Business of education
It has become a big industry
ON a nostalgic visit to a Delhi school at which he had studied, a veteran politician recorded his feelings on the visitors’ book thus: “Whatever I am today, it is due to this school.”

Financial crisis hits US colleges
HIGHER education has been a growth industry in the US, evidenced by swelling enrollments, expanding campuses and growing endowments. But the global economic crisis has caught colleges and universities in a vice.

PU News
Accidental insurance cover for students
SOON, the students of Panjab University, Chandigarh, would come under the accidental insurance cover of Rs 2 lakh, as the university officials have decided to implement the long-pending proposal.

Campus Notes
Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar
Swiss minister visits campus
Florence Tinguely Mattli, Minister and Deputy Head of Mission, Switzerland Embassy, visited Guru Nanak Dev University and expressed the desire for signing a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) in the field of 'Applied Sciences and Technology'.

  • Computer Centre Director retires


Business of education
It has become a big industry
Sunit Dhawan

ON a nostalgic visit to a Delhi school at which he had studied, a veteran politician recorded his feelings on the visitors’ book thus: “Whatever I am today, it is due to this school.”

On seeing the remarks, his political opponent, who was also present there, promptly wrote down a counter comment: “Why blame the school?”

Apart from appreciating the wit of the commenter, one might also be driven to find the answer to a deeper question: What effect does our school—or, for that matter, any educational institution where we have studied—really have on ourselves?

The question assumes a greater relevance in today’s era, when education seems to be everybody’s focus and the parents are desperate to ensure that their wards get good education.

However, in the pursuit to provide “quality education” to their children, most parents go by the economics’ famous thumb rule: “Costlier is better”. They are ready to pay through their nose to send their children to a good educational institution.

Now that the school of children has become a status symbol for their parents even in small towns, the owners of schools, coaching centres and other educational institutions are minting money.

In fact, education has become a big industry which thrives on the hard-earned money of the parents. Given the mad rat race for a handful of professional courses among the students as well as their parents, this industry holds a promising future.

But the primary question remains unanswered: What are the educational institutions providing to our children? Are they inculcating good moral values, shaping an upright character or teaching the virtues of policies like honesty, integrity, truthfulness, tolerance and patience? Sadly, the answer—in most cases—is a big ‘NO’.

Ideally, good education should help us in becoming better human beings. This philosophy was well understood and implemented by our ancestors.

Our country had a glorious tradition of gurukuls, where wards of people from all sections of society used to study together. The students were taught the tenets of simple living and high thinking. Irrespective of their parents’ position in society, the students had to lead a simple and self-disciplined life at the gurukuls. They were subjected to lots of hardships and multi-dimensional tests to enable them to face the tough challenges of life.

The teachers never “sold” their knowledge, but passed it on to the desirous and deserving members of the next generation. The students also held their teachers in high esteem and were ready to sacrifice even their life on their command. In sharp contrast, the education sector has been completely commercialised today. Most school owners fleece the parents of their students and exploit the teachers serving at their institutions.

As if to justify the exorbitant fees and other charges extracted from the parents, these schools provide air-conditioned classrooms, hostels and buses; hobby and activity classes and other such facilities to the students.

However, such abundance of facilities at school as well as home seldom helps the students in knowing or achieving the real goal of their life. What these institutions produce is a bunch of half-baked, arrogant or confused youths whose vision is restricted to the pay package they aim to get in the job market.

Even after completing the studies at school, the students find themselves in the midst of an even more confusing world of coaching centres, professional educational institutes and foreign universities promising them a bright future.

The students undergoing coaching may or may not get selected in the course/institute of their choice, but they invariably end up filling up the coffers of their coaching institutes/teachers.

The most intriguing aspect in the entire scenario is that more often than not, the students are made to choose a career from a closed set of options, mostly comprising professional study programmes.

Seldom is an attempt made to understand the real aptitude of a child before pushing him/her into a given discipline; as the parents as well as children are driven by social and peer pressure. In the entire process, the educational/coaching institutes remain the biggest gainers from the mad rush for the few privileged seats.

Instead of considering their responsibility over by getting their child admitted to a “prestigious” school, it is high time that the “aware” parents should wake up and reconsider their approach before it is too late.


Financial crisis hits US colleges

HIGHER education has been a growth industry in the US, evidenced by swelling enrollments, expanding campuses and growing endowments. But the global economic crisis has caught colleges and universities in a vice.

With their endowments shrinking along with stock markets, some schools may raise tuition more than usual, even as students complain it is already too expensive and struggle to get loans.

“This will definitely test many schools,” said Ronald Watts, the finance chief of Oberlin College, an elite private school in Ohio whose endowment of nearly $750 million has shrunk by about 15 per cent in the past four months. To be sure, schools have proven resilient in past recessions, helped by rising student enrollment as people seek a leg-up in a bleak job market.

“It’s not going to be as drastic as what corporations are doing,” Watts said. “You don’t just eliminate people and lay off faculty and expect not to destroy your academic program.” Nevertheless, a few schools have already announced fresh tuition hikes, and school officials said they were keeping a close eye on their finances. And, with schools under financial pressure, local economies all over the country are likely to suffer.

Tuition increases have outpaced inflation for years. Tuition and fees at public universities have risen 175 per cent since 1992, while the consumer price index rose 48 per cent. At the University of Wisconsin in Madison, the school’s $1.8 billion endowment has shrunk by 18 per cent since the start of the year, Sandy Wilcox of the University of Wisconsin Foundation said. Dipping into the endowment to make a promised contribution to the school’s budget only shrinks it further. Wisconsin, like many schools with substantial endowments—400 have endowments over $100 million and 76 above $1 billion—use a three-year averaging system to smooth out how much they pay out from earnings.

The wealthiest schools have come to rely on endowments and there has been growing pressure from the Congress to boost payouts, threatening to take away their nonprofit, tax-free status if they don’t comply.

For most other schools, small endowments serve as a “rainy day fund” that can disappear quickly in tough times,” said John Griswold of Commonfund, which manages money for nonprofits. “Schools we’re most concerned about are smaller, less well-endowed private colleges,” said Roger Goodman, vice-president at Moody’s Investors Service, which assigns credit ratings to 500 schools. He said endowment balances have likely plummeted by 30 per cent or more.

“You still need a college degree to be a full participant in the work force,” he said. “What we may see is a shifting (of applicants) from the higher-priced, small, private colleges, to a lower-priced four-year university, and from the four-year universities to community colleges for a couple of years.” A survey of 2,500 prospective students by found 57 percent were now considering less-expensive colleges due to the economic downturn.

Many prospective students encounter sticker shock when confronted by the $50,000 price tag at schools like Oberlin, Boston University and Bennington College in Vermont. But financial aid and federal loans remain available, and families whose assets have declined qualify for more aid. Boosting access to college is one plank of Democratic presidential hopeful Barack Obama’s platform. This may add pressure on publicly-funded universities to boost enrollment, which has already climbed 10 per cent since 2002. Sticker prices at private colleges are usually much higher than pubic schools, but students rarely pay full price. “Sometimes a small, liberal arts college will actually be better for a student and more affordable than in-state (public schools),” said Ken Himmelman, Bennington’s Dean of Admissions.

Public universities, which educate roughly 75 per cent of the 17.5 million US students, are anticipating cuts in state appropriations, which cover a substantial chunk of their costs.

State tax receipts have declined due to the economic slowdown and the bursting of the housing bubble. “They’ll look to the university to cut. They don’t want to cut prisons, or roads,” Wisconsin’s Wilcox said.

Massachusetts’ public universities have cut budgets by 5 per cent as their part in covering a statewide shortfall. Some public and private schools have declared hiring freezes and made efforts to reduce expenses because of shrunken endowments, and actual or expected declines in gifts and government support.

The state of Arizona cut its contribution to the state university system by 4 per cent this year and 5 per cent next year—with another mid-year cut possible, its more than 118,000 university students may have to absorb a tuition hike next year of 10 per cent or more.

Hawaii lowered its contribution 2 per cent, though enrollment rose 6 per cent. Pennsylvania’s public universities will raise tuition 4 per cent next year ahead of state cuts. California sliced 1 per cent off its $3 billion contribution to universities but more cuts are expected as tax revenues lag projections. This spring, New York reduced its contribution and warned another 30 per cent cut may be in the offing. The bursting of the housing bubble has dried up home equity loans many families have used to pay tuition. And the stock market drop has shrunk some families’ savings for education. Often, much of the media’s focus is on wealthy private schools with multibillion-dollar endowments like Harvard and Yale, which have promised to cover costs for many of those fortunate enough to gain admission.

But at less well-heeled private schools, which make up most of the US’ unrivaled roster of 4,300 nonprofit institutions of higher learning, significant tuition increases may be unavoidable.

“If history repeats itself, you’re going to have falling state support on a per-student basis, rising enrollments, and probably rises in tuition,” said Paul Lingenfelter, president of State Higher Education Executive Officers. Some schools may try to wring more out of their campuses. Professors may have to teach more courses, schools may rent out underutilised campus buildings, or even sell dormitories to hoteliers and lease them back, suggested Richard Vedder, who heads the Center for College Affordability and Productivity. “Schools normally rely on tuition increases” to offset falls in government and donor support, Vedder said. “But as economic conditions worsen, students are going to be resistant, plus there is political pressure not to raise tuition. In dollar terms, budgets may be equal to last year, and some may be forced into some sort of austerity mode.” — Reuters


Admission Deadline

Agricultural Scientists Recruitment Board, Krishi Anusandhan Bhavan, Pusa, New Delhi 110012

Agricultural Research Service (ARS) / National Eligibility Test (NET) Exam - 2009

Eligibility: Masters Degree in the relevant subject
Age: For ARS: 21-32 years (on 01 January ‘09)
For NET: 21 years (on 01 January ‘09).

Selection: Written Exam: 26 April ’09; Interview.

Application Form & Details: Employment News (25 - 31 October ‘08)

Application Deadline: 17 November 2008

Dr Yashwant Singh Parmar University of Horticulture & Forestry, Nauni, Solan 173230 (HP)

1) College of Horticulture: Biotechnology / Entomology & Apiculture / Floriculture & Landscaping / Fruit Breeding & Genetic Resources / Fruit Science / Mycology & Plant Pathology / Post Harvest Technology / Vegetable Crops
2) College of Forestry: Agriculture Economics / Agroforestry / Forest Products / Microbiology / Silviculture / Soil Science & Water Mgmt / Tree Improvement & Genetic Resources

Eligibility: MSc in relevant subject (65% or OCPA 6.5 / 10.00).

Selection: Interview: For 1: 20 January ’09; For 2: 21 January ’09

Application Form: Send Rs 300/- by DD favouring the "Comptroller, Dr Yashwant Singh Parmar University of Horticulture & Forestry" payable at State Bank of Patiala, Nauni to the Registrar at the above address / Download from website.

Application Deadline: 16 January 2009


Birla Institute of Technology & Science (BITS), Pilani 333031 (Raj) (Deemed University)

Admission to 2nd Semester 2008 - 09:
1) Integrated First Degree Programmes at:
i) Pilani Campus: BE (Hons) / BPharm (Hons) / MSc (Hons) / MSc (Tech)
ii) Goa Campus: BE (Hons) / MSc (Hons) / MSc (Tech)
iii) Hyderabad Campus: BE (Hons) / BPharm (Hons) / MSc (Hons) / MSc (Tech)
2) Higher Degree Programmes:
Chemical / Civil / Communication Engg / Embedded Systems / Computer Sc / Mechanical / Software Systems
MPharm / MPharm (Pharmaceutical Chemistry)
MPH: (Master of Public Health)
3) PhD: Engg & Science disciplines.

Application Form & Details: Website

Application Deadline: 29 November 2008


LMT School of Management, Thapar University, Patiala 147004 (Punj)

1) MBA (Energy), 2 years
2) MBA (IT-NET), 2 years
3) MBA (Mfg), 2 years


For 1: BE / BTech (Elect / MTech)
For 2: BE / BTech, MCA, BSc / MSc (Physical Sc) (+ 1-yr bridge course)
For 3: BE/ BTech, BSc / MSc (Physical Sc) (+ 1-yr bridge course)

Selection: Entrance Test: 15 March 2009; CAT / MAT/ XAT / JMET –takers from Test. Can pear directly for GD & Interview

Application Form: Send crossed DD of Rs 1250/- favouring the Registrar, Thapar University, Patiala to the above address / Download from website.

Details: Website

Application Deadline: 15 February 2009

University of Delhi, D/o Commerce, Delhi School of Economics, Delhi 110007

1) Master of International Business (2 years)
2) Master of Human Resource & Organizational Development (2 years)

Eligibility: Bachelors degree (50%)

Selection: Common Entrance Test: 01 February 2009

Application Form: Send Rs 600/- (per course) / Rs 900/- (for both courses) by DD favouring "Registrar, University of Delhi" payable at New Delhi with a self-addressed envelope (28 cm x 22 cm) at the above address. Mention your name, address and phone number, centre and course(s) applied for on reverse of DD / Download from website.
Details: Website

Application Deadline: 29 December 2008

Institute of Public Enterprise, Osmania University Campus, Hyderabad 500007 (AP)

PG Diploma in Mgmt (2 years)
PG Diploma in Mgmt (Retail & Marketing),
2 years
PG Diploma in Mgmt (Banking, Insurance & Financial Services), 2 years

Eligibility: Bachelors degree (50%)

Selection: CAT; GD; Personal Interview

Application Form: Send Rs. 800 by crossed DD favouring "Institute of Public Enterprise" payable at Hyderabad at the above address / Download from website.

Details: Website

Application Deadline: 08 December 2008

Management Development Institute (MDI), School of Energy Management, Mehrauli-Gurgaon Road, Gurgaon 122007-02 (Har) /

PG Diploma in Energy Mgmt (Power), 15 months

Eligibility: Bachelors degree; 5 years work-ex in Power Sector.
Selection: Screening Test, GD & Interview: 15 February 2009

Application Form & Details: Website

Application Deadline: 31 January 2009

All India Management Association (AIMA), Management House, 14 Institutional Area, Lodhi Road, New Delhi 110003

Management Aptitude Test (MAT)

Eligibility: Bachelors degree

Test: MAT: 07 December 2008.

Application Form: Send Rs. 790/ - by DD favouring "All India Management Association-CMS," payable at New Delhi with 2 self-addressed slips to the Senior Dy. Director, AIMA-CMS at the above address by 12 November 2008 / Download from website / Obtain from select branches of Bank of Baroda.

Application Deadline: 17 November 2008


Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE), Shiksha Kendra, 2, Community Centre, Preet Vihar, Delhi 110301

All India Entrance Exam for Admission to MBBS / BDS-2009

Eligibility: 10+2 (PCB, 50% & English), Indian citizens.
Age: 17-25 years (on 31 December of the year of admission). 5 years relaxation for SC/ST/OBC.

Selection: Preliminary Exam: 05 April ’09
Final Exam: 10 May ’09.

Application Form: Send Rs 600/- by DD favouring "Secretary, Central Board of Secondary Education, Delhi," drawn on any Nationalized Bank payable at Delhi at above address. Also available at select branches of Canara Bank and CBSE Regional Offices till 01 December ’08 / Download from website.

Details: Website

Application Deadline: 04 December 2008

KLE University, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College Campus, Nehru Nagar, Belgaum, 590010 (Kar)

Post Graduate All India Entrance Test (PGAIET)
(for admission to MD / MS / Diploma (at Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College) / MDS (at Institute of Dental Sciences, Belgaum)

Eligibility: As per MCI / DCI regulations

Selection: Entrance Test: 31 January 2009

Application Form & Details: Website

Application Deadline: 13 January 2009


The Hindu, 859 & 860 Anna Salai, Chennai 600002 (TN)

The Hindu-Hitachi Scholarships (6 months)
(for technical training in Information & Telecom Systems, Power & Industrial Systems & Digital Media Products in Japan)

Eligibility: BE / BSc (Engg) degree holders with at least 1 year relevant experience; Indian citizen.

Age limit: 30 years (on 31 March ‘09).

Scholarships: Selected candidates will be provided with return Economy Class air passage. Free Boarding & Lodging in Japan, travel expenses plus fixed monthly allowance to cover personal expenses.

Application: Apply in duplicate on prescribed forms available on payment of Rs.5/- from the above address or from branch offices of The Hindu.

Superscribe "The Hindu - Hitachi Training Scheme" on envelope.

Application Deadline: 15 December 2008

IITB-Monash Research Academy, IITB, Powai, Mumbai 400076 (Mah)

PhD Scholarships
(To undertake research in Engg & Tech related fields: Advanced Computational Eng, Simulation & Manufacture / Infrastructure Engg / Clean Energy / Water / Nanotechnology / Biotechnology & Stem Cell Research)
(Offered jointly by IITB & Monash University, Melbourne)

Eligibility: Masters degree in Engg / Science / Bachelors degree from IIT / NIT / BITS; GATE / GRE qualifiers can also apply.

Fellowship: includes 6 months study at Monash University

Details: Website.

Application Deadline: 19 November 2008

M/o HRD, External Scholarships Division, D/o Higher Education, ES-4, A-2/W-4, Curzon Road Barracks, K G Marg, New Delhi 110001 /

Commonwealth Scholarship / Fellowship Plan, 2009– UK
1) Clinical Training / Research/ Specialisation (6-mth):
Cancer Research / Cardiology (including cardiac surgery) / Gynaecology / Medicine / Dentistry.
2) Taught Masters (1 year) / PhD (3 years) / Research on Spilt Site Basis (1 year)
A) Engineering & Technology: Electronics / Environmental Studies / Remote Sensing Tech / Communication Engg / Biotechnology or Biochemical Engg / Robotics
B) Science (Pure & Applied): Maths / Molecular Biology / Physics / Chemistry (including Pharmaceutical / Medicinal Chemistry)
C) Agriculture: Agronomy & Forestry
D) Humanities & Social Science: Sociology / Management Studies / Economics / Psychology / Computer Application / Law / English (Literature / Linguistics) / History / Philosophy / Political Science with International Relations

For Masters & Clinical Training / Research:
Bachelors degree in Humanities & Social Sciences (55%) / Medical / Engineering & Technology / Science / Agriculture group (60%).

For PhD: Masters degree in Humanities & Social Sciences group (55%) / (Medical / Engg & Tech / Science Agriculture) group (60%).
Age limit: 40 years (31 October ’08)

Apply: in prescribed format and send with required documents to the Section Officer, ES 4 Section at the above address / Download from website.

Details: Website

Application Deadline: 10 November 2008

British Council, 17, Kasturba Gandhi Marg, New Delhi 110001

Manmohan Singh Scholarships (3 years)
(For studying at St. John’s College, University of Cambridge for PhD and MPhil degrees in Science / Technology / Economics & Social Sciences)

Eligibility: Indian postgraduates (1st Class) with excellent academic background and Fluency in written and spoken English.
Age limit: 35 years (on 31 December ‘08)

Scholarship: Academic fees; monthly living expenses; International airfares; UK visa.

Application Form & Details: Website

Application Deadline: 31 December 2008

Ford Foundation International Fellowships Program, 12, Hailey Road, New Delhi 110001 /

Ford Foundation International Fellowships Program 2009 (2 years)
40 fellowships to pursue Masters / Doctoral study in: Arts & Culture / Civil Society / Community Development / Development Finance & Economic Security / Education Reform & Scholarship / Environment & Development / Governance / HIV/AIDS / Human Rights / Media / Religion, Society & Culture / Sexuality & Reproductive Health / Workforce Development

Eligibility: Bachelors / Masters degree (55%) with 3 years work-ex in relevant field; leadership and community service or development related activities; Indian nationals (of specified States).

Application Form & Details: Website.

Application Deadline: 15 November 2008

Sciences Biology

National Institute of Immunology (NII), Aruna Asaf Ali Marg, New Delhi 110067

PhD in Immunity & Infection / Reproduction & Development / Molecular & Cellular Biology / Structural & Computational Biology / Chemical Biology / Genetics & Cell Signaling

Eligibility: MSc / MTech / MBBS / MVSc / MPharm or equivalent recognized by JNU, Delhi; 60% in all exams from 10+2 onwards.

Selection: Written Test: 15 February 2009; Interview: 04 - 07 June 2009

Application Form & Details: Website

Application Deadline: 08 December 2008

Sciences Physical

Indian Institute of Astrophysics, 2nd Block, Koramangala, Bangalore 560034 (Kar) (D/o Science & Technology, GoI)

1) PhD
2) Integrated PhD Programme (Physics & Astrophysics)
(in collab with IGNOU)
3) Integrated MTech-PhD (Tech) Programme (Astronomical Instru)
(in collab. with University of Calcutta)

Selection: Test: 13 December 2008

Application Form & Details: Website

Application Deadline: 20 November 2008

Travel & Transportation

The Shipping Corporation of India Ltd., Shipping House, 245, Madame Cama Road, Mumbai 400021 (Mah) /

Trainee Navigating Officer Cadets (TNOC)
(Pre-Sea & Shipboard Training leading to BSc Nautical Science under IGNOU-DGS project)

Eligibility: Indian unmarried men & women; 10+2 (PCM: 55%, English: 50%) / BSc (Physics, 50%) with PCM in 10+2, 55% / BE / BTech / Diploma (PCM, 55%)

Candidates should be physically fit for sea service, with 6/6 eyesight, and no colour blindness.

Age Limit: Below 25 years (on 01 January 2009)
Selection: Merchant Marine Personality Evaluation Test; Written Exam (OPENNET): 30 November 2008, Interview, Medical Test & Final Selection.

Application Form & Details: Website

Application Deadline: 07 November 2008


Anna University, Centre for Distance Education, Chennai 600025 (TN)

1) MBA (General Mgt / Technology / Financial Services / Retail / Health Services / HR), 2 years.
2) MCA (Call Centre Mgmt / E-Learning / Health Care / Trading & Equity Mgmt / Banking Technology), 3 years
3) MSc (IT), 2 years

For 1: Bachelors degree (any)

For 2: Bachelors degree + core Maths in +2 / Maths / Statistics / Computer-oriented subject at Degree level.

For 3: BSc (Maths / Computer Sc / IT / Software Engg / Electronics / Physics / Statistics / Chemistry) / BES (with Maths / Computer Sc) / BSc Applied Sciences (Computer Technology / IT / Computer Systems Maintenance / Networking) / BCA / BE / BTech

Selection: Entrance Test (Online)

Application Form & Details: Website

Application Deadline: 05 January 2009

— Pervin Malhotra


PU News
Accidental insurance cover for students
Smriti Sharma

SOON, the students of Panjab University, Chandigarh, would come under the accidental insurance cover of Rs 2 lakh, as the university officials have decided to implement the long-pending proposal.

A committee had been formed earlier to look into the proposal and its viability. After many meetings, a final meeting was held on October 7 to finalise the details. Each student will approximately contribute Rs 100-125 per year. Talks are already on with New India Insurance for the same.

Professor Naval Kishore, Dean Students Welfare, said, “The committee will soon table the recommendations after finalising the details.” Authorities further maintained that newly elected students council would also be involved in taking the decision to avoid any later issues. A final decision would be taken in this regard very soon.

According to sources, various student bodies had come up with the demand and were pressing it since long that like other universities that provide medical insurance to the students, Panjab University should also implement the same.

“We welcome the move as it was our long-pending demand. An insurance cover to students is really very important. In other universities, it is a rule and it’s appreciable that the university has decided to provide accidental insurance cover to its students,” said a student leader.



Campus Notes
Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar
Swiss minister visits campus

Florence Tinguely Mattli, Minister and Deputy Head of Mission, Switzerland Embassy, visited Guru Nanak Dev University and expressed the desire for signing a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) in the field of 'Applied Sciences and Technology'.

Dr Raghbir Singh, Dean Academic Affairs, while interacting with Mattli said Guru Nanak Dev University was also interested in formulating such kind of exchange programmes which could be beneficial for the university as well as for the educational institutes located in Switzerland. He said university would extend full cooperation for the success of such type of mutual exchange programmes.

Mattli, while speaking about the life and society of Switzerland, said there was a democratic system in the country. He said any matter of significance to the people was solved through elections after every four months and implemented accordingly.

Dr S. S. Chahal, Director Research, Dr A. K. Thukral, Dean Students Welfare, Dr Santokh Singh, Professor Emeritus, Dr Harjit Singh and Dr Gurnam Singh, In charge Examinations, also participated in the interaction about the future of higher studies in both the countries.

Computer Centre Director retires

Dr Surjit Singh, Director of Computer Centre, Guru Nanak Dev University, retired on Monday after putting in more than 35 years of service.

Dr R. S. Bawa, Registrar, hailed the commendable contribution made by Dr Surjit Singh in the development of the university. He said Dr Singh was very popular in the university due to his honesty and dedication to his duties. Suwinderjit Singh, President, Non-Teaching Employees Association, also hailed the contribution of Dr Singh during his long career.

— Contributed by Sanjay Bumbroo