the pm’s address
‘Together we take India forward’
Prime Minister Narendra Modi made an extempore speech from the ramparts of the Red Fort on India’s 68th Independence Day. The Tribune brings you excerpts from an English translation of the speech.
My dear countrymen, I am present amidst you not as Prime Minister, but as the Prime Servant. Today, I pay my respect, greetings and homage to all those who laid their lives for the country's independence.

haryana: 10 years of hooda govt
Can Hooda pull it off a third time?
As Haryana goes to the polls, likely by October, Chief Minister Bhupinder Singh Hooda is hoping for yet another term. The Tribune assesses his decade-long rule and sector-wise development in the state; what the government has achieved and what politicians across the board make of his claims
By Naveen S Garewal with inputs from Pradeep Sharma & Geetanjali Gayatri
The Bhupinder Singh Hooda-led Congress government in the state has witnessed a roller coaster ride during its two consecutive terms in office. Hooda has faced several charges of nepotism and favouritism in jobs and regional development abound.






the pm’s address
‘Together we take India forward’
Prime Minister Narendra Modi made an extempore speech from the ramparts of the Red Fort on India’s 68th Independence Day. The Tribune brings you excerpts from an English translation of the speech.

My dear countrymen, I am present amidst you not as Prime Minister, but as the Prime Servant. Today, I pay my respect, greetings and homage to all those who laid their lives for the country's independence. The Day of Independence is a festival in which we take a solemn pledge of working for the welfare of Mother India, and also for the welfare of the poor, oppressed, Dalits, the exploited and the backward people of our country.

Tribune photo: Mukesh Aggarwal

This country has been built on such foundation of ancient cultural heritage, where we were told of only one mantra during the Vedic period, which is indicative of our work culture, which we have learnt and memorised: "Sangachchhdhvam samvadadhvam sam wo manansi jaanataam." We walk together, we move together, we think together, we resolve together and together we take this country forward. Having imbibed this basic mantra, 125 crore of countrymen have taken the nation forward.

I am an outsider for Delhi, I am not a native of Delhi. When I came to Delhi two months ago, it seemed as if dozens of separate governments are running at the same time in one main government. It appeared that everyone had his own fiefdom. I could observe disunity and conflict among them. One department was taking on the other department and taking on to the extent that two departments of the same government were fighting against each other by approaching Supreme Court. This disunity, this conflict among people of the same country! How can we take the country forward? And that is why I have started making efforts for razing those walls; I have started making efforts at making the government not an assembled entity but an organic unity, an organic entity, a harmonious whole - with one aim, one mind, one direction, one energy. Let's resolve to steer the country to one destination.

The time has come to give a serious thought to whether we have a duty to create an India of the dreams of those great people who gave us freedom, whether we have a national character. Can someone please tell me as to whether he or she has ever introspected in the evening after a full day's work as to whether his or her acts have helped the poor of the country or not, in safeguarding the interest of the country, or whether the actions have been directed in the country's welfare? Should it not be the motto of the one and a quarter billion countrymen to make every step in life in the country's interest? Unfortunately, we have an environment today wherein if you approach anyone with some work, he begins by saying, "What does it mean for me?" And when he comes to know that it does not entail any benefit for him, immediately he says, "Why should I bother?" Everything is not for self-interest only. We have to rise above such feelings and believe, "I am for the nation's interest and in this field; I am going to lead".

Shame of rape

When we hear about the incidents of rape, we hang our heads in shame. People come out with different arguments. Parents who have a daughter of 10 or 12 years of age are always on the alert, every now and then ask her where she is going, when she would be back, ask her to inform immediately after she reaches somewhere. Have any parents ever dared to ask their son as to where he is going, why he is going out, who his friends are. After all, a rapist is also somebody's son.

The law will take its course, strict action will be taken, but as a member of society, as parents, we also have some responsibilities. If somebody tells me that those who have taken to the gun and kill innocent people are Maoists or terrorists, I say they are also somebody's children. I would like to ask of such parents if they had ever asked their children as to why they were taking the wrong path. Every parent must take this responsibility, he must know that his misguided son is bent on killing innocent people. He is not able to serve himself, nor his family, nor the country. I want to ask those youngsters how long shall we have bloodshed on this land, how long shall we take the lives of the innocent people and what have we got after all this? The path of violence has not yielded anything to us.

For one reason or the other, we have had communal tension for ages. This led to the division of the country. Even after Independence, we have had to face the poison of casteism and communalism. How long will these evils continue? Whom does it benefit? We have had enough of fights, many have been killed. Nobody has benefited from it, except casting a slur on Mother India. Therefore, I say to all that whether it is the poison of casteism, communalism, regionalism, discrimination on social and economic basis, all these are obstacles in our way forward. Let's resolve for once in our hearts, let's put a moratorium on all such activities for 10 years, we shall march ahead to a society which will be free from all such tensions. And you will see how much strength we get from peace, unity, goodwill and brotherhood.

Have we ever thought what the sex ratio in the country is? 940 girls are born per thousand boys. Who is causing this imbalance in the society? Certainly not God! I request the doctors not to kill the girl growing in the womb of a mother just to line their own pockets. I advise mothers and sisters not to sacrifice daughters in the hope of a son. This disparity points to female foeticide and the polluted and tainted mind the 21st century has. We will have to liberate the country from it, and that is the message to us on this Independence Day celebration.

Governance and development

There are only two tracks to take the country forward - good governance and development. We can move forward only by taking these paths. The meaning of democracy is not just limited to electing a government. Its meaning is that the 125 crore citizens work together, joining shoulders with the government to fulfil the hopes and aspirations of the country. We have to create a partnership with the people. We have to proceed under public-private partnership.

Please tell me why our farmers commit suicide. A farmer takes loan from the moneylender, but fails to repay. He takes loan for the wedding of his daughter, but fails to repay. He may have to suffer hardship all his life. He chooses to commit suicide. Who will save the poor families of such farmers? I have come here with a pledge to launch a scheme on this festival of freedom. It will be called 'Pradhanmantri Jan-Dhan Yojana'. I wish to connect the poorest citizens of the country with the facility of bank accounts through this scheme. There are millions of families who have mobile phones but no bank accounts. This yojana will open the window. Therefore, an account holder under the scheme will be given a debit card. An insurance of Rs 1 lakh will be guaranteed with that debit card for every poor family, so that such families are covered with the insurance in case of any crisis in their lives.

Skilled India

India is a country of young people. As much as 65 per cent of the population is under the age of 35. Our country has the largest number of youth in the world. Today, the world and India need a skilled workforce. If we have to promote the development of our country then our mission has to be 'skill development' and 'skilled India'. Millions of Indian youth should go for acquisition of skills and there should be a network across the country for this and not the archaic systems. They should acquire the skills which could contribute towards making India a modern country. Whenever they go to any country in the world, their skills must be appreciated and we want to go for a two-pronged development. I have taken a resolve to enhance the skill development at a rapid pace.

The economics of the world has changed. Now India cannot decide its future by remaining isolated and sitting in a corner. We will have to act accordingly. The government has taken many decisions recently, made some announcements in the budget. The world and the Indians spread across the world have to realise that if we have to provide more and more employment to the youth, we will have to promote the manufacturing sector. If we have to put in use the education and capability of the youth, we will have to go for the manufacturing sector and for this Hindustan also will have to lend its full strength, but we also invite the world powers.

I want to appeal to all people the world over, "Come, make in India", "Come, manufacture in India". Sell in any country of the world, but manufacture here. We have got the skill, talent, discipline, and determination to do something. We want to give the world a favourable opportunity to come here and we will say to the world, from electrical to electronics, "Come, make in India", from automobiles to agro value addition, "Come, make in India", paper or plastic, "Come, make in India", satellite or submarine, "Come, make in India".

As I say to the world "Come, make in India", I say to the youth of the country they should be our dream. This message has to reach every corner of the world, "Made in India". I would like to ask my youngsters as to why despite them we are forced to import even the smallest of things? My country's youth can resolve it, they should do research, find out what kind of items are imported, and then each one should resolve that through may be micro or small industries only. They could manufacture at least one such item so that we need not import it in future. I, therefore, urge the youth, in particular our small entrepreneurs, that they should never compromise at least on two counts. First, zero defect and second, again zero effect. We should manufacture goods in such a way that they carry zero defect; that our exported goods are never returned. Also, we should manufacture goods with zero effect, so they should not have a negative impact on the environment.

Being connected

Already our young IT professionals have given a new path to making a new identity for India. If we have this strength, can we think up something for the country? Our dream, therefore, has to be "Digital India". I don't speak of the elite, it is for the poor. You can imagine what quality education children in villages will get if all villages were to be connected with broadband and if we were able to give long-distance education to the schools in every remote corner. Create a network of telemedicine in places where there is a shortage of doctors.

Citizens of India have mobile phones in their hands, but can we walk in the direction of mobile governance? E-governance is what we need to take this idea of Digital India forward. E-governance is easy governance, effective governance and also economic governance. E-governance paves the way for good governance. There was a time when we used to say that the Railways provided connectivity to the country. That was it. Today it is IT that has the potential to connect each and every citizen and that is why we want to realise the mantra of unity with the help of Digital India.

We want to promote tourism. It provides employment to the poorest of the poor. But there is a big obstacle in promoting tourism and in our national character, and that is the filth all around us. After so many years of Independence, do we still want to live in this filth?

Mahatma Gandhi had cleanliness and sanitation closest to his heart. Can we resolve not to leave a speck of dirt in our village, city, street, area, school, temple, hospital by 2019, when we celebrate the 150th anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi? This can happen not just with government but public participation. That's why we have to do it together. Has it ever pained us that our mothers and sisters have to defecate in open? Whether dignity of women is not our collective responsibility?

I, therefore, will launch a 'Clean India' campaign from October 2 this year and carry it forward in four years. All schools should have separate toilets for girls. Only then our daughters will not be compelled to leave school midway. Our parliamentarians utilising MPLAD fund are there. I appeal to them to spend it for constructing toilets in schools for a year. The government should utilise its budget on providing toilets. I call upon the corporate sector also to give priority to the provision of toilets in schools with your expenditure under the Corporate Social Responsibility programme. This target should be finished within a year with the help of state governments and on the next August 15, we should be in a firm position to announce that there is no school in India without separate toilets for girls.

Village first

We are running so many schemes in the name of the Prime Minister and other leaders. However, today I am going to announce a scheme on behalf of the Member of Parliament, 'Saansad Aadarsh Gram Yojana'. We will fix some parameters. I urge the MPs to select any one village each having a population of three to five thousand in their constituency. The parameters will be according to the time, space and situation of that locality. It will include the conditions of health, cleanliness, atmosphere, greenery, cordiality, etc. On the basis of those parameters, each of our MPs should make one village a model village by 2016, equipped with all systems and facilities. On October 11, the birth anniversary of Jai Prakash Narayan Ji, I will present a complete blueprint of the Members of Parliament Model Village Scheme. And I urge the state governments also that as per the feasibility in their respective states, all Members of Legislative Assembly also resolve to establish a model village.

If we have to take India forward, it can happen only by taking the states forward. India's federal structure is more important today than in the past 60 years. To make our federal structure strong and vibrant and promote development, a joint team of the Centre and the states should move forward. So we will have to think about giving the Planning Commission a look. While the Commission has done good work in the past, it is a very old system and it will have to be rejuvenated. We will replace the planning commission with a new institution having a new design and structure, a new body, a new soul, a new thinking, a new direction, a new faith towards forging a new direction to lead the country based on creative thinking, public-private partnership, optimum utilisation of resources, utilisation of the youth power, to promote the aspirations of states seeking development, to empower the state governments and the federal structure.

Power to SAARC

I believe that India's foreign policy can be multi-dimensional. If for freedom, the people of India could remove a big empire without the power of the government, without weapons and even without resources, then friends, it is the need of the hour to eradicate poverty, can we not overcome poverty? Let us resolve to eradicate poverty, to win against it. Our neighbouring countries are also faced with the same problem. Why not get together with all SAARC nations to plan out the fight against poverty? Let's fight together and defeat poverty. Let us see at least for once how wonderful is the feeling of being alive, instead of killing and getting killed. And that's why I seek cooperation from neighbouring countries for fighting against poverty in concert, so that together countries we create our importance and emerge as a power in the world. It is imperative that we work together with a dream to win the fight against poverty, shoulder to shoulder. Jai Hind



haryana: 10 years of hooda govt
Can Hooda pull it off a third time?
As Haryana goes to the polls, likely by October, Chief Minister Bhupinder Singh Hooda is hoping for yet another term. The Tribune assesses his decade-long rule and sector-wise development in the state; what the government has achieved and what politicians across the board make of his claims
By Naveen S Garewal with inputs from Pradeep Sharma & Geetanjali Gayatri

The Bhupinder Singh Hooda-led Congress government in the state has witnessed a roller coaster ride during its two consecutive terms in office. Hooda has faced several charges of nepotism and favouritism in jobs and regional development abound. There has been growing dissidence in the party, but seemingly more out of personal ambition of leaders than any specific charge of “misdoing” against Hooda.

Hooda went to the recent parliamentary elections in the state with his report card and despite substantial achievements, managed to retain only one out of 10 seats. He blames the “Modi wave” for the debacle, insisting that the impending Assembly elections would reward his achievements.

“Anti-incumbency against the UPA government is now gone. People were given the ‘acche din’ slogan but inflation and shattering of their hopes during the last two months has brought them face to face with reality. In the coming elections there will be a complete change in the way people vote. During my tenure there has been so much development and it will reflect in the poll results. I am certain the Congress will form the government yet again — Congress sarkar, teesri baar (Congress government for the third time) will prove true,” says Hooda.

He is proud that he has given the state a land acquisition policy which is now being replicated by other states. Haryana has emerged as the nursery for producing maximum award-winning sportspersons in the country. The Olympics and CWG held during his tenure saw the state winning many gold, silver and bronze medals. The “padak lao, pad pao” (bring medal get job) slogan clubbed with huge prize money has encouraged sportspersons to show results.

Haryana has also developed as an educational hub of the nation. At the Rajiv Gandhi Education City, two universities have already started functioning and another 10 are to come up. He claims that institutions like National Institute of Fashion Technology, National Institute of Design, National Defence University, Cancer Research Institute, Kalpana Chawla Medical College, Central Institute of Engineering, Khanpur Women Medical College, etc. will change the outlook of the next generation. “There are hundreds of things my government has achieved. Irrespective of the criticism from the opposition and from some rebels in my party, is it not true that Haryana will benefit from all this development?”

“Is the Gorakhpur nuclear plant going to produce electricity only for Sirsa? Will the centre of excellence in fruit and vegetables help farmers only in the districts concerned? My critics accuse me of partisan development. Data shows that there has been uniform development in every district. In Ambala, we will set up a tool room centre at a cost of Rs 200 crore. All new thermal plants will make the state power surplus. Development of any district of the state contributes to the development of the state,” says Hooda.

Two terms have clearly made Hooda emerge as the tallest leader of the state. Most detractors like Rao Inderjit Singh, Chaudhary Birender Singh, etc. have moved on, making him the unchallenged leader of the Congress. With charges of indiscriminate grant of change in land use, the Congress will go to the polls with issues like formation of a separate Haryana Sikh Gurdwara Management Committee (HSGMC) and the revival of water-sharing issue with Punjab through the completion of the SYL canal.

Many challenges from within Congress

When it comes to political aspirations, the Congress is no different from other parties in the state. In fact, dissidence cost the party dear in the parliamentary elections. However, it now seems to be in a much better position today than during the parliamentary polls.

The dissidence in the party began with Rao Inderjit, Hooda’s friend and classmate in law school, raising his voice against Hooda. He embarrassed Hooda by accusing him of facilitating the change of land use (CLU) of a property involving Robert Vadra, son-in-law of Congress president Sonia Gandhi. Eventually, Rao quit the party and re-contested the Gurgaon parliamentary seat on BJP ticket after he was certain that the Congress will not field him.

The next to fall in line was Kumari Selja, once a Hooda supporter who had pitched for the chief ministerial berth for Hooda against the late Bhajan Lal, when the Congress regained power from the INLD in 2005. Fearing a rout from the Ambala (R) parliamentary constituency after raising the banner of lopsided development in the state, she chose the easy way out by getting elected to the Rajya Sabha and taking a back seat in Haryana politics.

To join Selja was Hooda’s maternal cousin and former state Finance Minister Birender Singh. He and Selja addressed several joint rallies, including one at Kurukshetra in 2013 where they raised a banner of revolt against Hooda. Hooda prevailed upon the party high command and got Birender’s name dropped from the list of those who were inducted into the Manmohan Singh Cabinet, months before the nation faced a general election. Hooda told Sonia Gandhi that inducting Birender into the Cabinet would spread dissidence in the party. “A wrong message will go to the party leaders who will think raising a banner of revolt would be rewarded,” he told the high command.

After failing to get Sonia to attend his Jind rally on the occasion of Rajiv Gandhi’s birth anniversary, Birender got a clear signal that his days in the Congress were over. He then decided to join the BJP. Birender considered himself a chief ministerial candidate and says he would remain one after joining the BJP. But his exit has made Hooda stronger.

The biggest setback to Hooda, however, came when his friend Venod Sharma decided to part ways without giving any warning signs. The Ambala legislator, who initially kept his cards close to his chest, justified his exit from the Congress, accusing Hooda government of partisan development, even though he had contradicted Selja when he was in the Congress. Later, he floated the Jan Chetna Party.

From time to time there have been voices of revolt from within the Congress, be it Panipat legislator Balbir Pal Shah or former Power Minister Capt Ajay Yadav, both of whom tendered their resignations but later withdraw them on being cajoled by Hooda. Yadav levelled charges of nepotism in jobs and neglect of his constituency Rewari, but gave credit to Hooda for doing enough development in his constituency. Most dissidents have found their way out of the party and Hooda stands unchallenged.

CLU scam
Vadra issue an embarrassment

In his two terms as Chief Minister, there are no allegations of personal “wrong doings” against Hooda. Party insiders have accused him of partisan development, wherein he took major projects to the districts of Rohtak, Sonepat and Jhajjar. But when it comes to the opposition, the charges against his government are that a large number of CLUs were granted for financial considerations. The INLD released a video of chief parliamentary secretary Ram Kishan Fauji and others demanding money for getting CLUs done. The scam that rocked the Hooda government in 2013 saw allegations by the INLD against eight Congress legislators and their relatives, accusing them of “corrupt practices in lieu of getting the CLUs done”.

Those accused included chief parliamentary secretary Vinod Bhayana, son of chief parliamentary secretary Jaleb Khan, Ratia MLA Jarnail Singh, Uklana MLA Naresh Selwal, son of Nalwa MLA Sampat Singh, Barwala MLA Ram Niwas Ghorela and Congress leader Sanjay Chhokar. The Haryana Lok Pal found some merit in the allegations against Fauji and directed a case be registered.

The issue was also raised by Rao Inderjit Singh who said farmers in Gurgaon were being looted by builders and the land mafia. The BJP promised that it would get all CLUs investigated if it came to power at the Centre. BJP president Amit Shah has now said the CLU would be investigated if the BJP was voted to power in Haryana. Hooda has rejected the allegations, saying that he did not allow any CLU that was not as per the policy formulated by the government. “We did thousands of CLUs without the exchange of a single paisa. Each one was carefully evaluated to see if it was as per policy,” he says.

Opposition view
‘Money in lieu of CLUs’

The government has given CLUs for 23,000 acres of land in Haryana during the last 10 years. Ten leaders of the party or their kin have been caught on tape striking deals for hastening the process of getting CLUs. They are nothing but land sharks and we will prove this in the charge sheet we are bringing against the government. We will show the wealth of senior leaders at the time of coming to power and where they stand today.

Ashok Arora, state inld chief and mla

Partisan development
Some truth, some fiction

The Hooda government has drawn flak, more from party insiders than the opposition, for what they called “unequal development” in the state. The charges are that developmental projects, jobs and even money for civic amenities has gone to the Chief Minister’s home district and some adjoining areas that are Jat dominated. Hooda took a long time on the floor of the House in the last winter session, demolishing the criticism point by point. It is a different matter that his detractors called it a “misleading of facts”.

The issue was initially raised by Rao Inderjit Singh, who revolted during Hooda’s first term in office (2005-2009). Kumari Selja and Birender Singh joined issue during the latter part of the current term. It was only in the beginning of this year that others like Venod Sharma, who were solidly defending Hooda, changed stand and raised the issue of unequal development. The state has seen some protests, especially in the sub-mountainous Shivalik region. Some local leaders in the Shivaliks falling in Panchkula, Ambala and Yamunanagar districts even resorted to ‘padyatras’ as a mark of protest. Hooda has rubbished these allegations saying that there can be no development in the state without it being developed as a whole. “No development is isolated; the benefits cannot remain confined to one region, city or district. There is a trickledown effect of development. Some people, who I do not want to name, tried to play politics over the issue for their vested interests,” he says.

Officials of the Haryana Government say Rohtak, Jhajjar and Sonepat fall closer to the NCR, therefore there is a lot of interest in development and investment in the region. “An investor cannot be forced to put his money in any specific region. It is entirely the investor’s prerogative to decide how he would develop his business models. As far as I am concerned, there were no instructions to treat different regions of the state differently. During 1999-2004, the Chautala government released Rs 826.48 crore for the development of the Hisar parliamentary segment. I have spent Rs 4,454.23 crore, which is over five times. Would it be so if there was discrimination?” he asks.

Many people would not buy Hooda’s argument. They argue that during 2007 and 2012, the Chief Minister announced 5,135 development works, out of which 1,237 were for Rohtak district alone. People of Rohtak say, “If Hooda will not develop his home district who will? Certainly, no one from Ambala or Sirsa.”

Opposition view
‘Development tilted’

Under the RTI I found that 1,237 development projects came to Rohtak, of which 1,082 were completed while in Panchkula, 47 projects were started but only 16 completed. This shows the extent of neglect. Moreover, the Congress government’s own MLAs have cried themselves hoarse for projects and have alleged lopsided development.

Gian Chand Gupta, senior bjp leader

rating: fair
Major push for realty sector

The ‘builder-friendly’ Hooda government laid much emphasis on the housing sector. While private developers had a field day in view of the large-scale CLU for developing housing projects across the state, especially in the NCR, HUDA and the Housing Board Haryana also continued to provide housing to investors and end users.

While the government’s efforts to help the recession-hit realty sector continued throughout its tenure, a major boost for the real estate sector came in the shape of the Affordable Housing Policy 2013, which unveiled a bonanza for private builders. A slew of incentives, including exemption from licence fee and infrastructure development charges, floor area ratio of 225 instead of the current 175, higher ground coverage of 50 per cent against 35 per cent, were given to builders. The government also announced the construction of 50,000 dwelling units for serving and ex-servicemen. However, the cooperative housing movement suffered a jolt with the government effecting a two-three fold increase in the land allotment rates to cooperative housing societies.

rating: poor
Getting out of hand

Crime is virtually becoming a way of life in the state. On an average, the state records three murders, two rapes, four kidnappings and three dacoities every day, putting a question mark over the claims of the Chief Minister.

While the police claims that the spurt in the number of cases was largely on account of the fact that almost every case was now reported and reflected in the crime statistics, the Opposition alleged that the law and order situation was going from bad to worse due to inefficient administration. What is worrying is the fact that the crime against women, especially rape, and atrocities on Dalits shows no sign of abating. This has led to a trust deficit and does not bode well for the Hooda government in an election year. A parliamentary committee on the welfare of SC and ST, in its report last year, claimed that the “dignity and morale of the SCs in the state are completely eroded due to the high-handedness of the dominant caste”. “The frequency at which atrocities are perpetrated against the Dalits by the dominant caste shook the conscience of the nation and the general perception is that Haryana is deeply entrenched in the caste system and laws of khap panchayats,” the report stated.

It is no surprise that Haryana, which has a national population average of 2 cent, is the 12th most criminal state in the country as per the data of the National Crime Records Bureau.

Opposition view
‘Jungle raj’

It is jungle raj in Haryana. There has been a spurt in crime against women and weaker sections of society.

Ram Bilas Sharma, bjp president

rating: fair
Long way to surplus

The power production has increased from nearly 1,587 MW to nearly 5,300 MW in the last 10 years. As compared to the availability of nearly 578 lakh units in 2004, the availability now is estimated to be 1,303 lakh units. Despite the manifold increase in power generation and availability, the power companies continue to be in the red on account of high transmission losses (over 30 per cent) and huge arrears amounting to nearly Rs 4,200 crore.

As a result, the Hooda government accepted the Central Government’s financial restructuring plan (FRP) for debt-ridden discoms — Uttar Haryana Bijli Vitran Nigam (UHBVN) and Dakshin Haryana Bilji Vitran Nigam (DHBVN). Under the plan, the government accepted the Centre's bailout package for discoms by taking over 50 per cent of the liabilities (Rs 8,162.09 crore), calculated by March 31, 2012, to set the stage for their restructuring. The balance 50 per cent loan was to be restructured by providing a moratorium on the principal amount and the best possible terms for repayment.

Regular power tariff hikes (also on account of fuel surcharge adjustment) sent the power consumers in a tizzy. Despite the government’s promises and claims, the state’s dream of becoming a power-surplus state continued to be a mirage.

Meanwhile, the nuclear power plant being developed by the Nuclear Power Corporation of Indian Limited at Gorakhpur (Fatehabad) was finally on track, with former Prime Minister Manmohan Singh laying the foundation stone of the 4x700 MW power plant, to be developed on 1,503 acres, to meet the meet energy needs of the state.

Recruitment under court scanner

Nepotism in government jobs has been an accepted norm in Haryana. However, during Hooda’s tenure, leaders of the ruling as well as opposition parties are unanimous in their criticism of the government regarding nepotism in jobs. His detractors in the Congress had alleged nepotism.

Two major recruitment drives came under the scanner of the Punjab and Haryana High Court. On September 11, 2012, the court quashed the recruitment of 1,983 physical training teachers which was made by the Haryana Staff Selection Commission in 2009. The court observed: “The selection does not pass the test of it being in accordance with the law, rendering the selection illegal”.

The recruitment of over 9,000 junior basic teachers also came under the scanner in 2011 after a preliminary inquiry held that candidates impersonated and cheated. The selections in the HCS examination also came under a cloud, with the INLD releasing the “list” of selected candidates before the results were out. Political parties are making it a major issue in the upcoming elections. “Nepotism is rampant in Haryana. It is going to be a major poll issue,” says former Union Minister Venod Sharma, whose Janshakti Party has launched an agitation against the interview system for government jobs. Anirudh Chautala, grandson of former Deputy Prime Minister Devi Lal, recently launched a campaign on favouritism in the government called “Yuva bolega”.

Opposition view
‘Have represented to Governor’

We have released lists of people the government has given jobs to, before these officially came out. A minister of the Hooda government had recently quit alleging that nobody from his area had been accommodated in the list of appointees. This clearly shows that the government is busy accommodating its own people everywhere. We have challenged the recent appointments of the information commissioners and commissioners under the Right to Services Commission by representing to the Governor.

Abhay Chautala, senior inld leader and mla

Blue-eyed officers re-employed

When it comes to rehabilitating his ‘blue-eyed’ bureaucrats, nobody can match Hooda. A majority of retired IAS officers have been “rehabilitated” by way of plum postings which entitle them to retain official accommodation, car, staff and pay.

All eight chief secretaries during his tenure have been rehabilitated. While SC Chaudhary, who retired on July 31, was appointed Chief Commissioner of the newly constituted Right to Service Commission, his predecessor PK Chaudhery was rehabilitated as Adviser (Development and Governance Reforms). The other chief secretaries are Urvashi Gulati (State Information Commissioner), G Madhavan (Chief Information Commissioner), Prem Prashant (member, State Administrative Reforms Commission), Dharam Vir (State Election Commissioner), Promilla Issar (chairman, Environment Assessment Authority) and AN Mathur (chairman, State Finance Commission).

Several retired IPS officers have also been accommodated. RS Dalal, former DGP, was appointed Director-General, Haryana Institute of Public Administration, Gurgaon. A substantial number of staff of the Chief Minister’s office and residence, and that of other ministers have also been rehabilitated.

rating: good
Focus on diversification, soil

Haryana has earned three national awards for productivity and consistency. Its focus is on water table and diversification. With an average depletion of 33 cm annually, the Haryana Preservation of Sub-soil Water Act has been enacted. The sowing of paddy nursery before May 16 is also banned.

Principal Secretary Roshan Lal says: “The depletion in water table has been the maximum in the last 15 years. Farmers continue to plant the early ‘saathi’ variety which is taxing the water table.”

The state won the Krishi Karman Award for the best performing state in wheat in 2010-11 and in 2011-12 for productivity of 5,182 kg per hectare. It got a commendation award in 2012-13 for consistency in high productivity of rice and wheat.

Haryana has popularised the direct seeded rice variety which does not require a nursery or holding water during transplantation. It is also experimenting with laying pipelines from tube wells to fields, saving nearly 20 per cent water.

The government is issuing soil health cards to farmers, pointing out deficiencies in soil and ways to address these. Since wheat and rice production has plateaued, the government is promoting diversification and poly-house cultivation.

Two centres of excellence have come up. While one is for vegetables at Gharounda in Karnal, the centre for fruit is at Mangiana, Sirsa. These have top-class nurseries and offer demonstrations to farmers to increase productivity. Poly-house culture, experts claim, leads to a five-time increase in productivity.

In irrigation, a solution to the inter-state SYL issue remains a far cry and there seems to be no end to the jinx around the flow of water in the Hansi-Bhutana link canal.

Opposition view
‘Land sharks have benefited’

The farmer has lost his farms to land sharks who have got CLU certificates from the government and made money. The farmer is on the road and farming has taken a beating.

Ashok Arora, inld

rating- Schools: bad; higher education: good
Zero results in some schools

A central university in Mahendargarh, a defence university in Gurgaon, the IIT-Delhi extension campus in Jhajjar, NIFT in Panchkula, an IIM in Rohtak, four Institutes of Hotel Management and private universities are only a few names in a long list of government achievements, besides the Rajiv Gandhi Education City which promises to attract big names in education.

While higher education received an impetus, the government’s efforts to raise the standard of education in government schools bore little fruit. Teacher shortage plagued schools all through the Congress term and zero per cent results in some schools, despite the introduction of the semester system, embarrassed the government. The goal of providing desks for all students remains unrealised.

However, the EDUSAT programme, launched amid fanfare by then Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, was the biggest failure of the government. Aimed at taking quality education to schools, the equipment is gathering dust.

The government introduced the teacher-eligibility test in 2008 to bring in deserving candidates while the department was in a tussle with guest teachers demanding regular jobs. It is only in the last three years that the government has been able to set the process of recruitment rolling. The stipend scheme for SC students and scholarships to students performing well has improved attendance and the dropout rate has fallen.

Principal Secretary, School Education, Surina Rajan, insists that teacher shortage has been met to quite an extent. “We have a teacher student ratio of 1:27 and have shifted to recruiting postgraduate teachers for higher classes. We have recruited nearly 10,000 lecturers, 10,000 PGTs and JBTs for lower classes and 2,000 physical trainers, besides having nearly 15,000 contractual teachers,” she says.

However, the state of school education continues to be dismal despite attempts to raise the standard.

Opposition view
‘School education pathetic’

Rajiv Gandhi Education City has failed to attract big names. School education is dismal with no teachers. The poor performance of schools is evident in the semester results, where many schools have zero per cent result. It reflects poorly on the government.

Abhay Chautala, inld leader

rating: fair
Not in the pink

There is a paucity of doctors though the government is credited with rolling out many initiatives, including 102 ambulance service, which was picked up by the Centre and replicated across the country. An AIIMS-II project is coming to Jhajjar.

The government has opened a medical college at Mewat and Sonepat. A third one is coming up in Karnal. Pt Bhagwat Dyal Sharma Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences was upgraded to a university in 2008 while many hospitals, including a trauma centre in Karnal and a multi-speciality hospital in Kaithal, were opened.

The recruitment of doctors was taken out of the preview of the Haryana Staff Selection Commission and carried out by the department on a monthly basis to tide over the crisis.

“With the latest recruitment of 350 doctors (carried out every six months), there are 200-odd vacancies to fill. The situation has eased. The government also opened the Directorate of Food and Drug and set up the Haryana Medical Services Corporation to streamline working,” Principal Secretary Health Navraj Sandhu says.

The government can pat its back for earning the Centre’s applause for many schemes. The state was the first to launch the 102 ambulance service which was later adopted by the Centre. The free-drug policy and surgery packages offering subsided treatment; the Mukhyamatri Muft Ilaj Yojna offering free tests and treatment; and Indira Bal Swasthya Yojna for the health children were beneficial.

However, there have been repeated complaints of non-availability of drugs and turning away of patients. Though various health indicators have shown improvement over the last decade, a lot more is still needed to be done.

Opposition view
‘Referral, not treatment centres’

Despite an assurance from the CM and Health Minister, not a brick has been laid at the Ambala Cantt Government Hospital, which is in a poor state. Elsewhere in the state, there are no doctors and basic tests are unavailable. These are now merely referral centres. Primary health centres can’t even provide first-aid. Ambulance services are thus rendered meaningless.

Anil Vij, leader of bjp, Haryana Vidhan Sabha



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