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Posted at: Apr 23, 2019, 4:35 PM; last updated: Apr 24, 2019, 7:08 AM (IST)

Islamic State claims Lanka blasts, identifies 7 suicide bombers

Death toll 321; minister calls it revenge for New Zealand mosque killings
Islamic State claims Lanka blasts, identifies 7 suicide bombers
A suspected suicide bomber carries a backpack on a street in Sri Lanka on April 21, 2019 in this CCTV grab of Easter Sunday attacks. — CCTV/Siyatha News via Reuters

Colombo, April 23

The Islamic State on Tuesday claimed responsibility for the devastating Easter blasts in Sri Lanka that killed 321 people and identified the seven suicide bombers who were involved in the attacks.

In a statement issued through its propaganda ‘Amaq’ news agency, the ISIS said “the executors of the attack that targeted citizens of coalition states and Christians in Sri Lanka two days ago were with the group,” according to the Site Intelligence Group, which monitors jihadist activities.

The statement identified the attackers as Abu Ubayda, Abu al-Mukhtar, Abu Khalil, Abu Hamza, Abu al-Bara’a, Abu Muhammad and Abu Abdullah, and their respective targets.

It also claimed that around 1,000 people were killed or wounded in the blasts.

“The detail given in #ISIS’ communique (attackers’ names, where each  of them attacked) shows that the group had a hand in the attack -- the degree to which still remains to be seen. The group’s delay in claiming is also an unanswered variable,” SITE Intelligence Group Director Rita Katz tweeted.

Sri Lanka has said local Islamist extremist group called the National Tawheed Jamath (NTJ) is suspected of plotting the blasts.

“All suicide bombers involved in the blasts are believed to be Sri Lankan nationals,” said Government’s spokesman Rajitha Senaratne, who is also the Health Minister.

Forty suspects, including the driver of a van allegedly used by the suicide bombers, have been arrested in connection with the attacks which shook Sri Lanka. 

Devastating Easter bombings were retaliation for attacks on mosques in New Zealand, a Sri Lankan official said .
"The initial investigation has revealed that this was in retaliation for the New Zealand mosque attack," junior minister for defence Ruwan Wijewardene told parliament.

He did not elaborate on why authorities believed there was a link to the killing of 50 people at two mosques in the New Zealand city of Christchurch during Friday prayers on March 15.

A lone gunman carried out those attacks.

Wijewardene said two Sri Lankan Islamist groups -- the National Thawheed Jama'ut and Jammiyathul Millathu Ibrahim -- were responsible for the blasts early on Sunday during Easter services and as high-end hotels served breakfast.

US intelligence sources said earlier the attacks carried some of the hallmarks of Islamic State, even though it had not made an immediate claim of responsibility, as it usually does.

Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe told parliament investigators were looking into foreign links.

Earlier on Tuesday, Sri Lankan government and military sources said a Syrian had been detained among 40 people being questioned over the bombs.

"He was arrested after the interrogation of local suspects," one of the sources said, referring to the unidentified Syrian.

Funerals

Tuesday was declared a national day of mourning and the funerals of some of the victims were held, as pressure mounted on the government over why effective action had not been taken in response to a warning this month about a possible attack on churches by the little-known National Thawheed Jama'ut group.

The first six attacks -- on three churches and three luxury hotels -- came within 20 minutes on Sunday morning.

Two more explosions -- at a downmarket hotel and a house in a suburb of the capital, Colombo -- came in the early afternoon.

Most of the dead and wounded were Sri Lankans, although government officials said 38 foreigners were killed. That included British, US, Australian, Turkish, Indian, Chinese, Danish, Dutch and Portuguese nationals.

The UN Children's Fund said 45 children were among the dead.

Footage on CNN showed what it said was one of the bombers wearing a heavy backpack. The man patted a child on the head before entering the Gothic-style St Sebastian church in Katuwapitiya, north of Colombo. Dozens were killed there.

The bombs brought a shattering end to a relative calm that had existed in the Buddhist-majority Indian Ocean island since a bitter civil war against mostly Hindu, ethnic Tamil separatists ended 10 years ago, and raised fears of a return to sectarian violence.

Sri Lanka's 22 million people include minority Christians, Muslims and Hindus. Until now, Christians had largely managed to avoid the worst of the island's conflict and communal tensions.

The government imposed emergency rule at midnight on Monday, giving police extensive powers to detain and interrogate suspects without court orders.

An overnight curfew has also been imposed since Sunday.

FBI to help

US President Donald Trump called Prime Minister Wickremesinghe on Monday to pledge US support in bringing the perpetrators to justice.

The Washington Post quoted an unidentified law enforcement official as saying Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) agents were being sent to Sri Lanka to help with the investigation.

The FBI had offered expertise to test evidence and analysts were scouring databases for information, the Post said.

Counter-terrorism officials from Britain were also due on Tuesday, a Western diplomat in Colombo said.

The attacks have also underlined concern over fractures in Sri Lanka's government, and whether the discord prevented action that might have stopped them.

The government received a tip-off from India this month about a possible attack on churches by the National Thawheed Jama'ut.

It was not immediately clear what action, if any, was taken in response. A government minister said on Monday that Wickremesinghe had not been informed about the warning and had been shut out of top security meetings because of a feud with President Maithripala Sirisena.

Sirisena fired Wickremesinghe last year only to be forced to reinstate him under pressure from the Supreme Court. Their relationship is reported to be fraught.

The US State Department said in a travel advisory "terrorist groups" were possibly plotting more attacks in Sri Lanka.

China's embassy warned its nationals against travelling to Sri Lanka in the near term because of "huge security risks".

China is a major investor in Sri Lanka. The embassy said one Chinese national was killed, five wounded and five were missing. — Reuters/PTI

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