Improving mathematical skills
Kanwalpreet Kaur
Todayís era is dominated by computer, worldwide communication and the global economy. Jobs that contribute to this economy require workers who are prepared to absorb new ideas and solve unconventional problems. Mathematical preparation is a key to leadership in our technological society.

Private B.Ed shops lay trap for students
G. K. S. Sidhu
Admissions to the B.Ed courses in 2005-06 are going on through central counselling in Punjab University, Chandigarh, for nearly 110 colleges in this region.

Campus Notes
The unknown ATM



Improving mathematical skills
Kanwalpreet Kaur

Todayís era is dominated by computer, worldwide communication and the global economy. Jobs that contribute to this economy require workers who are prepared to absorb new ideas and solve unconventional problems. Mathematical preparation is a key to leadership in our technological society. In spite of having good academic atmosphere in our schools, very few students are able to deal competently with problems that require several successive steps. Thus, it is vitally important that all students receive a quality education in mathematics. The following broad goals are required to prepare students for the future:

Students must recognise the varied roles played by mathematics in society, from accounting and finance to scientific research, from public policy debates to market research and political polls.

Mathematics is, above all else, a habit of mind that helps clarify complex situations. Students must learn to gather evidence, to make conjectures, to formulate models, and to build sound arguments

There is no better way to learn mathematics than by working in groups, by teaching mathematics to each other, by arguing about strategies and by expressing arguments in careful written form.

Industry expects school graduates to be able to use a wide variety of mathematical methods to solve problems. Therefore, students need experience to solve different problems.

When compared to contemporary goals, todayís curriculum is totally inadequate. The whole environment of learning should change: not only what is taught, but also how it is taught. Some necessary actions are as follow:

Special talent is required to succeed in mathematics. In reality, all that is required is hard work and self-confidence.

Clear presentations alone are insufficient to modify existing misconceptions. To ensure effective learning, mathematics teachers should involve students in their own learning by employing classroom strategies that make students active participants rather than passive receivers of knowledge.

Employers repeatedly stress the importance of working with a team on common objectives. Students should learn how to coordinate with each other to achieve a common goal by planning, discussing, questioning and organising.

Too often, school mathematics is judged "dull" by most of the students because teachers, textbooks and tests insist that each problem can be solved by one proper method yielding a single correct answer. There should be multiplicity of approaches and invention of new methods.

Most talk in a mathematics class comes from the teacher. None of these engages the studentís mind as effectively as does the vigorous argument and discussion. Argument in search of convincing proof is the essence of the mathematical method. It can be learned only by doing, not by listening.

Effective classroom practice should emphasise active learning, problem solving, oral communication. No amount of effort to change curricular content or teaching practice will be successful unless the instruments of assessment match curricular objectives.

Curriculum, teaching and testing should change together to improve mathematics education. Unless all improve in concert, nothing will change. We know what needs to be done, and we know how to do it. Whatís required now is a commitment to action.

Private B.Ed shops lay trap for students
G. K. S. Sidhu

Admissions to the B.Ed courses in 2005-06 are going on through central counselling in Punjab University, Chandigarh, for nearly 110 colleges in this region. Some more colleges are expected to join in during the second counselling session scheduled for August 27. Last year, admissions to 37 B.Ed colleges for this region were held in Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar.

This is an over 200 per cent increase in the number of colleges for counseling.

B.Ed colleges come into existence after these are screened by the NCTE at Jaipur and the university of the area concerned.

In the last session, the management quota seats (15 per cent) introduced the first time fetched donations ranging from Rs 1 lakh to 1.5 lakhs. This year, it ranged from 1 lakh to 2 lakh. The fees in private colleges start from Rs 32,500 and may add up other sundry expenses. For 100 seats, a private college earns Rs 50 lakh per year.

Most of the new institutes sprang up hurriedly in order to cash on this booty. In the process, norms required to run the institutes were thrown to the winds. Most of the new institutes are without principals and, to make the matter worse, a good number of these colleges have not even a single qualified teacher.

Some institutes offered premium amounts for qualified persons working elsewhere for just appearing in interview to complete the formalities on paper. How these colleges managed to participate in the counselling session without proper staff is anybodyís guess. After gaining qualification to become eligible for admission, aspirants are sweating it out in the counselling sessions, which sometimes go past midnight.

Most of the colleges conducting these sessions have entered after flouting all norms and are playing on the minds of the unsuspecting students. Even otherwise, a student has no choice but to choose from the available institutes. How these new colleges are going to handle these students in the absence of able staff or principal remains a question.

Who will teach these students? What are the rights of students after they join these institutes? Who is accountable for this mess? What is the role of government in it?

It should be endured that a new institute should come into existence only after satisfying all norms. Eligibility of privately managed participating colleges should be thoroughly examined and only those who fulfill the norms should be allowed to participate in the second counseling, or it will amount to selling the degree.

The students enrolled by institutes that fail the eligibility criteria should be adjusted in other institutes in the second counselling. The authorities concerned should take the matter seriously and save the academic future of the students who are falling into the trap laid by these fly-by-night operators.

Campus Notes
The unknown ATM

Panjab University, Chandigarh

The long queue of students at the fee counter of Panjab University makes them rue this waste of time and curse the officials; one wishes they were aware of the ATM facility on the campus for fee payments. The students can pay their tuition, hostel and examination fees through the ATM. The lukewarm response of the students towards the facility is because the university took no step to spread awareness about the facility. Mr Ashok Raj Bhandari, Financial Development Officer, said "This fact had not been brought to my notice earlier. The ATM is definitely useful, as it enables the students to pay their fees anytime, as it is open 24 hours. It saves you time and undue harassment. I will definitely try to come out with a solution."


UGC coaching classes

Punjabi University, Patiala

The IAS and Allied Services Training Centre of Punjabi University, Patiala, will introduce coaching classes for UGC (NET) examinations from September 5 for the SC, OBC, minority community and general category candidates. Interested and eligible candidates for the test in December may send their applications written on a plain paper and affix three passport-size photographs with it. The MA-II students can also apply. The last date of submission of applications is August 19. Interviews will be held on August 22.

PMET fiasco

Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar

Though the authorities of Guru Nanak Dev University (GNDU) heaved a sigh of relief after the Supreme Court stayed the orders of the Punjab and Haryana High Court of quashing the PMET re-conducted by the university, the tension brewed between Vice-Chancellor Dr S. P. Singh and eight experts who were appointed by the university to examine 21 ambiguous questions of the entrance test alleged to have wrong answer keys on basis of which the PMET candidates filed petitions in the high court.

The university reportedly filed an alleged fake affidavit on behalf of the university experts claiming that they had not found any ambiguities in the disputed questions and that they had supported each answers challenged by the petitioners. Following this, the high court asked the university to get the credentials of the experts involved in the re-evaluation of the answers verified, which annoyed the experts. Later, they shot a letter to the Vice-Chancellor expressing their resentment and saying that they had backed out of the job of re-evaluation. They also asked the university authorities to refrain from issuing or submitting any statement on their behalf.

The issue resulted in a tiff between the Vice-Chancellor and the experts who alleged that the university authorities were making them scapegoats to shield the paper setters who were the actual culprits and responsible for the whole controversy. The experts demanded their names to be revealed. However, the university has failed to do so.

Now the experts allege that they are under pressure to withdraw their complaint sent to the Vice-Chancellor. However, the experts appeared to be reluctant in doing so.

Swarleen Kaur in Chandigarh, Rubinder Gill at Patiala and Pawan Kumar at Amritsar




Armed Forces

September 5

Air Force Sports Control Board, C/O 412 Air Force Station, New Delhi 110003

Recruitment of Sportsmen as Airman in Group ĎYí Trades
(Athletics, Football, Cricket, Basket Ball and Hand Ball)

Eligibility: Matric, must have represented the country in Jr. International meet/ attained 5th place in Jr National Championship/ represented state in Jr National Championship or Inter University Championship or National School Tournaments conducted by SGFI
DoB: 1 May í86 -30 April í89.

Selection: Trials, Phys Fitness Test, Interview & Med Exam.

Appln F: Send Appln on A-4 size paper in prescribed format with attested docs, 3 pp size pics, an unstamped self-add env (24 x 10 cms) to the Secretary at above add.


September 05

Indian Air Force, PO Bag No 001, Nirman Bhawan PO, New Delhi 110011

SSC Officers in:
1) Flying Br (Women only)
2) Technical Br: Aeronautical Engineer (Men & Women)
Electronics Br, Mechanical Br
3) Ground Duty Officer Course (Men & Women)

Meteorology, Education, Administration, Logistics, Accounts

Appln F & Details: Website.


September 05
Indian Air Force, Post Bag No 001, Nirman Bhawan Post Office, New Delhi 110011

Ground Duty Officerís Course (Men) (January 2006)
1) Meteorology Br
2) Education Br

Appln F & Details: Website



August 16
Dept of Food Science & Technology, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana 141004

EDP on Post-Harvest Handling & Food Processing (10-wks)
(Sponsd by PNB & NABARD)

Eligibility: Bachelorís deg/ Dip in Food Tech

Selection: Interview: 18 August

Details: Contact 0161-2410293


August 06
Northern Indian Institute of Fashion Technology (NIIFT), C-115, Industrial Area, Phase-VII, Mohali 160055. (Govt of Punj)

Certificate Course in Fashion Design & Clothing Tech (1-yr)

Eligibility: 10+2

Selection: Interview

Appln F: Send Rs 100 by DD to the "Director, NIFT" at above add.

Details: Website


August 31

National Power Training Institute (M/ o Power, GoI)

PG Diploma in Thermal Power Plant Engg (1-yr)

Eligibility: 3-yr Dip in Mech/ Elect/ Electron. Age: 27 yrs (on 30 September í05).

Selection: Merit (% of marks).

Appln F: Send in prescribed format with reqd docs and Rs 400 by DD fvg "NPTI" payable at Nagpur/ Neyveli/ Badarpur (New Delhi)/ Durgapur to The Principal Director of respective instt.

Details: Employment News (6-12 August)/ Website

Central Institute of Tool Design, Balanagar, Hyderabad 500037 (M/o SSI, GoI Society)

Master Certificate in CAD/ CAM/ Comp-Aided Tool Engg (6 mth).

Eligibility: BE/ BTech/ Dip (Mech Engg).

Appln F & Details: Employment News (6-12 August)/ Website.

August 30
National Institute of Foundry & Forge Technology, Hatia, Ranchi 834003 (GoI Society Under M/o HRD) (Jhar)

1) MTech Mfg Engg (4 Sem)
2) MTech
Foundry-Forge Tech (4 Sem)

Eligibility: For 1: Bachelorís deg (Mech/ Met/ Prodn/ Mfg/ Elect/ Aero/ Chem/ Indl Engg) with GATE score.
For 2: Bachelorís deg (Mech/ Met/ Prodn Engg) or equiv with GATE score.

Selection: Merit/ GATE score, Counselling / written test or both.

Appln F & Details: Website.


August 24
C R State College of Engineering, Murthal, Sonepat 131039 (Har)

1) ME in Mech Engg (Sys Des & Engg)
2) ME in Electrical Engg (I & C)

Eligibility: For 1: BE/ BTech (Mech/ Prodn/ Automob/ Power Plant/ Aero/ CAD/ Mechatron/ Robotics/ Energy Sys/ Mfg Processes & Autom/ Indl Engg)
For 2: BE/ BTech (Electron/ Electric/ Electron & Comm/ Electric & Electron/ I & C/ Instru/ Control Engg & Instru/ Control/ E & I/ Comp/ IT/E & C/ Electron Instru & Control)

Counseling: August 29

Appln F: Send Rs 650 by DD fvg "Director-Principal, C R State College of Engineering, Murthal (Sonepat)" at above add/ díload from website.


August 10
C-DAC, 2nd Floor, Delta Chambers, Ameerpet, Hyderabad-500016 (AP)

Diploma in Embedded System Design (5-mth)

Eligibility: BE/ BTech/ ME (Electron/Elect/Electron & Comm/Electron & Instru/Comp Sc & Engg/Comp Engg/ IT)/ MSc (Electron)

Selection: Common Entrance Test: 23 August.

Appln F & Details: Díload from website.


National Institute of Financial Management, Sector-48, Pali Rd, Faridabad 121001

(Auton Instt of M/o Finance, GoI)

PG Diploma in Business Management (Financial Management)

Eligibility: Grade A officers in Govt/ PSUs/ Autonomous Org

Details: Website.


November 10
Indian Institute of Management (IIM-B), Bangalore 560076

Fellow Prog in Mgt (FPM)

Eligibility: Masterís deg (55%), CA; (55%) or BE/ BTech (60%) with 2-yr wk ex & CAT (2005) score.

Appln F: Send a stamped (Rs 67), self-add env (9" x 12") with self-add slip to the above add or díload from website by 30 September


November 30
Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra, Ranchi (Jhar)

MBA (at Mesra, Lalpur, Noida, Jaipur)

Eligibility: Bachelorís deg (50%)

Selection: CAT-2005

Appln F: Send Rs 1250 by DD fvg "Birla Institute of Technology" payable at Ranchi with 2 self-add slips (10 x 10 cm) to Dean, Admissions at above add. Mention CAT Registration No & CAT Centre Code in appln form.

Details: Website


December 06
Army Institute of Management & Technology (AIMT), Plot M-1, Pocket P-5, Greater Noida 201306 (UP)
Army Institute of Management (AIM), Judges Court Road, Alipore, Kolkata 700027 (WB)

MBA Prog (2-yr)

Eligibility: Bachelorís deg, ward of serving and retired army personnel

Selection: CAT 2005 score, GD & Interview

Appln F: Send Rs 650/- (For AIM)/ Rs 550/-(For AIMT) by DD fvg "Director Ė AIM" (For AIM)/ "AIMT" (For AIMT) payable at Kolkata/ Noida to the respective above add.

Details: Website


September 04
Xavier Institute of Management, Bhubaneswar (Oris)

Pg Certificate in Business Management (1-yr)
Through virtual classroom at Reliance WebWorld)

Eligibility: Bachelorís deg + 2 yrs wk exp

Selection: PI throí Video conferencing at Reliance WebWorld

Appln F & Details: Website.

August 31
Narottam Morarjee Institute of Shipping, 76, Jolly Maker Chambers No. 2, Nariman Pt, Mumbai 400021 (Mah)

PG Diploma in Shipping Management

Associateship/ Fellowship

Eligibility: For 1: Bachelorís degree
For 2: Bachelorís deg/ 10+2 with 2 yr shipping exp

Appln F: Send Rs 100 by DD fvg "Narottam Morarjee Institute of Shipping", payable at Mumbai to the above add.

November 21
Management Development Institute (MDI), Mehrauli- Gurgaon Rd, Gurgaon 122001 (Har)

1) PG Prog in Mgt
2) PG Prog in HRM
(Jointly with National HRD network)
3) National Mgt Prog

Eligibility: For 1, 2: Bachelorís deg. For 3: Bachelorís deg & 5 yrs wk ex.

Selection: CAT 2005 score, GD & Interview.

Appln F: Send Rs 1350 by DD fvg "Management Development Institute", payable at New Delhi with 2 self-add (with tel no) stickers (Superscribe choice of prog on env) to above add/ díload from website.

Details: Website

Maths & Stats

September 16

National Board for Higher Mathematics, D/o Atomic Energy, Anushakti Bhavan, O.Y.C. Bldg, CSM. Marg, Mumbai 400039

Scholarships for PG Studies in Maths (MA/ MSc)

Eligibility: BA/ BSc (Maths; 70% in Maths). Age Limit: 23 yrs.

Selection: Written test, Interviews.

Details: Employment News (6-12 August)


August 20
Dayanand Medical College & Hospital, Ludhiana 141001 (Pb)

General Nursing & Midwifery (3-yr)

Eligibility: 10+2, Punjab domicile, Age: 17-35 yrs

Selection: On merit, Counseling: Aug 29
Appln F
: Send Rs 550 by DD fvg "Dayanand Medical College & Hospital" payable at Ludhiana to College of Nursing, Old DMC & H, Ludhiana.

Protective Service

September 06
Intelligence Bureau, (M/o Home Affairs, GoI)

Asst Central Intelligence Officer-Grade II/Wireless Telegraphy Examó2005 (61 posts)

Eligibility: BSc with Phys/ Maths/ Comp Sc/ Dip in Radio Engg/ MSc (Wireless)/ Deg in Telecomm Engg. Age Limit: 18-27 yrs.

Selection: Written Test: 11 December, Interview

Appln F: Employment News (6-12 August).

September 08
Directorate General, Central Reserve Police Force (Communication Directorate)

Recruitment of Sub Inspectors

(Radio Operator, Crypto, Technical)

Details: Employment News (6-12 August)


September 20
Military School, Chail (Shimla Hills), Solan 173217

Common Entrance Test for Admission to Military Schools in Class VI

Eligibility: Boys (10-12 yr on Jul 1 Ď06).

Test: Dec 25 Ď05 (at 29 Centres across India)

Appln F: Send Rs 150 by DD fvg "Principal, of the Military School" with a stamped (Rs 42) self-add env (6" x 9") to the above add or 4 other military schools at Bílore, Ajmer, Belgaum, Durgapur

Sciences ó Biology

September 12
Institute of Life Sciences, (D/o Biotech, GoI), Nalco Square, Bhubhaneshwar 751023 (Or)

PhD (Utkal Univ)

Infection & Immunity, Bioprospecting & Environ Biotech, Plant Biotech

Eligibility: Masterís deg (60%) in any br of Life Sc, Biotech, Mol Bio, Environ Sc, Microbiol, Biochem & Chem; NET-JRF (CSIR/ UGC).

Details: Employment News (6-12 August)/ website.

Sciences Social

August 12
MIT School of Government, S No 124, Paud Road, Kothrud, Pune 411038 (Mah)

Masters Diploma in Government (1-yr, Resi)

Eligibility: Bachelorís deg Age Limit: 35 yrs

Details: Website

Sports & Leisure

Lakshmibai National Institute of Physical Education, Gwalior 474002 (Deemed Univ, M/o Youth Affairs & Sports, GoI)

PG Diploma in Coaching (Athletics, Basketball, Hockey, Volleyball, Football etc)

Eligibility: Bachelorís deg with Inter-university, national level participation in rev sports

Selection: 12 August

Details: Website.


August 16
University of Delhi, Faculty of Education, (Central Institute of Education), 33 Chhatra Marg, Delhi 110007

MPhil (Edu)

Eligibility: MEd

Selection: Written Test: August 20, Interview

Appln F: Send Rs 150 by DD fvg "Head, Department of Education, Delhi University" with a self-add env (25 x 20 cms) to the above add or díload from website.


Maharshi Dayanand University, Rohtak 124001 (Har)

University Research Scholarship (2005-06)

in dept of: Stats/ Eng/ Def Strategic Studies/ Psychol/ Law/ Sociol/ Pub Admn/ Chem/ Comm/ Geog/ Bio-Sc/ IMSAR/ Hin/ Sans/ Journ/ Maths/ Educn/ Hist/ Eco/ Phy & Comp Sc

Eligibility: MPhil (Masterís deg, 50%) OR Masterís deg (55%)

Appln F: Send application on plain paper with reqd docu to respective dept at above add

UniversityóDistance Education

Alagappa University, Directorate of Distance Education, Karaikudi 630003 (TN)

Bachelorís deg, Masterís deg, PG Diploma Progs, Certificate Progs & MPhil Progs

Appln F & Details: Website

ó Pervin Malhotra