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Integrity: Then and today

Gopalkrishna Gandhi’s article, “Towards a new architecture of integrity” (Perspective, Feb 27) is scholarly and well presented. It is quite relevant in terms of the ensuing elections in five states and the pressing requirements of institutional updates and the current role of the states in the Indian political system actively engaged in the surcharged international scenario.

The writer has started his analysis of the electoral politics starting with the year 1937 which holds important lessons for those who try to understand the dynamics of politics in terms of the peculiarities of the current and the past socio-political reality of India.

As a consequence of the current political practices, sponsored candidates have made Independent candidates — Post-card type (who once used to win elections on the basis of their personal integrity and calibre without donations and sponsorship merely by appealing by means of post cards) — effectively irrelevant, thereby creating a difficult situation for the political system of India at a time when the country is aspiring to find her rightful place in the comity of nations.

Where there is will there is a way. It needs to be realised that elections are a routine matter in a democratic system and need to be treated accordingly. The success of the system lies in enabling the independent  type of persons come to the fore by bringing the required changes, effectively targeting the factors making the right type of people irrelevant.

A daring and suitable approach is needed to bring the necessary ‘balance’ in the polity, which is groaning under the burden of the type who have managed to be in important places without understanding the vitals for strengthening the democratic spirit of the system.

Clearly, the institution of Lok Pal alone may not be able to mend the malice which has acquired serious proportions.


Unravelling the mysteries of Nature

I read the review of the book The Grand Design by Stephen Hawking and Leonard Mlodinow (Feb 20). The blurb “New answers to the ultimate questions of life” will entice a serious reader to buy the book but he/she won’t be able to correctly understand the abstract M-Theory in the book till he/she has adequately read Story of Science by Joy Hakim.

Secondly, the 181-page book could have been compressed without losing its theme. The authors framed the most wanted questions concerning life in the last chapter i.e. why do we exist, why there is something than nothing but do not provide precise answers to these probing questions.

Unfortunately, the celebrated authors have not even articulated the work done by various astrophysicists already in unravelling the mysteries of the Nature.

The real answers to both the creation and existence of the universe/cosmos would never be found because some of the things we observe have no theoretical scientific explanations. One such entity is the space/sky which is absolutely boundless. But can any entity exist with infinite dimensions? We find the answer in Bhagwad Gita where Lord Krishna tells Arjuna that He is the creator of the Universe, which is timeless and boundless.




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