New Delhi, November 19
The announcement made by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Friday to repeal the three contentious farm laws will bring to an end the year-long confrontation between the government and the farmers, which has left more than 700 dead in its wake.
The three laws raised concerns that this will lead to the abolishment of the minimum support price (MSP) guaranteed by the government on select crops and leave farmers at the mercy of corporates.
Since these laws were promulgated, thousands of farmers gathered at the Delhi's borders demanding their repeal, pushing the SAD to quit the NDA government at the Centre. The protests, which have generated huge public sentiment, also evoked responses from teen environmentalist, Greta Thunberg, singer-activist Rihanna and lawyer-author Meena Harris, niece of US Vice President Kamala Harris.
Timeline of events since the laws were introduced
June 5, 2020: The government promulgates three ordinances.
Sept 14: Three farm bills brought to Parliament.
Sept 17: The bills are passed in Lok Sabha.
Sept 20: The bills are passed in Rajya Sabha by voice vote.
Sept 24: Farmers in Punjab announce a three-day rail roko.
Sept 25: Farmers across India come out in protest in response to a call by the All India Kisan Sangharsh Coordination Committee (AIKSCC).
Sept 26: The Shiromani Akali Dal (SAD) quits the BJP-led National Democratic Alliance over the farm bills.
Sept 27: The farm bills are given presidential assent and notified in the Gazette of India and become farm laws.
Nov 25: Farmers' unions in Punjab and Haryana give the call for 'Delhi Chalo' movement; denied permission by Delhi Police due to Covid protocols.
Nov 26: Farmers marching towards Delhi face water cannons, teargas as police tried to disperse them at Haryana's Ambala district.
Nov 28: Union Home Minister Amit Shah offers to hold talks with farmers as soon as they vacate Delhi's borders and move to the designated protest site in Burari. However, farmers reject his offer.
Dec 3: The government holds first round of talks with representatives of farmers but the meeting remains inconclusive.
Dec 5: The second round of talks between farmers and the Centre also remain inconclusive.
Dec 8: Farmers give a call for Bharat Bandh. Farmers from other states also give their support to the call.
Dec 9: Farmer leaders reject the Union government's proposal to amend the three contentious laws.
Dec 11: Bharatiya Kisan Union (BKU) moves the Supreme Court against the agri laws.
Dec 13: Union minister Ravi Shankar Prasad alleges hand of 'tukde tukde' gang in the farmers' protests.
Dec 30: Sixth round of talks between government and farmer leaders sees some headway.
Jan 4, 2021: Seventh round of talks between the government and farmer leaders also remains inconclusive with the Centre not agreeing to repeal the farm laws.
Jan 7: The SC agrees to hear petitions challenging the new laws and those against the protests on January 11.
Jan 11: The SC raps the Centre for its handling of the farmers' protest.
Jan 12: The SC stays implementation of the farm laws; sets up a four-member committee to make recommendations on the legislations.
Jan 26: On Republic Day, thousands of protestors clash with police during the tractor parade called by farmer unions. At Red Fort, property is damaged. A protester dies in the chaos.
Jan 29: The government proposes to suspend the farm laws for one-and-a-half years and sets up a joint committee to discuss the legislation. The farmers reject the proposal.
Feb 5: Delhi Police's cyber crime cell registers an FIR against creators of a 'toolkit' on farmer protests, which was shared by teen environmentalist Greta Thunberg.
Feb 6: Protesting farmers hold a nationwide 'Chakka Jam', or road blockade, for three hours from noon to 3 pm.
March 6: Farmers complete 100 days at Delhi's borders.
March 8: Gunshots are fired near the Singhu border protest site. No one is injured.
Apr 15: Haryana Deputy CM Dushyant Chautala writes to Prime Minister Narendra Modi urging him to resume talks with farmers.
May 27: Farmers observe a 'black day' to mark six months of the agitation, and burn effigies of the government.
June 5: Protesting farmers observe Sampoorn Krantikari Diwas (total revolution day) to mark the first year of the promulgation of the farm laws.
June 26: Farmers march to Delhi to mark seven months of protest against the farm laws.
July 22: About 200 protesting farmers start a parallel ‘Monsoon Session’, Kisan Sansad, near the Parliament House.
Aug 7: Leaders of 14 opposition parties meet at Parliament House and decide to visit Kisan Sansad at Delhi's Jantar Mantar.
Sept 5: Months to go for the Uttar Pradesh election, challenging the BJP-led NDA, farmer leaders stage a major show of strength in Muzaffarnagar.
Oct 22: The SC observes that it was not against people's right to protest even on matters that are sub judice, but makes it clear that such protesters cannot block public roads indefinitely.
Oct 29: Delhi Police start removing barricades from the Ghazipur border where farmers have been protesting against the Centre's agri laws.
Nov 19: PM Narendra Modi announces the repeal of the farm laws. PTI
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