|W O R L D||
Saturday, August 29, 1998
|India against Taliban getting into
DURBAN, Aug 28 India will oppose any move to grant membership of the Non-Aligned Movement to the Taliban militia, which was lobbying for it through some friendly countries.
UN terms for ending sanctions
Gaddafi seeks guarantees
UNITED NATIONS, Aug 28 Seeking to bring about justice in the Panam bombing case the Security Council voted unanimously yesterday to suspend sanctions against Libya once it hands over two intelligence agents for trial in the Netherlands.
WORCESTER, USA : A protester who would only refer to himself as "Sam of Massachusetts" holds a sign urging the president to resign as he stands on Foster Street in Worcester on Thursday, with others hoping to catch a glimpse of the President. The President interrupted his vacation on Martha's Vineyard to speak at Mechanics Hall in Worcester for an event on juvenile crime. AP/PTI
accused faces murder charge
issues alert in S. Korea
Govt will survive: minister
contradicts Clintons secretary
faces probe on fundraising
kids create records in UK
India against Taliban getting into NAM
DURBAN, Aug 28 (UNI) India will oppose any move to grant membership of the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) to the Taliban militia, which was lobbying for it through some friendly countries.
"We will oppose conferring the Non-Aligned Movements membership to the Taliban government tooth and nail" a senior Indian government official said.
The Taliban government is recognised by only three nations Pakistan, the United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia and, as such, has no chance of getting the approval of the 12th NAM summit to become part of the 112-member organisation.
Afghanistans membership in the NAM is held by the Burhanuddin Rabbani-led National Alliance front which occupies barely 5 per cent of Afghanistan. The alliances stronghold Mazar-Sharief fell to the Taliban early this month.
Besides India, countries such as Iran, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan and some Arab and African nations, which are victims of terrorism, will frustrate the Talibans move.
Ousted President Rabbani will also attend the summit to mobilise the NAMs support for his alliance, Afghanistan Ambassador to India Masood Khalili said.
Mr Khalili has been deputed by Mr Rabbani to attend the ministerial meeting of the NAM. He will brief the NAM members about the latest political situation in his country, especially the Taliban governments support to various militant groups, operating in several countries, including India.
Meanwhile, Indias initiative to evolve a coordinated international action plan to combat terrorism is set to receive overwhelming support from developing countries at the summit.
India, which is the worst victim of cross-border terrorism, has repeatedly sought mobilisation of the world opinion to root out the menace which poses a serious challenge to a number of sovereign countries.
The recent bombing of the US missions in Kenya and Tanzania and subsequent missile attacks by the USA on Sudan and Afghanistan has strengthened Indias position for immediate and urgent measures to fight terrorism, which has been described as the greatest crime against humanity and the main reason for human rights violations.
The question of terrorism will prominently figure at the ministerial as well as the Heads of State and government meetings, say senior South African and Indian officials.
Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee is certain to raise the issue during his speech at the summit on September 3. Mr Vajpayee had recently favoured firm action to stamp out terrorism completely.
He stated that the international community should realise that cross- border terrorism is a serious menace for the entire world. It has turned a deaf ear in the past to Indias repeated insistence that terrorism was being perpetuated by her neighbouring country.
Meanwhile, unprecedented security arrangements have been made for the summit here, following Tuesday nights bomb blast at a restaurant in Cape Town.
Mr Joseph Nogobani, spokesperson of the South African security service said, "We are prepared for all eventualities". Police personnel in adequate strength have been deployed at all important public places and government buildings besides hotels, where leaders and delegates from 112 countries are being lodged.
UN terms for ending sanctions
UNITED NATIONS, Aug 28 (AP) Seeking to bring about justice in the Panam bombing case the Security Council voted unanimously yesterday to suspend sanctions against Libya once it hands over two intelligence agents for trial in the Netherlands.
The resolution, approved 15-0, also threatens additional measures if the suspects fail to show up for trial before a panel of three Scottish judges under Scottish law.
This unanimous signal from the security council to the authorities of Libya could not have been stronger, said Britains Deputy Ambassador, Stephen Gomersall. This is now the moment of truth for Libya to come good on the commitments it has made.
The USA and Britain agreed to hold a trial in the Netherlands in the hope of finally getting justice in the ten-year-old case. Previously, both had said the trial must occur in the USA or Britain. Libya had rejected that demand, saying the suspects could never get a fair trial in either country.
Abdel Basset Ali al-Megrahi and Lamen Khalifa Fhimah are accused of planting a bomb aboard the flight, which exploded over Lockerbie, Scotland on December 21, 1988, killing 270 people.
Libyas UN Ambassador, Mr Abuzed Omar Dorda, harshly criticized the six-year-old U.N. sanctions and the speed with which Libya was asked to respond to the US-British proposal for a trial in the Netherlands.
Nevertheless, Libya accepts that the two suspects be tried in a Scottish court in the Netherlands by Scottish judges according to Scottish law, Mr Dorda said. We reaffirm this position today.
This is a serious position, an irreversible position, he added.
There were concerns earlier in the day that China might abstain from the vote because of its opposition to the resolutions citation of Chapter Seven of the U.N. Charter, which could allow the use of force if Libya failed to comply.
But Deputy Ambassador Shen Guofang said China voted in favour of the resolution, despite having reservations about some of the language and having abstained on previous Libya resolutions that cited the use of force.
Earlier in the day, Libyan leader Moammar Gaddafi said in Tripoli he wouldnt surrender the men until he received guarantees that the USA and Britain wouldnt play tricks.
Gaddafis comments to CNN came a day after Libya announced acceptance in principal of the US-British plan, at the same time demanding that sanctions be lifted.
What we need now from the Libyans is not equivocal or conditional statements, but simple straightforward acceptance, said U.S. Deputy Ambassador Peter Burleigh. We expect their deeds to be the proof of their stated intentions.
U.N. sanctions were imposed in 1992 to force Libya to surrender the two suspects. The measures ban air travel to and from the country, prohibit arms sales, freeze some assets abroad and limit sales of oil equipment.
Under the proposal, the suspects could not be extradited from the Netherlands. If found guilty, they would serve their sentences in Britain.
The proposal stipulates the safe transfer of the two from Libya to the Netherlands and says international observers may attend the trial.
1700 Pak armymen directing Taliban
LONDON, Aug 28 (PTI) Half of the Taliban soldiers currently engaged in major offensives against the forces of Northern Alliance in Afghanistan are Pakistanis who are providing logistic support, command and control, Janes Defence Weekly has reported.
The current Taliban offensive has been described by Western military sources as operating like a professional army and independent evidence has corroborated Pakistan militarys deep involvement in Afghanistan, prominent Afghan expert Anthony Davis has reported from Kabul.
Some 400 new pick-up trucks imported from Pakistan, were used to spearhead the Taliban offensive, which began on July 12, and an estimated 1,700 Pakistan military men are involved in a mobile Taliban force of 8,000 in northern Afghanistan, the defence weekly said.
Besides this, he stated that Western military sources believed hundreds of other Pakistani religious volunteers from Islamic terrorist camps based in southern Afghanistan, hit recently by U.S Cruise missiles, and in Pakistan were being coordinated by the Afghan bureau of Pakistans Inter-Services Intelligence directorate.
Citing how Pakistani army commanders were directing battlefronts, the weekly said logistic support was well coordinated with water tankers and food trucks accompanying the Taliban columns as they moved north across the arid terrain.
Mr Davis said as troops captured Dostum strongholds of Maimana, Shiberghan and Mazar-i-Sharif. Antonov transports were seen ferrying reinforcements to airbases.
Similarly the campaign as a whole was characterised by several relatively sophisticated manoeuvres across a fast-moving battlefield. Such actions have no precedent in recent Afghan military history, he pointed out.
He said the operation had the hallmarks of the capture of Kabul by Taliban in 1996, which had definitely been led.
Directed and coordinated by senior Pakistan military officers, Western intelligence sources believe a big element of the Pakistan army, including artillery and armoured units, was operating with the Taliban and senior Pakistan army officers were directing major manoeuvres.
The defence journal said
as a consequence of Pakistan armys active
involvement, an outcome of the present military crises in
Afghanistan would be continued guerrilla struggle by the
northern minorities like Hazares, Vzbeks, Ismails and
Bombing accused faces murder charge
NEW YORK, Aug 28 (PTI) An accused in the bombing of the U.S. Embassy in Nairobi has been charged under 14 criminal counts, including murder of 12 Americans killed in the blast, hours after he was flown here from Kenya.
Mohammed Rashed Daoud Al-Owhali, apparently handed over by the Kenyan authorities to Americas Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) without any legal proceedings and brought here on Wednesday night, was charged yesterday with murder, conspiracy to commit murder and conspiracy to use a weapon of mass destruction.
A Yemeni national, al-Owhali in Kenya went by the name of Khalid Salim.
He appeared before a Manhattan court, where Judge Sharon E-Grubin ordered him to be held pending an appearance on September 8.
Al-Owhali, who was injured in the August 7 bomb blast outside US Embassy in Kenya, has reportedly told investigators that the attack was supposed to be a martyrdom operation which he did not expect to survive.
Another suspect, Mohammed Saddiq Odeh, currently in custody of the FBI, was also expected to arrive shortly.
The FBI says the suspects are linked with Islamic militant Osama bin Laden, a Saudi billionaire, whom it blames for being mastermind in the attacks on American embassies in Kenya and Tanzania.
Al-Owhali was arrested by the Kenyan authorities two days after the bombings.
LONDON: The renegade Saudi millionaire accused by the USA of inspiring attacks on the US embassies in Kenya and Tanzania controls a 4,000-strong army, Janes Defence Weekly has reported, quoting a suspect in the attacks.
The respected military magazine reported yesterday that Sadiq Howaida, a Palestinian Arab arrested at Karachi airport on his arrival from Nairobi, told Pakistans intelligence officials that militants from Pakistan and Arab countries were working in the army of Osama bin Laden.
Howaida also disclosed he was on his way to Afghanistan with six other members of Osamas forces, who were successful in evading security checks at Karachi airport, Janes said.
Janes said Howaida confessed to involvement in the embassy bombings.
NABLUS (West Bank): Palestinian militants burned US flags and called on Saudi dissident Osama bin Laden, suspected of being behind the east Africa embassy bombings, to attack Israel and the USA.
WASHINGTON, Aug 28 (AFP) The State Department warned Americans in South Korea to be alert after the US Embassy in Seoul received information about a possible terrorist attack targeting Americans.
Security is being reinforced at the US Embassy in Seoul and at US military installations throughout South Korea because of the potential threat, a state department public announcement said yesterday.
Embassy has received unconfirmed information that
terrorist action may possibly be taken against officials
of US Government installations and/or personnel in the
Republic of Korea, said the announcement.
Sindh Govt will survive: minister
ISLAMABAD, Aug 28 (Agencies) A top federal minister has claimed majority for the Pakistan Muslim League (PML) government in Sindh despite its parting of ways with major coalition partners-the Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM).
The Federal Minister for Provincial Coordination, Choudhry Nisar Ali, said the Liaqat Jatoi government would not be affected by the desertion as it was assured of support from friends and Independents.
The government enjoys a clear majority, he said dismissing speculation that imposition of Presidents rule in the province was on the cards.
The ethnic MQM, which has 27 members in the provincial assembly, pulled out its seven ministers from the coalition citing non-implementation of its accord with the PML and the continued killings of its party activists allegedly by intelligence agencies and rival factions.
The withdrawal left Chief Minister Jatoi heading a minority government with only 15 PML legislators.
The Opposition Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) of former Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto has now emerged as the single largest party in the 100-member legislature.
The ministers statement is widely being construed to mean that the ruling party has managed to engineer defections from rival groups especially in view of the sharp differences between the MQM and the PPP - which can provide an alternative government if they come together.
Senator Aftab Sheikh, deputy convener of the MQM coordination committee, while announcing his partys decision to break its alliance with the PML, alleged that the league had adopted Mohajir-bashing policies by resorting to state operation against MQM supporters.
Mr Sheikh said his party had not yet made any alliance with any other opposition parties but would request the allotment of separate seats in the Opposition benches in both the National Assembly and the Sindh provincial Assembly.
He also did not rule out the possibility of his party supporting no-confidence move against the PMLs Sindh Chief Minister Liaqat Ali Jatoi.
The MQM, with 28 seats, is the second largest party in the 109-member Sindh assembly after Benazir Bhuttos Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP). The PML has 21 members.
The withdrawal of the MQM from the ruling coalition came after months of violence in Karachi as the MQM and one of its breakaway factions, MQM (Haqiqi), fought pitched battles in the port city resulting in the death of more than 200 people since early this year.
Meanwhile, media reports
suggested that the MQM was trying to establish an
alliance with the PPP. A leading English daily
Dawn, quoting provincial party sources said,
the MQM and the Sindh unit of PPP were in touch.
Monica contradicts Clintons secretary
WASHINGTON, Aug 28 (AP) Clouding an obstruction of justice investigation, Monica Lewinsky and Presidential Secretary Betty Currie have given prosecutors differing recollections about the return of President Bill Clintons gifts to the former intern, according to people familiar with their accounts.
Two sources familiar with Mrs Curries account, speaking on condition of anonymity, say President Clintons secretary has told prosecutors she went to the former interns apartment and retrieved the gifts at Ms Lewinskys request.
Ms Lewinsky has told prosecutors, according to sources familiar with her account, that she did not ask Mrs Currie to pick up the gifts that the former intern had received from President Clinton. These sources said Mrs Currie showed up at her apartment and indicated she understood she needed to pick up something.
Among the issues Mr Starr is investigating is whether Mr Clinton asked his secretary to retrieve the gifts and if so, was it part of an effort to obstruct lawyers in the Paula Jones sexual harassment lawsuit.
According to the sources, Ms Lewinsky told prosecutors that Mrs Curries visit occurred shortly after she had discussed with Mr Clinton her concerns about having his gifts while under subpoena.
declined to give the exact date of that conversation
except to say it occurred after December 28, when Ms
Lewinsky met with Mr Clinton for the last time in the
Oval Office and received additional gifts from the
Gore faces probe on fundraising
WASHINGTON, Aug 28 (PTI) US Vice President Al Gore, cleared once for controversial campaign-fundraising telephone calls, is again facing investigation on the issue.
Attorney-General Janet Reno has ordered a preliminary investigation to determine if an independent counsel should be sought to probe the alleged phone calls Al Gore made from the White House to solicit campaign funds during President Bill Clintons re-election campaign in 1996.
The investigation a 90-day review is the second for the Vice-President, who was cleared of wrongdoing in December last year, based on what Mr Reno said was lack of credible evidence that he had violated the law.
Indian kids create records in UK
LONDON, Aug 28 (PTI) A six-year-old Indian boy has created a record in Britain by becoming the youngest student to pass the General Certificate of Secondary Education (GCSE) examination.
Krishan Radia, a student from Ryde College at Northwood in Middlesex County, achieved grade C in the GCSE information systems examination in June.
Radia who hails from Gujarat and lives at Kenton in north London broke the record also held by fellow Indian girl Nisha Santhirarajah from Edgware who had cleared the GCSE examination in computers at the age of seven.
Last week, Priyesh Patel, a 12-year-old Indian from Harrow became the youngest person in the country to achieve an A level grade after studying the nine-month computer classes.
15-year term for killing
Kala azar kills 17
Keiko the whale
Plea for help
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