Not just tobacco, alcohol too top driver of oral cancer: New research : The Tribune India

Join Whatsapp Channel

Not just tobacco, alcohol too top driver of oral cancer: New research

‘Cessation of tobacco smoking and alcohol consumption has a preventive effect on incidence of oral cancer and probably also decreases risk of oral potentially malignant disorders’

Not just tobacco, alcohol too top driver of oral cancer: New research

Photo for representation. — iStock



Tribune News Service

Aditi Tandon

New Delhi, October 18

A group of international experts convened by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), in the first evaluation of oral cancer prevention strategies worldwide, has found that tobacco smoking and alcohol consumption were the main drivers of oral cancer in most countries but the use of smokeless tobacco and chewing of areca nut products were the top causes of oral cancer in many countries, mainly in South and Southeast Asia.

A special report by experts, published today in the New England Journal of Medicine, calls for screening of high risk populations by clinical oral examination to reduce mortality from oral cancer.

In 2020, cancer of the lip and oral cavity was estimated to rank 16th in incidence and mortality worldwide and was the common cause of death in men across much of South and SouthEast Asia and the Western Pacific.

“Risk factors for oral cancer are dominated by tobacco, both smoked and smokeless, and alcohol consumption,” the paper says.

It says cessation of tobacco smoking and alcohol consumption has a preventive effect on the incidence of oral cancer and probably also decreases the risk of oral potentially malignant disorders.

Given that the combined effect of tobacco smoking and alcohol consumption is greater than multiplicative, smoking cessation reduces the risk of oral cancer in persons who continue drinking alcohol.

“Similarly, the benefits of cessation in the use of areca nut products with or without tobacco have been established,” the group said, asking nations to consider these prevention strategies.

Leading epidemiologist Ravi Mehrotra was part of the expert group.

Commenting on the work, Béatrice Lauby-Secretan, Deputy Head of the Evidence Synthesis and Classification Branch at IARC and a co-author of the report said, “This IARC Handbook provides a first-time evaluation of primary and secondary prevention of oral cancer. The Working Group evaluated: interventions for quitting use of smokeless tobacco and areca nut products; the benefits of quitting use of these products, quitting tobacco smoking, and quitting alcohol consumption; and the effectiveness of current oral cancer screening methods. The Working Group also reviewed the implementation of bans on sale and other policies to control the use of smokeless tobacco and areca nut products. This work thus contributes to IARC’s mission to serve low- and middle-income countries.”

About The Author

The Tribune News Service brings you the latest news, analysis and insights from the region, India and around the world. Follow the Tribune News Service for a wide-ranging coverage of events as they unfold, with perspective and clarity.


Top News

What about 10 years of undeclared emergency, Mallikarjaun Kharge reminds PM

What about 10 years of 'undeclared emergency', Mallikarjaun Kharge asks PM

Says even after the moral defeat of the PM, arrogance remain...

B Mahtab takes oath as pro-tem speaker of new Lok Sabha

‘Won’t assist pro-tem Speaker’: Opposition after President administers oath to Mahtab

The opposition INDIA bloc decides to boycott the panel appoi...

11-year-old dies of head injury after toy train 'overturns' at Chandigarh mall

11-year-old dies of head injury after toy train 'overturns' at Elante mall in Chandigarh

Police have registered a case under relevant Sections of the...


Cities

View All