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Poor quality food served to hostellers
GS Paul
Tribune News Service

Chandigarh, May 17
A team of the health department found unhygienic cooking conditions and low quality and quantity of meals served to students putting up at International Hostel, Sector 15, today.

This was revealed when it conducted a raid at the hostel. Later it was also discovered that canteen contractor did not possess valid licence to run the canteen.

The action was taken when over 50 students residing in the hostel called up at emergency helpline number, 102, to intimate the authorities that the food served to them was of bad quality.

Balbeer Singh, who led the team, said, “Certain discrepancies were found when we reached the spot.”

The food was not being prepared in hygienic conditions and a challan under Sections 49 and 50 of the Food Adulteration Act for not possessing valid licence and not keeping good conditions while preparing food was issued, he said.

The team collected food samples to get them examined at a laboratory. “We have collected the samples of channa and rice to get them examined at the quality control branch,” said Sukhwinder Singh, a food inspector.

The hostellers had also filed a written complaint with the food inspector. The poor quality of food had left the hostellers in a fix, as they had to arrange their food from the nearby hotels at exorbitant rates.

These students of Government College of Art, Sector 10, and PGI have come from all parts of the country to gain professional skills but rued that it was a wrong decision to come here. The students resented that despite paying accommodation and mess charges for the whole year in advance, they were being cheated.

Virender Rana and Mukesh, both students of Masters in Fine Art (MFA), have come from Uttranchal and Jharkhand, respectively, to study but were dejected at the poor quality of food served to them.

Both students said, “Food outside is costly. Therefore, we have to shell out Rs 110 each to buy food daily, that too, after skipping one time meal. No authority is here to have a check on the quality of food.”

Rohit, Mukesh and Parveen, all from PGI, rued that despite our repeated complaints, the contractor was least bothered to improve the quality. “Even cockroaches, worms and insects in food items were a common sight here. We brought it to the notice of the authorities concerned many a time but in vain,” they said.

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Police identifies accident-prone points
Ramanjit Singh Sidhu
Tribune News Service

Chandigarh, May 17
The accident cell of the Chandigarh Traffic Police has identified six accident-prone points in the city on the basis of a study conducted of fatal mishaps that took place in the city till May 10.

These accidents prone points include traffic lights point near Colony No 5, crossing on road separating Sectors 51 and 52, Shanti Path (road dividing Sectors 32 and 46 and leading from Phase II, Industrial Area, to Dadu Majra Colony), Vikas Marg (road leading from elevated railway track to the Grain Market chowk in Sector 39), railway station near Darua village and Madhya Marg from the Transport lights point to Fun Republic.

Police sources said that Vikas Marg had high density of heavy vehicles’ traffic, including buses bound to Sector-43 ISBT and the traffic lights point near Colony No. 5 is also on Vikas Marg. The colony residents, including cyclists, rickshaw and rehri-pullers, do not obey the traffic rules and are often seen on the wrong side of the road. Even as a railing has been installed on the road to prevent people from crossing the road divider, schoolchildren and pedestrian are seen jumping over it putting their as well as others lives at risk.

Sources in the traffic police reveal that till today, a total of 54 persons have been killed in road accidents in the city while another 105 persons were grievously hurt. Most of the accidents occurred on these accidents prone points. The figures do not include the number of the cases which ended up in compromise where the injuries were not serious and in several cases only vehicles were damaged.

Last year, 146 people lost their lives on city roads while 440 were injured. As usual, the study reveals that a substantial number of road accident victims are pedestrians, cyclists and two-wheeler riders.

The traffic police had mooted a proposal to shift the mobile toilets stationed across the road in front of the Colony No. 5 to the colony side so that the residents don’t cross the road. However, the same is yet to be implemented.

Similar is the situation on Shanti Path near Attawa where the police failed clear the slip roads and vehicles parked on roads in front of the market. On Madhya Marg also, widening of the road stretch has not helped in bringing down the accident rate.

A senior traffic police officer said the problem of cyclists riding on the wrong side is a major contributing factor of road accidents. A large number of cyclists could be seen on wrong side on the Chandigarh-Ambala highway and near slums in other parts of the city, he said.

A road safety activist pointed out that even as the police had deployed cops in various parts of the city, the traffic police had failed to enforce the use of cycle tracks by cyclists and rickshaw pullers. Moreover, other motorists, especially the two-wheeler riders, and car drivers driving on these tracks are rarely booked for violation. 

Deadly thoroughfare

Traffic lights point near Colony No. 5, crossing on road separating Sectors 51 and 52, Shanti Path (road dividing Sectors 32 and 46 and leading from Phase II, Industrial Area, to Dadu Majra Colony), Vikas Marg (road leading from elevated railway track to the Grain Market chowk in Sector 39), railway station near Darua village and Madhya Marg from the Transport lights point to Fun Republic

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Traffic to Shimla to be diverted today
Tribune News Service

Panchkula, May 17
While the railway level crossing between Pinjore and Kalka is to remain closed from tomorrow, the district administration has decided to divert the traffic to other routes.

It will take two days to complete the repair before the traffic is restored on the highway through this road on Wednesday.

According to Panchkula Superintendent of Police Amitabh Dhillon, during the next two days, the traffic going to Shimla from Panchkula will be diverted from Pinjore towards the Baddi road to take on the route through Charnia village before they rejoin the national highway at Kalka.

Similalry, vehicles coming downwards from Shimla will be diverted towards Dharmpur to Nahan.

Heavy vehicles from Nalagarh-Baddi will go towards Ropar. However, light vehicles from here will be allowed to ply towards Pinjore from Nalagarh-Baddi.

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SAD largesse fails to draw votes
Rajmeet Singh
Tribune News Service

Jheorheri (Mohali), May 17
While striking a chord with farmers during the election campaign across Punjab, SAD quoted the case of farmers here for having got the highest land acquisition rate of Rs 1.50 crore per acre.

But the issue did not click with the beneficiaries. With 520 registered voters, more crorepatis in the village preferred to vote SAD out of power by giving their mandate in favour of the Congress. Against 178 votes polled in favour of SAD, the Congress got 290 votes.

Not along the expected lines, political analysts believe that due to the high land compensation being disbursed in the village, the Akalis were quite confident of taking a lead from the area.

Late Capt Kanwaljit Singh had a strong vote bank in the village. “After the demise of Capt Kanwaljit Singh, we were confused,” admitted Dharam Singh, a resident of the village. The analysts believe that with the changing economic profile, the voters are no more rural.

Their needs have been urbanised and so their preference for the political party has changed.

Though there are certain pockets, where SAD got more votes than the Congress, the overall polling pattern has been in favour of the Congress. Analysing the polling pattern, election officials disclose that while taking a lead of 25,561 from the Mohali segment, the pro-Congress polling has been more in the urban areas.

There are certain strongholds in the rural area around the city, where the Congress has not been able to make inroads.

Take the case of Bakarpur, which is located at crucial junction of roads planned to link roads to the proposed international airport, and Chaumajra villages, SAD got 474 votes as compared to 401 votes polled in favour of the Congress. 

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Radio auto services at doorstep soon
GS Paul
Tribune News Service

Chandigarh, May 17
The Chandigarh Administration is all set to give final touches to the 24X7 radio auto-rickshaw scheme to be launched shortly. At Rs 5 per km, global positioning system (GPS) fitted eco-friendly auto-rickshaws would be at ones doorstep. The offers are being invited from interested operators.

Each operator would have to deposit a security amount of Rs 25,000 in the form of a demand draft in favour of the State Transport Authority, Chandigarh, immediately after granting permission.

The administration has put forth a condition that the operator should have a minimum fleet of 10 LPG/CNG driven new autos.

The administration will block 50 registration numbers for each operator and each operator can increase the fleet size to 100 auto-rickshaws. However, the State Transport Authority (STA) would do the registration after charging a permit fee of Rs 140 for five years.

The operator should be either a company under the Companies Act 1956 or a society under the Societies Registration Act 1860 or a firm.

The permit for these auto-rickshaws would be detailed under Section 74 (2) (VIII) of the Motor Vehicle Act 1988.

Secretary Ram Niwas, transport, said, “It’s for the first time in the country that such a scheme is being launched. We would make sure that the autos must be equipped with GPS, electronic fare meter, fire extinguisher, first aid box and complaint book, etc.”

Elaborating further, secretary Vandana Disodia, STA, said, “We are detailing out minutely about drivers of the autos also. The driver has to be in a proper uniform. He should at least be matriculate and well mannered. He should have a valid driving licence and three years of driving experience. Otherwise, the overall responsibility of the driver would rest with the operator only.” 

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Life-saving gift from brain dead man
Anuja Jaiswal
Tribune News Service

Chandigarh, May 17
Twenty-six-year-old Mohinder Kumar and Nachatra Singh (50) had lost all hopes of survival when a sensible decision by a brother of a brain dead man came to their aid. As Mohinder lies recuperating in his bed at the PGI after a life-saving kidney transplant, he owes his existence today to a brother, who unfortunately isn’t his own.

After failure of both his kidneys, Mohinder had hoped that his brother would save his life by donating his kidney to him. But this did not happen. He had lost all hopes when the benevolence of a total stranger, Sita Ram, who agreed to donate the body of his brain dead brother to the PGI, saved his life.

“When we had given up hope to save Mohinder’s life, we got the news of a brain dead patient. Fortunately, his kidneys were fit for transplant,” said Dr Ashish Sharma of the renal transplant department, PGI.

The decision of Sita Ram to donate kidneys of his brother, Fauzi Ram, who had suffered brain death following a road accident, has given a new lease of life to Mohinder and Nachatra of Patiala. Nachatra was suffering from incurable kidney disease. Both got the life-saving gift on May 12.

Fauzi Ram was on a scooter when he met with an accident near Paonta Sahib in Himachal Pradesh.

He was unconscious and was brought to the PGI on 26 April where he was put on a ventilator. His CT scan was done which revealed traumatic brain injury. He was operated upon the same day, said Dr Ashish. He showed improvement initially but his condition started deteriorating, he added.

“He never recovered and doctors at the PGI told us that he had suffered traumatic brain stem injuries resulting in brain death," said Fauzi Ram’s brother, Sita Ram. After he was declared brain dead, the treating doctors told Sita Ram about the feasibility of organ donation and he decided to donate kidneys of his brother to the needy persons.

Dr Mukut Minz, head of the renal transplant department, PGI, said: “A living person can donate only a single organ and multiple organs can be procured after death, which can save life of many individuals after a single act of donation.”

Unfortunately, organs cannot be used from all persons after death as the organs deteriorate as soon as the circulation of blood stops and these then become unusable. But if the death occurs in hospital and the organs can be removed within 30 minutes, they can be put to use, he added. 

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The Congress has it!
Raveen Thukral

So it's finally over now. And I am sure that you would be as surprised as me or for that even the Congress and the BJP with the outcome of the results of the 15th Lok Sabha polls.

While Congress victory in this city was more or less a foregone conclusion, the figure of 260 seats for the UPA was not predicted by any of the exit polls or the psychologists. Even die hard Congress politicians I know were keeping their fingers crossed and were hoping to get, at best, about 160 to 170 odd seats for the alliance.

I don't have access to any detailed data and I'll rather prefer to leave the task of reading between the numbers for the analysts but my gut feeling tells me that it is the combination of the middle class, the youth and the Muslim vote that has really done the trick for the Congress. And for this they have two people to thank for- Prakash Karat and Narendra Modi.

In addition to the Left's hackneyed opposition to economic reforms and the Indo-US Nuclear deal, what perhaps consolidated the middle class and the youth vote for the Congress was the specter of a third front, a motley of power hungry politicians, taking over the reigns of the country. The mere thought of Mayawati becoming the Prime Minister and a leader of a coalition, where lust for power and not ideology was the binding factor for most, was enough to shake the middle class to ponder and the apparent swing in the favour of Congress in urban areas is an evidence to this.

In these two long months of electioneering, I talked to a large number of people and no one was able to digest the thought of Mayawati being at the 7 Race Course Road . And believe me this had nothing to do with her caste or the fact that she isn't articulate enough but it had all to do with her style of politics.

While she and her supporters may see nothing wrong in her either accepting gold crowns and gifts/donations worth crores of rupees on her birthday bashes or spending thousands of crores of rupees of public money on building memorials of dalit icons and statues of herself, for any right thinking person such politics has no place in India today. Though Mayawati may now profess to be a leader of the "sarav samaj", her actions speak otherwise.

As a renowned columnist put it "Mayawati represents a certain political venality based on nothing more than an ability to leverage caste-based voting". And I feel that the middle class and the educated youth, who otherwise may not come out to vote, certainly despise this brand of politics. There should be no place for caste and religion in politics and also for those who practice it.

Now coming to Modi, there is no doubt that he has proved himself to be an administrator par excellence but his secular credentials will always remain questionable. I had a chance to cover the events in Gujarat post Godhra riots and I can say with conviction that what happened there wasn't possible without the tacit support of those at the helm.

The horrific stories that I heard from the survivors of the riots at Naroda Patia or the Gulbarg Society about the role of local BJP leaders like Maya Behan Kodnani (now in docks) were enough to indicate the explicit support that the Hindu brigade of rioters got from the administration. While all these events helped Modi polarize the Hindu vote in his favour, it left the Muslims insecure not only in Gujarat but elsewhere in the country too.

By floating the name of Modi as a PM candidate in the middle of the elections the overzealous BJP leaders seem to have once again stirred the latent specter of Godhra, consolidating the Muslim vote in favour of the Congress. In addition, the Congress also seems to have reaped the benefits of the Sachar Committee report.

With UPA back in the saddle with a revived Congress and Manmohan Singh once again at the helm; one would really like to see good governance and better quality of life for everyone. But will that happen? Not if one goes by the predictions of the World Bank, which foresees a quarter of India 's population living on a paltry $1.25 a day, considered as a state of extreme poverty, in 2015.

The UPA has been touting about achieving the over 8 per cent growth rate and recession not affecting the country as badly as US but the fact is that income disparities have grown and gap between the rich and the poor has only widened. The fruits of globalization and development have benefited only a miniscule section with lives of majority remaining unchanged and untouched.

Write to cityeditor@tribunemail.com

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Lowdown on high blood pressure
Health experts focus on lifestyle modification
Ananya Panda
Tribune News Service

Currently, over 20 crore Indians and 200 crore people worldwide are victims to hypertension, courtesy cut-throat competition, demanding jobs and high targets. Given the enormity of challenge, health experts globally call for an integrated approach focused upon nutritional intervention, activity pattern and stress management, besides the pharmacological therapy.

Hypertension or high-blood pressure is a persistent condition of heart beats with systolic and diastolic readings at 140 mmHg and 90 mmHg or higher respectively. The normal Blood Pressure (BP) is below 120/80 mmHg for systolic/diastolic BP respectively, and the BP crossing this threshold triggers a host of other heath problems. Padma Shri awardee Dr. S C Manchanda, a leading cardiologist says, “An elevated condition of BP goes hand-in-hand with many other ailments, including cardiovascular diseases, kidney failures, paralysis, diabetes etc.”

Referring to a survey by the American Heart Association, Manchanda cites hypertension to be a leading cause for 74 per cent of all heart arrests, 77 per cent of all paralytic attacks and 26 per cent of kidney failures, respectively. Doctors believe a sedentary lifestyle, wrong eating habits and consumption of tobacco and alcohol are the underlying causes of hypertension and hence they suggest a major overhauling of dietary patterns with modifications entailing incorporation of fruits and vegetables low in saturated fat and sodium.

In this context, Dr. K K Aggarwal, president of Heart Care Foundation of India emphasises upon fibre, whole grains and keeping a check on salt consumption. According to a cross-sectional Intersalt study, involving 52 centres worldwide, done by US Centre for Disease Control and Prevention points out that systolic BP was significantly related with dietary sodium intake, which comes from added salt. The World Health Organisation recommends not more than 1 tsp of salt per day. People normally have this notion that hypertension afflicts middle-aged and elderly, but due to the changing lifestyles and dietary habits even adolescents nowadays are being diagnosed with hypertension with increased BMI and abdominal fat accumulation. Dr. Manchanda, while cautioning that hypertension also poses a risk for dementia and mental deterioration, recommends a routine check up semi-annually or annually for a person with stable health parameters and daily for people with cardiovascular ailments. Besides, healthy changes in lifestyle and eating habits along with adopting relaxation techniques like yoga and mediation can to a large extent help in impacting BP and avoiding lifelong medication,” asserts Manchanda.

Dr. Vanitha Arora, senior consultant cardiologist, Apollo Hospital feels obesity and pregnancy are the primary reasons of hypertension among women. With one-third of people suffering from hypertension ignorant of their medical status, doctors feel people should know that hypertension is actually a silent killer as its symptoms are generally invisible until a vital organ is damaged. May being the international BP and Stroke Awareness month, the R&D of VLCC, a beauty and wellness retail chain has started healthcare “Reach Programme”. Dr. Veena Aggarwal, head of R&D of VLCC group says, “Nutritional intervention is the key component of our approach in prevention and management of hypertension. We suggest to our clients to avoid highly salted, processed foods and in addition, cut down on vegetables high in sodium content or seafood in some cases, and in place recommend herbs like basil, thyme, parsley, fennel, oregano, coriander leaves etc. as alternative to salt in cooking.” 

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Molecular-sized sensors for early diagnosis
Vijay Mohan
Tribune News Service

Chandigarh, May 17
As part of its golden jubilee project, the Central Scientific Instruments Organisation (CSIO) has taken up the development of molecular-sized multi-functional sensors.

Healthcare and agriculture have been identified as the primary focus areas, though such devices have applications in other sectors like electronics, space, defence, bio-warfare and security.

Technically referred to as bio-nano photonics, CSIO scientists said their focus is on the development of sensitive, fast and economic sensors suitable for early diagnosis of diseases and for the pathogen detection in the agricultural products during cultivation, processing and storing. These devises involve the interface of bio-molecules with available devices.

Giving an idea the relative size of such sensors, scientists said a nanometer is one-billionth part of a meter. Scientific writers have compared this to the ratio between the sizes of a marble to the size of the earth. Another article described a nanometer as the amount a man's beard grows in the time it takes him to raise the razor to his face.

As part of this venture, CSIO is engaged in the study of electrical and mechanical properties of DNA. ‘Nanowire’ DNA can be tailored for its length and other properties to obtain the desired item and is described as natural. This would find applications for the molecular electronics, sensors, understanding life processes at a molecular level and development of early diagnostic techniques for preventive medicine.

CSIO, in collaboration with the Semi-Conductors Limited, Mohali, is also working on the development of micro-sized disposable simple and economic Bio-MEMS based diagnostic kits. MEMS (micro-electro-mechanical systems) are made up of components, as small as one to 100 micro-metres (0.001 to 0.1 mm) in size. They usually consist of a central unit that processes data and several components like micro-sensors that interact with the outside world.

Scientists said this development would be of special importance because once such a device is developed for detection of one disease, it could be extended for a large number of other diseases, pathogen detection in agriculture, explosive detection and innumerable analytical techniques.

Referring to the importance of the nano-technology and MEMS, scientists said both science and economy in the 21st century would require technological breakthroughs in the control of nanometer scale structures and functions. Future global economy would be nano-technology based, where societal transformation would be rapid and unpredictable.

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Bansal weighed against ladoos
Tribune News Service

Chandigarh, May 17
Residents of Sector 45 and Burail village today weighed local MP Pawan Kumar Bansal against ladoos to celebrate his thumping victory in the recent Lok Sabha polls.

Vijay Singh Rana, deputy mayor, told TNS that supporters of Bansal celebrated his victory and distributed one quintal ladoos among area residents.

Rana along with residents appealed to Sonia Gandhi to give a Cabinet berth to Bansal so that he could discharge his duties for the city. 

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Garden or stadium ?
Tribune News Service

Chandigarh, May 17
Residents, especially evening walkers, in the Sector 3 Bougainvillea Garden have complained that some groups of boys play football in the garden, creating nuisance for them.

They have complained that about five groups of footballers can be seen playing in the garden, which creates difficulty for visitors to the garden.

“The people playing in this garden are not children, but young ones. Many times, ball hits passersby,” said a woman.

“We have complained to the local department many a time, but they have taken no action against it,” said an old man. “There is a police station near the park. So the department concerned can solve the matter,” he added.

Sanjay Kumar, UT Finance Secretary-cum-Chief Administrator, said, “This has always been a problem between the boys playing there and the evening walkers in the garden. We will see to it and ask the children not to play there.”

Residents of the area also complained that the garden had a toilet but had never open, causing problems to visitors to the garden, especially girls and old people. “If the administration had to lock the toilet doors, why has it wasted money by building the toilet here,” said an evening walker.

“Earlier, it used to remain open, but later it was locked as people had started misusing it. But the department concerned should depute a guard here to solve the problem,” said an old man.

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Sixteen lucky for Bittu
Tribune News Service

Mohali, May 17
The date 16 appears to be lucky for Ravneet Singh Bittu, who has won the Anandpur Sahib Lok Sabha seat on Congress ticket.

Not only he won the Parliamentary election by a margin of over 67,000 votes on May 16, his son was also born on February 16 this year. He also got married on April 16, 2005. 

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323 donate blood at Nirankari Bhawan
Tribune News Service

Panchkula, May 17
As many as 323 volunteers donated blood at Sant Nirankari Satsang Bhawan in Sector 9 here today. Out of the 323 donors, 107 were women.

A spokesman of the Sant Nirankari Mandal said in continuation with the ongoing gain of eleven camps to be held in the Chandigarh zone, the third camp was organised in the city.

KR Chadha, vice-chairman of the Central Planning and Advisory Board, Sant Nirankari Mandal, inaugurated the camp. He said the Nairankaris already shared spiritual relations with the entire world and had donated 3,63,073 units of blood last year.

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Cong registers win at 95 pc polling booths
Tribune News Service

Panchkula, May 17
While voters in the rural area of the district preferred to vote for INLD-BJP candidate Ratan Lal Kataria, his dreams of entering Parliament for the second term were wiped out by the voters as the Congress took a lead of 8,037 votes.

The Congress registered a win at 95 per cent polling booths in the town.

Kataria was polled 18,709 votes i.e. 36 per cent of the total polled votes.

The BJP could not even maintain its vote bank in the sectors from where its councillors registered a win last year only.

On booth No 58 and 59 falling in Sector 12, the BJP could secure only 468 votes against the Congress, which get 627 votes.

At ward No 12 the BJP trailed by 145 votes. The Congress was polled 1,250 votes.

Even the wards belonging to the councillors from the INLD had shown similar trends.

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BJP leaders pacify RSS man
Tribune News Service

Chandigarh, May 17
The incident of beating up of Surinder Pal Chauhan, convener of the Rashtriya Swabhiman Manch, a unit of the RSS, Chandigarh, allegedly by activists of the BJP in Sector 2, here, ended in a compromise today.

The negotiation into the matter was done only after the intervention of some members of the RSS and the local unit of the BJP. Chauhan said, “A written apology was sought from the guilty BJP activists which they did, and I too gave up”.

Today, Chauhan along with his wife and mother went to the Sector 19 police station to force the police to register an FIR against the guilty BJP activists. The police registered DDR only against those BJP activists who attacked him yesterday when he went to condole the sudden demise of elder brother of BJP leader Satya Pal Jain. 

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SSC-17 celebrates 35th anniversary
Tribune News Service

Chandigarh, May 17
The 35th anniversary of the army’s 17th Short Service Course (SSC) was observed by the members at the Defence Service Officers Institute at DSOI, sector 36, today.

Maj. General KS Khajuria, among the senior most members of the course, was also present. The occasion was commemorated with nostalgic memories of the training days and having bumped into each other at different places across the country during the course of their careers. The event renewed the fondness, comradeship and the spirit-de-corps among the course mates and their families.

The officers of SS-17 course have done well professionally and the course members have been highly decorated. This includes the award of Ashok Chakra (posthumous). Officers present on the occasion remembered the heroic deed of Lt Col HUS Gaur, who laid down his life fighting militants in the Kashmir valley and was decorated with highest peace time award for bravery.

Several members of the course have risen to the rank of major-general and are at present commanding various divisions of the army.

A number of retired officers and those who side-stepped into the civil stream with passage of time from Punjab, Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Haryana made it a point to attend the event.

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Stop n Stare in for a makeover
To offer more on bill of fare; may have a new name
Smriti Sharma
Tribune News Service

Chandigarh, May 17
Expansion and re-christening seems to be on the menu of CITCO’s most frequented joint - Stop n Stare - in Sector 10. For, not only more delectable things are being added to the existing menu, more seating arrangements in the form of wood huts are coming up at the joint.

Two huts have been proposed in front of the open area at the joint initially. More will be added once the idea clicks. The work on one of such huts is on and will be functional soon, said Kashmir Chand, in charge of the food joint.

The expansion plans have been chalked out keeping in mind the popularity of the eating joint, coupled with the summer season. Apart from introducing fresh lime and fresh buttermilk on the menu, it has been decided to introduce bakery items like cakes and pastries at affordable prices from Hotel Mountview.

Also, the officials of CITCO are mulling the idea of renaming the joint. While many old timers believe that the name is fine and suits the surrounding greens and open spaces nearby, others think the name hardly rings bells and should be changed to some café or more conventional one.

The eating joint came into being in 2003 after the CITCO was encouraged by the popularity of Sector 34 “Drop In” and its kiosk opposite Government College of Arts in Sector 10 was developed into an impressive fast food joint.

The spot opposite arts college - a little off the “geri route” - has always been a popular haunt for the uptown youth. “Youngsters, have since long been halting at “Stop `n’ Stare” for their daily dose of refreshment.

“Keeping in view the popularity of the place, we have decided to make it more comfortable for the kids,” said a senior official of CITCO.

This for the first time, ever since its existence, that expansion plans have been chalked out for this eating joint and which will going to add up to the revenue, he added. 

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e wild wild web
The age of Googling
Anil Maheshwari

Internet surfers depend on web search engines for searching information on the World Wide Web. The search results are usually presented in a list and are commonly called hits. Search engines operate algorithmically or are a mixture of algorithmic and human input.

Before search engines started surfacing since 1990 there was a complete list of all webservers. The list was edited by Tim Berners-Lee, the founder of the Internet and hosted on the CERN webserver. As more and more webservers went online the central list could not keep up.

The very first tool used for searching on the (pre-web) Internet was Archie. The name stands for "archive" without the "v." The Archie was not a reference to the famous Archie comic books series The program downloaded the directory listings of all the files located on public anonymous FTP sites, creating a searchable database of file names; however, Archie did not index the contents of these sites.

In June 1993, Matthew Gray produced what was probably the first web robot, the World Wide Web Wanderer, and used it to generate an index called 'Wandex'. The purpose of the Wanderer was to measure the size of the World Wide Web, which it did until late 1995.

Soon after, many search engines appeared and vied for popularity. These included Magellan, Excite, Infoseek, Inktomi, Northern Light, and Altavista. Yahoo! was among the most popular ways for people to find web pages of interest. In 1996, Netscape was looking to give a single search engine an exclusive deal to be their featured search engine.

Search engines were also known as some of the brightest stars in the Internet investing frenzy that occurred in the late 1990s. Several companies entered the market spectacularly, receiving record gains during their initial public offerings. Some have taken down their public search engine, and are marketing enterprise-only editions, such as Northern Light. Many search engine companies were caught up in the dot-com bubble, a speculation-driven market boom that peaked in 1999 and ended in 2001.

Around 2000, the Google search engine rose to prominence.] The company achieved better results for many searches with an innovation called PageRank. This iterative algorithm ranks web pages based on the number and PageRank of other web sites and pages that link there, on the premise that good or desirable pages are linked to more than others. Google also maintained a minimalist interface to its search engine. In contrast, many of its competitors embedded a search engine in a web portal.

By 2000, Yahoo was providing search services based on Inktomi's search engine. Yahoo! Acquired Inktomi in 2002, and Overture (which owned AlltheWeb and AltaVista) in 2003. Yahoo! switched to Google's search engine until 2004, when it launched its own search engine based on the combined technologies of its acquisitions.

Microsoft first launched MSN Search (since re-branded Live Search) in the fall of 1998 using search results from Inktomi. As of late 2007, Google was by far the most popular Web search engine worldwide. A number of country-specific search engine companies have become prominent; for example Baidu is the most popular search engine in the People’s Republic of China..

Web search engines work by storing information about many web pages, which they retrieve from the WWW itself. These pages are retrieved by a Web crawler (sometimes also known as a spider) - an automated Web browser which follows every link it sees. Exclusions can be made by the use of robots.txt. The contents of each page are then analyzed to determine how it should be indexed (for example, words are extracted from the titles, headings, or special fields called meta tags). Data about web pages are stored in an index database for use in later queries.

When a user enters a query into a search engine (typically by using key words), the engine examines its index and provides a listing of best-matching web pages according to its criteria, usually with a short summary containing the document's title and sometimes parts of the text.

The usefulness of a search engine depends on the relevance of the result set it gives back. While there may be billions of webpages that include a particular word or phrase, some pages may be more relevant, popular, or authoritative than others. Most search engines employ methods to rank the results to provide the "best" results first. How a search engine decides which pages are the best matches, and what order the results should be shown in, varies widely from one engine to another. The methods also change over time as Internet usage changes and new techniques evolve.

Most web search engines are commercial ventures supported by advertising revenue and, as a result, some employ the practice of allowing advertisers to pay money to have their list9ings ranked higher in search results. The search engines, which do not accept money for their search engine results, make money by running search related ads alongside the regular search engine results. The search engines make money every time someone clicks on one of these ads.

As the search engines have become the lifeline of the Internet, how could the Cybercriminals lag behind? They are now creating fake search sites designed solely to direct Web surfers to pages hosting malware, Panda Security warned recently.

Previously, attackers used to resort to sending e-mails with malicious code in attachments and with links to malicious Web sites and took measures to push those Web sites higher in search engine rankings. Now, they're also creating fake search engines that are showing up in Google search results.

When people use the engines to search for popular terms, like "flu statistics," the results displayed redirect to porn sites that purport to show video but require the visitor to install what they say is the latest version of a video player but which instead is malware. Searching on the fake search engines for security topics leads to fake antivirus sites. One of the fake search engines has received about 195,000 visits.

Therefore, web surfers should use only reputable search sites to protect themselves.

(The writer is an editor with Instablogs.com. He can be contacted on anilm@instablogs.com)

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Symposium on poetry held
SD Sharma

Ajit Singh Sandhu.
Ajit Singh Sandhu. A Tribune photograph

Chandigarh, May 17
Two books, authored by Punjabi poet Ajit Singh Sandhu, were released at a function held under the aegis of literary society Kavita Kender at the Punjab Kala Bhavan here today.

Writers and poets, including Dr Sharanjit Kaur, Dr Labh Singh Kheeva, Dr BK Pannu Parwaz, Dr SR Arsh, Gurbux Saini and others offered their critical appreciation on the poetry books titled “Charkhe di Tandh” and “Maa di Mamta”. Earlier, society’s president Karam Singh Wakeel introduced the poet and his other literary creations to the audience.

“Poetry is the premier literary art and a lifetime is required to master its nuances and attain a poetic potentiality,” said Punjabi poet Ajit Singh Sandhu, while talking to The Tribune. A teacher by profession, though Sandhu had been writing poetry since his formative years, but he published his books after his retirement. Poetry was such a curious art work that no writer could claim perfection and satisfaction in his creations, he said.

A symposium on poetry was also held at the releasing ceremony of books, performed by chief guest Dr Gurdev Singh Gill.

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Those who could not vote

Ravinder Dutt Sharma, 3711, Sector 32 D, Chd

Rajeev Prakash, 1192/8c,Chd

Usha Ahuja, 5626 ,Modern Housing, Complex, Manimajra,Chd

Sh. Rattan Lal 181, Adarsh Nagar, Pipliwala Town, Manimajra, Chd

Smt. Kartari Devi, ,, Rajesh Kumar ,,

Mr Amar Nath Gulati, 424, Sector 15-A, Chd

Mrs Pushpa Gulati - do -

Dr Rajesh Sharma 1089, Sector 44-B, Chd

Prof. Meera Malik 573,Sector 16 D, Chd

JK Kapoor 3027,sector 50D, Tribune Friends Society, Chd

Santosh Kapoor, ,, Om Parkash Garg 349/1, sector 45-A, Chd

sunita Rani ,, Inder Preet Singh Bala 2622, Sector 47C, Chd

Jagdeep Singh Brar 516 Sector 36-B,Chd

Surinder Bakshi 3103B, Sector 52, Chd

Harmander singh bedi 195 sector 15 A Chd

Sukhanadan Bedi ,, Preet Mohinder ,, Amandeep Bedi ,, Rajni 5452, Modern Housing

Complex, Manimajra, Chd

Mrs Puneet Gill 2257/B Sector 47/C, Chd

H.L. Vij 224/9-C,Chd

Mr. M. S. Vij ,, Sandeep Vijh 3858, Sec. 32 D, Chd

R.S.Paul 1013/45B,Chd

D.S.Paul ,, Sunil Arora 1144, Sector 18C, Chd

Jaskaran Singh 298, Sec -15-A, Chd

Harsimran Singh ,, Arvinder Singh 3738, Sector 46C, Chd

Ravinder Kaur ,, Ram Bahadur 2131A, Sector- 31A, Chd

Mukulesh Bharadwaj 9, sector 11-A, Chd

Sarita Bharadwaj ,, Girish Bharadwaj ,, Manjit Inder Singh HIG 221, Sector 70, Mohali

Pashora Singh 795 sector-43A Parkash Vij 118, Bankcolony, manimajra, Chd

Devender Vij ,, Neeru Vij ,, Maj. (Retd.) A.S. Baidwan, 312, Sec 15- A, Chd

Tejinder Singh Bains ,, Kuldeep Kak Flat. no- 5568/2, Modern Complex, Manimajra, Chd

Bhag Singh 579 Village Kajheri UT Chd,

Ram Piari ,, Satya Devi 3965,Sector 47 D, Chd

Jayant Pal Singh 354, Sector- 45 A Chd

Vikram Jeet Singh ,, Rajinder Kaur ,, Gurmit Singh 1121 SEC 21/B Chd

Sangeeta ,, S.P.Garg 3450, Sector 38-D, Chd.

Satpal Singh 2361, dadu majra colony, Chd

Jasbeer Kaur 1091, Sec 19-B Chd

ashmeet Kaur ,, Neerja Jain 30, Sector-16A, Chd

Narinder Kaur 762 sector 22A, chd

Kawaljeet Kaur ,, maluk Singh ,, Satpal Singh # 3297, Sector 21-D, Chd

Satpal Kaur # 3297, Sector 21-D, Chd

H. N. Kaul # 455, Sector 15- A, Chd

Sarla Kaul ,, Renu Kaul ,, Dr Pankaj Kaul 455, Sector 15-A, Chd

Meera Sodhi # 1013, Sector 36-C, Chandigarh

Col J.B. Singh # 5762 (Duplex), Modern Residential Complex, Mani Majra, Chd

J.P. Sareen # 3198, Sector 44-D, Chd

Ramesh Kanta # 3198, Sector 44-D, Chd

Yogesh Sareen # 3198, Sector 44-D, Chd

Brijesh Sareen # 3198, Sector 44-D, Chd

Surinder Mohan Goyal # 149, Sector 31-A, Chd

Ravinder Goyal # 149, Sector 31- A, Chd

(To be continued)

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City Scope Letters
Strict measures needed to check ragging
This refers to the City Scope “Will ragging ever stop?” (May 11) by Raveen Thukral.

He has rightly highlighted the incidents of ragging taking place in professional colleges, but unfortunately no deterrent action is taken against the culprits. This encourages the wrongdoer. What is the use of having stringent laws if they are not enforced?

The article should serve as a warning to educational institutions, which are accountable for the loss of lives due to ragging. Only teachers can explain the consequences of this harmful practice to their students. Parents too have a role to play. They should instill moral values in their children.

In the past, ragging was mild and harmless. The intention was to make freshers shed their inhibitions. I saw ragging in a positive manner.

Unfortunately, ragging has become a routine to commit physical and mental torture against the newcomers. Today parents fear to send their children out for higher studies.

Students should be warned against indulging in ragging. It is time people at the helm treated the issue seriously. They should not remain smug in the feeling that one or two stray incidents deserve no attention.

Rituraj Mehrotra Mohal

II

Exactly thirty six years back when I joined Kurukshetra University I did not sleep in my hostel for fear of ragging. The seniors used to order the newcomers to roam around in the hostel at midnight totally nude and sometimes they were made to dance nude.

One day I was asked to speak English fluently which I could manage with difficulty. Though many students have lost their lives and others spoilt their career, ragging still rule the roost in educational institutions.We must resort to the apex court, but how many parents can go and get quick justice. Committees like the Lyngdoh Committee are formed, but where are the results.

We should go into the factors responsible for ragging deaths like some students who have political support, are non-serious about their studies and continue to hang around hostels unnecessarily. Those who take alcohol and drugs should not be allowed to enter hostels.

Even the educational institution authorities are not serious about ragging, as they are not held liable and prosecuted in the court. Wherever ragging takes place the warden should also be dismissed along with the students. In my opinion till the necessary amendments are carried in the IPC and ragging is treated as a criminal act, it will go on. R K Garg

III

In the recent past there has been a spurt of violent incidents in the university as well as college campuses across the country. This has certainly compelled everyone to ponder over this serious problem.

The apex court has done a splendid task to give directions to the states to constitute two committees, one for de-addiction and the other for counselling of students. Since the SC panel has found alcoholism to be a major factor behind Aman Kachroo’s unfortunate death owing to ragging, a committee on de-addiction was desired. Earlier too, the Supreme Court had set up the Raghvan Committee.

However, violence in the name of ragging continues unabated in colleges, especially professional colleges, and even in schools which has shaken the nation.

In fact, alcoholism or drug-taking in the campus has become a fashion. The writer has rightly underlined that when Vice-Chancellors have to lobby for their appointments and then run around politicians or the powers that be for their survival, they end up following a policy of weak-kneed appeasement of all.

If the criteria of the appointment at the highest post in the universities are political lobbying and sycophancy it is not difficult to imagine what would be the fate of these higher institutions.

The recent appointments of VCs in the universities is a perfect example. It is time to act and save education institutions from political interference and let these institutions prosper on merit.

The authorities being patronised by political bigwigs have always a soft corner for those students who indulge in such nefarious and unethical activities. The classic example is of Lawrence School where Headmaster Praveen Vashisht expelled the guilty students. Violence in educational institutions by a few students cannot be allowed to curb the rights of other students to carry on with their studies in a peaceful atmosphere. The distribution of drugs and alcohol in the campus must be stopped.

The media, too, can play a major role in the campaign against drugs. The authorities concerned should take every possible step to maintain the security. Night vigil is the paramount need. Parents have an equal role to play to check the nefarious activities of their wards. Those who are habitual trouble-creators should be rusticated.

SK Khosla

IV

The directives of the Supreme Court are the lessons for parents, teachers and students .The Supreme Court has taken a serious view of ragging and has directed all the states to set up two committees, one for de-addiction and the other for providing counselling, both psychiatric and psychological.

A number of ragging incidents have taken place recently. The apex court had given its verdict many times, but it has failed to have serious effect on the states to take measures to prevent ragging in higher educational institutions. There is need for mental health measures at educational institutions.

As per the directions of the court, a student who will indulge in ragging can be dropped from the institutions, can be fined and their result can also be stopped. The institutions have also been warned that financial aid can be stopped to them and affiliation of the institution can be cancelled. Ragging is a heinous offence.

There should be no soft corners for drug and alcohol addicts and violent students. There is need for rustication and registration of criminal cases against those who indulge in ragging.The institutions should be quite vigilant and make arrangements for normal functioning in their institutions.

M L Garg, Chandigarh

V

Students all over the country have become habitual to drugs, intoxicants and smoking. Their indulgence in ragging causing deaths, disabilities and suicides is increasing by the day. The Supreme Court, the Lyngdoh and Raghvan Committees recommended measures to eliminate ragging in colleges.

In spite of all these measures, recommendations and the apex court’s directions, ragging still goes unchecked in the schools, colleges and other institutions. The universities and educational institutions are not bothered to check this menace.

Ragging can never be stopped if the university authorities do not take strict action against the culprit students. The students at the time of admission and also at periodical intervals must be tested for doping and drugs and any student found indulging in such things must be given exemplary punishments. Such students must be rusticated, besides filing criminal cases against them.

Universities must be taken to task showing any laxity in eradicating ragging and use of drugs, intoxicants, alcohol ragging. Mild ragging is not bad, which should not exceed its limits.

Capt Amar Jeet Kumar (retd), Mohali

VI

The article compels one to ponder over whether without intervention of the Supreme Court, is it not possible for the authorities concerned to check the menace of ragging? Ragging, which started as a means to break inhibitions of the freshers and acquaint them with the customs and conventions of the educational institution, has degenerated into an ugly and dreaded phenomenon.

It has not only taken its toll on the precious lives of the several budding students, but has also made innumerable youngsters mentally crippled for ever. It is in this context that the apex court’s directive to the states to set up two committees is a laudable step.

Mr Thukral’s suggestion to make dope-like tests mandatory for all students in schools, colleges and universities, if accepted and implemented sincerely, would immediately put an end to this problem.

Strict action like rustication and registration of criminal cases against the erring students by the authorities and proper parental grooming of the students can also nip the evil in the bud.

Lajpat Rai Garg, Chandigarh

VII

Ragging, in fact, is a blot on the face of our so-called civilised and educated society. What is more disparaging is that it originates from the temples of learning — schools, colleges and other educational institutions. It is disparaging because the culprits are senior students themselves.

The students who are supposed to be the future of the nation and are expected to do some constructive work for the country and for themselves are unfortunately indulging in villainous activities.

The court has already declared ragging as illegal. But in spite of the legal ban, little effort has been made to eradicate this evil from our educational system.

Harsh Pant

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30,000 take IAS prelims
Tribune News Service

Aspiring IAS candidates come out after taking civil services preliminary examination in Chandigarh on Sunday.
Aspiring IAS candidates come out after taking civil services preliminary examination in Chandigarh on Sunday. A Tribune photograph

Chandigarh, May 17
Around 30,000 IAS aspirants took the all-India civil services preliminary examination at various centres in the city today. Though the candidates claimed the paper to be easy, geography paper was slightly on a tougher side with unexpected pattern of questions.

Even the general knowledge section tested the students on their knowledge of current affairs, as various questions were based on recent newspapers articles.

According to Anil Kumar, director IAS Study Circle, Sector 32, “The recent results of the civil services was quite inspiring and with a large number of people sitting in the prelims, the city is actually emerging as one of the most sought after training hub for the IAS exams in the region. Overall the paper was quite easy and we hope a large number of selections from the city this time.”

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5,000 take PU entrance test

Chandigarh, May 17
Around 5,000 candidates appeared for the Panjab University Common Entrance Test on the university campus here today.

The students get admission to the honours pool of the science courses and BA-LLB course. Apart from the examination, one thing worth mentioning was Vice-Chancellor’s gesture of making the parents of the appearing candidates more comfortable.

Seeing them waiting on lawn in the scorching heat, he had them all escorted in the air-conditioned auditorium, where they waited for the examination to get over. — TNS

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‘Management skills must for good animator’
Tribune News Service

Chandigarh, May 17
More than 200 students from city and surrounding areas today took part in a seminar on animation held at Sector 31 CII complex here today. The seminar was conducted by Animaster, an animation centre that first brought Canadian training to the city, in association with The Animation Society of India (TASI), and “Animation Xpress”.

Top animation experts expounded the future of the animation industry in current world scenario. The top brass in animation, including industry gurus, veteran animators, representatives from TASI and in-house experts from Animaster and the Animation Varsity participated in the seminar.

Speaking in the seminar, Akshaya, senior manager (operations and branding), Animaster Corporate, said, “Being a good animator goes beyond just love for animation. You need specialised knowledge and technical skills like knowing principles of animation, lay-out, space and colour theory, having shading acumen, understanding modelling, camera and perspectives, but beside these technical skills, you also need to develop strong project management capabilities like good interpersonal skills, communication skills etc. Here, top professional animation centres, like Animaster, can help you in acquiring top-of-the-line technical skills and developing excellent project management skills that will last you a lifetime.”

Speaking on Animaster, Manisha Gupta, director, Animaster Chandigarh Centre, said, “Animaster offers students a highly structured curriculum and industry specific courses. We are partnering industry leaders in India and can offer learning on the latest softwares.”

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