|N A T I O N|
|Sardar Patels letters
NEW DELHI, Oct 11 Recently-published papers show that Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel in the honeymoon years of Independence had developed serious differences with Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru and on more than one occasion had offered to quit the government.
Now states want to
|India makes detector for European
CALCUTTA, Oct 11 In a significant contribution to an international particle physics experiment, Indian scientists have developed a nuclear detector which will help recreate conditions of matter akin to what existed at the point of origin of universe.
|Lanka ready for third-party
CALCUTTA Oct 11 The Sri Lanka Government is ready for a third party mediation for negotiations with the LTTE and was ready to give regional autonomy to the Tamils in Jaffna and its neighbouring areas, said Mr Raja Collure, General Secretary of the Communist Party of Sri Lanka, a partner in the coalition government.
Transfer subjects to State
functionary creates flutter
Sardar Patels letters of discord
NEW DELHI, Oct 11 (UNI) Recently-published papers show that Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel in the honeymoon years of Independence had developed serious differences with Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru and on more than one occasion had offered to quit the government.
The offer was made in letters to Mahatma Gandhi to whom Nehru had taken these differences. Nehru, too, had wanted to quit.
Overburdened with post-partition problems, Sardar Patel, the Deputy Prime Minister, was greatly disturbed over his differences with Nehru who was bypassing him even in matters which concerned his portfolio as minister in charge of states.
In one of his letters published in the 13th volume of the collected works of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel by noted historian P.N.Chopra, the iron man of India wrote to Nehru: You seem to have decided not to want for a discussion with me. I have found that subjects with which I have been intimately concerned have been discussed in the Cabinet without giving me the opportunity to make my contribution.
In a letter to Mahatma Gandhi on January 13, 1948, Sardar Patel said: The burden of work has become so heavy that I feel crushed under it. I now see that it would do no good to the country or myself to carry on like this any more. It might even do some harm.
Jawahar is even more burdened than I. His heart is heavy with grief. Maybe I have deteriorated with age and am no more any good to stand as a comrade by him and lighten his burden. Maulana too is displeased with what I am doing and you have again and again to take up cudgels on my behalf which also is intolerable to me.
In the circumstances, it will perhaps be good for me and the country if you now let me go. I cannot do otherwise than I am doing. And if thereby I become burdensome to my life-long colleagues and a source of distress to you and still I stick to my office it would mean at least that is how I would feel that I let the lust of power blind my eyes and so was unwilling to quit. You should quickly deliver me from this intolerable situation.
Independence had brought many problems in its wake. There were the communal riots, the problem of princely states, particularly Kashmir, Hyderabad and Junagadh, the task of economic reconstruction and rehabilitation of refugees. According to Sardar Patel: Our lifes mission has been fulfilled. We have won Independence...But how to prepare ourselves for reaping its fruits.
The future of India depends on whether we step up production of food, cloth, iron and steel, cement and other articles both for civil population and defence needs. Today labour is at the crossroads. If they take the right road and contribute their energies for strengthening the country, India will have a glorious future.
As minister in charge of states, Sardar Patel took up the uphill task of consolidating 562 states and their accession to the Indian Union. Barring Hyderabad, Junagadh and Kashmir all the states which were contiguous to India acceded to the Indian Union.The very rapid pace of industrialisation seemed to be fantasy materialised. The Sardar gave full credit to the people and rulers of these states.
While the Junagadh problem was solved by the people of the state, Sardar Patel was critical of Pakistan for creating problems regarding the Kashmir issue and attempting to take over the state by force. if Pakistan was bent upon to take Kashmir by force, we have no alternative but to reply with force. Even an inch of Kashmir will not be yielded.Sardar Patel was unhappy that Nehru did not allow him to tackle the Kashmir problem and dealt with it directly unlike other states.
Sardar Patel used to say that he would have tackled the Kashmir issue like Hyderabad. He was against referring the Kashmir issue to the UNO as he was of the opinion that the United Nation Security Council had not solved any problem, be it Palestine or Indonesia.
Sardar Patel quoted Mahatma Gandhi,the apostle of non-violence who, too, had come around to the view that it was essential to save Kashmir at any cost. The Mahatma observed thatwhen I hear the noise of those airplanes I feel so proud. the Mahatma was of the view, according to Sardar Patel, that he would like to defend with non-violence if possible but he would not like India to be degraded and helpless.
It will be an eye-opener to the readers that even Mahatma Gandhi was not against making an atom bomb. If the world was not going to disarm itself, India would not do it, Mahatma Gandhi observed.
Addressing a vast
assemblage of men and women in Lucknow on January 6,
1948, Sardar Patel blamed the Muslim League for
propagating the two-nation theory. Today my
mind turns back to those days when in this city of
Lucknow, the foundation of the two-nation theory was
laid. It was said that the Muslim culture and traditions
were not akin to those of the Hindus. They were a
separate nation. Muslims of this city played an important
role in fanning this theory.A few nationalist Muslims
protested against this.They made common cause with the
Hindus because they were perturbed at the advocacy of
such a theory and raised their voice against it. But my
Muslim League friends made a strong plea for separation.
They said they were not satisfied with separate
electorate and the safeguard of minority rights. They
only wanted separation and establishment of a separate
state. Throughout the length and breadth of India, the
Muslim League spread this doctrine of separation and a
major part of the Muslim youth also came under their
influence. They accepted it as the whole
India makes detector for European lab
CALCUTTA, Oct 11 (PTI) In a significant contribution to an international particle physics experiment, Indian scientists have developed a nuclear detector which will help recreate conditions of matter akin to what existed at the point of origin of universe.
Teams from two of the countrys premier nuclear research bodies the Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics (SINP) and the Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre (VECC) have developed a nuclear detector, which will provide a plethora of information to get a feel of what happened right after the big bang, millions of years ago.
The detector fabricated at the VECC in collaboration with several universities and national institutes will be the first of its kind at the Geneva-based particle physics laboratory, Cern, which has embarked upon the construction of a huge new particle accelerator the large hardon collidor (LHC).
Institute director and head of the Indian research team Bikash Sinha said the detector, to be fitted in the LHC, will pick up shining light particles out of a collision between two atomic nuclei.
The collisions will be at tremendous speed, close to the velocity of light, he said, adding that the detector would also find clues to fundamental constituents of matters quarks and gluons locked up inside protons and neutrons which make the atomic nuclei.
Considering that 95 per cent of matter in the universe is invisible, surviving quark blobs from primordial epoch may well explain what is commonly known as dark matter, Mr Sinha said.
India, through an interim memorandum of understanding has committed $ 25 million over the next decade with half the cost to be borne by the country to develop magnets for the LHC, detectors and other necessary equipment and software, Cern sources said.
The deputy leader of Cerns information technology division, Dr David Jacobs, said the detector would be used to create hot and dense conditions of matter similar to what existed in the big bang scenario.
The LHC, to be completed in 2005, will be 27 km in circumference and produce proton-proton collisions at 15 trillion electron volts (TEV) and heavy ions at 5.5 TEV per nucleon.
Dr Jacobs said of the four experiments being planned at the four intersection points of particulate collisions, India was participating in the second and fourth.
The second experiment will took for physics beyond the present standard model of elementary particles and also search for the enigmatic Higgs Boson (named after the Indian scientist S.N. Bose), he said.
The fourth experiment, being spearheaded by SINP and VECC scientists, will focus on heavy ion collisions in order to look for new states of matter such as the quark gluon plasma and to recreate big bang conditions.
The beams travelling in opposite directions shall collide with each other at four points where these four experimental set-ups shall be located. The collisions shall take place every 25 nano-seconds (a thousand millionth of a second), Dr Jacobs explained.
Each collision inside the LHC, to be located in Geneva near the Franco-Swiss border, will generate a huge amount of debris that contains valuable information on the basic constituents of matter.
The staggering volume and rate of data that is expected to be collected in these experiments shall stretch the technology of data acquisition, processing and retrieval to extreme limits, he said.
Now states want to import onion
NEW DELHI, Oct 11 (PTI) Concerned over the rising onion prices, various state governments have asked the Centre to permit them to import onion.
But the Centre will consider the issue only after reviewing the supply situation fully, according to a top Civil Supplies Ministry official.
The present onion situation is under review. After reviewing the supply situation and taking into consideration the new crop production, we will decide on demands from some state governments to import onion, Civil Supplies and Consumer Affairs Secretary N.N. Mookherjee said.
Andhra Pradesh, among others, has sought import of 5,000 tonnes of onion.
Maharashtra, on the other hand, has asked the Centre to allocate 7,000 tonnes of the 10,000 tonnes onions being imported from Dubai and Iran.
The government on Thursday decided to import 10,000 tonnes of onion and banned export of the vegetable. It also allowed the Delhi Government to import another 3,000 tonnes.
These measures were taken at a meeting of top government officials to tackle the issue of high onion prices and the imported consignments are likely to arrive in Mumbai on October 15 with the landed costs likely to be Rs 16 per kg.
A fall in 1997-98 production and delay in the arrival of the new crop due to rains in Maharashtra had led the onion prices touching record high of Rs 50 a kg in retail outlets in many parts of the country.
Mr Mookherjee said if there was no further rainfall in the growing centres in Maharashtra and the weather held good, the new crop would arrive in the market next week.
Asked if there was any damage to the crop due to rains, he said some damage had been caused.
Even after giving allowance for the damage caused by rains, the onion crop is expected to be better than that of last year, he said.
NTPC stops power supply from Farakka
NEW DELHI, Oct 11 (PTI) The state-owned National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC) has stopped supplying power from its Farakka power station to the eastern region in view of mounting arrears of state electricity boards (SEBs) of West Bengal, Bihar and Orissa.
The outstanding dues from eastern region have accumulated to approximately Rs 3,000 crore, an NTPC press release said.
The NTPC has been constrained to curtail supplies from Farakka due to mounting arrears of SEBs in the eastern region and in the absence of any response from the SEB of West Bengal and the state government to repeated efforts of the NTPC to ameliorate the payment crisis created due to mounting outstanding dues, it said.
The NTPC had earlier issued notices to the Governments of Orissa, West Bengal and Bihar on August 24 for closure of its eastern region power stations Farakka, Kahalgaon and Talcher with effect from September 1.
On the basis of action taken by the Orissa Government and assurance of payment of dues in full, the NTPC has decided to maintain full generation of 460 MW at the Talcher thermal power station, which is fully dedicated to Orissa.
Lanka ready for third-party mediation
CALCUTTA Oct 11 (PTI) The Sri Lanka Government is ready for a third party mediation for negotiations with the LTTE and was ready to give regional autonomy to the Tamils in Jaffna and its neighbouring areas, said Mr Raja Collure, General Secretary of the Communist Party of Sri Lanka, a partner in the coalition government.
"We look forward to a positive response from the LTTE," Mr Collure who came here to attend the 16th congress of the CPM, told PTI today.
Blaming the United National Party for complicating the ethnic issue during the 1980s, he said the present government having curbed the LTTE to a great extent was against any military solution to the problem. "We want a political solution and that too as early as possible," he said.
Insurgency was causing great harm to the economy, Mr Collure said with 28 per cent of the state revenue set aside for military expenditure and a 4.5 per cent defence levy was imposed on all goods and services to raise resources.
To a question, he said
there was no concrete evidence with the government that
any country was funding the LTTE. "According to our
information Tamil refugees settled in the USA, Canada and
Europe are providing money to the LTTE, he
Transfer subjects to State List: Hegde
BANGALORE, Oct 11 (PTI) Commerce Minister Ramakrishna Hegde today mooted transferring all subjects, except "three or four" from the Central and Concurrent list to states.
"Except in cases of secession, the Centre should not intervene in any matter in states. Let the states discharge their own responsibilities," the President of the Lok Shakti said at a seminar organised by the Rashtriya Nava Nirmana Vedike, an apolitical forum formed by him.
Mr Hegde, however, did not specify the areas he felt the Centre should limit its role. Flaying the misuse of Article 356 to dismiss a state government, he said: "It has not been used properly even once".
He reiterated his plea to switch over to the presidential system of government saying it would integrate the country and minimise the role of castes and communities.
Stating that the country
had blindly copied the British electoral
system, he called for electoral reforms. He suggested the
introduction of "the right to reject" option in
elections to enable the voter to reject candidates if
they were not found suitable.
TRC functionary creates flutter
CHENNAI, Oct 11 (PTI) A functionary of the Tamizhaga Rajiv Congress (TRC) created a flutter at Chennai airports domestic terminal late last night when he broke a glass door at the entry point after being denied permission to go in and receive Union Petroleum Minister Vazhapadi K. Ramamurthy, police said.
The functionary, Rajasekharan, a police sub-inspector and an official of the Airports Authority of India (AAI) were injured when glass splinters struck them.
The TRC functionary and 30 others had come to the airport to receive Mr Ramamurthy who arrived here by a flight from New Delhi.
The police said Rajasekharan got angry when the sub-inspector and the AAI official manning the entry gate told him that only a few persons would be allowed to go in and receive the Union Minister. He suddenly struck at the glass door, breaking it and entered the terminal along with the others, police said.
An airport official said
Rajasekharan, who appeared to be in an inebriated state
and some of his colleagues entered the segregation area
and almost went up to the escalator on seeing Ramamurthy
alighting from it.
|Repatriation of Reangs
AGARTALA: The repatriation of 40,000 Reangs, sheltered in different camps in the North District of Tripura, to Mizoram hangs in the balance as there is no positive development from the Mizoram Government. A National Human Rights Commission team, which was to visit Tripura on October 15, to investigate the allegations of harassment of the Reangs in Mizoram and study their problems, has cancelled its trip for the second time. The Mizoram official delegation, which visited the refugee camps in the Kanchanpur areas of North Tripura earlier, had failed to convince the Reangs about their security and other demands. PTI
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