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Posted at: Sep 26, 2019, 6:51 AM; last updated: Sep 26, 2019, 10:45 AM (IST)

Oral regimen launched for drug-resistant tuberculosis

Injection regime to be phased out by year-end; total eradication by 2025

Award for best efforts

  • The Centre on Wednesday awarded Himachal Pradesh and Gujarat for anti-TB efforts in the category of states with over 50 lakh population
  • Sikkim and Tripura won the award in the section of states with under 50 lakh population
  • Puducherry and Daman and Diu were declared best for their anti-TB efforts in the UT category
Oral regimen launched for drug-resistant tuberculosis

Aditi Tandon
Tribune News Service
New Delhi, September 25

Home to the highest number of drug-resistant tuberculosis patients in the world, India today launched oral therapy to meet the challenge, pledging to phase out the current regime of injectables by year-end.

Injectables for the treatment of drug-resistant TB are known to be acutely painful with recorded side-effects of the order of hearing loss and kidney damage.

“We know of drug-resistant TB patients who have had so many injections over the 18-month treatment that a time comes when it is impossible to find a clean spot on their bodies to administer the dose. Injections are painful and have proven side-effects. We have today taken a leap forward towards oral therapy which will last 18 months, but will be simpler and easier to administer,” Deputy Director General, Indian TB programme Dr KS Sachdeva told The Tribune as the government today launched an ambitious “TB harega desh jeetega campaign” to rid India of TB by 2025, five years in advance of the UN SDG target of 2030.

The oral therapy for drug-resistant TB, the more lethal form of TB, is expected to improve treatment rates to 80 per cent from the current 50 per cent.

At present, India accounts for nearly 27 per cent of all new TB cases globally every year. TB incidence in India (new case load annually) is around 27 lakh, but not all cases are reported to the government system for treatment.

“The challenge is the missing TB patients that make up a whopping 5.5 lakh,” Health Minister Harsh Vardhan said today as he recalled how frustrating the disease can be.

Vardhan said he, as Delhi Health Minister in 1996, could not save his brother-in-law from the drug-resistant strain of TB. “I had shifted my entire office to GB Pant Hospital in those days, but could not save my closest relative, my brother-in-law from drug-resistant TB because all medicines had stopped working,” he said.

To start with, oral therapy regime has been launched in Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Puducherry and Delhi. It will be gradually scaled up nationally by December-end.

The government is now bearing the entire cost of treatment of all TB patients, including the drug-resistant form, which cost Rs 1 lakh for the entire treatment cycle. “We are paying private doctors an honorarium to report TB cases to the government systems and are supplying them with free drugs and diagnostics in our attempt to free India of TB by 2025,” Vardhan said.

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