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After particle discovery, spotlight on Bose

Kolkata, July 5
The discovery of a new subatomic particle, possibly the Higgs boson considered "a key to the cosmic riddle", has put the spotlight once again on Satyendra Nath Bose, the Indian scientist from whose surname the word 'boson' is derived.

"India is like a historic father of the project," said Paolo Giubellino, spokesman of the Geneva-based European Organisation for Nuclear Research (also known as CERN), which conducted the experiments to find the elusive 'God' particle.

Bose (1894-1974), a physicist from Kolkata (erstwhile Calcutta) and a contemporary of German scientist Albert Einstein, did path-breaking work on quantum mechanics in the early 1920s, using maths to describe the behavioural pattern of the bosons -- one of the two families of fundamental particles that the universe is classified into.

The other family of fundamental particles fermions is named after Italy-born American physicist Enrico Fermi.

Bose worked with Einstein in the 1920s, providing the foundation for Bose-Einstein statistics, and the Bose-Einstein condensate. He is also acknowledged as the person who laid the foundation of quantum statistics.

However, Bose never won the Nobel Prize, even though in later years the award was given several times for research on bosons.

"He laid the base though his work. He definitely deserved the Nobel Prize. Definitely," said Archan Majumdar, an astro-physicist at SN Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences here.

"However, at the same time, some kind of historical justice has also been done. His name has been immortalised in bosons," Majumder said.

"And while it is always good to recognise past achievements, it does not take the sheen away from the present successes. What the CERN scientists have done is great. It's a great leap forward in the fundamental research and knowledge of human civilization," he said.

Milan Sanyal, director of Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, though delighted at the discovery, rued the fact that while the Higgs (named after British physicist Peter Higgs) in Higgs boson was in upper case, the boson was in lower case.

"I shall write to CERN on this. It is not a complaint. But I will point it out. I have already received many emails and calls on this. I don't want to shoot any letter now as they are celebrating. But I shall write to them soon," Sanyal assured IANS.

However, he said scientists of his institute had collaborated with Geneva-based European Organisation for Nuclear Research (CERN) for the crucial Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) experiments.

"On August 26 last year, we signed three memoranda of understandings with CERN, one of which was on CMS," he said. Five faculty members from the institute were part of the core CMS team. "Besides, we have 10 Ph.D. students who are part of the project," he said. IANS





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