EDUCATION TRIBUNE

Need for community colleges
Purnendu Ranjan

Amidst the frantic efforts to make education gainfully employable, particularly the higher education segment in our country, the role of a community college as its alternative and supplementary form of education becomes worthy of consideration. Such a move acquires importance and urgency in the region where state governments and educational institutions have to doubly confront the worsening scenario of unemployment as well as the diminishing number of enrolments in conventional colleges and universities.

Let’s learn to communicate
Amarinder Sandhu

Little Esme barely a few months old lying in her crib suddenly says, “ Mama.” “Did she say Mama?” asks Preet, Esme’s mother. “Mama,” says Esme again, as if reassuring her mother. And the proud mother notes down the first word spoken by Esme in a baby book. Mobile phones ring and smses are sent to all to inform them that the little princess has spoken her first word.

Campus NoteS
Sportspersons honoured
Prof Sarup Singh, Dean Students Welfare of Guru Nanak Dev University, honoured the university sportspersons who brought laurels in senior national championship, inter-varsity championship and inter-college championship during the year 2006-07.



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Need for community colleges
Purnendu Ranjan

Amidst the frantic efforts to make education gainfully employable, particularly the higher education segment in our country, the role of a community college as its alternative and supplementary form of education becomes worthy of consideration. Such a move acquires importance and urgency in the region where state governments and educational institutions have to doubly confront the worsening scenario of unemployment as well as the diminishing number of enrolments in conventional colleges and universities.

The most common tool to grapple with the problems of unemployment has been the vocationalisation of educational curriculum, which undoubtedly needs to be encouraged, but not at the cost of colleges and universities, catering to the various needs of society and nation-states for centuries.

In fact, there is an urgent need to reconsider and streamline the mushrooming growth and desperate attempts of vocationalising education, so that vocationalisation can be co-opted into the mainstream of higher education system in such a way, that both help each other in the growth of the nation.

It is in this holistic perspective that the relevance of community college, which has its origin in the late 19th-century America, acquires significance for educational planners in the region. More so, because the urgency of vocationalisation as well as of strengthening mainstream higher education in Haryana and Punjab has been more or less similar to America of the late 19th century.

To address both these problems, American educationists had come out with the idea of community college, which went a long way in the resolution of these problems. Presently, the total number of such colleges in the US is more than 1,400.

Suitability of a community college to these states becomes evident as we look at the historical context in which the community college came into existence in America. The process of industrialisation and consequent socio-educational upheavals in the American society had generated an unprecedented need of a large number of skilled and semi-skilled workers.

A sense of disenchantment with traditional subjects, then offered at higher educational level, was increasingly felt simultaneously. Certain sections of educationists had begun to reject the elitist view of higher education. They began to perceive higher education as the main source of trained manpower.

To meet these requirements, some educational pioneers opened such centres of education on the premises of existing secondary schools but controlled by the separate local board of education.

A major boost to the community college in America came from the growing need of the professionally trained people for middle-level careers in an industrially advanced economy to which a four-year college usually ignored in its over-concern for granting high order degrees. The junior colleges thus began to turn to their advantage some of the major drawbacks of the traditional colleges.

They began to attract those students who could not afford tuition or attend college on full-time basis and whose education was temporarily interrupted due to racial or ethnic prejudices. Very soon these colleges realised the necessity of linking education to the needs of the community, which resulted in the creative interaction between the two. In the process, by 1940, the junior college had emerged as a community college, and this transition was complete in about next 50 years.

In its long journey from a junior college to a community college, this institution has largely become a public enterprise.

Following the models originated in the US, some community colleges came to existence in India, especially in South India.

The opening of community colleges had begun in the wake of the recommendations of a team of the eminent members of the UGC, which had visited a number of community college of the US in 1994. The first community college in India came into existence in 1995 in the Central University of Pondicherry, Pondicherry, followed by Bharatidasan University, Trichy; M. N. University, Tirunelveli, and certain other Catholic Christian societies of Tamil Nadu. As per an estimate, 95 community colleges are running in various parts of South India, but most of these are working under the aegis of Christian missionaries.

However, the present state of community colleges in India needs to be revaluated. To begin with, academicians, university/colleges, educational and welfare bodies should be made aware of the concept and needs of community college in the region.

They will have to come to terms with the module of the community colleges, which can discharge both “college transfer function” and vocational/occupational skill development at the same time as most of the community colleges of the Catholic missionaries are presently running from separate buildings.

None of these, as I noted during my study of community colleges in 2003, has ever thought of taking up the college transfer function on its agenda nor are the courses offered in these reflecting the need of the nearby community.

Pondicherry University initially showed half-hearted interest in the college transfer function, but soon abandoned for no specific reason. Thus, the success of such initiatives would depend largely on how effectively we coordinate and extend recognition to the dual functions of such colleges.

In addition, these colleges would also help preserve the disappearing traditional knowledge, which often gets ignored in the academic curricula of the mainstream college system. As per the preamble of the community college, each meticulously designed course should be community-specific, catering to the local needs. In this perspective, community college can be seen as an institution of the people, for the people and by the people.

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Let’s learn to communicate
Amarinder Sandhu

Little Esme barely a few months old lying in her crib suddenly says, “ Mama.” “Did she say Mama?” asks Preet, Esme’s mother. “Mama,” says Esme again, as if reassuring her mother. And the proud mother notes down the first word spoken by Esme in a baby book. Mobile phones ring and smses are sent to all to inform them that the little princess has spoken her first word.

Language development takes place since early childhood. Language itself is a wonderful tool of expression and every language is unique. Language development takes place at a great speed and in a short span of time the child acquires a vast vocabulary. Soon the parents marvel at the linguistic skills of their children. A language normally has four components—phonology, semantics, grammar and pragmatics. In a layman’s language, phonology refers to the speech sound; semantics is the meaning of the sounds, while grammar is the overall structure. Grammar includes syntax (grammatical arrangement of words into sentences) and morophology (the use of words and their structures). Pragmatics is the effective use of language in everyday communication. All the four components of language are interdependent.

Babies respond to the pitch of the voices. As children listen to voices around them, they focus on meaningful sounds. Babies start cooing using the ‘oo’ sound followed by babbling, thus producing their own sounds. Infants hear human sounds and start imitating them. Parents and other family members further reinforce this imitation with hugs, encouraging smiles and more words.

Babies often invent their own babytalk after having mastered words like mama, dada, nana. The child soon learns to associate words with objects like apple, bat and fan. The child utters novel words and short sentences. Thus, the process of language development is underway. Initially, the little learner’s words are associated with people familiar to him, objects/animals (bow-wow, cat, fan) and action words (hi, bye). As the child matures, he becomes more receptive to his environment and acquires a larger vocabulary. When the child enters the elementary school, he learns nursery rhymes enhanced by actions. Regular exposure to the television and cinema has the child delivering the dialogues spoken by the characters.

Children are sensitive to social expectations and indulge in role-playing. Young children enact the role of doctor, teacher, father, etc. They clearly understand the stereotype roles and play the dominant role of the father in a loud voice. On the other hand, while enacting feminine roles, the children are extremely polite and submissive. While playing the role, the child puts himself in the shoes of the character he is playing. Language teachers also use role-playing in class in order to get the students to speak the language they are learning. Learners also appreciate multiple meanings of words like “he is a cool dude” and “it is cool here.”

In India, most schoolchildren learn their mother tongue at home and acquire the skills of Hindi and English at school. Initially, the vocabulary of the new language may be limited and may often be mixed with the mother tongue. Ample drill in the class and more exposure to the language make the child competent to converse fluently. Teaching of all these languages widens the purpose of schooling. In classroom teaching the languages can be integrated as a vast number of students from varied linguistic backgrounds are involved. Teaching has to be made student friendly and if the languages are integrated to suit the students, the teaching-learning process will be enhanced.

While in school there is stress on dictation and elocution. The language teacher teaches the student the right pronunciation, intonation, pauses at the right place and diction. Loud reading takes place in class and there is the spelling bee competition. Paper-reading competitions, debates and declamations follow. Group discussions become necessary before the placement of candidates into any job. Effective communication has become a must. A language grows and changes with society. New words get created in order to present prevailing ideas and some words just become extinct. Let’s learn to communicate with each other through the right words.

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Campus NoteS
Sportspersons honoured
Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar

Prof Sarup Singh, Dean Students Welfare of Guru Nanak Dev University, honoured the university sportspersons who brought laurels in senior national championship, inter-varsity championship and inter-college championship during the year 2006-07.

The sportspersons were honored with blazers, tracksuit, university colour certificates and fee concessions at a function.

The awarded sportspersons include Gaurav, Sidharath, Vikas Kumar, Rajesh Godhara, Vikram Malhotra, Lavleen Bala, Nisha Joshi, Sukhdeep Kaur, Sudha Rani, Harjit Kaur, Mohit Kundra, Karan Sen, Kushal Dhingra and Atamjit Singh.

11 students placed in IBM-Daksh

Eleven students out of 13 of the 2008 batch of BA (social sciences) of the university have been offered jobs by IBM-Daksh through campus placement. IBM has also selected 65 students of different graduate courses of 12 colleges at this placement programme.

Director Placements Dr Rajneesh Arora said these students would get a minimum salary of Rs 12,000 per month after completion of their graduation in May 2008. With these placements, the total 463 students of the 2008 batch have been placed in multinational companies like TCS, Wipro, Satyam and AMDOCS.

He said many more companies like IBM Technologies, Mumbai, Trident, Centurian Bank of Punjab and Keane, Hyderabad, would also visit the campus.

— Contributed by P. K. Jaiswar

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ADMISSION DEADLINE

Armed Forces

Integrated HQ of MOD (Army), Adjutant General’s Branch, ADG Recruiting, 10+2 (TES) Entry, West Block III, RK Puram, New Delhi 900108

10+2 Technical Entry Scheme Course-19

Eligibility: Unmarried males; 10+2 (PCM).
DoB: 01 January ’89 - 01 January ’92.

Selection: SSB Interview: February / March ‘08; Medical Test.

Application Form: Send in prescribed format to the above address. Superscribe on envelope "APPLICATION FOR 10+2 (TES) COURSE SER. No. 19, JULY 2008".

Details: Employment News (15 – 21 September 2007) / website

Application Deadline: 31 October 2007

Indian Navy, PO Bag No 04, RK Puram PO (Main), New Delhi 110066
www.nausena-bharti.nic.in

Officers in Aviation Cadre of Executive Branch Course (SSC) – July ‘2008

Eligibility: Unmarried Indian male graduates (60%, with Maths + Physics in Class 12)
DoB: 02 July '85 - 01 July '89.

Selection: SSB Interview; Medical Exam.

Application Form: Send by ordinary post in prescribed format to the above address. Superscribe "Application for SSC Aviation Cadre – Jul 08 Course. Educational Qualification ………….. Percentage …%" on the envelope.

Details: Website.

Application Deadline: 22 October 2007

Art & Design

IIT – Bombay, Powai, Mumbai 400076 (Mah)
www.iitb.ac.in/gate

Common Entrance Exam for Design (CEED-2008)
For admission to Master of Design Programme
(2 years) / PhD (at IIT-Bombay / Delhi / Kanpur / Guwahati & IISc, Bangalore)

Eligibility: Bachelors degree in (Engg / Architecture / Design & Interior Design) / Professional Diploma in design of (NID / CEPT) / BFA (4 years, professional) / GD Art (5 years) with one year professional experience / Masters degree in (Arts / Science / Computer Applications)

Exam: 20 January 2008.

Application Form: Send Rs 990/- by crossed DD favouring "IIT, Bombay" payable at Mumbai to the GATE Office at the above address by 19 October 2007 / download from website (online application fee: Rs 950/-).

Details: Employment News (15 – 21 September 2007) / website.

Application Deadline: 02 November 2007

Engineering

National Power Training Institute, Block 14/21, Neyveli Township, Neyveli 607803 (TN) (M/o Power, GoI)
(www.nptidgp.com /www.nptisr.com)

Post Diploma in Thermal Power Engg (1 year)

Eligibility: Diploma (Mechanical / Electrical Engg), 55%
Age Limit: 27 years (on 30 September 2007)

Selection: Merit (% of marks)

Application Form: Send in prescribed format with Rs 400/- by DD favouring "NPTI," payable at Neyveli / Durgapur to The Principle Director at the above address / download from website.

Details: Employment News (15 - 21 September 2007) / website.

Application Deadline: 15 October 2007

Central Tool Room, A 5, Focal Point, Ludhiana 141010 (Punj) (M/o Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises, GoI)

Certificate Course in the Trade of Heat-Treatment with specialization in Tool & Die & Cutting Tools (2 years)

Eligibility: Class 10

Selection: Merit; Interview: 05 October 2007

Application Form: Send Rs 125/- by DD favouring "Central Tool Room" payable at Ludhiana at the above address

Application Deadline: 03 October 2007

Birla Institute of Technology & Science (BITS), Pilani 333031 (Raj) (Deemed University)
www.bits-pilani.ac.in/dlp-home / www.bits-pilani.ac.in

Admission to 2nd Semester 2007 - 08:
(Off-Campus Work-Integrated Learning Programmes)

A) Integrated First Degree Programmes (6 Semester)

BS Engineering Technology (ET)

B) Higher Degree Programmes (4 Semesters)

MS Software Systems (SS)
MS Manufacturing Mgmt (MM)

Eligibility:

For ET: Employed Technical Diploma holder/ Graduate e.g. BSc with at least 2 years work ex.

For SS: Employed with 1 year relevant work experience in IT industries with integrated first degree of BITS like BE / MSc / BS
For MM:
Employed person with 1 year relevant work experience in Engg industries with integrated first degree of BITS like BE / MSc

Application Form: Download from the website.

Application Deadline: 31 October 2007

Environment & Forestry

Indian Institute of Ecology & Environment, A 14-15, Paryavaran Complex, South of Saket, New Delhi 110030
www.ecology.edu

MSc (2 year, Distance)
Ecology & Environment / Disaster Mitigation / Sustainable Development / Geo-Informatics / Pollution Control / Total Quality Mgmt / Eco-Tourism

Eligibility: Bachelors Degree

Application Form & Details: Website.

Application Deadline: 15 October 2007

Finance

The Institute of Company Secretaries of India, "ICSI House", 22, Institutional Area, Lodhi Road, New Delhi 110003
www.icsi.edu

CS Foundation Course

Eligibility: 10+2 (any discipline except Fine Arts).

Exam: June 2008

Details & Application Form: Send Rs. 110/- by DD / IPO favouring "The Institute of Company Secretaries of India," payable at New Delhi to the above address / download from website.

Application Deadline: 30 September 2007

Indian Institute of Finance, Plot 04, Community Centre II, Ashok Vihar II, Delhi 110052
www.iif.edu

1) Management of Business Finance (2 years)
2) Fellow Programme in Finance (3 years)
3) Distance Learning Programs (Basic Business Finance (1 year) / Mgmt of Business Finance (2 years) / PG Diploma in Business Finance (3 years)

Eligibility: For 1: Bachelors degree (60%)
For 2: PG (60%).
For 3: Bachelors degree (60%) with 3 years work experience

Selection: For 1: XAT (60%+)/ AIMA-MAT (600+) / GMAT (700+) scores; GD; Interview.
For 2: Written Test; GD; Interview

Application Form & Details: Website.

Application Deadline: For 1: 31 December 2007
For 3: 20 October 2007 (November session) / 20 April 2008 (May session)

Management

Xavier Institute of Management, Bhubaneswar (Oris)
www.ximb.ac.in / www.xlri.edu

1) PG Diploma in Mgmt (2 years, Full-Time)
2) PG Diploma in Rural Mgmt (2 years, Full-Time)

3) Fellow Programme in Mgmt

4) PG Diploma in Mgmt (3 years, Part-Time)

Eligibility: For 1 & 2: Bachelors degree
For 4: Working executives

Selection: For 1: XAT: 06 January ‘08
For 2: IRMA Admission Test: 11 November ’07 / XAT: 06 January ‘08

Application Form: Apply online

Application Deadline: 10 December 2007

Xavier Institute of Social Service (XISS), Post Box No 07, Purulia Road, Ranchi 834001 (Jhar)
www.xiss.ac.in / www.xlri.edu / www.xlri.ac.in

PG Diploma Courses (in Personnel Mgmt / Rural Development / Information Mgmt /Finance / Marketing) (2 years)

Eligibility: Bachelors degree

Selection: XAT (XLRI’s); GD & Interview: 14 – 20 April 2008

Application Form: Download from website.

Application Deadline: 15 March 2008

Mudra Institute of Communications (MICA), Shela, Ahmedabad 380058 (Guj)
www.mica-india.net

PG Diploma in Mgmt (Communication) (2 years)

Eligibility: Bachelors degree

Selection: CAT 2007 / GMAT scores; Admission Test (MICAT); GE; Interview
Application Form: Download from website.

Details: Website

Admission Deadline: 05 January 2008

NMIMS, School of Business Mgmt, VL Mehta Road, Vile Parle (W), Mumbai 400056 (Mah) (Deemed University)
www.nmims.edu

MBA (Marketing / Finance / Information Systems / Operations Systems / HR & Behavioral Sciences / International Business / Advertising & Communication / Rural Marketing)

Eligibility: 10+2+3 degree (50%); work experience in Managerial / Executive capacity preferred)

Selection: NMAT-2007: 30 December 2007; GD; Interview

Application Form: Send Rs 1600/- by DD favouring "SVKM’s NMIMS," payable at Mumbai with self-addressed cloth envelope (10" x 13") to the above address by 29 November ’07 / download from website.

Details: Website

Application Deadline: 30 November 2007

Institute for Integrated Learning in Management, 16, Knowledge Park II, Greater Noida 201306 (UP)
www.igms.in

PG Diploma in Management (2 years, Full Time)

Eligibility: Bachelors degree

Application Form: Download from website.

Details: Website.

Application Deadline: 31 January 2008

Apeejay School of Management, Sector 08, Institutional Area, Dwarka, New Delhi 110075
www.apeejay.edu/asm/home.htm

PG Diploma in Mgmt

Eligibility: Bachelors degree (50%)

Selection: CAT 2007 score; GD & Interview: February – April 2008

Application Form: Download from website

Details: Website

Application Deadline: 03 December 2007

Goa Institute of Management, Ribandar, Goa 403006
www.gim.ac.in / www.xlri.edu

PG Programme in Management (2 years, Residential)

Eligibility: Bachelors degree (50%)

Selection: XAT: 06 January ’08, GD; Interview.

Application Form: Download from website.

Application Deadline: 31 December 2007

Medicine

Christian Medical College, Ludhiana 141008 (Punj)
www.cmcludhiana.org

Courses (2 years):
Medical Lab Technolgy
Radiology Technology
(X-Ray / CT / MRI)
Radiotherapy Technology /
Cath-Lab Technician
(Cardiac Perfusion Technology)
EKG (ECG) Technician
Electro Physiology Pulmonary Technician
Dialysis Technology
Nurses Assistant Training
Central Sterile Processing Technician
Opthalmic Technology
Operation Theatre Technology
(Surgical Technician)
Phlebotomy Technician
Emergency Medical Technician
Dental Chair Auxiliary
Hospital Office Assistant

Eligibility: 10+2

Application Form & Details: Website

Symbiosis International University, Symbiosis College of Nursing, Senapati Bapat Road, Pune 411004 (Mah)
www.siu.edu.in

1) BSc Nursing
2) Post Basic Nursing

Eligibility: For 1: 10+2 (PCBE, 50%)
For 2: 10+2 with 3 year GNM Course

Application Form: Send Rs 800/- by DD favouring "SCON" payable at Pune to above address / download from website.

Details: Website

Government (Recrutment)

Staff Selection Commission, 5th Floor, Block No 12, CGO Complex, Lodhi Road, New Delhi 110003

Section Officer (Audit) Exam 2007 (250 posts)

Eligibility: Bachelors degree; medically fit candidates
Age: 18-27 years (on 12 October 2007)

Exam: 06 January 2007

Application Form & Details: Employment News (15 - 21 September 2007)

Application Deadline: 12 October 2007

Sciences

Indian Institute of Science Education & Research, IIT Kharagpur Extension Centre, HC Block, Sector III, Salt Lake, Kolkata 700106 (WB) (GoI)
www.iiserkol.ac.in

PhD

Eligibility: MSc / MS; with CSIR UGC NET including NET (LS) / GATE / JEST
Age limit: 28 years (31 March 2007)

Fellowships: For first 2 years: 12,000/- pm
Third year: 14,000/- pm

Application Form: Download from website.

Details: Employment News (15 - 21 September 2007) / website

Pervin Malhotra,
(www.careerguidanceindia.com)

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