 28 ‘90

Details: Website.


September 23

Punjabi University, Patiala (Pb)

Cert Course in Yoga (3-mth)

Eligibility: 10+2

Selection: Interview: Sept 28 ’04 (Director Sports, office)

Application Form: Send stamped, self-add env to the Publication Bureau at the above add.


September 23

Government Polytechnic for Women, Ropar Diploma in Modern Off Practice/ Comp Engg/ Electr & Comm Engg/ Chem Engg (3-yr).

Eligibility: Cl 10 (For Modern Off Practice: 10+2)

Application Form: Send to the Principal at above add.

Pervin Malhotra, Director, CARING (, New Delhi Details: