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Quit smoking to offset arthritis risk: Study
Smoking has been known to be a major risk factor for various diseases including heart disease and cancer.

Quit smoking to offset arthritis risk: Study

23 Feb 2019 | 1:12 PM

NEW YORK: Long-term smoking cessation in women was associated with a lower risk of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) compared to those who had recently quit, a new study has shown.

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NEW YORK

Long-term smoking cessation in women was associated with a lower risk of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) compared to those who had recently quit, a new study has shown.

Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic inflammatory disorder affecting many joints, including those in the hands and feet. 

The study showed that the risk of seropositive RA—when patients have antibodies in their blood that help identify the disease—was reduced by 37 per cent for those who sustained smoking cessation for 30 or more years compared with those who recently quit smoking. 

"Our study is one of the first to show that a behaviour change of prolonged smoking cessation may actually delay or even prevent the onset of seropositive RA, suggesting lifestyle changes may modify risk for development of a systemic rheumatic disease," said Jeffrey Sparks from the Brigham and Women's Hospital in the US.

Patients who have seropositive RA tend to have a more severe disease course with more joint deformities, disability, and inflammation outside of the joints. 

On the other hand, there was no association of smoking with seronegative RA—when patients have no antibodies in their blood that help identify the disease—suggesting a different pathogenesis than seropositive RA, said the study, published in the journal, Arthritis Care & Research.

Smoking has been known to be a major risk factor for various diseases including heart disease and cancer.

According to the World Health Organisation, rheumatoid arthritis tends to strike during the most productive years of adulthood, between the ages of 20 and 40 and is more common among women.

For the study, the researchers included 230,732 women. — IANS

Sufficient sleep cuts cardiovascular disease risk

Sufficient sleep cuts cardiovascular disease risk

23 Feb 2019 | 12:51 PM

BOSTON: Getting enough sleep can help protect against cardiovascular disease by preventing the buildup of plaques in the arteries, a study has found.

Acupuncture may ease menopausal symptoms

Acupuncture may ease menopausal symptoms

23 Feb 2019 | 12:42 PM

LONDON: A brief course of acupuncture may help ease troublesome menopausal symptoms, such as excess sweating, mood swings, sleep disturbances, a study has found.

New MRI sensor to peer much deeper into brain

New MRI sensor to peer much deeper into brain

23 Feb 2019 | 12:39 PM

BOSTON: MIT scientists have devised a new way to image calcium activity that is based on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and allows them to image activity deep within the brain.

New rapid test for sepsis may help save thousands of lives

New rapid test for sepsis may help save thousands of lives

23 Feb 2019 | 12:37 PM

LONDON: Researchers have developed an innovative, low cost test for earlier diagnosis of sepsis which could help save thousands of lives.

Pregnant pause

Pregnant pause

23 Feb 2019 | 1:25 AM

Recurrent miscarriage or recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) is a foetal loss syndrome (also known as foetal wastage syndrome).

The fibre that binds life

The fibre that binds life

23 Feb 2019 | 1:25 AM

Low-carb diets are trending nowadays among those who want to maintain a healthy weight.

Garlic, onion lower colorectal cancer risk: Study

Garlic, onion lower colorectal cancer risk: Study

22 Feb 2019 | 12:54 PM

BEIJING: Consumption of allium vegetables including garlic, onion and leek, is associated with a reduced risk of colorectal cancer, researchers say.

Singing, gardening in middle age may lower dementia risk

Singing, gardening in middle age may lower dementia risk

21 Feb 2019 | 2:50 PM

LONDON: Keeping physically and mentally active in middle age may lower the risk of developing dementia decades later, a study claims.

'Origami' paper device offers low-cost malaria diagnosis

'Origami' paper device offers low-cost malaria diagnosis

21 Feb 2019 | 2:10 PM

LONDON: Scientists have developed a simple and affordable origami-style paper device that can accurately and quickly detect diseases such as malaria in the remote parts of the developing world.

India's coal power plants 'unhealthiest' in world: Study

21 Feb 2019 | 12:52 PM

GENEVA: China and the US may be the largest producers of coal power, but power plants in India take the highest toll in the world when it comes to health, a global study claims.

Nuts can keep diabetics' heart healthy

Nuts can keep diabetics' heart healthy

20 Feb 2019 | 1:07 PM

NEW YORK: Eating a handful of nuts daily, particularly tree nuts, may reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease among people with Type-2 diabetes, associated with an increased risk for high cholesterol, heart disease and stroke, say researchers, including one of Indian origin.

‘World’s first gene therapy to halt most common cause of blindness’

‘World’s first gene therapy to halt most common cause of blindness’

19 Feb 2019 | 10:14 PM

LONDON: Oxford researchers claim to have carried out the world’s first gene therapy operation to halt age-related macular degeneration (AMD), the leading cause of untreatable blindness in the developed world.

‘Killer’ immune cells may lead to universal flu vaccine

‘Killer’ immune cells may lead to universal flu vaccine

19 Feb 2019 | 8:32 PM

MELBOURNE: Scientists have identified ‘killer’ immune cells that can fight all known strains of flu virus, a “game-changing result” that could lead to a universal, one-shot vaccine against the potentially deadly disease.

Gene that may help reverse depression identified

Gene that may help reverse depression identified

19 Feb 2019 | 11:22 AM

WASHINGTON: Scientists have identified a gene that may be activated to reverse symptoms of major depression such as social isolation and loss of interest.

New drug may help delay ageing in humans

New drug may help delay ageing in humans

18 Feb 2019 | 3:11 PM

HOUSTON: Researchers, including one of Indian origin, have developed a promising drug that significantly increases muscle size, strength and metabolic state in aged mice, and may help delay ageing process in humans.

16 crore Indians consume alcohol: Survey

16 crore Indians consume alcohol: Survey

18 Feb 2019 | 2:54 PM

NEW DELHI: At the national level, about 14.6 per cent (16 crore) people (in the 10-75 age group) consume alcohol with Chhattisgarh, Tripura, Punjab, Arunachal Pradesh and Goa having the highest prevalence of liquor use, a recent government survey has found.

Virus-infected bacteria can aid in fight against climate change

Virus-infected bacteria can aid in fight against climate change

18 Feb 2019 | 1:57 PM

NEW YORK: Viruses do not always kill their microbial hosts, say researchers who found that virus-infected bacteria could thus provide help in the fight against climate change.

Novel tools could help treat patients with TB

Novel tools could help treat patients with TB

17 Feb 2019 | 11:53 AM

NEW YORK: New diagnostic tools such as Machine Learning and precision medicine could help identify tuberculosis patients with the highest risk of reactivation of the disease, say researchers.

Diabetes could contribute to infertility, warn experts

Diabetes could contribute to infertility, warn experts

16 Feb 2019 | 1:31 PM

NEW DELHI: Diabetes, commonly described as a "lifestyle disease", can contribute to infertility in both women and men, warn health experts.

Push-ups can keep heart disease risk at bay: Study

Push-ups can keep heart disease risk at bay: Study

16 Feb 2019 | 12:25 PM

NEW YORK: Active, middle-aged men who can complete more than 40 push-ups at a time had a significantly lower risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) outcomes compared to those who did less than 10 push-ups, says a new study.

Do not process this stuff

Do not process this stuff

16 Feb 2019 | 10:05 AM

The word ‘processed food’ may give an impression that the regular food we usually eat at home is not processed and therefore nutritious.

How to handle baby's first winter

How to handle baby's first winter

16 Feb 2019 | 1:16 AM

Looking after new-borns during their first winter is really a tough task for newbie parents as the cold weather can be harsh and punishing, if a few essential things are not observed.

Brain function of 'night owls' different from 'larks'

Brain function of 'night owls' different from 'larks'

15 Feb 2019 | 3:42 PM

LONDON: 'Night owls'—people who go to bed and get up later—have fundamental differences in their brain function compared to 'morning larks', which may put constraints on their normal working day, a study has found.

Immune stimulant molecule shown to prevent cancer: Study

Immune stimulant molecule shown to prevent cancer: Study

15 Feb 2019 | 2:06 PM

WASHINGTON: Scientists say they have identified a molecule that stimulates the immune system and may protect against the development of multiple types of cancer.

Novel blood test can measure severity of pain

Novel blood test can measure severity of pain

14 Feb 2019 | 3:08 PM

WASHINGTON: A first-of-its kind blood test that can measure the severity of pain in patients may help curb unnecessary precriptions of painkillers, which are often addictive.

Canned food during pregnancy could affect baby's health: Study

Canned food during pregnancy could affect baby's health: Study

14 Feb 2019 | 2:19 PM

BOSTON: Eating canned food during pregnancy can put the baby at risk of exposure to an industrial chemical bisphenol A (BPA), potentially affecting their reproductive health in later life, scientists say.

16 and 70 happiest age to be, finds UK study

16 and 70 happiest age to be, finds UK study

13 Feb 2019 | 7:48 PM

LONDON: People tend to be at their happiest at 16 and then 70 years old, according to a new study by a UK-based think tank released on Wednesday.

Couples creating art or playing board games release more 'love hormone'

Couples creating art or playing board games release more 'love hormone'

13 Feb 2019 | 12:42 PM

HOUSTON: Couples who play board games or take a painting class together produce more oxytocin or 'love hormone', which is associated with bonding and family cohesiveness, a study has found.

Birth control pills could impair women's ability to recognise emotion

Birth control pills could impair women's ability to recognise emotion

12 Feb 2019 | 12:57 PM

LONDON: Despite the widespread use of oral contraceptives (OCPs) by women, many are not aware that it may impair their ability to recognise others' emotional expressions, which may have serious consequences in interpersonal contexts, suggests a new study.

How exercise may protect against Alzheimer’s

How exercise may protect against Alzheimer’s

11 Feb 2019 | 1:30 PM

NEW YORK: Exercise produces a hormone that may improve memory and protect against Alzheimer’s disease, according to a study.

Novel test can non-invasively identify fatal heart disease

Novel test can non-invasively identify fatal heart disease

10 Feb 2019 | 3:19 PM

WASHINGTON: Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) can non-invasively identify the severity of heart disease and also predict which cases are potentially fatal, scientists say.

How fungus cripples immune system

How fungus cripples immune system

10 Feb 2019 | 3:06 PM

BERLIN: Scientists have found how a common fungus—found virtually everywhere on Earth—can knock out our body's defence system, enabling a potentially fatal infection to develop.

Third-hand smoke may cause respiratory problems in kids

Third-hand smoke may cause respiratory problems in kids

10 Feb 2019 | 2:00 PM

WASHINGTON: Exposure to residual tobacco and nicotine lingering in carpets and upholstery in rooms, as well as a smoker's fingers, can cause respiratory problem in children, a study has found.

Novel insulin pill for diabetics may replace painful jabs

Novel insulin pill for diabetics may replace painful jabs

10 Feb 2019 | 1:13 PM

BOSTON: Scientists have developed a drug capsule that could be used to deliver oral doses of insulin, paving the way for replacing the painful injections that diabetics have to give themselves every day.

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