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Ways to beat the heat

OUR bodies are created so that we can combat heat. The brain has specific centres that regulate response to heat, conserving it or dissipating it as the situation demands. These centres are set off in response to changes in skin temperature. The temperature of the blood as it flows through these centres also influences their activity. To remain comfortable, the body must eliminate as much heat as it receives. To prevent heat disorders, here are some ways to beat the summer heat:

Take more fluids. The most important single factor in beating the heat is fluid. Thirst is usually a good indicator that fluid is needed. This symptom tends to lag behind the body’s demands. The temperature of the fluid is not so important as the quantity.

Clothing prevents sweat evaporation because the air between the skin and cloth becomes warm, humid and stagnant. As a result, sweat soaks into the material, lowering its value as a cooling agent.

Clothing should be loose, not only at the top and bottom but in the middle as well. Light colours are preferred to dark colours because they reflect light rays.

Take salt regularly. If too much salt is taken in average summer heat, extra water is pulled from the tissues to help excrete it. This action deprives the body of fluid vitality needed to form sweat. The best way to replenish salt loss in hot weather is by seasoning food in a reasonable manner.

Hot weather is certainly not the time to begin to start a heavy exercise. Many a person has forced himself into added activity, only to have his fun cut short by becoming overheated. It is well to remember that outdoor activities can affect the brain if the head and neck are not properly covered.

Take bath thrice or more a day. Bathing in either warm as well as cool water is fine. It is cleansing, stimulating and harmless. Where heat relief is concerned, its value is primarily mental. The weather is just as hot after you bath as it was before.

Take care of your children during hot days. They should avoid junk food and overeating. Eat more protein and carbohydrate than fat and starch. Salads and fresh fruits are not only appetising but add bulk fluid valuable adjuncts to the summer diet.

Take banana with lemon and salt to prevent cramps as banana is rich in both potassium and magnesium.

Persons working under conditions of high temperature and humidity should be encouraged to drink cool water. It has been found in India that a man doing hard work in sun requires about one litre of water per hour. For a sedentary worker, requirement is half this quantity. Protective goggles, shields and helmets are useful. The temperature and humidity in work environment may be controlled by proper ventilation and air-conditioning. When working in the sunlight, wear a cap to protect head.

Eat light and nutritious food, taking care to include in diet plenty of liquids, vegetables and fruits. In first aid, remove casualty from the source of heat, preferably to a cool room. Undress the patient and wrap him in a sheet or towels, soaked in cold water. Note the body temperature of the patient every five minutes and regularly fan him. When the temperature is down, replace the wet sheet with a dry one. Continue fanning if body temperature rises again. Restart the cooling treatment.

Wear good quality goggles in strong sunlight otherwise your eyes can get damaged. Look after the elderly. Older people are more prone to the effects of heat. If you have older relatives, you can help by checking on them and reminding them to drink plenty of fluids. They should have a mixture of drinks, including herbal tea, water, salted lassi and fresh fruit juice.

During hot days, everybody should watch their urinary output also. Normally, one is supposed to urinate every few hours. If urine is not passed for six to eight hours, remember it is a matter of severe concern.

Dr Anil Dheer



3rd day at Surgical Update
Our Correspondent

Dr S.K. Mishra delivers a lectue at the National Surgical Update 2004
Dr S.K. Mishra delivers a lecture at the National Surgical Update 2004 in Ludhiana on Friday. — Photo by Inderjit Verma

Ludhiana, April 16
The National Surgical Update - 2004 of International College of Surgeons (Indian section), which started at the Mohan Dai Oswal Cancer Treatment and Research Foundation, here on April 14, entered its third day today. The National Surgical Update-2004 was inaugurated by Dr H.S. Bhanushali from Mumbai. Dr S.N. Tiwari, Civil Surgeon Ludhiana, was the guest of honour.

The inaugural ceremony was graced by Dr R.B. Singh, president-elect from Mumbai, Dr S.M. Bose, past president from Chandigarh , Dr P.N. Joshi, honorary secretary of International College of Surgeons (Indian section) from Mumbai, Dr R.B. Ahuja, organising chairman of International College of Surgeons, New Delhi.

So far, 10 guest lectures have been delivered. On the second day, a live workshop was conducted where five surgical procedures were performed by eminent surgeons. Dr M.C. Mishra performed two operations for inguinal hernia,. He performed one surgery using Prolene Henia mesh of J and J, which is the latest technique. The other technique used was laparoscopic hernia surgery by extra peritoneal approach. Dr Arvind Kumar from AIIMS performed video-assisted thorascopic surgery on two patients.

Dr S.M. Bose from Chandigarh performed mastectomy in carcinoma breast, which was reconstructed by Dr R.B. Ahuja, a plastic surgeon from Delhi.



Talk on bronchial asthma
Our Correspondent

Ludhiana, April 16
Dr Col P.K. Dandona Professor and Head of Respiratory Department of the CMCH, Ludhiana, gave a talk on bronchial asthma at the weekly meeting of the Rotary Club of Ludhiana North held here yesterday.

He dwelled on the causes of asthma and its remedies. He said that asthma could be kept under control with the use of proper medicines and care. He said inhalers acted quickly and were effective. He also interacted with the audience and gave replies to their queries. The president, Mr S.P. Singh Dua, welcomed Dr Dandona and his team members — Dr Sudhir Gupta and Dr Gurpreet Singh, — while Mr R.S. Behal, secretary, welcomed the guests. Mr Rajan Narang introduced the guest speaker.

Prominent amongst those present were Mr Tulsi Das Jaitwani, Mr D.S. Grewal, Mr D.R. Chadha, Mr M.S. Kochar, Mr Hardip Singh Sachdeva, Mr Harbhajan Singh Manchanda, Mr Jatinder Chawla, Mr Navneet Sehgal, Mrs J.S. Sangha, Mr Gurvinder Singh Sachdeva.



Ludhiana 299 all out in Bali trophy
Our Sports Reporter

Ludhiana, April 16
Riding high over captain Gagandeep Dhand’s superb batting (82 n.o.) and equally notable contributions from the latter half, the Ludhiana team performed well on the opening day of the two-day match against Jalandhar in the Punjab State Inter-District Cricket Tournament (u-15) for the Sushil Bali Trophy at the Burlton Park ground, Jalandhar. At stumps, the hosts were tottering at 12 for 2 in reply to Ludhiana’s big score of 299 for 9.

Ludhiana won the toss and elected to bat first. They were soon in trouble as five of their batsmen were returned to pavilion with just 50 runs. Then skipper, Gagandeep along with Lalit Malhotra and Jashanpreet helped his team to reach a good total.

Ludhiana innings witnessed three fruitful partnerships — first of 69 runs for the eighth wicket between Geetansh and Gagandeep Dhand; second of 60 runs for the ninth wicket between Dhand and Lalit Malhotra; and then of 38 runs for the last wicket between Gagandeep and Varun Chitkara.

Brief scores: Ludhiana 299 for 9 in 90 overs (Atul Kohli 49, Geetansh 51, Jashanpreet Singh Sidhu 30, Gagandeep Dhand 82 n.o., Lalit Malhotra 31 and Varun Chitkara 9 n.o.; Mandeep 4 for 79, Malkit 1 for 16, Robin 1 for 34 and Ravi 1 for 36) Jalandhar 12 for 2 (Gagandeep Dhand 1 for 0 and Varun Chitkara 1 for 7)


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