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Monday, September 18, 2000
Bits & Bytes

Memory Address: It is a demand-paged virtual memory system; a linear address space accessed using 32-bit addresses, which is used in Windows. A unique address space is allocated to each process, thus no two processes occupy the same address. On getting the Windows message that a program has performed an illegal operation, click on details and then you see the memory address of the process that performs the illegal operation.

Path: A file path contains the location of the file. A valid path must have the drive letter (A, B, C, D), a full colon (:) and a back slash (\ ) along with the directory and a back slash (\ ) and any sub directory (if any) and a back slash (\) and then the file name and extension.


CMOS stands for Complimentary Metal Oxide Semi conductor. It is the physical make up of the memory chips used to contain the CMOS memory settings. It is not the same as BIOS (Basic input/output System) memory that is stored in ROM (Read only Memory) or PROM (Programmable Read Only Memory).

The CMOS memory settings are used to store information semi-permanently. This information can be about the hardware, the memory amount, number and type of hard drives and floppy drives, the number and type of I/O ports (serial, parallel, SCSI, USB etc.), system bus types (ISA, PSI, EISA etc) and some settings related to this hardware. With the help of plug and play components, Windows 95/98/NT can update some of this information.

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