Translate your career
Many great literary figures of yore would have remained confined to their geographical locations if there was no translation. It is only by virtue of translation that we can savour great literary works of the world 
Sunit Dhawan

I was pleasantly surprised when I came to know that the father of one of my colleagues was translating Shakespeare's works into Punjabi. I admired the initiative taken by this elderly gentleman in undertaking this epic endeavour.

But for translation, many great literary figures of yore would have remained confined to their geographical locations. The entire world saluted the Indian intellect only after our ancient scriptures, especially the Vedas, were translated into English and other foreign languages.

Thus, it is only by virtue of translation that we can savour great literary works of the world in our own language. For instance, remember how much you appreciated a story written by - say Anton Chekhov - translated into English or Hindi?

New era in the field

Gone are the days when translation was considered a second-rate work of creative writing. In this era of globalisation, translation has emerged as an independent and much sought-after study discipline.

There are ample career opportunities in every branch of translation studies, including literary field; official or technical work; print and electronic media; medicine; law; language and linguistics; copy, content and script writing; slogan-writing advertising and publicity; public relations and so on.

Presently, more universities and educational institutions are coming forward to launch new courses in the discipline. Many graduates and postgraduates now prefer to join a study programme in translation studies for a fulfilling and rewarding career.

Where to go

The most popular translation course is a one-year PG diploma, which is being run at:

n Bharatiya Anuvad Parishad, 24, School Lane, Bengali Market, New Delhi-1.

n Bharatiya Vidya Bhawan, Kasturba Gandhi Marg, New Delhi-1.

n Delhi University

n Panjab University, Chandigarh

n Kendriya Hindi Sansthan, HRD Ministry, Arvind Marg, Near IIT, New Delhi. (This institute also has branches at Agra, Guwahati, Hyderabad and Mysore)

n Makhan Lal Chaturvedi University, Bhopal

n Maharshi Dayanand University, Rohtak

Himachal Pradesh University, Shimla; Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar; and Mahatma Gandhi International Hindi University, Wardha (Maharashtra), offer MA in translation.

Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, runs M.Phil in translation, while Ph.D in the subject can be done from any recognised university.

Moreover, Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU), New Delhi, and Kurukshetra University offer PG diploma in translation through correspondence.

The Kendriya Anuvad Bureau, Paryavaran Bhawan, CGO Complex, Lodhi Road, New Delhi, runs a three-month course in translation for the serving Central government officials.

Apart from the aforesaid institutions, relevant books and other study material regarding the subject can be had from the Sahitya Akademi library and Delhi Public Library, Kaudia Pul, Delhi.

Scope and significance

Translators/interpreters are required in Central government offices and ministries; Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha and state Assembly Houses; foreign embassies; banks; print and electronic media; drama and theatre field; film industry; MNCs; travel and tourism agencies; advertising and public relations agencies etc.

Professionals in the field can also opt for free-lancing and translate literary works and other things of their choice. Institutions like the National Book Trust, the Bharatiya Gyanpeeth, the Sahitya Akademi, the Sangeet-Natya Akademi, the Central Hindi Directorate, the National School of Drama and the Bureau of Translation also support talented and upcoming translators.

In short, the field offers a promising career to committed youth with a professional approach.



Course Chat
'Translator should be a good story-teller'

Dr Suresh Singhal,
Dr Suresh Singhal, 
who holds doctorates in translation and English literature

What is the significance of translation studies in today's era?

A: Given the concept of global village, the need for translation in all areas of human activity is more pronounced today than ever before. Most of us do not know more than two or three languages and hence depend upon translation to satisfy our literary urge and curiosity in many respects.

Why is translation, generally, considered inferior to original writing?

A: Translation is not inferior to original writing in any way. In fact, it can be even more demanding and challenging than original writing, as it requires double the effort, knowledge, creativity and linguistic proficiency. One can write whatever comes to one's mind to produce an "original work". But for translation, one has to understand the original work in totality and then recreate it in a different language without any distortion or misinterpretation. It's like uprooting a fully grown plant and then planting it in another pot.

Do the policy-makers realise its importance?

A:The people concerned with the education field have realised the scope and significance of this discipline. Many of them are enthusiastic about incorporating translation studies in their academic curricula. It is heartening to note that a lot of good work is being done in the field.

What qualities should a youth aspiring to enter the field have?

A: While proficiency in both source and target languages is a must, sensitivity and sensibility are most desirable. A translator should be a good story-teller and also have a fine understanding of human behaviour, cultural variations, technical aspects and other related issues.The youths aspiring to enter the field must understand that translation does not merely mean substitution of words. Professional training in the field concerned also helps. Translation is a challenging task and requires a great deal of patience and perseverance.

(As told to Sunit Dhawan) 



Career Hotline
Pervin Malhotra
Avenues for truck drivers abroad

Q. I am a truck driver. Partly due to weak family finances, I want to go abroad. Since I only hear about engineers and doctors going abroad, are there any opportunities for people like me? And Ma'am please tell me, if I'm being less loyal to my country by considering going abroad?

— K.C.Chahal

It is a misconception that only highly educated engineers and doctors end up migrating from India.

The bulk of migration from India is low-skilled in nature, in occupations such as construction, repair and maintenance, domestic help, and transport operations, including truck driving. While there are Indians working as truck drivers in USA and Canada as well, it will be easier for you to get a job in the Gulf region. You can find the advertisements for those positions in Indian newspapers.

Again, you are not being less loyal to your country by planning to go abroad. By going abroad, you don't necessarily become a loss to the country. Rather, you can even become a resource.

For instance, remittances from unskilled and semi-skilled workers in the Gulf brought in foreign exchange which was much-needed until recently.

In fact, this applies more to remittances from manual workers rather than their educated counterparts. 



Educational research & consultancy

Q. I am an elementary school teacher. What is NIEPA? What programmes does it offer on education?

— Neha Lamba

A. NIEPA is now NUEPA, National University of Educational Planning and Administration. It is the apex national institution of educational planning and administration, actively engaged in educational research, training and consultancy. Starting August 2006, the institution has been granted a deemed university status by the Government of India. Accordingly, NUEPA now has full-time MPhil and full-time as well as part-time PhD programmes in educational policy, planning, finance and administration from a broader inter-disciplinary social science perspective. The focus areas of research cover school education, higher education, inclusive education, constitutional rights and management information system, etc. from both national and international development perspectives.

In addition, NUEPA offers about 50 professional programmes. These include long-term and short-term training programmes, seminars, conferences and meetings with senior national and international education policy-makers, planners and administrators. Participants and trainees often include high school principals and district-level education officials.

It offers two (six-month) diploma programmes in educational planning and administration - one each for the national and international participants.

NUEPA uses a combination of modern methodologies in training delivery including structured presentations, practical work, syndicate work, case studies, group discussions and modern audio-visual methods. All training programmes are supported by professionally developed training material. You can get all the relevant information at its website The snail mail address is:

National University of Educational Planning & Administration, 17-B, Aurobindo Marg, New Delhi 110 016.Tel: 011-26863562, 2692335.

The writer is a noted career consultant 



Open School certificates valued

Q. My brother-in-law is 20-year-old. His mother passed away last year. She was a health supervisor in a government hospital. As per the rules, being a dependent, he is entitled to get job in the hospital. He has passed his intermediate from National Open School this year.

We want to know if an intermediate marksheet and certificate acquired from the National Open School is considered on a par with a certificate of passing through a government school in respect of government job. Otherwise, he will have to appear for the intermediate exam from a state government school, which will take one more year. We are puzzled. Please help us by giving an answer as soon as possible.

— Kishori Gaur

A. Yes, for all practical purposes, an NIOS certificate is recognised on a par with any government school certificate, unless specifically mentioned to the contrary.

After all, the National Institute of Open Schooling, an autonomous institution under the M/o HRD, GoI. Hence, the Secondary/Senior Secondary certificates obtained form NIOS have the same recognition as those issued by other Boards.



Work experience and MBA

Q. I am 22-year-old and work as a junior account executive with a Chandigarh-based advertising agency. This is my first job. I want to pursue an MBA. Should I work for a few years and then apply to B-schools. Will my work experience be considered at all?

— Mayank Sehgal

A. It is not clear from your query how long you have been working as a junior AE in the agency. But if you look at the typical class composition of top B-schools, you will find that students have an average of two-four years of work experience. If you have less than two years of work experience, it will hardly get any weightage in MBA selection or in placement. You'll be treated on a par with fresh graduates.

Please send in your query, preferably on a postcard, along with your full name, complete address and academic qualifications to: Editor, Jobs and Careers, The Tribune, Sector 29, Chandigarh-160030, or at



Pilots in demand
S.C. Dhall

India has become an importer of pilots from a situation where it once used to send these jobs abroad. To meet the projected addition of about 400 aircraft, India would require about 4000 pilots, 3000 engineers, a minimum of 8000 cabin crew and about one lakh support staff.

This is now expected to be a global problem. Salaries of pilots in India may have to rise even further if existing staff and talent is to be retained.

Some private airlines have started picking up graduates straight from colleges, sending them to flying schools in the USA and to Dubai for their first office licence. As a result, they are building a pool.

It’s time to ring the warning bell in India, which must rethink pilot training and qualification to further improve safety and increase training capacity.

Hiring of expert pilots had also been permitted by the director-general of civil aviation (DGCA).

According to a study, India’s airlines will need approximately 13,800 pilots by 2012.

Currently pilots put in 200 hours on the aircraft and then get type rated. IATA (International Air Transport Association) has been advocating multi-crew pilot licensing. Europe was among the first regions to adopt the MPL. Now Australia and China are moving ahead with its implementation.

The total time taken to train a person as a commercial pilot is likely to come down to under a year from 18 months for those who do not have the mandatory physics and mathematics in class XII.

The National Open School under the HRD ministry has also started online admission for the two subjects through the year and serious students can qualify and meet the basic criteria in just a month. Earlier, these courses were made available once a year, which used to delay the pilot training programme for students. Now the aspirants can take the examination immediately after the admission process.

Aspirants qualify in a month’s time and take the DGCA conducted pilot examinations without waiting for the annual exams. Earlier, this once-a-year-exam was a big roadblock and aspirants had to wait for a longer time to become a pilot.

The scarcity of pilots is forcing many airlines to push back delivery schedule. The booming aviation industry is facing a shortage of pilots, which has shot up monthly remunerations of each company to over Rs 4 lakh a month.

With growing demand for new breed of trained professionals, there is a necessity to concentrate on airline management airport management and avionics, along with technical training programme like maintenance, repair and overhaul. The passenger traffic is projected to grow from 35 million to 60 million by 2010. And further to 150 million by 2020.

Skilled people would be needed with new capabilities who also understand new aviation industry regulations.

A number of airlines have written to the DGCA for change in duty guidelines for pilots. Airlines are already facing the impact of operational problems. For instance if a pilot’s duty time for a year is 1000 hours, around 15 per cent of that, or around 50 hours, can be wasted only in delays. 



Tackling GRE

Q. I am an engineering student planning to take the GRE next month. How does the Analytical Writing section differ from the Verbal Section? What is the toughest part and how do I prepare for it?

— Harish Mehra

A. The GRE General Test measures verbal reasoning, quantitative reasoning, critical thinking, and analytical writing skills (acquired over a period of time). The skills are not related to any specific field of study.

Some students find Verbal Reasoning somewhat tough. They feel that you can prepare for the Quantitative Reasoning section within a week, mug up the word-lists in a month and crack the vocab-testing questions, but you can't improve too much on the verbal reasoning or reading comprehension in a matter of weeks.

Most people can manage the quant and the vocabulary sections with relative ease. But it's the VR bit that separates the good from the excellent.

The only way to improve your scores is to read extensively. And eclectically. Try to cover an array of topics from a variety of sources. engineering students typically find science passages easier to comprehend. Similarly, biology majors find bio-passages easier to understand, and so on. But since passages can be based on any topic ranging from geography to contemporary psychology, your best bet would be to read extensively if you are aiming for a really high score.

Those in the business, strongly recommend reading philosophy. Firstly, philosophy is generally the toughest to comprehend. Secondly, you will encounter many GRE-type words, so it's a great way to reinforce your vocabulary. Many excellent resources are available on the net.

Because the Analytical Writing section is a performance test, you need to organise and articulate your own ideas as you discuss a complex issue, as well as explain the logical soundness of the argument you have just read. The Verbal section measures your reading comprehension, and verbal and analogical reasoning skills in a multiple-choice format.

While the Verbal section measures your ability to understand complex ideas expressed in the written passages and in the relationships between words, the Analytical Writing section measures your ability to articulate and support ideas, and to analyse arguments.



Optimism pays
I.M. Soni

GK ChestErton has observed: optimism is the noble temptation to see too much in everything. Readers are all too familiar with the pessimist seeing the glass half-empty whereas the optimist seeing it half-full.

The readers inclined towards literature will nod to: two men look out of the bars; one sees mud, the other stars.

We all know optimists and their counterparts. The difference between them is not in their circumstances but in their attitude.

In practical life, the optimist also runs into setbacks, failures and frustrations as does the pessimist. The difference lies in his reaction to what happens to him.

The pessimist reacts with anger, frowns and expletives. The optimist reacts with a smile, and silently explores the hidden opportunity therein.

When Newton’s dog, Diamond, jumped upon his work-desk, causing his papers to fall and reducing them to ashes, he said, “Diamond you have burnt all my mistakes.” And he began his work anew.

Many readers are likely to look upon it as a matter of temperament. But optimism is a quality which can be acquired. The Collins dictionary defines optimism: the tendency to take the most hopeful view. What prevents you from doing it?

Is there a way out for the dark — and —dingy to emerge into the light and brilliant?

Here are some ways to do so.

The optimist looks out, the pessimist in. The former thinks of others: the latter of himself. Self-centred, he is seldom happy.

A doctor, for example, is seldom an introvert. She looks outward to the patient. Her words signal rays of brightness to the relatives and family members.

Not the opposite, whose world is limited and confined. In this small suffocated world that is little to be cheerful.

Such a person cuts himself off from all that is bright and beautiful. He concentrates on the bad and ugly. The optimist is occupied with the rich and exciting world. He jells so well with people, events art, literature, nature and the rest that he has no time to brood. He has no time to focus on his aches and pains. In short, he escapes enervating experiences that morbid thinking brings in its trial.

If you are prone to dark feelings, remind yourself that this because you are taking far too narrow and self-centered view of the world.

Look out. Widen your interests. Do something for others instead of looking at others to do something for you. You will feel zestful and peppy. The world begins to fascinate you.

The outward look must be selective. It is unrealistic to close eyes to the sordid and sorrowful. They are a part of life.

Yet the temptation to yield to the dark must be resisted. The picture that the pessimist paints is not the whole. It is partly true. Why close eyes to the other half? Good vs evil. Virtue vs sin. Beauty vs ugliness. Why ignore the bright and cling to the blighted?

Constant clinging to the dark dampens the spirit and nurses pessimism. Constant looking at the dazzling side nurses optimism.

A would-be artist always chafed at his humdrum life and office job. He yearned for beauty. One day, he read something which said that beauty can be found even in the most “extra” “ordinary” things.

Acting on the suggestion of the writer, he started walking to his office. He was amazed how he had never looked at a staggering variety of “ordinary” things which wore a new and inspiring look for him.

The backward look also is helpful. A word of caution. Shakespeare has said, “Let’s not burden own remembrances with a heaviness that’s gone.” Instead sift and focus on inspiring moments of your life. Stirring them together.

George Kinglake in crossing the desert, says that a cultured man cultivates the quality of entertaining himself with his own thoughts when confronted with dreariness and boredom.

You have come across persons who drag their tales of woe behind them. They talk foul of ailments, bad deeds and intrigues. They foul your mental environment. You want to run away from them. Every word they speak stinks like halitosis. Ask yourself if you belong to this category. You will find a way out.

Your own memory can be a source of rich inspiration to you. You may not compose a poem like ‘Daffodils’ as did William Wordsworth but you can certainly have the “bliss of solitude.” One inspiring thought leads to another.

Look at defeat or failure in your life. You gather gloom by repeating it in your memory. If you do the reverse, recall the triumph and victory. You gather bloom.

A retired engineer was very fond of seeing his name in print. He wrote articles which were rejected. He came to me with his tale of despair. I said, “just recall one or two incidents when something, even if it was a letter to the editor, was published.” He took the hint. Attempted another which was published. Self-motivation is always at hand. In a way, you manufacture your success, and happiness.

Generate hope. It is a creative force. It helps you to achieve the things you aspire for. It is equally true that despair and defeat destroy your finer sensibilities, and aspirations.

This becomes an ingrained habit of eager anticipation which is an important ingredient of an optimist outlook.

I passed through a phase of unemployment in my young days. Every one around me was employed, I unemployed. I sank deep in blues and remained in the well for days and nights. One thing most conspicuous those days was that the dread of new day developed. “Yet, another day, I told myself. Now, it is, another day! I am happy. It is a cluster of opportunities.”

Perhaps, your approach to life is too casual, even frivolous. This fritters away energy and squander opportunities. Nursing regrets becomes a thought process.

Reverse your thought process. Stop living at the surface. Go deep. Cultivate the habit of a concentration. Meditation helps as it opens the avenues of perception. Insight opens up new vistas of wonder.

Though simple acts of concentration on the beautiful and the rewarding, you join the mainstream of optimists. See the difference, “I have a beautiful flower in my hand.” And “I will not touch this flower as it has a prickly thorn.”

“Right attitudes and right actions right most things, including life itself”, says B.C. Forbes.



You can click but you can't hide
Piracy causes big job losses

THE Indian entertainment industry annually loses over $4 billion to piracy, leading to the loss of about 800,000 jobs, according to a report by audit firm Ernst and Young India.

The report, commissioned by the US-India Business Council (USIBC) and the Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (Ficci), was released here recently during the Ficci-Frames 2008 global convention on the entertainment business. It highlights the value of intellectual property and the adverse impact of piracy on creativity and innovation in films, music, television and video games.

Ron Somers, president of USIBC, said: "This study estimates that the industry loses about $4 billion each year to piracy. This is an enormous and unacceptable magnitude of loss by any measure." Bollywood director and producer Ramesh Sippy said piracy is a major problem for the film industry.

"If an average Indian wants a job in Bollywood, fighting piracy is a must," he said.

Amit Mitra, Ficci secretary, said: "The media and entertainment industry in India is an industry of the future and is growing at the rate of 18 per cent.

If we can stop piracy, the industry will grow even faster and employ more workers."

— Indo-Asian News Service



Smart Skills
Usha Albuquerque

A world of opportunities for biology lovers

DO you love biology, but wonder what you can do with it — other than medicine? As you sit for the Class XII board exams many of you are probably wondering what courses to take up in college, and what kind of careers lie in store for you.

A large number of science students have fixed plans on engineering, medicine, computers and so on. But if you are one of those who don't particularly want to get into these careers, or have changed your mind or don't get into the field of choice, what next?

For those who love biology, there is a world of opportunities in the life sciences, with applications in every aspect of daily life, from bio-chemicals and pharmaceuticals to agriculture and environment.

Advances in medicine, health care, pharmaceuticals, agriculture, genetics and energy management have been influenced by the development of biology, and bio-technology, the promising field of the future, which burst onto the research field with the mapping of the human genome.

Moreover, opportunities in this field are set to rise, with leading edge research opening up whole new areas of study and of their applications in day-to-day life. While much of this research is still concentrated in Western countries, India is fast emerging as a major centre.

Bio-sciences is the study of all living organisms, and, therefore, includes the study of medicines and pharmacy to fight diseases, environment science and conservation of our world and wildlife, agriculture and food processing for developing more and better kinds of foods, and the development of support systems for life in space and beyond. The range of fields covered by bio-sciences is vast, and because of the technological advancements in each of these areas, requires specialized study.

Some of the specialisations and allied fields include biochemistry, which is the study of the chemical composition of living organisms and deals with reproduction, growth, and metabolism of all living species.

Microbiology is the study of all microscopic organisms such as bacteria, viruses, algae moulds and so on. This study is useful for identifying and controlling diseases, and in the food industry, particularly for protecting packaged foods.

Molecular biology is the research study of all kinds of bacteria and is specially focused on prevention and control of diseases.

Pharmacology is the study and development of new chemicals and drugs through research and testing on animals.

In the field of agriculture, there are agronomists who study new scientific methods for improving crops and food production. Plant breeders grow and experiment with different varieties of plants under field or laboratory conditions, while botanists raise and propagate various kinds of plant species for research and development purposes.

Biotechnology is another huge area of work that offers excellent prospects, particularly in the areas of medicine and agriculture. The use and application of biotechnology spans a wide range of activities, including developing new varieties of seeds, improving livestock breeds, creating pesticides of various kinds, affecting cures in genetically inherited diseases and the development of industrial enzymes that hasten the production processes. In addition, bio-informatics is another growing field, dealing with the application of information technology to the management of biological information.

There are also aquatic biologists concerned with animal and plant life under water, entomologists who study insects, specially pests that damage crops, pisiculturists who study and rear fish for different purposes, and wildlife biologists who study animals and birds and the need for conserving these species.

Getting In

Environmental science and the demand for environment protection services also attract a large number of biological sciences graduates who take up research and development or scientific (technical) support jobs related to the ecology, pollution and conservation of all natural resources.

There are several employment areas where a biology degree is directly relevant. However, many of these require you to do further study or training. There are graduate and postgraduate courses in biology, botany, zoology or chemistry that can lead onto the various specialisations. Many universities and research institutions offer courses in micro-biology, bio-chemistry, environment sciences, genetics, biotechnology, biomedical sciences and several other such specialisations. Other areas of study can also be food technology, dairy technology, horticulture, floriculture, and agriculture.

Many research institutions provide opportunities for conducting study and research in customised areas of life sciences with specific applications to suit industry or public community needs. These include Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai, BR Ambedkar Centre for Biomedical Research, University of Delhi, Central Drug Research Institute, Lucknow, Institute of Science, Bangalore, Dr Salim Ali School of Ecology, Pondicherry, GB Pant Institute, Pantnagar and several others.

Jobs for graduates

Biology graduates gain a range of skills that that will be useful in a variety of career areas. These include technical skills such as laboratory, computing and statistical skills, organisational skills acquired in the process of coping with the workload of lectures, lab work and other projects, analytical and problem-solving skills, the ability to interpret data critically, and to deal with a number of variables at one time, communication and co-operation skills picked up from teamwork in the laboratory, numeracy and statistical awareness. Other valuable qualities include a broad scientific understanding and a multi-disciplinary approach.

The government and its agencies, the health sector, the water industry, universities and research institutes, schools and further education colleges, pharmaceutical and biotechnical companies, food and drink manufacturers, the agricultural and horticultural industries, and conservation bodies are the major areas for jobs. You can also join the IAS or the Indian Forest service after a degree in biology.

With a biology or related subject degree you will be able to work as a research scientist (life science) in universities, research institutions, health authorities and with some employers, eg pharmaceutical, healthcare products, biotechnology, and as a scientific laboratory technician who assists scientists and others by carrying out a variety of technical and experimental tasks.

You can also become an Information technology consultant handling customer liaison, with industry, installing, implementing and monitoring research applications, while those with good marketing and communication skills can pursue a career in business development or management.

There are jobs in the field of sales and marketing of biotech products, and in medical sales. This involves representing pharmaceutical companies to general practitioners, retail pharmacists and hospital doctors.

Those with entrepreneurial skills can set up their own ventures in floriculture, horticulture, mushroom production, cultivation of plant extracts for medicinal and cosmetic purposes, processed foods and so on.

NGOs and international organisations recruit biology graduates and postgraduates who can put their knowledge to practical use in community development work.

Biology graduates can also take up jobs in teaching and academics at school and university level.

Those fond of writing can take up science journalism — writing science articles for a journal or for the science section of a newspaper or magazine.

So if you love watching "earth files” and scientific discoveries on Nat Geo and Discovery Channel, or have dreamt of producing a banana, or apple that can deliver a safe, effective and vaccine for diarrhoea or polio, a career in biology is certainly cut out for you.

The writer is a noted career expert.



Bank to give 2,000 jobs in rural India

THE country's largest private sector lender in terms of branch network, HDFC Bank, is moving its BPO activity to the semi-urban area by hiring about 2,000 people in next two months.

The move is expected to bring down the operation by about 50-60 per cent primarily due to cheaper human resources and real estate cost.

The bank will soon open 400-seater BPO in Trupati, the second one after Nellor in Andhra Pradesh, sources close to the development said.

The Mumbai-based bank is expected to have 2,000 people working (at these two BPOs) by June.

Going forward, the capacity would be ramped up along with widening of the scope of operations.

This is the first such attempt by any major bank in the country. To start, with these BPOs will do only data entry work of the bank, and hopefully of other banks or financial intuitions, insurance companies eventually.

The Nellor Centre opened early this year, manned by 140 people all hired locally, is currently operational.

Lower human resource cost and real estate would result in significant saving of operations cost for the banks estimated about 50 per cent.

The idea is to create job opportunities locally and help the local youth earn his living without the need to relocate to metros. Most of these places have a annual family income of Rs 12,000 per annum, whereas the bank is paying them four to five times that approximately (Rs 4,000-4,500 per month). — PTI 



Fortnightly Quiz-307

1. Which event marked the switching off of lights for an hour in many cities of the world on March 29?

2. Which Indian company recently acquired premium auto brands Jaguar and Land Rover?

3. Name the Prime Minister of Pakistan.

4. Who is the writer of the book ‘My Country, My Life’?

5. Name the writer of the book 2001: A Space Odyssey.

6. Name the new international airport at Hyderabad that recently became operational.

7. What is India’s latest ranking in the corruption perception index (CPI) of the Transparency International?

8. Which country, according to the World Bank, received maximum remittances in 2007?

9. Which party recently scored a landslide victory in the first National Assembly elections in Bhutan?

10. Which country is set to become the second largest wireless network in the world with a subscriber base of over 300 million by April?

11. What is the proposed speed of the bullet train planned by the Railways on the Delhi-Chandigarh-Amritsar route?

12. Which country recently grounded all F-16I jets following the detection of cancer-causing material (formaldehyde) in the cockpit of the US-made aircraft?

13. How many Indian batsmen have scored 10,000 runs in Test cricket?

14. Which three batsmen have scored triple hundreds twice in Test cricket?

15. Who has scored the fastest triple century in the Test cricket history?

Winners of quiz 306: The first prize by draw of lots goes to Ujjwal, XII-A, DHD SD Public School, Ambala Cantt-133001. Second: Rishabh Gupta, IX-C, DAV Sr Sec Public School, BCW Surajpur, pin-133301, dist Panchkula, Haryana Third: Ankush, 6th, St Carmel School, Katli, Ropar-140001.

Answers to quiz 306: Virat Kohli; Graeme Smith and Neil Mckenzie; Virgin Atlantic; 87; ‘No Country for Oldmen’; India; Appu Ghar (New Delhi); Rs 50 crore; Raul Castro; Robert Gates; West Bengal; M.F.Hussain; One; Eight; England & New Zealand

Cash awards of Rs 400, 300 and 200 are given to the first, second and third prize winners, respectively. These are sent at the school address.

Note: Kindly mention the pincode of your place to facilitate the delivery of the prize money.

Answers can also be sent at

— Tarun Sharma