EDUCATION TRIBUNE

Let GATS of opportunity open
Gurkirpal Singh Sidhu
Even though India’s higher education network is next only to the USA, just about 6 per cent of the eligible students (in the age group of 18-23) enroll for higher education. The ratio is more than 40 per cent in comparable countries. The funding of higher education by the government, deliberately or otherwise, is on the decline, with the motive of encouraging private-sector participation.

Legendary college
The first graduate was given an elephant ride
Mohan Maitray
After the first Indian struggle for Independence in 1857, the British, perhaps out of vengeance, closed all the existing colleges in Delhi. Government Mohindra College, Patiala, founded in 1875 by Maharaja Mohinder Singh, was at that time the only college between Delhi and Lahore.

Campus Note
GND University, Amritsar
Reaching out to jail inmates
Guru Nanak Dev University is reaching out to the inmates of the Amritsar Central Jail. It has established a special adult education and vocational education centre at the jail. It is the first time in the country where a university has taken such a socially relevant initiative to give free basic education and job oriented training to the inmates who had been deprived of the basic education.

ADMISSION DEADLINE

Top









Let GATS of opportunity open
Gurkirpal Singh Sidhu

Even though India’s higher education network is next only to the USA, just about 6 per cent of the eligible students (in the age group of 18-23) enroll for higher education. The ratio is more than 40 per cent in comparable countries.

The funding of higher education by the government, deliberately or otherwise, is on the decline, with the motive of encouraging private-sector participation.

At the recently concluded seventh All-India Conference of Principals (AICP) at Doaba College, Jalandhar, the issue of reckless privatisation in higher education came up for deliberations. Increasing commercialisation has led market-driven motives to govern higher education, which has created imbalances.

There is lot of confusion even in recognition and credibility of degrees. Some command respect in the market, while the others are not even worth the paper on which these are printed.

The UGC warns against fake universities, but no legal action is initiated to close down such institutions. Many of the 112 universities opened in Chhattisgarh in just two years operate from just one room each. The Supreme Court ordered to close 100 such universities.

The government has been gradually abdicating its responsibility towards higher-education services, which will result in more dominant role of the private sector. Privatisation and commercialisation attracts provisions of General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS), as service is exempt from GATS only if government maintains monopoly or is the sole supplier (service is supplied neither on a commercial basis, nor in competition with one or more service suppliers).

India cannot claim the benefit of this exemption, as it has infused fairly large number of education providers from private sector, thus commercialising it. In Tenth Five Year Plan, the government strives to raise enrolment in higher education to 10 per cent. Enormous amount of resources needed for this huge task are expected to come from the private sector.

Due to increased mobility across the borders, opening up of higher-education sector to foreign participation under GATS thus becomes hotly debated.

There are four modes under which services can be traded under GA TS: cross border supply of service covers distance education, BPO, KPO etc.; consumption abroad takes place with physical movement of persons as students, tourists, patients etc. going abroad to avail themselves of the services; commercial presence: service provider moves to another country to offer services (Offshore campuses); persons moving abroad to work (Teaching faculty, researchers working abroad).

Even though we have some big institutions, but still, none of our institutes figures in the global first 300. Seventeen out of best 20 are in the US and our leading institute, IlSc, is ranked between 350 and 400. Out of top 500 institutes, the US with 168 leads the way while the UK, Japan and Australia have significant presence.

China with 18 institutes in top 500 is better placed than India, which has only 3 institutes. The education sector in India needs not just reforms, but a revolution (an information revolution). Despite no specific commitment, the government has already taken steps in line with the GATS.

India, with more than 80,000 students in the US for higher education, has the largest share of foreign students studying there; still more students go to the UK, Australia, Canada, Russia, European nations and now even to China. India should develop its own world-class universities to retain students by offering them world-class education at low cost.

Students from Asia and Africa come to study in India, where the Committee on Promotion of Indian Education Abroad (COPIEA), was established in 2002 to tap global market. India recently relaxed its visa regime to facilitate movement of students from abroad for studying in India.

Though India moves to open up its higher education sector to private participation, public universities will remain the key players. The Supreme Court observed that our universities should maintain the academic character on a level recognised as adequate abroad. The universities are the symbols of our national prestige; our should also command international recognition. Even the US, which proposed in 2000 to WTO to include education in GATS, favours a strong role for the government.

Education, to a large extent, is a government function and it does not seek to displace public education systems.

Only 44 nations made commitments in the education sector under GATS. Only four (The US, Australia, Japan and New Zealand) have submitted negotiating proposals to the WTO. India has committed itself in 33 sub-sectors, but not in educational services sector. India has received requests from 22 countries and it has made requests to 62 countries for commitments to be made in services.

Even without GATS India is neck deep in import and export of higher educational services. Keeping in view their strong areas, the developed nations worked overtime to include clauses where developing nations could be vulnerable. They had no idea what information revolution could do in coming times. As they started losing out in jobs to BPOs, KPOs in Asia, they strived to protect themselves by invoking provisions granted under GATS.

Though India has yet to make a significant mark in export of higher education, it can open up its higher education sector under GATS to its advantage. It has edge, if it pushes for relaxation in clause for movement for natural persons. To provide access to foreigners in higher education, India should bargain for relaxation in mode four of GATS.

Though the rules of GA TS are untested and its implications cannot be predicted, as a member of the WTO, India still has to open up its education sector. The need is to regulate private and foreign education providers in the best interests of the students. Developing a dual system with mix of good public and private universities is the need of the hour.

Top

Legendary college
The first graduate was given an elephant ride
Mohan Maitray

The college building was inaugurated by Lord Ripon, Viceroy of India, on March 17, 1883
The college building was inaugurated by Lord Ripon, Viceroy of India, on March 17, 1883.

After the first Indian struggle for Independence in 1857, the British, perhaps out of vengeance, closed all the existing colleges in Delhi. Government Mohindra College, Patiala, founded in 1875 by Maharaja Mohinder Singh, was at that time the only college between Delhi and Lahore. As such, there were only two colleges in north India at that time: Government College, Lahore, established in 1862, and Meerut College, Meerut. The institution came up as a school in 1862 and in 1875, it took the shape of a college.

Maharaja Mohinder Singh (1862-1876) got this college established on the pattern of Balliol College (Oxford). Mr Westfield, a Mechanical Engineer of repute, prepared the plan. The foundation stone of the college building was laid by lord Northbrook, Viceroy of India, on March 30, 1875.

As per the Hindu tradition, a small snake made of gold was put in a bottle and lowered in the foundation, in consonance with the belief that on thousand heads of the Sheshanaga rests the Earth. A silver plate with the names of the Maharaja and the Viceroy inscribed on it was also placed in the foundation along with gold and silver coins of Patiala and the British India.

The college building was inaugurated by Lord Ripon, Viceroy of India, on March 17, 1883. Punjab University at Lahore was established only in 1885, so Mohindra College was affiliated with Calcutta University in the beginning and Arabic, Persian, Sanskrit and Punjabi were taught here before other subjects were introduced, later.

The first batch of three students, sent for the entrance examination of the university in 1872, failed. No student was sent in 1877. In 1878, out of five students, three were declared successful. Out of the three, Sri Ram and Baldev Sahai belonged to Delhi.

The first graduate from this college was Shadi Lal of Delhi who was taken in procession on elephant back on his attaining the degree. The only college in Delhi, situated outside Ajmeri Gate, was discontinued in 1877, so students had no choice but to join Mohindra College, which had become a reputed institution by then. The rulers of the Phulkian states, with their capital in Patiala, were keenly on appointing the most qualified lecturers and principals in this college. Earlier, the college had only the British principals and lecturers, who were recruited on merit from different states.

Sadhu T. L. Vasvani and B. N. Khosla were among the renowned principals. Most of the principals of Mohindra College were, later, appointed Director of Public Instruction (Colleges), Punjab. This college has richly contributed to the central services and its students have shown their capability in all walks of life.

The college, set up originally for nearly 2,000 students, now has more than 4,000 students, nearly 1,000 of whom are girls. The Government did not bother to support the crumbling infrastructure, but Dr A. S. Marwaha, a US-based dental surgeon, then gave a new life to the institution. His mother-in-law, Bibi Kartar Kaur, has served in the Department of Physical Education of the college in the 1960s.

He has built the huge Bibi Kartar Kaur Memorial Hall on the campus, which has three attached bathrooms. The cost was Rs 10 lakh. The other facilities were also raised. Two gothic minarets add charm to the structural style of the college, and now a new illumination project has further enhanced beauty of these structures that seem to welcome each new batch with this message: “Come, we shall lead you from darkness to light.”

Top

Campus Note
GND University, Amritsar
Reaching out to jail inmates

Guru Nanak Dev University is reaching out to the inmates of the Amritsar Central Jail. It has established a special adult education and vocational education centre at the jail. It is the first time in the country where a university has taken such a socially relevant initiative to give free basic education and job oriented training to the inmates who had been deprived of the basic education.

Giving details of the project, the Vice-Chancellor, Dr. S. P. Singh, said that the university had earmarked Rs. 50 lakh for this center which was inaugurated by the first woman IPS officer of the country, Dr Kiran Bedi, last week in a special function held at the Central Jail. He said that as a special case the university would give basic training in the field of computers.

The inmates would be able to have their own vocational services with the help of the training they would receive during their stay in the jail, he said.

Besides the computer education centre, the university had also introduced courses for women inmates for tailoring, stitching, embroidery and such work. The university would give the candidates certificates upon the completion of their training.

— Contributed by Ashok Sethi

Top

ADMISSION DEADLINE

Armed Forces

Indian Navy, Post Bag No. 04, R K Puram (Main), New Delhi 110066
www.nausena-bharti.nic.in

SSC Technical Branch (Submarine Cadre) – February ’07 Course

Eligibility: Unmarried Indian males, BE / BTech (Engg Branch: Mechanical / Electrical Branch: Electrical / Electronics / Telecommunications / Control Engineering; 55%)
DoB: 02 February ’82– 01 August ’87.
Height & Weight: 157 cms with correlated weight.
Eyesight: 6/24, 6/24 correctable to 6/6, 6/6 with glasses. Should not be color / night blind.

Selection: SSB Interviews: August ‘06 - December ‘06, Medical Exam

Application Form: Send application in prescribed format to the above address. Supercribe "SSC (S/M) Engineering or SSC (S/M) Electrical – February ’07 (whichever is applicable); Qualification & Stream (e.g. Mechanical / Electronics etc)... Aggregate Percentage...%"

Details: Website

Application Deadline: 30 June 2007

Arts Performing

Indira Kala Sangit Vishwavidyalaya, University of Music & Visual Arts, Khairagarh 491881 (Chatt)
e-mail: umusart@sancharnet.in

UG / PG Courses (in different branches of Performing Arts)

Application Form: Send Rs 100/- by DD favouring "Registrar, IKS University," payable at SBI, (0524), Khairagarh to the above address.

Details: Employment News (20-26 May 2006).

Application Deadline: 26 June 2006

Engineering

Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology, A-106, Bhopal 462007 (MP) (Deemed Univ)
www.manit.nic.in/www.nitb.nic.in / www.manit.ac.in

Postgraduate Admission 2006-07

Industrially Oriented MTech / MUDP (FT: 2-year/PT: 3-year) in various disciplines.

Application Form: Download from website.

Details: Employment News (20-26 May 2006) / Website

Application Deadline: 20 June 2006

Guru Nanak Dev University, Department of Applied Chemical Sciences & Technology, Amritsar (Punj)

BTech (Sugar & Alcohol Technology)
(AICTE approved)

Eligibility: 10+2 (50%)

Selection: Entrance Test: 19 June 2006

Application: Send Rs. 400/ - by DD favouring "Registrar, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar", payable at Amritsar at the above address

Details: Contact the Head of the Department.

Application Deadline: 12 June 2006

National Institute of Technology, Patna, 800005 (Bih)
www.nitp.ac.in

M.Sc Engg
1) Civil Engg (Water Resource/ Transportation Engg/ Structural Engg)
2) Electrical Engg (Power System, Control System)
3) Mechanical Engg (Thermal Turbo Machinery and Refrigeration & AC & Heat Transfer)

Eligibility: BSc Engg/ BE/ BTech (60% / 6.75 CGPA) with valid GATE scores (75 percentile).

Application Form: Download from website.

Application Deadline: 23 June 2006

Motilal Nehru National Institute of Technology, Allahabad 211004 (UP)
www.mnnit.ac.in

MTech / PhD Programmes

Application Form: Download from website

Details: Employment News (20-26 May 2006)

Application Deadline: 31 May 2006

Hotel Management

Institute of Hotel Management, Catering & Nutrition, Library Avenue, Pusa Complex, New Dehi 110012
www.ihmpusa.net

1) PG Diploma in Accommodation Operation & Mgmt (1-year+6-month Industrial Training)
2) PG Diploma in Dietetics & Hospital Food Service (1-year+3 month Internship in Hospital / Nursing Home)
3) Diploma in Food & Beverage Service (1- year +6-month Industrial Training)
4) Diploma in Bakery & Confectionery (1- year +6-month Industrial Training)
5) Craftsmanship Course in Food Production (1-year+6-month Industrial Training)

Eligibility: Bachelor’s degree For 1: With English at College / SSC. For 2: Home Science / Nutrition, For 3 & 4: 10+2 (English), For 5: Class 10
Age Limit: For 1 & 2: 25 years For 3, 4, 5: 22 years

Application Form: Send Rs 750/- by DD favouring "Principal, Institute of Hotel Management, Catering & Nutrition, Pusa, New Delhi" at above address by 20 June 2006

Application Deadline: For 1, 3, 4, 5: 20 June 2006, For 2: 30 June 2006

IT

Guru Jambheshwar University of Science & Technology, Hisar 125001 (Har)
www.guj.ernet.in

Combined Entrance Test (CETMCA-2006)
(For admissions to Govt aided institutions, private unaided institutions in Haryana affiliated with KU, Kurukshetra and MDU, Rohtak)

Entrance Test: 25 June 2006.

Application Form: Send Rs 450/- by DD favouring "Registrar, Guru Jambheshwar University, Hisar", payable at Hisar to the Coordinator CETMCA-2006 at above address by 12 June 2006 or download from the website.

Application Deadline: 16 June 2006.

Law

Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar (Punj)

Common Entrance Test: Law (2006-07)
(In Colleges in Punjab and affiliated to GNDU, Amritsar, PU, Patiala & PU, Chandigarh)
BA LLB (Hons) (5-year)
BA LLB (5-year)
LLB (3-year)
Test: 18 June 2006

Application Form: Available at select outlets.

Application Deadline: 31 May 2006

Management

IIM-Kozhikode, Kunnamangalam, PO Kozhikode 673570 (Ker)
www.dwge.com / www.iimk.ac.in

Executive Management Education Programme (eMEP)

Eligibility: Graduates, CA, ICWA with minimum 5 years of work experience.

Selection: Executive Management Aptitude Test, Interview

Application Form: Download from the website.

Symbiosis Centre for Distance Learning (SCDL), Symbiosis Bhavan, 1065 B, Gokhale Cross Road, Model Colony, Pune 411016 (Mah)
www.scdl.net

PG Diploma in Retail Management / CRM (1-year)

Application Form: Send Rs 950/- by DD favouring "The Director, SCDL", payable at Pune to the above address.

Details: Website

Institute of Pharmaceutical & Healthcare Management & Research, 318 B, Prantik Pally, Kolkata 700107 (WB) (In collab with Pharma industry)
www.iphmr.ac.in

Executive PG Diploma in Pharmaceutical Mgmt (1-year+3 month Training in Pharma Lab)

Eligibility: Bachelor’s degree (Science / Technology / Pharmacy / Medicine; 50%) Or 2 years work experience in pharma industry)

Details: Website

Application Deadline: 10 June 2006

University of Allahabad, Motilal Nehru Institute of Research & Business Administration, Allahabad (UP)
www.alldunivpio.org / www.allahabaduniversity.com/ www.monirba.com

MBA

Eligibility: Bachelor’s degree

Selection: Written Test: 16 July ’06, GD & Interview; 23 – 25 July 2006

Details: Website

Application Form: Download from website.

Application Deadline: 20 June 2006

Mass Communication

National Book Trust India, A-15 Green Park Extension, New Delhi 110016
www.nbtindia.org.in

Training Course in Book Publishing (4-week)

Eligibility: Bachelor’s degree.

Selection: Interview.

Application Form: Send Rs 100/- by DD favouring "National Book Trust, India" payable at Delhi to Assistant Director (Production) at the above address or download from the website. Superscribe envelope "For Training Course in Book Publishing".

Application Deadline: 15 June 2006.

Medicine

Maharshi Dayanand University, Rohtak (Har)
www.mdurohtak.com/ www.haryana.nic.in/ www.techduhry.nic.in

Combined Entrance Test for BPharm 2006-07

Eligibility: 10+2 (PCM or Biotechnology or Computer Science / Information Science or Biology).

Selection: Entrance Test: 24 June 2006.

Application Form: Send Rs 450/- by crossed DD favouring "Finance Officer, Maharshi Dayanand University, Rohtak", payable at Rohtak to the Deputy Registrar (Publications) at the above address by 10 June 2006 or download from website.

Application Deadline: 16 June 2006

Lady Hardinge Medical College & Smt. S.K. Hospital, School of Nursing, New Delhi 110001

Diploma in General Nursing & Midwifery (3`BD - year)

Eligibility: Women candidates. 10+2 (PCB, 50% & English pass)
Age: 17-22 years (on 31 July ‘06).

Selection: Screening Test & Interview.

Application Form: Send Rs 250/- by DD (by post only) favouring "The Principal & Medical Superintendent, LHMC & Associated Hospital, New Delhi", with self-addressed, stamped envelope (30 cm x 22 cm) to the Office of the Principal Tutor at the above address by 21 June ‘06.

Details: Employment News (20-26 May 2006)

Application Deadline: 24 June 2006

Recruitment

Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), Antariksh Bhavan, New BEL Road, Bangalore 560094 (Kar) (D/o Space, GoI)
www.isro.gov.in

Recruitment of Scientists / Engineers "SC" - 2006-07

Application: Download from website by 8 June ‘06.

Application Deadline: 15 June 2006

— Pervin Malhotra
www.careerguidanceindia.com 

HOME PAGE

Top