Need for critical thinking
If education has to be privatised, there should be a strict check on quality of teaching, says T. K. Gill

The wave of privatisation is sweeping across the country and has penetrated all sectors of the economy. Therefore, it is bound to affect the education sector as well. Privatisation of higher education is an inevitable alternative to public effort to overcome the financial crunch for the following reasons:

Private tuition is here to stay
Swaran Singh Randhawa

Private tuition is the most criticised aspect of our school education. Forget what has created this impression; the system has been in vogue for four decades, even though things have gone from bad to worse.

*Campus Notes
* Admission Deadline


Need for critical thinking
If education has to be privatised, there should be a strict check on quality of teaching, says T. K. Gill

The wave of privatisation is sweeping across the country and has penetrated all sectors of the economy. Therefore, it is bound to affect the education sector as well. Privatisation of higher education is an inevitable alternative to public effort to overcome the financial crunch for the following reasons:

Government resources are inadequate to meet the over-increasing demand for higher education in general and professional education in particular. Insufficient infrastructural facilities in the public sector.

Unstable governments in the country, which are not able to pay attention to the long-term planning of higher education.

Negligible political interference in private sector. The public sector cannot meet demands for expansion of education. The proportion of students taking higher education in India was 6 per cent but at present, it is rising at the rate of 12 per cent per year.

Privatisation is the only option to compete with the globalisation of education, as skilled and competent persons are being employed in the private sector.

A phenomenon growth of educational institutions has taken place in the recent past. After the mushrooming of engineering colleges, now it is the turn of B.Ed colleges in Punjab. The National Assessment and Accreditation Council has accredited 111 out of 306 universities and 1,910 out of over 15,000 colleges in the country in the last 10 years. To keep pace of accreditation in tune with the increasing number of educational institutions is a big challenge. The present situation of private institutions of higher education needs to be overviewed for the following reasons:

The people advocating the privatisation of education are those who are no way academicians but can invest money to raise infrastructure. Their motive is to gain maximum profit. They charge huge fee from students and pay meagre salaries to teachers.

Generally, these institutions employ underqualified teachers due to non-availability of well-qualified teachers. A teacher can’t produce better students until he is a man of high calibre, having good moral values. Due to unemployment, teachers are exploited by the owners. Due to mental as well as financial stress, teachers are unable to do justice to their profession.

Private institutions take advantage of the existing loop holes while seeking recognition and affiliation, but later flout those rules which are not favourable to them.

Students who can pay lakh of rupees get admission. Talent has taken the back seat, which is a great loss to the nation.

General education is being sidelined by the private sector, only the professional courses like engineering, medical, information technology and production management are at the top of their priority list.

Thus, higher education is not being acquired or expanded for its own sake but for the earnings promised by it. If education has to be privatised, there should be a strict check on quality of teaching. The government should take necessary steps before throwing education in the open market.

Private tuition is here to stay
Swaran Singh Randhawa

Private tuition is the most criticised aspect of our school education. Forget what has created this impression; the system has been in vogue for four decades, even though things have gone from bad to worse. Rural education in some of the states has crippled and national sport is far from being reckonable. Science and technology is way behind other nations. Even small countries like Israel and Korea are better off. I don’t know what the architect intended, but the system has not served its purpose. Private tuition has been thrust upon students in a big way.

Before we implemented the present system in the mid 1960s, private tuition was looked down upon in the student community. Only a few went for it and that too surreptitiously. Now, every student that needs to do well in examinations must take private tuition. Once the students have discussed with each other all tutors in town, the good ones are quickly taken.

Some principals have gone on record recommending private tuition. To bolster their image, schools allow their bright students to go for tuition during school hours.

The present system requires the school to work for 200 days. At six hours per day, the students would get 1200 class hours. This time is not sufficient to do justice to the syllabus for any class. If one examines the syllabi and the prescribed books, one can easily evaluate the time required to read and understand all this.

If the class work is conducted as per the rule, keeping an average student in view, it needs over 2000 hours to prepare a class for examination. If a student aspires to get more than 80 per cent marks, the time he or she should devote in classroom is over 3000 hours.

I did this time evaluation in Gulbarga University when I was Principal of an engineering college there, so the assessment is based on experience. If it could be accomplished in less than this time, I’d be surprised, although I wish I were wrong.

Government and public schools have eight teaching periods per day and each period is of 40 minutes. On Saturday, these institutions have six periods. Every day, one period is reserved for activities other than academics, which leaves seven periods of 40 minutes each and the class hours work out to 920 annually.

Take away 180 hours for 20 days of annual tests and 10 days of half-yearly examinations (30x6). There are at least four parent/teacher meetings every year, which consume 24 hours (4x6).

The four term tests during class hours for seven subjects eat into 18 hours. The effective class hours work out to be not 920, but 698 hours only, and we haven’t yet counted school functions and VIP visits etc.

Inclement weather, unscheduled holidays and teachers’ absence due to personal reasons also put teaching on hold.

The real teaching time does not exceed 600 hours. The student has no choice but to slog in the afternoon in the stuffy drawing room of the tutor and miss his evening sport. Is this not criminal?

The urban students would manage, but those in rural areas and urban slums have no access to even this bare minimum education in classrooms.

Thus, we have to make our basic education simple, inexpensive, meaningful and student-friendly. If that were done, the first thing that crumbles would be private tuition. So far, it’s holding because students have no choice.

Campus Notes

Haryana Agricultural University
Farm experts trained on cotton production

A 120-day training programme on cotton production for agricultural experts is being organised by the Institute of Agricultural Technology Training and Education and Cotton Section of Haryana Agricultural University (HAU) here. Thirty agriculture officers, scientists and other experts of government departments are participating in the programme.

According to Dr B.P.S. Lather, Chief Scientist (Cotton), HAU, who is also the coordinator of the training programme, the Union Government has provided Rs 10 lakh under the 10th Five-Year Plan for the event. “The motive behind the programme is to equip the farmers of the cotton-growing areas with the latest and potent technology so that they can get good returns,” he said.

Of the 30 participants, 25 are from Haryana and five from Uttar Pradesh. After completing their training, all of them will act as facilitators and train other officials. The training is first of its kind and is aimed at long-term gains.

The participants are being trained on various aspects of cotton production, including development of hybrid seeds, managing diseases and weeds and integrated pest management. They are also being taken to agricultural fields for some practical exposure.

— Sunit Dhawan

Himachal Pradesh University
Transfers cause resentment

The shifting of a Professor and two Associate Professors from the International Centre for Distance Education and Open Learning (ICDEOL) of Himachal Pradesh University to the Political Science Department has caused much resentment among the teaching staff of the centre.

It is for the first time that teachers have been transferred permanently along with post to the department. The ICDEOL Teachers Council has strongly opposed the decision, maintaining that the move will weaken the centre. There are over 40,000 students on rolls at the centre, including about 1,500 students in political science. The shifting of senior faculty members will particularly affect the M.Phil programme in the discipline.

Dr H.S. Parmar, president of the council, said it was in the interest of the university that both regular courses and distance education programmes run smoothly. Faculty members of the centre had been providing their services for the regular courses as and when required. However, this time the teachers had been shifted along with posts without making any alternative arrangement. It would lead to permanent shortage of staff at the centre.

The Vice-Chancellor, Dr L.R. Verma, said the transfers had been ordered in the interest of the institution and he was fully empowered to effect such transfers.

— Rakesh Lohmi


Admission Deadline

Armed Forces

August 12
Director General, Armed Forces Medical Services/DG-1A, M/o Defence, ‘M’ Block, New Delhi 110001

Army Medical Corps (SSC) 2005

Eligibility: MBBS (PG Deg prfd) Age Limit: 45 yrs (on Dec 31 ’05)

Selectn: Interview: Sept ‘05

Appln F: Send appln in prescribed format with required docs, self-add env (4"x9") and Rs 200 by DD fvg "Director General, Armed Forces Medical Services (APF Fund)" to the above add.

August 13

Indian Army, ADG of Recruiting (Women Entry Sec), West Block-III, R K Puram, New Delhi 110066

Women Special Entry Scheme (Officers)
Technical Entry

Eligibility: Unmarried women/ issueless widows/divorcee of Defence personnel;
BE/ BTech (Comp Sc/ Comp Engg/ Electron/ Telecomm/ Civil/ Elect/ IT/ Mech/ Prodn/ Arch)/ BSc (PCM)/ MSc (Electron/ Comp Sc)

DoB: For MSc (Electron/ Comp Sc): 02 Apr ‘79– 01 Apr ‘85
For rest: 02 Apr ‘81– 01 Apr ‘87 Min Ht: 152 cm Wt: 42 kg (5 cm relaxn for Hill Region)

Selectn: SSB interview, Psy Aptt Test/ Med Test

Details: Employment News (16 - 22 Jul)/ Website.

Art & Design

Zee Institute of Creative Arts (ZICA), H-85-A, IInd Fl, South Ex-I, New Delhi 1100049
Diploma in Digital Arts

Appln F: Send Rs 150 by DD fvg of "Zee Interactive learning Systems Ltd." to the add above


Central Tool Room & Training Centre, B-36 Chandaka Industrial Area, Bhubaneshwar-751024 (M/o SSI GoI) (Oris)
Post-Diploma in CAD/CAM (1-yr)

Eligibility: Deg/ Dip in Mech/ Prodn/ Tool Engg/ Mould Making/ Auto

Appln F: D’load from website.

Details: Employment News (16 - 22 Jul)/ Website

DOEACC, PB No 5, REC PO, Calicut 673601 (Ker)

PG Diploma in Embedded System Design (26-wk)

Eligibility: ME/ MTech/ BTech/ BE/ MSc Electron/ ECE/ EEE/ Instru & Comp Sc

Details: Employment News (16 - 22 Jul)/ Website.

September 13
Indo Danish Tool Room, M-4 (Part), Phase VI, Tata-Kandra Main Rd, PO Gamharia, Jamshedpur-832108 (M/ o SSI, GoI)(Jhar)

Post Diploma in Comp Aided Tool Design (job-oriented/ 6-month FT)

Eligibility: BE/ Dip in Mech/ Prod/ Auto or equiv

Selectn: Merit/ First come first basis.

Appln F: Send Rs 50 by DD fvg "Indo Danish Tool Room" payable at Jamshedpur to Sr Manager Training at above add

Details: Employment News (16-22 Jul)/ Website

*Course commences:

July 30
Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology, Bhopal 462007 (MP) (Deemed Univ)

MTech in Comp Sc & Engg (FT: 2-yr/PT: 3-yr) 2005-06

Eligibility: BE/BTech in CSE/ IT (55%).

Appln F: Send Rs 50 by DD fvg "MANIT, Bhopal" to OS (Admission) A-106, MANIT Bhopal 462007.

August 1
Model Industrial Training Institute, ITI Campus, Shastrinagar, Jodhpur (Raj)
(M/o Employment & Labour, DG Employment & Trng, GoI)

Craftsman Training Scheme (Heat Engine Trades, 2-yr)

Eligibility: 10+2 with Sc/ PCM. Age: 14-40 yrs (on Sep 1 ’05).

Appln F: Send Rs 35/- by IPO fvg "Principal, MITI, Jodhpur (Rajasthan)" to the above add.

Details: Employment News (16 - 22 Jul).

August 8
Power System Training Institute, Subramanyapura Road, Banashankari II Stage, PO Box 8201, Bangalore 560070 (Kar) (Under National Power Training Institute, GoI)

Course in Operation & Maintenance of Transmission & Distribution System (26 wks)

Eligibility: BE (Power/Elect/Electron). Age Limit: 30 yrs (for non-spons cands).

Selectn: Merit (% of marks)

Appln F: Send Rs. 300 by DD fvg "PSTI" payable at Bangalore with a A4 size self-add env or d’load from website

Details: Employment News (16-22 Jul).


August 3
VLSI Design & Research Centre, D/o Electronic Science, University of Pune, Pune 411007

Certificate Course in Network Administration

Eligibility: BE /BSc /MSc in (Electron & Comp Sc) OR Dip (Engg)/ Bachelor’s deg with sufficient knowledge of electronics & Comp.

Selectn: Entrance Test (Stage I: 7 August), Interview (Stage II: 8 August)

Details: Employment News (16 - 22 Jul)/website.

Karnataka State Open University, Manasagangotri, Mysore 570006

1) BSc (IT) (Reg: 3-yr; Lat Entry: 2-yr)
2) MSc (IT) (Reg: 2-yr; Lat Entry: 1-yr)

Eligibility: For 1: Reg: 10+2/Dip; Lat Entry: Dip in CSc/Electron/DNIIT (1-yr)
For 2: Reg: Bachelor’s Deg; Lat Entry: Bachelor’s Deg + PGDCA/DOEACC "A"/GNIIT or equiv.

Appln F: At study centers: Rs 100; By post from Study Centre/VET: Rs 150.


August 11
Urdu Academy, B-Block, 1st Floor, 5-Sham Nath Marg, Delhi 110054
Ph: 011-23830637/8

Certificate Course in Urdu (1-yr, Free)

Eligibility: 10+2.
Appln F: Room No.3 at above add.

September 15
Dept of Correspondence Courses, Central Hindi Directorate, West Block-7, R.K. Puram, New Delhi-110 066
(MHRD, D/o Secondary & Higher Educn).

Certificate Course in Hindi
Diploma Course in Hindi

Age: Min 15 yrs (on 1Jul).

Appln F: Send appln in prescribed format with Rs 50 by DD fvg "The Director, Central Hindi Directorate", New Delhi.


July 27
Padmashree Dr. D.Y. Patil College of Physiotherapy, Pimpri, Pune 411108 (Deemed Univ)


Eligibility: BPTh

Selectn: Counselling: 30 Jul

Appln F: At counter: Rs 500.

August 13
General Hospital, Ambala City; Bhiwani; (CHC) Nun, Gurgaon; Rohtak; Faridabad; Sirsa; Narnaul; Gurgaon (Har)

Multipurpose Health Worker (MPHW)

Eligibility: Haryana domicile, unmarried/ married/ divorced/legally separated/widows without incumbrances, 10+2 (50%). Aget: 17-27 yrs (on 1 August).

Selectn: Interview: 22 August

Appln F: Send appln in prescribed format with reqd docs to the office of Principle Medical Officer/ Senior Medical Officer/ Medical Superintendent / Dist Family welfare Officer or Civil Servants of concerned dist.


August 4
East Coast Railway,Khurda Road, Post: Jatni, Dist: Khurda 752050 (Oris) (WB).

Outstanding Sportspersons for recruitment in Gr ‘D’

Selectn: Trial & Interview.

Eligibility, Appln F &Details: Employment News (16 - 22 Jul).

Sciences: Biology

Dept of Biophysics, Molecular Biology & Genetics, University of Calcutta, 92, A P C Road, Kolkata 700009 (WB)

Advanced Diploma in Bioinformatics (1-yr)

Details: Website

Sciences: Social

August 6
School of Archival Studies, National Archives of India, Janpath, New Delhi 110001

Certificate Course in Records Mgt (1-28 Sept ’05)

Eligibility: Bachelor’s deg. Age: Below 50 yrs.

Appln F: Send in prescribed format with reqd docs, Rs 25- by DD fvg "Administrative Officer, National Archives of India, Janpath, New Delhi 110001" to the DG of Archives, at above add.

Details: Employment News (16-22 Jul).


August 10
Institute of Rail Transport, Room No 17, Rail Bhavan, Raisina Rd, New Delhi 110001

1) Diploma in Transport Eco & Mgt (1-yr, Dist, Hind/Eng)
2) Dip in Multi-Modal Transport (Containerisation) & Logistics Mgt (1-yr, Dist)

Eligibility: Bachelor’s deg/Dip in Engg.

Appln F: Send Rs 50 by DD fvg "IRT" payable at New Delhi with stamped (Rs 15), self-add env (11" x 5") to above add. Write your name & add on reverse of DD.