Tribune News Service
Berlin, June 6
Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, who arrived here this afternoon for the G8 Summit with five Outreach countries, will emphasise that an agreement needs to be reached on Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs) on technologies for mitigating efforts in the developing countries, along with the successful agreement on compulsory licensing of pharmaceuticals for addressing epidemic disease.
“At the summit, I will speak on issues related to climate change. I will emphasise the need not to lose sight of the fundamental and universally accepted principle of common but differentiated responsibility and respective capabilities between developed and developing world,” he said in a statement issued in New Delhi before his departure.
The comments assume significance as Bush last week suggested that the developing countries, particularly India and China, were responsible for most greenhouse gas emissions leading to climate change.
“It is also the fact that more and not less development is the best way for developing countries to address themselves to the issue of preserving environment and protecting the climate," he said.
Collaborative research and development between the developing and the developed countries’ R & D institutions is necessary to address this gap.
This, India believes, may be done by a venture capital fund located in a multilateral financial institution with the resulting IPRs being held by the fund and worked at concessional cost in the developing countries and on commercial basis in the developed countries.
The Asia Pacific Partnership on Clean Development and Climate presents some examples of this approach. India believes the developed countries must accept the responsibility for greenhouse emissions and polluting the environment and must bear the costs in facing the challenges connected with the climate change. On its part, India is committed to a clean environment and has a comprehensive policy and legislative framework to address the energy and environment issues.
Last year, New Delhi adopted the National Environment Policy.
India's per capital Greenhouse Gas emissions are only 23 per cent of the global average, in the aggregate India, with 17 per cent of the world population, has only 4 per cent global CHG emissions; there has been effective delinking of the energy sector growth from economic growth. In all major energy intensive sectors, the levels of energy efficiency in India are at global levels.