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THE TRIBUNE SPECIALS
50 YEARS OF INDEPENDENCE

TERCENTENARY CELEBRATIONS
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N A T I O N

In Gujarat, Advani dwarfed by Modi
LK Advani may be the BJP’s prime ministerial candidate, but in Gujarat he stands dwarfed by BJP’s future PM-hopeful Narendra Modi. In fact even for Advani, Modi is the icon to emulate in the country rather than the other way round. “If we come to power we will give this country governance akin to what Modi has been giving Gujarat”, has been Advani’s promise in all his road shows and speeches since he started campaigning last Sunday.

PM vs a PM-hopeful: A tale of two rallies
Last Sunday the city played hosts to the Prime Minister and a declared PM-hopeful. The contrast was all too evident between the mild-mannered septuagenarian technocrat who blandly read out from a prepared text and the seasoned octogenarian politician, who held the attention of the audience with his crisper and deliberate extempore oratory and story telling ability.

Quantum increase in infiltration
New Delhi, April 28
With snow melting on the mountain passes, there has been a quantum increase in infiltration from Pakistan, adding to the worries of the UPA government in this election season. Highly placed sources today said the level of infiltration in March was very high as compared to the infiltration noticed during the month in past several years.



EARLIER STORIES



BJP Rajya Sabha MP Hema Malini addresses a public meeting in support of party candidate Narottam Mishra in Shivpuri, Madhya Pradesh
BJP Rajya Sabha MP Hema Malini addresses a public meeting in support of party candidate Narottam Mishra in Shivpuri, Madhya Pradesh. — PTI

Campaigning for third phase ends
New Delhi, April 28
Campaign for the third phase of the polling for the general elections ended this evening. This phase will decide the fate of BJP/NDA prime ministerial candidate LK Advani, Congress president Sonia Gandhi and former Prime Minister HD Deve Gowda as also another 1,564 candidates extending to 107 parliamentary constituencies.

Digvijay picks Amlaha to defeat brother
Bhopal, April 28
The Rajgarh Lok Sabha constituency - stretching for almost 200 kms along the Agra-Mumbai national highway - in Madhya Pradesh is witnessing a bitter battle between two brothers.

Amarinder’s expulsion from Assembly illegal, claims counsel
New Delhi, April 28
Terming former Punjab Chief Minister Capt Amarinder Singh’s expulsion from the Assembly for his alleged involvement in the Amritsar Improvement Trust land scam as illegal, senior counsel K Parasaran questioned the validity of the expulsion on various grounds.

Kandhamal widows striving to prove their husbands were killed
New Delhi, April 28
Thirty-five-year old Mona Lisa had hoped for a normal life. But the August of 2008 shattered her smallest dreams, leaving her alone to cope with the dark memories of a brutal attack on the Christians of Kandhamal.

Independent candidate Bal Krishan Sharma makes a chappati while campaigning at his roadside dhaba in Amritsar
Independent candidate Bal Krishan Sharma makes a chappati while campaigning at his roadside dhaba in Amritsar on Tuesday. — AFP

CCI to be functional soon
Chandigarh, April 28
The newly-constituted Competition Commission of India (CCI), which will ultimately take over some of the functions currently being looked after by the Monopoly and Restrictive Trade Practices Commission, will start functioning in full earnest within a fortnight.

Tests show Kasab an adult
Mumbai, April 28
Tests conducted on Mohammed Ajmal alias Kasab, the lone terrorist to be captured alive in connection with the terrorist attack in Mumbai last year, indicates that he was an adult at the time of the incident, prosecutors told the special court set up to try him.

LTTE cadres may sneak in
New Delhi, April 28
The Indian establishment is worried that LTTE suicide squads, facing annihilation in Sri Lanka, may try to sneak into India. According to sources, there have been reports suggesting that the dreaded terrorist outfit could send its ‘fidayeen’ attackers to India.





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In Gujarat, Advani dwarfed by Modi
Dinesh Kumar writes from Ahmedabad

LK Advani may be the BJP’s prime ministerial candidate, but in Gujarat he stands dwarfed by BJP’s future PM-hopeful Narendra Modi.

In fact even for Advani, Modi is the icon to emulate in the country rather than the other way round. “If we come to power we will give this country governance akin to what Modi has been giving Gujarat”, has been Advani’s promise in all his road shows and speeches since he started campaigning last Sunday.

Nowhere was Advani’s dwarfed image more pronounced than at the first and only jointly addressed rally held here last night when Modi spoke for 34 minutes compared to just three minutes by BJP’s PM-hopeful.

Even those three minutes came across as being “allocated” by Modi just before the Election Commission-imposed the 10 pm deadline. Compared to Modi being heard with rapt attention and greeted with spontaneous cheers and laughs during his speech frequently punctuated with mimicry and jokes directed at both the Congress and the Gandhi family, Advani was heard with comparatively little enthusiasm by a largely attended crowd. Much to his embarrassment perhaps, the only time Advani received a spontaneous cheer from the public was when he mentioned Modi by name.

Advani would have certainly noticed, but it is difficult to say whether he felt slighted. But going by the content of his speeches, Advani seems to be riding piggyback on Modi in his constituency rather than depending on his own stature as a PM-hopeful and a senior leader of the BJP. Party workers and supporters have amply demonstrated that in Gujarat, the BJP is entirely synonymous with Modi.

On Monday night, Modi was in his element cracking jokes against the Congress and the Gandhi family much to the delight of many flag-waving BJP supporters, who seemed to laugh at almost anything that he said.

Modi walked up to the dais at 9.23 pm, waved to a cheering public, then caught hold of the mike and personally shifted it to the middle of the stage before beginning his speech without standing on any formalities.

Just as he started speaking, he paused to ask the “police-wallo” to move to one side so that he could get a glimpse of his supporters standing on that side. That brought cheers from the public. After a further few minutes into his speech, he again paused and asked that the specially placed podium be removed so that it did not restrict the public’s vision. That brought him more cheers.

This time there was no Volley Ball net to field any shoe throwing enthusiast, but there was a 30-feet cordon between the dais and the audience. But soon after the rally, hundreds of enthusiastic supporters climbed over the barricades and rushed towards Modi to greet him leaving the several plainclothes policemen nonplussed. Advani was largely ignored.

The only jarring note was that the only rally to be jointly addressed by the two BJP leaders was boycotted by a majority of the media following a scuffle between a cameraman and a member of the public, who took exception to the obstruction by several cameras placed in front of the squatting public.

Modi was eight minutes into his speech when Advani arrived. By then he had just started to speak about Prime Minister Manmohan Singh’s recent visit to Gujarat. Modi greeted Advani and gestured to him to take a seat. The crowd got quickly impatient and started asking Modi to continue. The public cheered as he again took to the mike and this time he continued to speak for 25 more minutes before finally handing the mike to Advani. All that Advani, Gujarat’s only non-Gujarati speaking candidate, was able to say was that he would make the 21st century into the Indian century. Only his mention of Modi evoked a loud cheer from the public. As far as the public was concerned, Modi could have continued to speak for the remaining three minutes and Advani would not have been missed.

For, the nation-trotting Advani has not addressed a single rally elsewhere in the state other than in his constituency.

Advani’s spate of road shows, many of them in Congress-dominated areas, has attracted more curious onlookers and bystanders than enthusiastic supporters. The din and cacophony around Advani has been more the making of party workers than by members of the public who are being remarkably stoic during these elections.

Advani’s only “genuine” supporters visible at these road shows seem to be women, mostly housewives. In Modi’s Gujarat, Advani is just another BJP candidate and it seems that Modi’s name will get votes for the desperately seeking PM-hopeful.

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PM vs a PM-hopeful: A tale of two rallies
Dinesh Kumar write from Ahmedabad

Manmohan Singh
Manmohan Singh

LK Advani
LK Advani

Last Sunday the city played hosts to the Prime Minister and a declared PM-hopeful. The contrast was all too evident between the mild-mannered septuagenarian technocrat who blandly read out from a prepared text and the seasoned octogenarian politician, who held the attention of the audience with his crisper and deliberate extempore oratory and story telling ability.

But there were also four similarities. One, they both spoke in Hindi. Second, both made their maiden election speeches in the state on the same day. Third, both generated a high curiosity quotient in the public and finally, both attracted shoes. While a shoe was actually flung at the Prime Minister, alert plainclothes policemen alerted by the event prevented a sadhu from throwing a shoe at the PM-hopeful.

Also in contrasting display were the responses from the public. The response was less loud and seemingly less enthusiastic for Manmohan Singh although their party scarf -wearing cadre was present in strength. In Advani’s case, the BJP had been able to mobilise visibly more numbers who were also louder and shriller in sloganeering.

The response was relatively more enthusiastic, although observers said Advani’s main opponent Suresh Patel received a better response to his road show held in the same area last Sunday. Advani’s road show and rally in the Congress-dominated areas is being seen as a desperate damage control exercise with the Patel community who has been actively canvassing these past two weeks.

But what jarred is the fact that the PM-hopeful is Gujarat’s only non-Gujarati speaking parliamentary candidate. During both his two-hour road show and his 44-minute speech that followed last Sunday, Advani did not utter a single word in Gujarati. It was left on the state’s Home Minister Amit Shah accompanying Advani to appeal for votes in Gujarati during the road show.

Also evident was the difference in venues. While Prime Minister Manmohan Singh spoke to a smaller and apparently specially brought audience seated on neatly placed chairs under a ‘shamiana’ on the premises of the local Sanskar Kendra, the BJP leader and candidate from the Gandhinagar parliamentary constituency spoke from a dais erected in the middle of the city’s ring road in Vyaswadi colony to a more spontaneously assembled audience that was either sitting cross legged on the road or standing on the sides and the rear.

The speeches, however, were relatively mild. Prime Minister Manmohan Singh’s 23-minute speech had read like a government report with data on achievements and plans. Advani’s speech was full of claims and promises on almost the same issues that Manmohan Singh touched on - concerns related to farmers, women issues, corruption and terrorism.

Advani started both his road show and his address on a near apologetic note saying that he was returning to his constituency for the first time after filing his nomination papers 17 days earlier on April 8 because he had been busy addressing rallies in almost 100 parliamentary constituencies around the country. But the biggest difference between the two is that Manmohan Singh is personally not contesting elections whereas Advani is. facing a fight.

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Quantum increase in infiltration
Ashok Tuteja
Tribune News Service

New Delhi, April 28
With snow melting on the mountain passes, there has been a quantum increase in infiltration from Pakistan, adding to the worries of the UPA government in this election season.

Highly placed sources today said the level of infiltration in March was very high as compared to the infiltration noticed during the month in past several years.

Asked if infiltration had the support of the Pakistani establishment, the sources said ‘’certainly…no doubt.’’ It had also been noticed that the infiltrators were well-equipped and well-trained to carry out terrorist operations in India.

New Delhi has maintained that Pakistan has not lived up to its commitment made to the international community that it would not allow the misuse of its territory for anti-Indian activities. Islamabad has also not taken any credible action so far to bring to book the perpetrators of the 26/11 Mumbai terror attacks.

Noting that there were multiple centres of power in Pakistan, the sources said India expected at least that they would work together. However, that was not happening and these centres of powers were working at cross purposes. ‘’Theirs (Pakistan) has been a steady descent into anarchy…we are dealing with many Pakistans.’’

On how serious was the threat to India from the Taliban, the sources said the immediate threat was from terror outfits like the Jaish-e-Mohammed (JEM) and the Lashkar-E-Taiba (LET) which were getting support of the establishment. These groups were also armed to the teeth. However, the Taliban itself has been saying that it was not going to take on India immediately.

When their attention was drawn to the recent statement of US Secretary of State Hilary Clinton that extremist elements operating within Pakistan posed mortal threat to the security of the world, the sources remarked ‘’their (Washington) diagnosis is pretty close to ours…we don’t know if the prescription also is that close.’’

On the new Af-Pak strategy rolled out by the Obama administration recently, the sources noted with appreciation that Washington was trying to involve all regional players in finding a solution to the Afghanistan crisis. It was also quite heartening that the Obama administration was seeking to integrate security and development in Afghanistan. However, it was hard to see where the Pakistan leg of the strategy was going.

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Campaigning for third phase ends
Tribune News Service

New Delhi, April 28
Campaign for the third phase of the polling for the general elections ended this evening. This phase will decide the fate of BJP/NDA prime ministerial candidate LK Advani, Congress president Sonia Gandhi and former Prime Minister HD Deve Gowda as also another 1,564 candidates extending to 107 parliamentary constituencies.

The polling for the third phase in nine states and two union territories will be held on April 30.

The contestants for these 107 seats include 101 women contesting from seven states. This phase will decide the fate of all the 26 parliamentary constituencies in Gujarat, as also 16 in Madhya Pradesh, 15 in Uttar Pradesh, 14 in West Bengal, 11 in Bihar and Karnataka, 10 in Maharashtra and one each in Jammu & Kashmir, Sikkim, Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu. In this phase, the Congress is contesting 93 seats, BJP 95 and the BSP 102 seats. Besides this, the CPI is contesting nine, CPM-15, NCP-19 and the RJD-8.

On April 30, the Election Commission would complete polling in 372 of a total of 544 Lok Sabha seats. The first phase of polling was held for 124 seats and second for 141 constituencies. In the next two phases - to be held on May 7 and 13 - the remaining 171 Lok Sabha seats would go to polls (polling for 85 seats will be held on May 7 and 86 on May 13). The counting of votes would take place on May 16 and is expected to be completed the same day.

In Karnataka, 11 constituencies going to polls. These cover the northern, coastal and southern parts of the state which include state’s stalwarts like Deve Gowda, Union minister MH Ambreesh, Chief Minister BS Yedyurappa’s son and former Chief Minister S Bangarappa.

Similarly, Madhya Pradesh will see some keenly contested election in Sagar between former international hockey player and former union minister Aslam Sher Khan and BJP state general secretary Bhupendra Singh. Royal scion of the Scindia family Yashodhra Raje is fighting to retain her Gwalior seat against Congress challenger Ashok Singh.

Going by its performance in the recently held assembly elections, the BJP should be comfortable in 16 seats going to for polls on April 30.

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Digvijay picks Amlaha to defeat brother
Amrish Herdenia
Tribune News Service

Bhopal, April 28
The Rajgarh Lok Sabha constituency - stretching for almost 200 kms along the Agra-Mumbai national highway - in Madhya Pradesh is witnessing a bitter battle between two brothers.

It was at the former chief minister and AICC general secretary Digvijay Singh’s behest that Narayan Singh Amlaha has been nominated by his party to contest from Rajgarh. Amlaha faces Digvijay Singh’s younger brother Laxman Singh, who is seeking re-election as a BJP candidate.

“When he has not been loyal to me, how can you expect that he will be loyal to you?” Digvijay said of his younger brother, addressing a public meeting at Rajgarh last week. “For me, ideology is more important than blood relations. I will see to it that Laxman is defeated,” he said.

This time, the Congress has fielded yet another political novice for its candidate. It’s not Bolero, Scorpion or even a bike for Amlaha. A bullock cart is the only “vehicle” that the Congress candidate possess. And his movable property, as per the affidavit of assets and liabilities submitted with his nomination, includes only 22 cows, 4 buffaloes and of course, a pair of bullocks to pull his cart.

The anti-Digvijay Singh lobby in the state Congress had, initially, tried to pit Digvijay Singh against his brother in Rajgarh. The senior Singh excused himself, saying that he had taken a vow not to be in active politics for ten years after the Congress’ drubbing in the 2003 assembly polls. And the junior Singh declared that he would prefer to back out if his brother was fielded by the Congress. “In that case, I will not contest,” Laxman Singh had said.

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Amarinder’s expulsion from Assembly illegal, claims counsel
R Sedhuraman
Legal Correspondent

New Delhi, April 28
Terming former Punjab Chief Minister Capt Amarinder Singh’s expulsion from the Assembly for his alleged involvement in the Amritsar Improvement Trust land scam as illegal, senior counsel K Parasaran questioned the validity of the expulsion on various grounds. These included power of the present House to punish a member for a decision taken by him when he was Chief Minister during the tenure of the previous House.

Parasaran was arguing before a five-member Constitution Bench headed by Chief Justice KG Balakrishnan today. “Even Bills pending before a House lapsed upon its dissolution or the expiry of its five-year tenure. If it was so, how could the present House take action for alleged wrong decision taken during the existence of the previous House,” he stated.

Further, the decision for granting exemption to the land involved in the alleged scam was taken by Amarinder in his capacity as the Chief Minister. As it did not pertain to the functioning of the House, it could not amount to breach of privilege, Parasaran argued.

Also, the alleged irregularity was committed outside the House,. Even if the allegation was true, it amounted to a crime for which his client could be tried only in a court of law, not inside the House.

The Assembly had, in fact, usurped the powers of the judiciary while expelling him from the House, he said. His arguments would continue.

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Kandhamal widows striving to prove their husbands were killed
Aditi Tandon
Tribune News Service

New Delhi, April 28
Thirty-five-year old Mona Lisa had hoped for a normal life. But the August of 2008 shattered her smallest dreams, leaving her alone to cope with the dark memories of a brutal attack on the Christians of Kandhamal.

Mona’s husband was one among the 43 killed in the anti-Christian violence in Orissa last year. But nine months after the carnage, she, along with other young widows of the area, are working overtime to get their dead on the official list of the state government.

So far, only 50 of the 153 women widowed in the anti-minority attacks have received compensation from the Naveen Patnaik-led Orissa government, which officially admits to only 32 killings. Christian widows, who petitioned the National Human Rights Commission afresh today, however say that 75 persons were killed and their widows have the right to both the state and central government compensation.

So slack has the development on rehabilitation front been that the central government has so far compensated only 16 affected families with Rs 3 lakh it promised last year. Christians fear the promise may be squandered now that the elections in Orissa are also over.

The petitioning widows today told the NHRC that the Orissa government had so far distributed Rs 2 lakh each to the relatives of only 50 widows, whose murders it acknowledged; it also claimed to have forwarded this very list to the Prime Minister’s office for payment of the central government compensation.

For the 153 widows still lodged in the relief camps across Kandhamal, this money is the last link to survival. “If this does not come, we will have no option but to beg,” says Manini, another widow from Kandhamal, who represented the case of others before the NHRC today.

Mona Lisa for her part was accompanied by Obed, her 5-year-old son, who has not attended school for eight months due to lack of peace in Kandhamal, which voted massively (66 per cent) in the Lok Sabha elections on April 16.

The widows also want an enquiry into the death list of 75 persons, which Christians of the area have compiled and submitted to the Supreme Court, besides the reconstruction of 5,031 damaged houses.

For the record, 633 persons have been arrested so far for last year’s anti-Christian attacks in Kandhamal, where 11, 348 persons were named in 784 FIRs. Under alleged threat to reconvert, more than 32,000 Christians are living in five relief camps in Kandhamal despite the fact that they now have to fend for themselves. The state government long stopped supplying food and other essentials to these people.

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CCI to be functional soon
Yoginder Gupta
Tribune News Service

Dhanendra Kumar Chandigarh, April 28
The newly-constituted Competition Commission of India (CCI), which will ultimately take over some of the functions currently being looked after by the Monopoly and Restrictive Trade Practices Commission, will start functioning in full earnest within a fortnight.

Stating this here today its chairman Dhanendra Kumar, a former Haryana cadre IAS officer of the 1968 batch, said the appellate tribunal, which was essential under the Competition Act, would be shortly set up. The union department of company affairs would also soon notify relevant sections of the Act, after which the commission would start its job.

Dhanendra Kumar, who took over as CCI chairman after the completion of his term as executive director of the World Bank, said post-liberalisation after 1991, it was felt that the objective of the MRTP Act, 1969, to curb monopolies had become obsolete. Pursuant to the recommendations of the high-level Raghavan Committee, the Competition Act was enacted to align the Indian with the market-based economy.

He said the commission would prevent practices adversely affecting competition. It would promote and sustain competition in the Indian markets and ensure freedom of trade to protect the interests of the consumers and enterprises. The commission, the role of which was primarily semi-judicial, would have an overarching influence on all sectors of the Indian markets.

Kumar said the Competition Act was an improvement over the MRTP Commission, which remained a paper tiger as it had insufficient penal powers. Unlike the MRTP Act, the Competition Act was a comprehensive legislation bestowing sufficient powers for investigation of cases contravening the Act and impose penalty on the lawbreaker. He said the commission would have a director-general to investigate the cases of cartelisation. The commission had the power to initiate action against any violator suo motu.

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Tests show Kasab an adult
Tribune News Service

Mumbai, April 28
Tests conducted on Mohammed Ajmal alias Kasab, the lone terrorist to be captured alive in connection with the terrorist attack in Mumbai last year, indicates that he was an adult at the time of the incident, prosecutors told the special court set up to try him.

Kasab's counsel had told the court that he was a juvenile at the time of the incident and should not be tried as an adult. Subsequently, the court ordered medical tests to be conducted on him. The court will give a final ruling on the matter on Wednesday, Special Public Prosecutor Ujjwal Nikam told reporters.

Dental examination and ossification tests on Kasab was conducted at the J J Hospital in Mumbai. Four doctors from the hospital conducted the ossification tests (on the bones) which indicated there was complete fusion of bones thereby indicating a full-grown adult, the report submitted to the court said.

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LTTE cadres may sneak in
Tribune News Service

New Delhi, April 28
The Indian establishment is worried that LTTE suicide squads, facing annihilation in Sri Lanka, may try to sneak into India.

According to sources, there have been reports suggesting that the dreaded terrorist outfit could send its ‘fidayeen’ attackers to India. ‘’There have been reports. We will be reluctant to say they are true or not true…emotions are so charged (on the Sri Lankan issue) that every report becomes a political weapon.’’

It was difficult to quantify the quantum of threat to India from the LTTE but it still existed as a terrorist group.

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BRIEFLY

CBI itself needs to be probed: Advani
Ahmedabad:
BJP leader Lal Krishen Advani on Tuesday condemned the CBI’s decision to withdraw the Red Corner notice against Ottavio Quattrocchi, terming it as the “last nail in the coffin” for the judicial process. Alleging that the CBI had become a tool in the hands of its political masters, he said the CBI itself needed to be investigated. “For this, I blame the Congress leadership and the Union government,” he said. — TNS

‘CBI has proof of Quattrocchi getting $7.32 mn’
New Delhi:
Former CBI Director Joginder Singh on Tuesday claimed that the agency had proof that Italian businessman Ottavio Quattrocchi had allegedly received $7.32 million as kickbacks in Rs 64 crore Bofors scam. “There are documents with the CBI showing that Quattrocchi received $ 7.32 million. The documents have been given by the Swiss authorities themselves,” the former CBI Director said here. — PTI

PIL seeks further probe into ’84 riots
New Delhi:
A PIL filed in the Supreme Court today has sought a directive to the CBI to conduct "further investigation" in the 1984 anti-Sikh riots cases on the lines of the probe ordered in the 2002 Gujarat riots cases. Taking strong exception to CBI's selective leak to the media giving a clean chit to Congress leader Jagdish Tytler just before the elections, the PIL also sought a direction to the CBI to submit a status report indicating the "manner of free and impartial investigation, if conducted". — OC

BSF jawan ends life
PITHORAGARH:
A BSF Jawan on Tuesday allegedly committed suicide by shooting himself with his service rifle in Uttarakhand’s Pithoragarh district. Jawan Ashok Singh, who was posted in the range two days back, allegedly committed suicide in Dhauladhar area of the district, Superintendent of Police, Pithoragarh, Puran Singh said here. Preliminary investigation suggested that Singh was under depression, he said, adding further investigations were on. — PTI

Cong leader injured
SILCHAR:
A senior Congress leader in Assam’s Cachar district was seriously injured when unidentified miscreants attacked him here on Tuesday, police sources said. Silchar District Congress Committee general secretary and Silchar Development Authority chairman Partharanjan Chakraborty was attacked by a large number of miscreants with matchets and sticks at his residence in Tarapur here, sources said. Seriously wounded, Chakraborty was admitted to the Silchar Medical College Hospital, the sources said. — PTI

Five Naxals held
MANGALORE:
Five Naxals and 30 of their sympathisers were arrested on Tuesday as a preventive measure in the wake of the call from the outlaws to people to boycott the Lok Sabha election. Three arrested Naxals were involved in triggering off an explosion by throwing hand grenade in Matholli in Sringeri recently, in which two policemen were injured, Gopal Hosur Western Range DIG told reporters here. — PTI

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