70 per cent of world's tiger population is in India : The Tribune India

World Tiger Day eve!

70 per cent of world's tiger population is in India

Nation to take lead in capacity-building, management of tigers in 13 tiger-range countries

70 per cent of world's tiger population is in India


Vibha Sharma

Tribune News Service

New Delhi, July 28

Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar on Tuesday said India, home to 70 per cent of the world tiger population, would take the lead in capacity-building and management of the wild cats in 13 tiger-range countries.

India has also decided to take up the ambitious water and fodder augmentation in forests to further improve its flora and fauna, which Javadekar called the “soft power” of the country. “India is proud of its tiger assets. These are our natural wealth. This is our nature. India today has 70 per cent of the world’s tiger population.

“We are in a leading position and ready to work with all the 13 tiger-range countries in their training and capacity-building… in their actual management of tiger reserves and their nurturing. India will take a leadership role,” he said.

World record already set!

  • Recently, India’s tiger census of 2018 entered the Guinness Book of World Records for being the largest ever camera-trap wildlife survey conducted anywhere in the world.
  • According to the survey, the country was home to an about 2,967 tigers.
  • Of all the big cats, 2,461 (around 83%) have been photo-captured.

Javadekar said at the same time, this had happened despite India’s physical constrains. “This is not only about tigers, we have more than 30,000 elephants, more than 500 lions, more than 3,000 single-horn rhinos, thousands of crocodiles and dolphins… We have large amount of flora and fauna, which we are proud of, our effort is to improve it further,” he said.

The Minister said despite India having only 2.6 per cent of the world landmass and 4 per cent of fresh rainwater resources, 16 per cent of human population and 16 per cent of cattle population, it had 8 per cent of the world’s biodiversity. “This is India’s real strength and soft power. This is because of our ability to coexist and care for it.”

India, he said, had also decided to take the ambitious water and fodder augmentation in forests using technology.

 “It will give complete details of forest area where water conservation can be done so that water base increases through recharge; ample grass and fodder are available, there is good prey base and there are more tigers and all kinds of wildlife. It will also reduce the incidents of man-animal conflict,” he said.

The heads of the governments of tiger-range countries had at St Petersburg, Russia, in 2010 resolved to double tiger numbers across their global range by 2022 by signing the St Petersburg declaration on tiger conservation. At the meeting, it was also decided to celebrate July 29 as Global Tiger Day to spread and generate awareness on tiger conservation.

India now has nearly 70 per cent of the global tiger population and 50 tiger reserves. None of them are of poor quality, according to Javadekar.

Apart from setting a new world standard, the results validated India’s efforts in tiger conservation. The country’s tiger population increased by roughly one-third, from 2,226 in 2014 to 2,927 in 2018 following efforts that included better corridors between isolated pockets of tiger territory, reduced poaching and building up prey numbers through habitat restoration.

 

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