Women, 30-39 age group most prone to Covid variants of concern

92.5 per cent cases found asymptomatic, 76% urban patients

Women, 30-39 age group most prone to Covid variants of concern

A woman gets vaccinated against Covid in Ludhiana.

Nitin Jain

Tribune News Service

Ludhiana, June 14

Women and the persons between the age group of 30-39 were found to be most prone to the various Covid variants of concern (VoCs) in Punjab, the government has said.

Of the total 1,011 cases of VoCs confirmed in the state so far, 57.2 per cent were women, 24.5 per cent were in age between 30 and 39, 92.5 per cent were asymptomatic and 75.9 per cent patients were from urban areas, the data compiled by the Health and Family Welfare Department has revealed.

The official data from January to June till date, which is available with The Tribune, showed that a total of 2,309 samples of Covid patients were sent for whole genome sequencing (WGS), of which 1,164, which account for 50.4 per cent, were processed till date and 1,011 of them, accounting for 86.8 per cent, were found to be VoCs.

Though the UK’s Alpha variant continued to be the most dominant among all the VoCs in the state, its ratio has, however, dropped drastically from 94.5 per cent in March to 53.9 per cent in April.

The Delta variant, which originated in India, was growing fast and shot up from mere 0.6 per cent in March to 44.1 per cent in April.

While the B.1 variant has increased from 0.1 per cent in March to 1.2 per cent in April, no cases of South African Beta variant, Nigeria’s B.1.525 and B.1.36 have been reported in April. There were 0.3 per cent cases of Beta and 0.1 per cent cases each of other two variants in Punjab in March.

The socio-demographic distribution of VoCs among the total 1,011 cases revealed that the maximum of 24.5 per cent patients were in the 30-39 age group, followed by 18.9 per cent in 20-29 category, 17.4 per cent in 40-49 age group, 13.7 per cent in 50-59 age group, 12.8 per cent in 10-19 age group, 6.8 per cent in 60-69, 4.7 per cent in 70 and above, and the minimum incidence of 1.2 per cent was detected in 0-9 age group.

In the gender ratio, 571 women, who accounted for 57.2 per cent, and 427 men, accounting for 42.8 per cent, were among the total VoCs.

The distribution of VoCs by clinical profile, as prescribed by the ICMR, showed that 92.5 per cent cases were asymptomatic, while only 7.5 per cent were symptomatic. Of the total 49 symptomatic patients, 27, which accounted for 55.1 per cent, were having mild symptoms, 21 (accounting for 42.9 per cent) moderate, and only 1 (2 per cent) was having severe symptoms.

The distribution of VoCs by type of isolation and outcome revealed that 98.4 per cent cases were under home isolation and only 1.6 per cent were admitted to hospitals — 63.6 per cent in Level-2, 27.3 per cent in Level-1 and 9.1 per cent in Level-3 facilities. While 99.9 per cent cases were discharged after recovery, only one case was transferred for further treatment.

Officialspeak

We have been monitoring the situation very closely and have pulled out all the stops to combat the devastating second Covid wave in the state. The strict restrictions put in place have started showing desired results but we cannot afford to put our guards down till the situation returns to normal. —Hussan Lal, Principal Health Secretary

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