EDUCATION TRIBUNE

Young India caught between exams and cricket
Class 12 and Class 10 board examinations couldn't have been timed better to play perfect spoilsport to the rising cricket World Cup fever in the country. Be it the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) Class 10 and Class 12 exams, the state board exams or even the impending university exams, the young cricket fan brigade of India is caught between their career and their passion.

Punjabi typing made simple
Gurpreet Singh Lehal

Typing in Punjabi will be more fun and much easier for those who do not know how to type in Gurmukhi using the Predictive Roman-Gurmukhi transliteration technique developed by Dr Gurpreet Singh Lehal, Director, Advanced Centre for Technical Development of Punjabi Language, Punjabi University, Patiala. The technique has been integrated in the Punjabi word processor Akhar.

8-year-old taking Class10 exams
An eight-year-old boy in Orissa Tuesday got state high court approval to appear for forthcoming Class 10 board examinations.

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Young India caught between exams and cricket

Class 12 and Class 10 board examinations couldn't have been timed better to play perfect spoilsport to the rising cricket World Cup fever in the country.

Be it the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) Class 10 and Class 12 exams, the state board exams or even the impending university exams, the young cricket fan brigade of India is caught between their career and their passion.

"I'm really disappointed. On the one hand I have my Class 12 exams and on the other there's the World Cup. I can't concentrate fully on either," said Nipun Handa, a student of Army Public School, Dhaula Kuan, Delhi, who confessed that he "eats, drinks and sleeps cricket".

Nipun's mother Anjali Handa said: "We knew he would be upset. But there's nothing much that can be done. His exams will get over on April 10 and until then he can't give as much time to his first love as he would want to!"

Dhrupad Baruah, a Class 10 student at the Assam Valley School, Assam, is another "disappointed" cricket fan.

"I try and sneak in to the drawing room where my younger brother watches TV. All those promos and cheerleading squads make me feel like joining in the fun but the very next thought of my next paper punctures my excitement," he said.

Most of the Class 10 and 12 board exams, be it CBSE or any other board, began in the first week of March and will not be over until the first week of April.

Despite the disappointment, there are still others with their never-say-die spirit who won't let anything bog down their excitement.

After smoothly sailing through two of his CBSE Class 10 papers - Social Studies and Maths - Yuvraj Singh of Delhi Public School, R.K. Puram, said:

"I'm not upset. My exams will be over on March 28. After that I can easily watch the second stage-super eight series matches. Until then, I will concentrate on my exams."

Similarly, although the university exams are around the corner, most students have charted out their plan of action and are in no mood for disappointment.

Said Shashank Sharma, a second year graduation student of Delhi University:

"Although the examination date sheet is not yet declared, the exams generally begin by the second week of April.

"So I have chalked out my study time table keeping in mind the cricket matches. That way I won't miss the matches nor will I mess up my exams."

Now that's what we call the true 'never-say-die' cricket spirit.

— IANS

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Punjabi typing made simple
Gurpreet Singh Lehal

Typing in Punjabi will be more fun and much easier for those who do not know how to type in Gurmukhi using the Predictive Roman-Gurmukhi transliteration technique developed by Dr Gurpreet Singh Lehal, Director, Advanced Centre for Technical Development of Punjabi Language, Punjabi University, Patiala. The technique has been integrated in the Punjabi word processor Akhar.

Think of the text in Punjabi like you would pronounce it, but type the same text in English and the software will do the corresponding transliteration in Punjabi. The software generates script symbols that match the sound of the phonetically-spelt word. Unlike most of today’s transliteration systems, which expect users to type adhering to some rigid rules, Akhar allows one to type in intuitively, and in turn intelligently performs the corresponding transliteration. Most of the Punjabis can read and speak Punjabi fluently but when it comes to typing Punjabi on the computer, they just can’t do it even though they may be very fluent in English typing. Akhar comes to the rescue of millions of such Punjabis who want to communicate in their mother tongue.

Till now the best option for such users was to use the Punjabi phonetic keyboard in which most of the Roman keys were mapped to phonetically nearest sounding Gurmukhi characters. But these keyboards had their shortcomings, as not all the keys could be mapped.

Various problems have been solved by the predictive transliteration system.

One can also mix English words, which are now part of the Punjabi language, such as school, college, city, thanks, lovely, etc., along with the Punjabi words. The English words can be typed according to spellings and they will be transliterated to Gurmukhi. If a word with typical spellings is not transliterated properly, it can be added to user dictionary.

The development of the software was a very challenging problem. The first challenge faced was the lack of standardisation of Punjabi spellings in Roman script. The same Punjabi word is being written in more than one way by different users.

Another problem is that all the sounds of Punjabi are not properly represented in English. A user can use same English character to represent more than one Gurmukhi character.

Thus ‘t’ could represent both t and q in the Gurmukhi script. The challenge for the software is to automatically map the Roman character to an appropriate Gurmukhi character.

The software uses artificial intelligence techniques to cleverly guess the most appropriate word/alphabet and presents the other phonetically similar words sorted on their relevance to the user in a suggestion box. The user can choose the appropriate suggestion if the software cannot guess the word correctly. Though it has been observed that in more than 95 per cent of cases, the software can correctly guess the word.

The artificial intelligence based fuzzy logic techniques used by the software are backed up by a rich collection of lexical resources, including a Punjabi corpus of more than 74 lakh Punjabi words, a Punjabi Dictionary of 1.5 lakh words and an English-Gurmukhi Transliteration dictionary of more than 20,000 commonly used English words and names. The development of the complete software took more than one year.

Besides helping the common man to type Punjabi easily, the software can also be used to automatically convert the poems and texts typed in Roman Punjabi into Gurmukhi. The software can also be used to automatically transliterate names and addresses in databases such as telephone directory, examination records, land records, etc., from Roman to Gurmukhi.

This will save thousands of hours of labour. With the click of mouse, one can convert the whole telephone directory from English to Punjabi in few minutes.

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8-year-old taking Class10 exams

An eight-year-old boy in Orissa Tuesday got state high court approval to appear for forthcoming Class 10 board examinations.

Millennium Bismay, a resident of Sarcha village in Balasore istrict, 230 km from here, had moved the court through his uncle Niranjan Behera after the Orissa Board of Secondary Education (BSE) last year rejected his application seeking permission to write the annual High School Certificate examination.

The boy, born on October 31, 1998 and the son of schoolteachers, claims to have extraordinary memory powers. He has qualified in a pre-test examination conducted by a local high school and also secured 62 percent marks in a subject competency test conducted by BSE last year.

However, BSE, which conducts the Class 10 board examinations, denied him permission to appear for them, citing his age — less than 14 years — as reason.

In its affidavit, it told the court that the boy was not psychologically ready for such an achievement.

“Although the boy secured 62 percent in the subject competence test, his psychological performance does not indicate any motivational maturity as expected from a 14-year-old boy,” BSE said.

A division bench of the Orissa High Court comprising judges A.K. Samantray and I.M. Quddusi Tuesday directed the state government and BSE to allow the boy to sit for the examination, Millennium's lawyer Ashok Mohapatra told IANS.

After the court's direction, BSE secretary Minaketana Pani said the board would allow the boy entry at an examination centre in Cuttack, 26 km from here. — IANS.

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Agriculture

Postgraduate School, Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI), New Delhi 110012 www.iari.res.in

PhD Programmes 2007-2008

Eligibility: Masters degree (60% or equivalent OGPA).

Selection: Entrance Exam: 03 June 2007.

Application Form: Send Rs 575/ - by DD favouring “Registrar (Academic), Post Graduate School, IARI”, payable at Delhi to Registrar (Academic) at the above address / download from website.

Application Deadline: 5 April 2007

Arts Performing

National Film Archive of India, Law College Road, PO Box No 81, Pune 411004 (Mah) 
www.nfaipune.gov.in

Summer Course in Film Appreciation (21 May - 16 June 2007) (Organised by NFAI and FTII)

Eligibility: Teachers / film society organizers / critics / journalists / researchers / Government officials handling films and others interested in film studies. Age: 18 years (on 01 July 2006).

Application Form: Download from website.

Details: Website.

Application Deadline: 09 April 2007

Civil Services

Punjab Public Servce Commission, Baradari Gardens, Patiala 147001 (Punj)

Punjab Civil Services (Judicial Branch) Exam, 2007

Eligibility: Bachelor of Laws

Age: 21–35 years (on 1 October ’07)

Selection: Entrance Test: 15 – 19 July 2007

Details: Website.

Application Deadline: 30 April 2007

Staff Selection Commission, Block No 12, CGO Complex, Lodhi Road, New Delhi 110003 
www.ssc.nic.in

Grade ‘C’ Stenographers Limited Departmental Competitive Examination, 2007

Eligibility: Grade ‘D’ / Grade III Stenographer (Temporary / Permanent, not less than 3 years)
Age: 50 years (on 1 August ’07)

Exam: 1 July ‘07.

Application Form: Download from website

Details: Employment News (3 – 9 March 2007)

Application Deadline: 5 April 2007

Engineering

International Institute of Information Technology, P 14, Rajiv Gandhi Infotech Park, Hinjawadi, Pune 411057 (Mah) (M/o Communications & IT, GoI) 
www.isquareit.ac.in

International Programs:

MS in Automobile Engg (12- months in USA & 9- months in India)
MS Program in Computational Fluid Dynamics (4- months in Russia & 20- months in India)
MS Program in Oil & Gas Engg (4 months in Russia & 20 months in India)

Eligibility & Other Details: Website

Application Deadline: 9 April 2007

ICFAI Institute of Science & Technology, ICFAI,cfai 45, Nagarjuna Hills, Punjagutta, Hyderabad 500082 (AP) 
www.icfai.org/atit

BTech (B’lore, H’bad, J’pur, D’dun, Bhubaneswar)

Eligibility: 10+2 (PCM, 60%)

Exam: ATIT 2007: 5 May 2007

Details: Website.

RL Institute of Nautical Sciences, TVR Nagar, Aruppukottai Road, Madurai 625022 (TN) 
www.rlinstitutes.com

BS in Marine Engineering (4- years, residential) 
BS/ Nautical Technology (3-year, residential)
(iIn collaboration with BITS, Pilani, DGS-approved)

Eligibility: 10+2 (PCM; 60%, English; 50% in Class 10 / 120+2).
DoB: 16 August ’87 – 15 July ‘90.

Application Form: Download from website.

National Power Training Institute (NR), Badarpur, New Delhi 110044 (M/o Power, GoI)
www.npti.nic.in

Course inon Operation & Maintenance of Hydro Electric Power Station (39-weeks)

Eligibility: Bachelors degree (Mechanical / Electrical Engg, 55%)
Age Limit: 27 years (on 2 March 2007).

Selection: Merit (% of marks).

Application Form: Send application in prescribed format with required documents, 2 passport size photographs and Rs 500/ - by DD favouring “NPTI”, payable at Badarpur, New Delhi to “Tthe Principal Director” at the above address / download from website.

Details: Website

Application Deadline: 16 March 2007

IT

International Institute of Information Technology, P 14, Rajiv Gandhi Infotech Park, Hinjawadi, Pune 411057 (Mah) (M/o Communications & IT, GoI) 
www.isquareit.ac.in

1) MBA Program in Mgmt (General / Marketing / HR / Finance / Production & Operations) / IT / Telecom Mgmt / Oil & Gas Mgmt

2) MS Program in Advanced Software Technologies / Advanced Computing Technologies / Networking & Telecommunication / Wireless Technologies / Embedded Systems Design (with Smart Card Technologies)

Application Form & Details: Website

Application Deadline: 09 April 2007.

DOEACC Society, Electronics Niketan, 6, CGO Complex, New Delhi 110003 (M/o Communication & IT, D/o IT GoI) 
www.doeacc.edu.in

1) DOEACC ‘O’/ ‘A’/ ‘B’/ ‘C’ Level Theory Exams (July 2007)
2) 9th Practical Exams (August 2007)

Application Form: Send written request with Rs. 25/- per form by DD, drawn on any Nationalised Bank, favouring “DOEACC”, payable at New Delhi to the DOEACC Society. Mention level and your address to the above address by 20 April ‘07. Superscribe “Request for Examination Form” on envelope.

Details: Website

Application Deadline: 30 April 2007

Management

Management Development Institute (MDI), School of Energy Management, Mehrauli - Gurgaon Road, Gurgaon 122001 (Har) (M/o Power, GoI) 
www.mdi.ac.in / www.mdi.edu

PG Diploma in Business Mgmt (with specialization in Power Distribution)

Eligibility: Bachelors degree; minimum 10 years work experience in the Power Sector.
Age: 45 years (on 30 June ’07)

Selection: Screening test: 19 May ’07; GD & Interview: 20 May ‘07.

Application Form & Details: Website

Application Deadline: 7 May 2007

Administrative Staff College of India, Hinduja Block, Road No 3, Banjara Hills, Hyderabad 500034 (AP) 
www.asci.org.in

Post Graduate Diploma in Hospital Mgmt (2-year)

Eligibility: MBBS / Hospital Managers / Bachelor / Masters degree (60%).

Selection: Entrance Exam: 13 May 2007; CAT / MAT / ICET / CEE of Osmania University for MHM are eligible to apply and are exempted from entrance test.

Application Form: Send Rs. 500/- by DD in favouring “Administrative Staff College of India” payable at Hyderabad to the Programme Coordinator, PGDHM at the above address by 15 March 2007 / download from website.

Application Deadline: 16 April 2007

Medicine

Consortium of Medical Engineering and Dental Colleges of Karnataka, 37, Ist Floor, Ramanashree Chambers, Lady Curzon Road, Bangalore 560001 (Kar) 
www.comedk.org

Admission to UG Courses 2007-’08:

MBBS

BD, SBE

Selection: COMEDK UGET: 6 May ‘07

Details: Website

Application Deadline: 7 April 2007

Association of Managements of Unaided Private Medical and Dental Colleges (AMUPMDC), Mezzanine Floor, Shreeji House, 75 Mint Road, Fort, Mumbai 400001 (Mah) 
www.amupmdc.org

Medical Common Entrance Test – AssoCET 2007 
(for admission to MBBS / BDS / BPTh / BAMS / BOTh / BSc-Nursing courses in Maharashtra)

Exam: 6 May 2007

Application Form & Details: Website

Application Deadline: 12 April 2007

Sciences

Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, Jadavpur, Kolkata 700032 (WB)
www.iacs.res.in / www.bose.res.in

Post-BSc Integrated PhD in Chemical Sciences

Eligibility: BSc Chemistry (with Physics and Mathematics, 55%) / Bachelors degree (PCM, 55%).

Selection: Written Test

Application Form & Details: Website.

Application Deadline: 9 April 2007

University

Sikkim Manipal Institute of Technology, Majitar, Rangpo, Sikkim 737132 
www.smuhmts.edu/smit

1) BTech 
Computer Engg / Electronics & Communication Engg / Electrical & Electronics Engg / IT / Mechanical Engg

2) MTech 
Power Electronics
3) MBA 
Finance /Marketing / HRD / Systems

4) MCA

Eligibility: For 1: 10+2 (Physics, Maths, Computer / Chemistry), - 50%)

For 2: BE / BTech (60%)

For 3: Bachelors degree

For 4: Bachelors degree (with Maths / Statistics)

Selection: Entrance Test: BTech, MCA: 6 May 2007

Details: Website.

Application Deadline: For BTech: 15 June 2007; For MTech, MBA: 25 June 2007

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