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Posted at: Jun 14, 2016, 1:44 AM; last updated: Jun 14, 2016, 4:20 PM (IST)

Lahore’s historical gurdwara now a Muslim shrine

The well of blood

  • Gurdwara ‘Lal Khoohi’ (the well of blood) was built at the spot where Guru Arjan Dev was kept in confinement.The site housed the haveli (mansion) of Chandu Shah,the diwan of Mughal Emperor Jahangir, who haddeveloped hatred for the Guru after he rejected themarriage proposal of the Emperor's daughter with the Guru’s son, Hargobind. The Guru is believed to havespent his last days here, drinking from the well. In1927, the SGPC took charge of the gurdwara.
Lahore’s historical gurdwara now a Muslim shrine
The ‘Haq Char Yaar’ shrine in Lahore, where Gurdwara ‘Lal Khoohi’ was once located. Photo courtesy: haroon khalid

Vishav Bharti

Tribune News Service

Chandigarh, June 13

A historical gurdwara in Lahore has been turned into a Muslim shrine, according to a recent article by Islamabad-based anthropologist Haroon Khalid. Gurdwara ‘Lal Khoohi’ (well of blood), built at the spot where Guru Arjan Dev was kept in confinement, has now become ‘Haq Char Yaar’.

Khalid, known for documenting the historical and cultural heritage of Pakistan, said this was yet another instance of a place of worship belonging to a minority community being appropriated by the dominant Muslim population.

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Khalid, who has written books on Pakistan’s minorities, said the fifth Sikh Guru was also tortured at this place. “The story goes that this site housed the haveli (mansion) of Chandu Shah, the diwan of Mughal Emperor Jahangir, who had developed hatred for the Guru after he rejected the marriage proposal of Chandu Shah’s daughter with the Guru’s son, Hargobind,” he said.

As per Khalid, “The Guru is believed to have spent his last days here, drinking from the well. That’s how it came to be called ‘Lal Khoohi’.”

Prof JS Grewal, a chronicler of Sikh history and former director of the Indian Institute of Advanced Study, Shimla, confirmed that the reference to the fifth Guru’s confinement at Chandu Shah’s haveli was found in Sikh texts.

Lahore-based Majid Sheikh, a journalist and a writer who has extensively written on Lahore’s history and is now doing PhD on ‘Ancient history of Punjab’ at Cambridge University, said, “This place has nothing to do with Islam. There seems to be no limit to our ignorance.”

The gurdwara was initially very small, but Sikhs purchased the adjoining houses and built a bigger building. In 1927, the Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee (SGPC) took charge of it.

Talking to The Tribune, Haroon said most of the places of worship belonging to the minorities in Pakistan were in a bad condition. Most of them have been taken over by Partition refugees and transformed into houses. “Over the years, these buildings have lost their architectural heritage. However, there are a handful of gurdwaras and temples that the Pakistan Government looks after. These are the places which Sikh and Hindu pilgrims are allowed to visit,” he said.

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