Union government’s survey shows the effect of Covid on job growth

Most impressive growth of 152 per cent in the IT/BPO sector; followed growth rates in health with 77 per cent; education with 39 per cent; manufacturing with 22 per cent; transport with 68 per cent; and construction with 42 per cent, shows Labour Ministry’s survey

Union government’s survey shows the effect of Covid on job growth

For representation only. Photo credit: iStock

Ravi S Singh
Tribune News Service
New Delhi, September 27

The Union government survey on job growth affirmed on Monday the negative effect of the Covid pandemic-induced lockdowns on the country’s trade sector.

The quarterly Employment Survey (April-June 2021) of establishments employing more than 10 workers in nine select sectors conducted by Union Labour Ministry’s Labour Bureau and released on Monday says the employment in trade came down by 25 per cent and in accommodation and restaurant the decline was by 13 per cent.

The benchmark for comparison in the survey on job status of the sectors is 2013-14. NDA-2.0 led by Prime Minister Narendra Modi assumed power in 2014.

The nine selected sectors are manufacturing, construction, trade, transport, education, health, accommodation & restaurant, IT/BPO and financial services, accounting for a majority of the total employment in the non-farm establishments.

Sharing the findings on the pandemic induced employment retrenchment/decline, Union Labour Minister Bhupender Yadav said that it was found that the impact was evident in 27 per cent of the establishments.

“However, 81 per cent of the workers received full wages during the lockdown period (March 25–June 30, 2020),” Yadav said while releasing the survey.

The survey depicts most impressive growth of 152 per cent in the IT/BPO sector; followed growth rates in health with 77 per cent; education with 39 per cent; manufacturing with 22 per cent; transport with 68 per cent; and construction with 42 per cent.

Estimated total employment in the nine selected sectors from the first round of QES is 3 crores and 8 lakhs- a growth rate of 29 per cent over 2013-14.

“Evidence-based policy making and statistics based execution is the major focus of Government,” Union Labour Minister Yadav said

Data on all aspects of labour is crucial. “Evidence-based policy making and statistics based execution is the major focus of Prime Minister Narendra Modi,” he added.

Other highlight of the survey is that nearly 90 per cent of the establishments have been estimated to work with fewer than 100 workers, the corresponding figure during Economic Census (EC) 6 being 95 per cent.

Nearly 35 per cent of the IT/ BPO establishments worked with at least 100 workers, including about 13.8 percent engaging 500 workers or more. In the health sector, 18 per cent of the establishments had 100 or more workers.

The over-all participation of female workers stood at 29 per cent, slightly lower than 31 per cent reported during 6th EC.

Regular workers constitute 88 per cent of the estimated workforce in the nine selected sectors, with only 2 per cent being casual workers. However, 18 per cent of workers in the construction sector are contractual employees and 13 per cent are casual workers.

Only 9 per cent of the establishments (with at least 10 workers) were not registered with any authority or under any law. Twenty six per cent of all the establishments were registered under the Companies Act. Seventy-one per cent registration was in IT/ BPO; 58 per cent registration in construction; 46 per cent in manufacturing; 42 per cent in transport; 35 per cent in trade; and 28 per cent in financial services.     

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