EDUCATION TRIBUNE

Making teaching effective
E
LEMENTARY education constitutes the basic foundation in the formal education system. Since the beginning of planned development in India in the early 50s, the planners have rightly recognised the importance of early expansion of educational facilities, with significant improvements in quality and relevance of education at all levels.

Web of help with languages
T
HE group was discussing Britney Spears, and everyone wanted to know the same thing: How do you say “paparazzi” in Gujarati?

Campus Notes
CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar
Coveted award

Dr Gaya Prasad, professor of animal biotechnology, Haryana Agricultural University, has been conferred the prestigious Rafi Ahmad Kidwai Award for the biennium 2007-08 in recognition of his outstanding contribution in controlling bluetongue disease of domestic and wild ruminants.





Top










Making teaching effective
Ananda Padhan and Amit Shakya

ELEMENTARY education constitutes the basic foundation in the formal education system. Since the beginning of planned development in India in the early 50s, the planners have rightly recognised the importance of early expansion of educational facilities, with significant improvements in quality and relevance of education at all levels. The quality aspect in elementary education has been equally emphasised along with the universal enrolment and universal retention under the centrally-sponsored schemes District Primary Education Programme covering 18 states and the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) covering all the 28 states and 7 Union Territories. One of the main components of quality aspect of elementary education under SSA is the provision of teaching learning material (TLM) for teachers to improve teaching learning in the classroom.

TLM grant is an additional monetary help given to each teacher engaged in elementary school (Class I-VIII) for the development of teaching and learning material, and using them to bring out effectiveness in teaching. A sum of Rs 500 per year is given to each teacher of government schools till the elementary level under the scheme. The basic rationale of providing this grant was that TLM plays a crucial role in curriculum transaction both at the primary and upper primary stages, and consequently improving the quality of education. As per SSA guidelines, it is mandatory for beneficiary teachers to use this grant for developing at least five charts, two non-working models, one working model and some flash cards. The authors have brought out some important findings through a research study that they had conducted on the trend of TLM utilisation and its influence on learning achievements.

The study was conducted in Hoshiarpur district, the largest and most literate district of Punjab. The data was collected from 160 teachers of Classes VI to VIII representing all the four blocks in Dasuya, Mukerian, Garhshankar and Hoshiarpur to examine the trend of TLM utilisation in the schools. In order to see the effect of TLM on learning achievements, two schools were selected—one from urban area and other from rural area having 50 students each. The 50 students in a school were further divided into two homogenous groups on the basis of their previous year marks in science. Based on a topic decided in consultation with the subject teacher of the school, the group A was taught with the use of the TLM and group B was taught without using TLM for one period each day for three consecutive days in each group. The TLM that were used were solar cooker, model of wind mill, LPG-filled stove, boxes painted with black and white color, wood piece, coal piece and a ball model of nuclear fission reaction. After teaching the full lesson, an achievement test was administered on both the groups and the results were compared.

With respect to the use of TLM by teachers it was observed that all teachers of the government schools are receiving TLM regularly, with a minor irregularity in some schools. Over 90 per cent of the teachers were aware of the SSA’s guidelines regarding development of TLM. However, the regularity in the use of TLM was not that satisfactory as around 56 per cent of the teachers were only found regular in using TLM in the classroom. About 75 per cent of teachers were reported to have receiving training but in general, they were not satisfied with the kind of training.

A significant increase in academic achievement of students was recorded when they were taught through the use of TLM as compared to the group which was taught without use of any TLM. The effect of using TLM on academic achievement was more on students of rural area than urban area. Almost all the teachers viewed that the use of TLM makes classroom teaching effective, interesting and interactive. Its use in classroom reduces the feeling of boredom among students and motivates the learner to become more attentive and focused during the teaching learning process. However, about 51 per cent teachers feel that TLM has no significant role in preventing truancy (absenteeism) among students. About 70 per cent of the teachers in general feel that the grant of Rs 500 is sufficient to develop TLM at the elementary level, which means that the teachers are satisfied with the grant amount.

It is gratifying to note that the use of TLM helps in enhancing learning achievement in students but the point of concern is that all the beneficiary teachers must prepare (or purchase) TLM and utilise them sincerely in their lessons when the topics desperately require their use. In other words, they must develop the feeling of self-accountability of using the grant for the cause of children, the future of our nation. The education authority also needs to give proper orientation and training to teachers in this regard, maintain records and monitor their activities.

Top

Web of help with languages
Raja Abdulrahim

THE group was discussing Britney Spears, and everyone wanted to know the same thing: How do you say “paparazzi” in Gujarati?

They settled on the term phota levavara, or photo takers.

“I figured that to bring Gujarati into my everyday life, it would have to fit the things that I do,” like discussing pop culture with friends, said Chitavan Patel, who founded the Gujarati language group two years ago on Meetup.com.

Patel, 28, said she formed the Los Angeles group to combat an ever-weakening hold on her native language. Born to Indian parents, she grew up in New Jersey speaking the language at home. But after she left for college, she found herself forgetting words, making grammatical mistakes and fumbling to express emotions.

“I didn’t want to be the one to break the link in the language and (not) pass it on to my children,” Patel said. So the Santa Monica, Calif., resident began seeking out language partners. She found others like herself. Children of immigrants and expatriates are increasingly turning to online groups and websites to connect with each other and to reconnect with their native languages. They are discovering that it not only is a good way to hold onto an important part of their culture but that it can also give them an advantage in the global marketplace.

On Meetup.com’s website, hundreds of language groups can be found in metropolitan areas across the US. Still more can be found on Yahoo, Google and Craigslist.

With almost 100 members, Patel’s Gujarati group has met regularly for two years. Members share similar reasons for joining the group.

“It opens the door to culture,” said Patel, who is a financial planner and analyst for HBO. “Gujarati has a lot of idioms that are really quirky and funny; and if you didn’t understand the nuances of the language, then you would miss a lot of that stuff, a lot of the colour.”

There is little data on heritage language trends and even less on online usage, but experts say there are more options available than in the past.

It used to be that maintaining one’s native language in this country was discouraged. Further helping to sever linguistic ties, newly arriving immigrants in the US had little contact with family back home, said Olga Kagan, executive director of the National Heritage Language Resource Centre at the University of California, Los Angeles. The centre develops curricula and teacher education for language students.

“Even if you don’t travel (home), you can call, you can Skype, you can e-mail, Twitter,” she said. “I think it’s something that happens at 18, 19, because you realise that you’ve lost something ... and you want to regain it.”

Peter Eugene Kim, 25, recalled that as a child he loathed spending Saturdays at Korean school in Orange County, Calif. But on a recent trip to South Korea, he realised he could not connect with people as well as he would have liked. So, he recently posted an ad on Craigslist: “I’m looking for a Korean language exchange partner. I can speak intermediate Korean, but would like to become a fluent speaker.”

Kim meets occasionally with two language partners for coffee and casual conversation.

“We’re talking about each other and ourselves, all those conversations that normal people have when they’re getting to know each other,” he said.

For Kim, improving his language skill also has professional benefits in his job as an attorney with a non-profit that helps poor and immigrant families.

“I feel bad when people turn to me and say, ‘Hey, you speak Korean?’ and I have to say, ‘Well, sort of,’ and I have to stumble through a meeting,” he said.

Job seekers often use a second language to distinguish themselves from other applicants, and employers are increasingly advertising for jobs that require a second language, said Michael Erwin, a senior career adviser at Careerbuilder.com.

“A lot of businesses now are having to do business with countries outside the U.S. because of the economy,” he said. “And having a (second) language will put you on the top of the list.”

About four years ago, Umberto Ciccone, 50, began taking Italian classes at UCLA Extension when a classmate told him about an online Italian group, which he now leads.

“To really become fluent, it’s hard if you only go to class,” he said. “I wanted to meet other people who were trying to do the same thing as me.”

When Ciccone was growing up, his Italian parents would allow him to speak only English. But after his parents died, he yearned to connect with relatives in Italy.

“I want to feel like I can communicate with everybody,” he said, “not just the ones who can speak English.”

— By arrangement with LA Times-Washington Post

Top

Campus Notes
CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar
Coveted award

Dr Gaya Prasad, professor of animal biotechnology, Haryana Agricultural University, has been conferred the prestigious Rafi Ahmad Kidwai Award for the biennium 2007-08 in recognition of his outstanding contribution in controlling bluetongue disease of domestic and wild ruminants.

Union Minister of Renewable Energy Resources Dr Farooq Abdullah presented the award to Dr Prasad at the foundation day celebration function of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research held at Delhi recently. The award carries a gold medal and a cash prize of Rs 3 lakh.

Dr Prasad has been working on bluetongue virus and insect vector for the last 25 years and has substantially helped in understanding the dynamics of the disease, its viral genomic diversity, vector characterisation and sequencing of critical genes of different serotypes. His concerted efforts provided a strong foundation for the development of bluetongue vaccine and diagnostic kit.

It may be recalled that this vaccine developed by the Chennai Centre of ICAR and the All-India Network Programme on Bluetongue Disease in collaboration with three other centers, including HAU, was released by Vice-Chancellor K. S. Khokhar during the 6th Annual Scientists' Meet of the project on July 13 last.

So far, Dr Prasad has supervised research work by three Ph.D. and five M.V.Sc. students working on different aspects of bluetongue virus. The molecular method developed and evaluated in his laboratory is used for mandatory screening of breeding bulls for production of quality semen.

Guru Jambheshwar University of Science & Technology, Hisar
Rs 10.8-cr UGC grant for development

The University Grants Commission has granted Rs 10.83 crore to Guru Jambheshwar University of Science & Technology under the XIth Plan General Developments Grant Allocation. Vice-Chancellor Devinder Dayal Singh Sandhu said Rs 5.12 crore had been allocated for general development, Rs 5.65 crore as grant under merged schemes and Rs 5 lakh for developing internal quality assurance cell. He said these grants would be utilised for improving quality of teaching and research and for developing infrastructure.

— Contributed by Raman Mohan

Top

HOME PAGE

Admission Deadline
Armed Forces

Indian Army, West Block III, RK Puram, New Delhi 110066
www.joinindianarmy.nic.in / www.indianarmy.gov.in

SSC (Technical) Men (April 2010)
SSC (Technical) Women Course (April 2010)

(Including widows of Defence Personnel for Tech & Non Tech Entry at Officers Training Academy, Chennai)

Eligibility: Unmarried women / issueless widows and divorcees / widows of Defence Personnel;
BE / BTech (Electronics & Communication / Telecommunication / Electronics / Civil / Mechanical / Industrial Engg / Construction / Electrical / Architecture / Computer Science / IT)
For widows of Defence personnel with 4 years relaxation: Bachelors degree/ BE / BTech
DoB: 02 April ’83 – 01 April ‘90
Selection: SSB interview; Psychological Aptitude Test; Medical Test.

Application Form: Send application in prescribed format on Yellow paper (White paper for widows) to the "Additional Directorate General Recruiting (Women Entry Section)" to the above address. Superscribe in red ink on the envelope: "34th SSC (Tech) Men and 5th SSC (Technical) women and widows of Defence Personnel Entry / Qualification Code……"

Details: Employment News (12 - 18 July 2009) / Website.

Application Deadline: 21 August 2009

Architecture & Interiors

Govt. Polytechnic for Women, Sector 10-D, Chandigarh

Diploma in Interior Design & Decoration (3 years)

Eligibility: 10+2 (PCB with Maths) and English as compulsory subject

Application Form: Send Rs 520/- by DD favouring "Principal, Govt. Polytechnic for Women, Sector 10-D, Chandigarh" at the above address.

Application Deadline: 31 July 2009

Art & Design

JD Institute of Fashion Technology, JD, Lokayata, Hauz Khas Village
www.jdinstitute.com

BSc and Diploma courses in: Fashion / Interior / Jewellery / Textile Design / Visual Merchandising / Fashion Business Mgmt / Garment Manufacturing Tech

Details: Website

Application Deadline: 20 August 2009

Pearl Academy of Fashion, A 21/13, Naraina Industrial Area, Phase II, New Delhi 110028
www.pearlacademy.com

Short term professional programmes: (1 year)
Apparel Merchandising & Marketing / Textile Design for Products & Accessories / Fashion Clothing for Women’s Wear / Creative Fashion & Portfolio Development / Creative Visual Design

Application Form & Details: Website

Application Deadline: 03 August 2009

Apeejay Institute of Design, 54, Tughlakabad Institutional Area, Mehrauli- Badarpur Road, New Delhi 110062 (Affiliated to GNDU, Amritsar)
www.apeejay.edu/aid/home.htm

MDesign (Fashion Design, Interior Design, Visual Media)

Eligibility: BDesign / BArch / BFA / BMM with 1st div

Selection: Interview: 03 – 04 August 2009

Application Form & Details: Website.

Registration Deadline: 31 July 2009

Engineering

Institution of Permanent Way Engineers (India), G-11, Rail Bhawan, Raisina Road, New Delhi 110001 (M/o Railways)
www.ipweindia.com

Diploma in Railway Engg (1 year, correspondence)

Eligibility: 3 year diploma in Engg / BSc (with Maths & Science in 10+2) / BE / BTech

Application Form: Send Rs 100/- by DD favoring of "IPWE (India)" payable at New Delhi with stamped (Rs 15/-), self-addressed envelope (25 cm x 15 cm) to the above address / Download from website.

Details: Website.

Application Deadline: 31 August 2009

Hotel Mgmt

Institute of Hotel Management Catering Technology & Applied Nutrition, Room No. 309, PUDA Complex, Bhagu Road, Bathinda 151001 (Punj) (M/o Tourism, GoI, D/o Tourism, Govt of Punjab)

Diploma in Hospitality Management (Food Production / Bakery & Confectionery / House Keeping / Front Office) (1˝ years)

Eligibility: 10+2 (50%)
Age: 22 years (On 01 July ’09)

Selection: Merit

Application Form: Send Rs 250/- by DD favouring "Principal, IHM Bathinda" at the above address.

Application Deadline: 03 August 2009

IT

International Institute of Information Technology, P 14, Rajiv Gandhi Infotech Park, Hinjawadi, Pune 411057 (Mah)
www.isquareit.ac.in

Advanced PG Programmes: (2 years, Full Time)
1) In School of Information Technology: Software Technologies / Network & Telecom / Embedded System Design / Microelectronics & VLSI Design
2) In School of Biotechnology: Biotechnology
3) In School of Interdisciplinary Science & Technology: Nanoscience & Nanotechnology / Intelligent Systems & Robotics)
4) In School of Mngt: Business Management / IT / Telecom Mngt / Biotech Mngt
5) In School of Engineering & Technology: MTech (Computational Fluid Dynamics / Oil & Gas Engg) / MBA (Oil & Gas Mgmt)

Details: Website

Application Deadline: 29 August 2009

Management

Pondicherry University, Directorate of Distance Education, NSHM Centre of Management & Development Studies, NSHM Knowledge Campus, Plot 25B, Sector 32, Gurgaon 122001 (Har)
www.pondiuni.edu / www.nshm.com

MBA (Marketing / Finance / International Business / HR Mgmt / General) (2 years, Part Time)

Application Form: Download from website

Details: Employment News (12 – 18 July 2009) / Website

Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU), Maidan Garhi, New Delhi 110068
www.ignou.ac.in / www.u21global.edu.sg/ignou

PG Program in IT Mgmt (18 months)
(In collaboration with U21 Global, Singapore)

Eligibility: Bachelors degree in IT + 2 years Supervisory / Managerial / Professional experience in IT field; non-graduates with 6 years’ / Managerial / Professional work-exp in IT may also apply

Application Form: Download from website.

Details: Website

Application Deadline: 10 August 2009

Indian School of Business, Centre for Executive Education, Gachibowli, Hyderabad 500032 (AP)
www.10000women.org / www.isb.edu/10000women

Certificate programme for women entrepreneurs (16 weeks, Non residential program) (fully funded scholarship programme for women entrepreneurs)

Application Form & Details: Website

Application Deadline: 31 July 2009

SP Jain Center of Management, Doubledot Center, 533, Kalbadevi Road, Mumbai 400002 (Mah)
www.spjain.org

Global MBA Programme (1 year)
(At Dubai, Toronto / Sydney & Singapore Campus)

Eligibility: Working Executives (3 years)

Details: Website

Application Deadline: 15 September 2009

Medicine

Central Council for Research in Yoga & Naturopathy, 61-65, Institutional Area, Janakpuri, New Delhi 110058 (D/o AYUSH, M/o Health & Family Welfare, GoI)
www.ccryn.org

1) Bachelor of Naturopathy & Yoga Sciences (5-5˝ years)
2) Paramedical Diploma in Naturopathy & Yoga Therapy

Scholarship: For 1: Rs. 5,000/- pm

Application Form & Details: Website

Application Deadline: 10 August 2009

Government Multispeciality Hospital, Room No. 21, Sarai Building, Sector 16, Chandigarh (Punj) (Health Deptt)

DNB Course in Ortho & Medicine Departments

Eligibility: CET-DNB passed / Diploma in Ortho; registered with MCI

Selection: For CET/Primary passed candidates: Test: 05 August 2009
For Diploma Orthopaedics holders: 06 August 2009

Application Form: Send application on plain paper alongwith Certificates duly attested and one passport size photograph for DNB Course in Ortho & Medicine Depts to the DNB Co-ordinator at the above address.

Application Deadline: 01 August 2009

University of Delhi, Faculty of Ayurvedic & Unani Medicines, 6th Floor, VP Chest Institute Building, Delhi 110007
www.du.ac.in

BAMS / BUMS

Application Form: Send Rs 300/- by DD favouring "Registrar, University of Delhi", payable at Delhi on any nationalized bank to the Assistant Registrar at the above address by 27 July ‘09 / Download from website.

Details: Website

Application Deadline: 03 August 2009

Recruitment

Staff Selection Commission, Regional Director (NER), Rukmini Nagar, PO Assam Sachivalaya, Guwahati, Assam 781006 (Assam)
www.sscner.org / www.ssc.nic.in

Auditors & Accountants in the offices of Indian Audit and Accounts Department (IAAD), Special Recruitment Exam 2009

Eligibility: Bachelors degrees
Age: 18-27 years (on 21 August ’09)

Exam: 15 November 2009

Application Form & Details: Employment News (12 – 18 July 2009)

Application Deadline: 21 August 2009

Scholarships

M/o Environment & Forests, Paryavaran Bhawan, CGO Complex, Lodi Road , New Delhi 110003 (M/o Environment & Forests, GoI)
www.moef.gov.in

Indira Gandhi Paryavaran Puraskar 2009
(For outstanding work in areas like protection / conservation of the environment)

Eligibility: Indian citizenship. Self-Nomination will not be considered.

Award: Organization Category: Rs 5 lakh & Silver Lotus Trophy (1 award)

Individual Category: Rs 3 lakh & Rs 2 Lakh each with Silver Lotus Trophy (2 awards)

Application & other details: Website

Application Deadline: 05 September 2009

Australian Government Department of Education, Employment & Workplace Relations, GPO Box 9880, Canberra ACT 2601
www.endeavour.deewr.gov.au/apply_now

1) 2010 Endeavour Cheung Kong Research Fellowship
(For PG students to undertake short-term research; 4-6 months in any field of study in Australia)

2) 2010 Vocational Education & Training Awards For high achieving Indian students, to undertake vocational education at a diploma, advanced diploma or associate degree in any field of study at Australian institutions. The courses are non-academic related to trade, occupation or vocation

Eligibility: Indian citizens
For 1:
Masters degree / PhD with English language proficiency
For 2: 10+2 with English proficiency

Scholarship: For 1: Travel allowance: A$4500, establishment allowance: AUD 4000; Monthly stipend upto 6 months: AUD 2500; Health & Travel allowance

For 2: Travel allowance: A$4500, establishment allowance: AUD 4000; Monthly stipend upto 6 months: AUD 2500; Tuition fees (upto 2 years): AUD 6500; English language training fees AUD 1000 (upto 6 months); Health & Travel allowance

Application Form & Details: Website.

Application Deadline: 31 July 2009

Government of Punjab, Department of Welfare
http://punjabgovt.gov.in / www.minorityaffairs.gov.in

Pre-Matric Merit Scholarship for Minorities
(pursuing education from Class 1 to 10 in Govt / recognized private schools)

Eligibility: Not less than 50 % in the previous examination; Family income not exceeding 1 lakh per annum.

Scholarship: For Class 6-10: Admission fee: Rs. 500/- pa (Hostellers & Day scholars)
Tuition fees: Rs. 350/- pa (Hostellers & Day scholars)
Maintenance Allowance: Rs. 600/- pm (Hostellers), Rs.100/- pm (Day scholars)
For Class 1 to 5: Maintenance Allowance: None (Hostellers), Rs.100/- pm (Day scholars)

Details: Website

Application Deadline: 15 August 2009

Schools

Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti, Bay No. 26-27, Sector 31 A, Chandigarh 160030 (Har) (M/o HRD)
www.nvsrochd.gov.in

Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya Selection Test 2010 (for admission to Class VI)

Eligibility: Studying in Class V in any Govt. aided / recognised school / centre of Sarv Shiksha Abhiyan / NIOS in any medium
DOB: 01 May ’97 – 30 April ’01

Selection: Test: 07 February 2010, 10 April 2010, 20 June 2010

Application Form & Details: Prospectus can be obtain free of cost from the District Education Officer, Block Education Officer, headmasters of Recognized Schools and Principals of Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas

Application Deadline: 15 September 2009

Sciences Bio

Institute of Bioinformatics & Applied Biotechnology (IBAB), Bangalore Biotech Park, Electronics City, Phase 1, Bangalore 560100 (Kar),
www.ibab.ac.in

1) PG Diploma in Bioinformatics (1˝ years)
2) PG Diploma in Cheminformatics (1˝ years)
3) PG Diploma in Biotechniques (8–14 months)

Eligibility: For 1: UG / PG Degree in (Life Sciences / Engineering / Computer Science / Statistics / Maths / Physics / Chemistry / Medicine / Agriculture / Veterinary / Pharmacy)
For 2: MSc in any branch of Chemistry / Bachelors / Masters degree in (Pharmacy) / BE / BTech (Chemical Engg)
For 3: MSc (Life Sciences) / BTech (Biotechnology) / MBBS

Selection: Entrance Exam / Interview: 18 – 20 August 2009

Application Form & Details: Website

Application Deadline: 15 August 2009

University

Kurukshetra University, Directorate of Distance Education, Kurukshetra 136119 (Har)
www.kukinfo.com

Open Stream Programme: Bachelors Preparatory Programme (6 months)
Traditional Courses
Professional Courses
Lateral Entry Courses
(MCA, Part II & Part III / MSc Computer Science / MA Mass Communication / MBA / MBA Hospitality Mgmt, Part II & Part III)

Application Form: Send Rs. 270/- by DD favouring "Registrar, Kurukshetra University," payable at Kurukshetra / Thanesar with two self-addressed slips to the above address / Download from website.

Details: Website

Application Deadline: 18 September 2009
For MA Education (Part I): 30 October 2009

Pervin Malhotra,
Director, Career Guidance India
(CARING)
www.careerguidanceindia.com

Top